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Land And Conveyancing Law Reform Act 2009

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Number 27 of 2009


LAND AND CONVEYANCING LAW REFORM ACT 2009


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART 1

Preliminary and General

Section

1. Short title.

2. Commencement.

3. Interpretation generally.

4. Service of notices.

5. Regulations.

6. Offences.

7. Expenses.

8. Amendments and repeals.

PART 2

Ownership of Land

9. Ownership and abolition of feudal tenure.

10. Estates and interests in land.

11. Restrictions on legal estates and interests.

12. Prohibition of fee farm grants.

13. Abolition of the fee tail.

14. Prohibition of leases for lives.

PART 3

Future Interests

15. Operation of future interests in land.

16. Abolition of various rules.

17. Scope of section 16.

PART 4

Trusts of Land

18. Trusts of land.

19. Trustees of land.

20. Powers of trustees of land.

21. Overreaching for protection of purchasers.

22. Resolution of disputes.

PART 5

Variation of Trusts

23. Interpretation of Part 5.

24. Jurisdiction of court to vary, etc. trusts.

PART 6

Powers

25. Application of Part 6.

26. Execution of non-testamentary powers of appointment.

27. Release of powers.

28. Disclaimer of powers.

29. Validation of appointments.

PART 7

Co-Ownership

30. Unilateral severance of a joint tenancy.

31. Court orders.

32. Bodies corporate.

PART 8

Appurtenant Rights

Chapter 1

Easements and profits à prendre

33. Interpretation of Chapter 1.

34. Abolition of certain methods of prescription.

35. Acquisition of easements and profits à prendre by prescription.

36. Tenancies.

37. Incapacity.

38. Application of sections 34 to 37.

39. Extinguishment.

40. Implied grant.

Chapter 2

Rentcharges

41. Prohibition of certain rentcharges.

42. Enforcement of rentcharges.

Chapter 3

Party structures

43. Interpretation of Chapter 3.

44. Rights of building owner.

45. Works orders.

46. Terms and conditions of works orders.

47. Discharge or modification of works orders.

Chapter 4

Freehold covenants

48. Interpretation of Chapter 4.

49. Enforceability of freehold covenants.

50. Discharge and modification.

PART 9

Contracts and Conveyances

Chapter 1

Contracts relating to land

51. Evidence in writing.

52. Passing of beneficial interest.

53. Abolition of the Rule in Bain v. Fothergill.

54. Order for return of deposit.

55. Vendor and purchaser summons.

Chapter 2

Title

56. Root of title.

57. Tenancies.

58. Other conditions of title.

59. Protection of purchasers.

60. Fraudulent concealment and falsification.

61. Notice of rights on common title.

Chapter 3

Deeds and their operation

62. Conveyances by deed only.

63. Exceptions to deeds.

64. Formalities for deeds.

65. Escrows by corporate bodies.

66. Conveyance to oneself.

67. Words of limitation.

68. Extinguishment of certain interests.

69. Reservations.

70. Benefit of deeds.

71. Features and rights conveyed with land.

72. Supplemental instruments.

73. Partial releases.

74. Fraudulent dispositions.

Chapter 4

Contents of deeds

75. Construction of instruments.

76. All estate clause.

77. Receipts in deeds.

78. Conditions and covenants not implied.

79. Scope of sections 80 and 81.

80. Covenants for title.

81. Additional covenants for land comprised in a lease.

82. Covenants by or with two or more persons.

83. Covenants by person jointly with others.

