Finance Act, 2000

/static/images/base/harp.jpg


Number 3 of 2000


FINANCE ACT, 2000


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART 1

Income Tax, Corporation Tax and Capital Gains Tax

Chapter 1

Interpretation

Section

1.

Interpretation (Part 1).

Chapter 2

Income Tax

2.

Amendment of section 188 (age exemption and associated marginal relief) of Principal Act.

3.

Alteration of rates of income tax.

4.

Amendment of section 461 (standard rated personal allowances) of Principal Act.

5.

Additional standard rated allowance for certain widowed persons.

6.

Widowed parents and other single parents: standard rated allowance.

7.

Special relief for widowed parent following death of spouse.

8.

Age allowance.

9.

Incapacitated children.

10.

Dependent relative.

11.

Relief for blind persons.

12.

Home carer's allowance.

13.

Amendment of section 473 (allowance for rent paid by certain tenants) of Principal Act.

14.

Standard rating of allowances: consequential provisions.

15.

Amendment of section 122 (preferential loan arrangements) of Principal Act.

16.

Amendment of section 126 (tax treatment of certain benefits payable under Social Welfare Acts) of Principal Act.

17.

Amendment of section 244 (relief for interest paid on certain home loans) of Principal Act.

18.

Amendment of section 202 (relief for agreed pay restructuring) of Principal Act.

19.

Amendment of Part 16 (income tax relief for investment in corporate trades - business expansion scheme and seed capital scheme) of Principal Act.

20.

Amendment of Schedule 13 (accountable persons for purposes of Chapter 1 of Part 18) to Principal Act.

21.

Relief for postgraduate and certain third-level fees.

22.

Amendment of section 767 (payment to universities and other approved bodies for research in, or teaching of, approved subjects) of Principal Act.

23.

Amendment of Part 30 (occupational pension schemes, retirement annuities, purchased life annuities and certain pensions) of Principal Act.

24.

Amendment of section 515 (excess or unauthorised shares) of Principal Act.

25.

Amendment of Schedule 11 (profit sharing schemes) to Principal Act.

26.

Amendment of Schedule 12 (employee share ownership trusts) to Principal Act.

27.

Rights to acquire shares or other assets.

28.

Amendment of Chapter 4 (interest payments by certain deposit takers) of Part 8 of Principal Act.

29.

Extension of section 1022 (special provisions relating to tax on wife's income) of Principal Act to spouse's income, etc.

Chapter 3

Dividend Withholding Tax

30.

Dividend withholding tax.

31.

Amendment of section 153 (distributions to certain non-residents) of Principal Act.

32.

Amendment of section 700 (special computational provisions) of Principal Act.

33.

Amendment of section 831 (implementation of Council Directive No. 90/435/EEC concerning the common system of taxation applicable in the case of parent companies and subsidiaries of different Member States) of Principal Act.

Chapter 4

Income Tax, Corporation Tax and Capital Gains Tax

34.

Amendment of section 198 (certain interest not to be chargeable) of Principal Act.

35.

Capital allowances for, and deduction in respect of, vehicles.

36.

Amendment of section 268 (meaning of “industrial building or structure”) of Principal Act.

37.

Amendment of section 333 (double rent allowance in respect of rent paid for certain business premises) of Principal Act.

38.

Amendment of section 20 (amendment of provisions relating to Custom House Docks Area) of Urban Renewal Act, 1998.

39.

Amendment of section 324 (double rent allowance in respect of rent paid for certain business premises) of Principal Act.

40.

Amendment of Part 9 (principal provisions relating to relief for capital expenditure) of Principal Act.

41.

Capital allowances for computer software.

42.

Amendment of Chapter 3 (designated areas, designated streets, enterprise areas and multi-storey car parks in certain urban areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

43.

Amendment of section 360 (interpretation (Chapter 5)) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

44.

Amendment of Chapter 7 (qualifying areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

45.

Amendment of Chapter 8 (qualifying rural areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

46.

Amendment of Chapter 9 (park and ride facilities and certain related developments) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

47.

Amendment of section 823 (deduction for income earned outside the State) of Principal Act.

48.

Amendment of section 481 (relief for investment in films) of Principal Act.

49.

Amendment of section 482 (relief for expenditure on significant buildings and gardens) of Principal Act.

50.

Amendment of section 485 (relief for gifts to third-level institutions) of Principal Act.

51.

Savings-related share option schemes.

52.

Reduction in tax on certain transactions in land.

53.

Amendment of Part 26 (life assurance companies) of Principal Act.

54.

Amendment of section 420 (losses, etc. which may be surrendered by means of group relief) of Principal Act.

55.

Amendment of section 595 (life assurance policy or deferred annuity contract entered into or acquired by a company) of Principal Act.

56.

Amendment of section 710 (profits of life business) of Principal Act.

57.

Amendment of Chapter 1 (unit trusts) of Part 27 of Principal Act.

58.

Investment undertakings.

59.

Amendment of section 172A (interpretation) of Principal Act.

60.

Amendment of section 659 (farming: allowance for capital expenditure on the construction of farm buildings, etc. for control of pollution) of Principal Act.

61.

Amendment of Part 23 (farming and market gardening) of Principal Act.

62.

Amendment of section 723 (special investment policies) of Principal Act.

63.

Amendment of section 843A (capital allowances for buildings used for certain childcare purposes) of Principal Act.

64.

Amendment of Part 29 (patents, scientific and certain other research, know-how and certain training) of Principal Act.

65.

Amendment of section 243 (allowance of charges on income) of Principal Act.

66.

Amendment of section 246 (interest payments by companies and to non-residents) of Principal Act.

67.

Amendment of section 247 (relief to companies on loans applied in acquiring interest in other companies) of Principal Act.

68.

Amendment of Chapter 4 (revenue powers) of Part 38 of Principal Act.

69.

Amendments and repeals consequential on abolition of tax credits.

70.

Restrictions on the use by certain partnerships of losses, etc., and transitional arrangements concerning these restrictions.

71.

Amendment of Schedule 24 (relief from income tax and corporation tax by means of credit in respect of foreign tax) to Principal Act.

72.

Amendment of Schedule 29 to Principal Act.

73.

Treatment of interest in certain circumstances.

74.

Amendment of section 213 (trade unions) of Principal Act.

Chapter 5

Corporation Tax

75.

Amendment of section 21A (higher rate of corporation tax) of Principal Act.

76.

Reduction of corporation tax liability in respect of certain trading income.

77.

Amendment of section 23A (company residence) of Principal Act.

78.

Amendment of section 882 (particulars to be supplied by new companies) of Principal Act.

79.

Amendment of section 411 (surrender of relief between members of groups and consortia) of Principal Act.

80.

Amendment of section 446 (certain trading operations carried on in Custom House Docks Area) of Principal Act.

81.

Amendment of Chapter 1 (general provisions) of Part 26 of Principal Act.

82.

Amendment of section 110 (securitisation of assets) of Principal Act.

83.

Amendment of Part 14 (taxation of companies engaged in manufacturing trades, certain trading operations carried on in Shannon Airport and certain trading operations carried on in the Custom House Docks Area) of Principal Act.

84.

Amendment of section 220 (profits of certain bodies corporate) of