84. Production and safe custody of documents.

85. Notices.

Chapter 5

General provisions

86. Restrictions on constructive notice.

87. Court orders.

88. Regulations for Part 9.

PART 10

Mortgages

Chapter 1

Creation of mortgages

89. Legal mortgages.

90. Position of mortgagor and mortgagee.

Chapter 2

Powers and rights of mortgagor

91. Documents of title.

92. Restriction on consolidation of certain mortgages.

93. Transfer in lieu of discharge.

94. Court order for sale.

95. Advances on joint account.

Chapter 3

Obligations, powers and rights of mortgagee

96. Powers and rights generally.

97. Taking possession.

98. Abandoned property.

99. Mortgagee in possession.

100. Power of sale.

101. Applications under sections 97 and 100.

102. Incidental powers.

103. Obligations on selling.

104. Conveyance on sale.

105. Protection of purchasers.

106. Mortgagee’s receipts.

107. Application of proceeds of sale.

108. Appointment of receiver.

109. Application of money received.

110. Insurance.

111. Future advances.

Chapter 4

Leases and surrenders of leases

112. Leasing powers.

113. Exercise of leasing powers.

114. Surrenders.

PART 11

Judgment Mortgages

115. Interpretation of Part 11.

116. Registration of judgment mortgages.

117. Effect of registration.

118. Extinguishment of judgment mortgages.

119. Amendment of section 32 of the Act of 1957.

PART 12

LIS PENDENS

120. Interpretation of Part 12.

121. Register of lis pendens.

122. Cancellation of entry in register.

123. Court order to vacate lis pendens.

124. Transitional.

125. Protection of purchasers.

126. Amendment of Second Schedule to Courts and Court Officers Act 1995.

PART 13

Amendments to Registration of Title Act 1964

127. Amendment of section 3.

128. Substitution of section 25.

129. Amendment of section 69.

130. Amendment of section 71.

PART 14

Miscellaneous

131. Interpretation (Part 14).

132. Review of rent in certain cases.

133. Abolition of power to seize a tenancy.

SCHEDULE 1

Amendments

SCHEDULE 2

Repeals

PART 1

Pre-Union Irish Statutes

PART 2

Statutes of England

PART 3

Statute of Great Britain 1707 to 1800

PART 4

Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 1801 to 1922

PART 5

Acts of the Oireachtas

SCHEDULE 3

Covenants Implied in Conveyances

PART 1

Extent of the Burden of Covenants

PART 2

Implied Covenants

PART 3

Additional Implied Covenants for Land Comprised in a Lease


Acts Referred to

Accumulations Act 1892

55 & 56 Vic. c. 58

Administration of Justice Act 1707

6 Anne c. 10

Bankruptcy Act 1988

1988, No. 27

Bodies Corporate (Joint Tenancy) Act 1899

62 & 63 Vic. c. 20

Boundaries Act 1721

8 Geo. 1 c. 5

Building Societies Act 1989

1989, No. 17

Capital Acquisitions Tax Consolidation Act 2003

2003, No. 1

Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland Act 2004

2004, No. 21

Charities Act 1961

1961, No. 17

Charities Act 1973

1973, No. 13

Charities Act 2009

2009, No. 6

Chief Rents Redemption (Ireland) Act 1864

27 & 28 Vic. c. 38

Circuit Court (Registration of Judgments) Act 1937

1937, No. 3

Clandestine Mortgages Act 1697

9 Will. 3 c. 11

Commons Act 1789

29 Geo. 3 c. 30

Commons Act 1791

31 Geo. 3 c. 38

Companies Act 1963

1963, No. 33

Consumer Credit Act 1995

1995, No. 24

Contingent Remainders Act 1877

40 & 41 Vic. c. 33

Conveyancing Act 1634

10 Chas. 1 sess. 2 c. 3

Conveyancing Act 1881

44 & 45 Vic. c. 41

Conveyancing Act 1882

45 & 46 Vic. c. 39

Conveyancing Act 1911

1 & 2 Geo. 5 c. 37

Conveyancing Acts 1881 to 1911

Copyhold Act 1843

6 & 7 Vic. c. 23

Copyhold Act 1844

7 & 8 Vic. c. 55

Copyhold Act 1852

15 & 16 Vic. c. 51

Copyhold Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 94

Copyhold Act 1887

50 & 51 Vic. c. 73

County Hospitals (Amendment) Act 1767

7 Geo. 3 c. 8

County Hospitals Act 1765

5 Geo. 3 c. 20

County Hospitals Act 1777

17 & 18 Geo. 3 c. 15

Courts Act 1981

1981, No. 11

Courts and Court Officers Act 1995

1995, No. 31

Courts (Supplemental Provisions) Act 1961

1961, No. 39

Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001

2001, No. 50

Crown Land Act 1819

59 Geo. 3 c. 94

Crown Land Revenues Act 1854

17 & 18 Vic. c. 68

Crown Lands Act 1823

4 Geo. 4 c. 18

Crown Lands Act 1825

6 Geo. 4 c. 17

Crown Lands Act 1841

5 Vic. c. 1

Crown Lands Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 99

Crown Lands Act 1848

11 & 12 Vic. c. 102

Crown Lands Act 1851

14 & 15 Vic. c. 42

Crown Lands Act 1852

15 & 16 Vic. c. 62

Crown Lands Act 1853

16 & 17 Vic. c. 56

Crown Lands Act 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 62

Crown Lands Act 1873

36 & 37 Vic. c. 36

Crown Lands Act 1885

48 & 49 Vic. c. 79

Crown Lands Act 1894

57 & 58 Vic. c. 43

Crown Lands Act 1906

6 Edw. 7 c. 28

Crown Lands Act 1913

3 & 4 Geo. 5 c. 8

Crown Lands (Ireland) Act 1822

3 Geo. 4 c. 63

Crown Private Estate Act 1800

39 & 40 Geo. 3 c. 88

Crown Private Estates Act 1862

25 & 26 Vic. c. 37

Crown Private Estates Act 1873

36 & 37 Vic. c. 61

Drainage (Ireland) Act 1842

5 & 6 Vic. c. 89

Drainage (Ireland) Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 69

Drainage (Ireland) Act 1846

9 & 10 Vic. c. 4

Drainage (Ireland) Act 1847

10 & 11 Vic. c. 79

Drainage (Ireland) Act 1856

19 & 20 Vic. c. 62

Drainage and Improvement of Land (Ireland) Act 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 40

Drainage and Improvement of Land (Ireland) Act 1892

55 & 56 Vic. c. 65

Drainage and Improvement of Lands (Ireland) Act 1853

16 & 17 Vic. c. 130

Drainage and Improvement of Lands (Ireland) Act 1855

18 & 19 Vic. c. 110

Drainage and Improvement of Lands (Ireland) Act 1864

27 & 28 Vic. c. 72

Drainage and Improvement of Lands (Ireland) Act 1878

41 & 42 Vic. c. 59

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Act (Ireland) 1863

26 & 27 Vic. c. 88

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Amendment Act (Ireland) 1865

28 & 29 Vic. c. 52

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Amendment Act, Ireland 1869

32 & 33 Vic. c. 72

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Amendment Act (Ireland) 1872

35 & 36 Vic. c. 31

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Amendment Act (Ireland) 1874

37 & 38 Vic. c. 32

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act Ireland 1864

27 & 28 Vic. c. 107

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act (No. 2 Ireland) 1865

28 & 29 Vic. c. 53

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act (Ireland) 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 61

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act (Ireland) 1867

30 & 31 Vic. c. 43

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act (Ireland) (No. 2) 1867

30 & 31 Vic. c. 139

Drainage and Improvement of Lands Supplemental Act (Ireland) (No. 3) 1867

31 & 32 Vic. c. 3

Drainage Maintenance Act 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 49

Ecclesiastical Lands Act 1634

10 & 11 Chas. 1 c. 3

Ecclesiastical Lands Act 1795

35 Geo. 3 c. 23

Electronic Commerce Act 2000

2000, No. 27

Family Home Protection Act 1976

1976, No. 27

Family Law Act 1995

1995, No. 26

Family Law (Divorce) Act 1996

1996, No. 33

Fee-Farm Rents (Ireland) Act 1851

14 & 15 Vic. c. 20

Fines and Recoveries (Ireland) Act 1834

4 & 5 Will. 4 c. 92

Fines and Recoveries Act 1833

3 & 4 Will. 4 c. 74

Forfeiture Act 1639

15 Chas. 1 c. 3

Harbours Act 1946

1946, No. 9

Hospitals Act 1761

1 Geo. 3 c. 8

Housing Act 1966

1966, No. 21

Housing (Gaeltacht) Act 1929

1929, No. 41

Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1992

1992, No. 18

Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2002

2002, No. 9

Housing (Private Rented Dwellings) Act 1982

1982, No. 6

Illusory Appointments Act 1830

11 Geo. 4 & 1 Will. 4 c. 46

Improvement of Land Act 1864

27 & 28 Vic. c. 114

Improvement of Land Act 1899

62 & 63 Vic. c. 46

Inheritance Act 1833

3 & 4 Will. 4 c. 106

Interpretation Act 2005

2005, No. 23

Judgment Mortgage (Ireland) Act 1850

13 & 14 Vic. c. 29

Judgment Mortgage (Ireland) Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 105

Judgments (Ireland) Act 1844

7 & 8 Vic. c. 90

Judgments Registry (Ireland) Act 1871

34 & 35 Vic. c. 72

Land Debentures (Ireland) Act 1865

28 & 29 Vic. c. 101

Land Drainage Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 56

Land Drainage Act (Ireland) 1863

26 & 27 Vic. c. 26

Landed Estates Court (Ireland) Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 72

Landed Estates Court (Ireland) Act 1861

24 & 25 Vic. c. 123

Landed Estates Court Act 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 99

Landed Property (Ireland) Improvement Act 1860

23 & 24 Vic. c. 153

Landed Property Improvement (Ireland) Act 1847

10 & 11 Vic. c. 32

Landed Property Improvement (Ireland) Act 1849

12 & 13 Vic. c. 59

Landed Property Improvement (Ireland) Act 1852

15 & 16 Vic. c. 34

Landed Property Improvement (Ireland) Act 1862

25 & 26 Vic. c. 29

Landed Property Improvement (Ireland) Act 1866

29 & 30 Vic. c. 26

Landlord and Tenant (Amendment) Act 1980

1980, No. 10

Landlord and Tenant (Ground Rents) Act 1967

1967, No. 3

Law of Property Amendment Act 1859

22 & 23 Vic. c. 35

Law of Property Amendment Act 1860

23 & 24 Vic. c. 38

Leases Act 1849

12 & 13 Vic. c. 26

Leases by Schools Act 1781

21 & 22 Geo. 3 c. 27

Leases by Schools Act 1785

25 Geo. 3 c. 55

Leases for Corn Mills Act 1785

25 Geo. 3 c. 62

Leases for Cotton Manufacture Act 1800

40 Geo. 3 c. 90

Leases for Lives Act 1777

17 & 18 Geo. 3 c. 49

Leases for Mills (Ireland) Act 1851

14 & 15 Vic. c. 7

Leases for Schools (Ireland) Act 1881

44 & 45 Vic. c. 65

Leasing Powers for Religious Worship in Ireland Act 1855

18 & 19 Vic. c. 39

Leasing Powers Amendment Act for Religious Purposes in Ireland 1875

38 & 39 Vic. c. 11

Life Estates Act 1695

7 Will. 3 c. 8

Limited Owners Reservoirs and Water Supply Further Facilities Act 1877

40 & 41 Vic. c. 31

Lis Pendens Act 1867

30 & 31 Vic. c. 47

Maintenance and Embracery Act 1634

10 Chas. 1 sess. 3 c. 15

Married Women’s Status Act 1957

1957, No. 5

Minerals Development Act 1940

1940, No. 31

Mines (Ireland) Act 1806

46 Geo. 3 c. 71

Mining Leases Act 1723

10 Geo. 1 c. 5

Mining Leases Act 1741

15 Geo. 2 c. 10

Mining Leases Act 1749

23 Geo. 2 c. 9

Mining Leases (Ireland) Act 1848

11 & 12 Vic. c. 13

Mortgage Debenture Act 1865

28 & 29 Vic. c. 78

Mortgagees Legal Costs Act 1895

58 & 59 Vic. c. 25

Partition Act 1868

31 & 32 Vic. c. 40

Partition Act 1876

39 & 40 Vic. c. 17

Pensions Act 1990

1990, No. 25

Perpetual Funds (Registration) Act 1933

1933, No. 22

Planning and Development Act 2000

2000, No. 30

Plus Lands Act 1703

2 Anne c. 8

Powers of Appointment Act 1874

37 & 38 Vic. c. 37

Powers of Attorney Act 1996

1996, No. 12

Prescription Act 1832

2 & 3 Will. 4 c. 71

Prescription (Ireland) Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 42

Public Money Drainage Act 1850

13 & 14 Vic. c. 31

Public Money Drainage Act 1856

19 & 20 Vic. c. 9

Real Property Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 106

Registration of Deeds and Title Act 2006

2006, No. 12

Registration of Title Act 1964

1964, No. 16

Renewable Leasehold Conversion Act 1849

12 & 13 Vic. c. 105

Renewable Leaseholds Conversion (Ireland) Act 1868

31 & 32 Vic. c. 62

Renewal of Leases (Ireland) Act 1838

1 & 2 Vic. c. 62

Sales of Reversions Act 1867

31 & 32 Vic. c. 4

Satisfied Terms Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 112

School Sites (Ireland) Act 1810

50 Geo. 3 c. 33

Settled Estates Act 1877

40 & 41 Vic. c. 18

Settled Land Act 1882

45 & 46 Vic. c. 38

Settled Land Act 1884

47 & 48 Vic. c. 18

Settled Land Act 1889

52 & 53 Vic. c. 36

Settled Land Act 1890

53 & 54 Vic. c. 69

Settled Land Acts (Amendment) Act 1887

50 & 51 Vic. c. 30

Settled Land Acts 1882 to 1890

Settled Land (Ireland) Act 1847

10 & 11 Vic. c. 46

Sites for Schoolrooms Act 1836

6 & 7 Will. 4 c. 70

Stamp Duties Consolidation Act 1999

1999, No. 31

State Property Act 1954

1954, No. 25

Statute De Donis Conditionalibus 1285

13 Edw. 1 Stat. Westm. sec.c. 1

Statute of Frauds 1695

7 Will. 3 c. 12

Statute of Limitations 1957

1957, No. 6

Statute of Uses 1634

10 Chas. 1 sess. 2 c. 1

Statute Quia Emptores 1290

18 Edw. 1 Stat. d’ni R. de t’ris, & c.

Succession Act 1965

1965, No. 27

Taxes Consolidation Act 1997

1997, No. 39

Tenantry Act 1779

19 & 20 Geo. 3 c. 30

Tenures Abolition Act 1662

14 & 15 Chas. 2 sess. 4 c. 19

Timber Act 1735

9 Geo. 2 c. 7

Timber Act 1765

5 Geo. 3 c. 17

Timber Act 1767

7 Geo. 3 c. 20

Timber Act 1775

15 & 16 Geo. 3 c. 26

Timber Act 1777

17 & 18 Geo. 3 c. 35

Timber Act 1783

23 & 24 Geo. 3 c. 39

Timber (Ireland) Act 1888

51 & 52 Vic. c. 37

Tithe Arrears (Ireland) Act 1839

2 & 3 Vic. c. 3

Tithe Rentcharge (Ireland) Act 1838

1 & 2 Vic. c. 109

Tithe Rentcharge (Ireland) Act 1848

11 & 12 Vic. c. 80

Tithes Act 1835

5 & 6 Will. 4 c. 74

Tithing of Turnips Act 1835

5 & 6 Will. 4 c. 75

Trustee Act 1893

56 & 57 Vic. c. 53

Trustee Savings Bank Act 1989

1989, No. 21

Vendor and Purchaser Act 1874

37 & 38 Vic. c. 78

Voluntary Conveyances Act 1893

56 & 57 Vic. c. 21

Marginal Abbreviations

AJA 1707

Administration of Justice Act 1707

6 Anne c. 10

BC(JT) A 1899

Bodies Corporate (Joint Tenancy) Act 1899

62 & 63 Vic. c. 20

CA 1634

Conveyancing Act 1634

10 Chas. 1 sess. 2 c. 3

CA 1881

Conveyancing Act 1881

44 & 45 Vic. c. 41

CA 1882

Conveyancing Act 1882

45 & 46 Vic. c. 39

CA 1911

Conveyancing Act 1911

1 & 2 Geo. 5 c. 37

IAA 1830

Illusory Appointments Act 1830

11 Geo. 4 & 1 Will. 4 c. 46

JA 1844

Judgments (Ireland) Act 1844

7 & 8 Vic. c. 90

JMA 1850

Judgment Mortgage (Ireland) Act 1850

13 & 14 Vic. c. 29

JMA 1858

Judgment Mortgage (Ireland) Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 105

JRA 1871

Judgments Registry (Ireland) Act 1871

34 & 35 Vic. c. 72

LEA 1695

Life Estates Act 1695

7 Will. 3 c. 8

LPA 1867

Lis Pendens Act 1867

30 & 31 Vic. c. 47

LPAA 1859

Law of Property Amendment Act 1859

22 & 23 Vic. c. 35

LPAA 1860

Law of Property Amendment Act 1860

23 & 24 Vic. c. 38

PA 1868

Partition Act 1868

31 & 32 Vic. c. 40

PA 1876

Partition Act 1876

39 & 40 Vic. c. 17

PA 1832

Prescription Act 1832

2 & 3 Will. 4 c. 71

PA 1858

Prescription (Ireland) Act 1858

21 & 22 Vic. c. 42

PAA 1874

Powers of Appointment Act 1874

37 & 38 Vic. c. 37

RPA 1845

Real Property Act 1845

8 & 9 Vic. c. 106

SF 1695

Statute of Frauds 1695

7 Will. 3 c. 12

SQE 1290

Statute Quia Emptores 1290

18 Edw.1Stat.d’niR.det’ris,&c.

SLA 1882

Settled Land Act 1882

45 & 46 Vic. c. 38

SU 1634

Statute of Uses 1634

10 Chas. 1 sess. 2 c. 1

VCA 1893

Voluntary Conveyances Act 1893

56 & 57 Vic. c. 21

VPA 1874

Vendor and Purchaser Act 1874

37 & 38 Vic. c. 78

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Number 27 of 2009


LAND AND CONVEYANCING LAW REFORM ACT 2009


AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE REFORM AND MODERNISATION OF LAND LAW AND CONVEYANCING, TO REPEAL ENACTMENTS THAT ARE OBSOLETE, UNNECESSARY OR OF NO BENEFIT IN MODERN CIRCUMSTANCES, TO PROVIDE FOR THE VARIATION OF TRUSTS, TO MODERNISE THE LAW RELATING TO LIS PENDENS, TO AMEND THE REGISTRATION OF DEEDS AND TITLE ACTS 1964 AND 2006 AND CERTAIN OTHER ENACTMENTS AND FOR RELATED MATTERS.

[21st July, 2009]

BE IT ENACTED BY THE OIREACHTAS AS FOLLOWS: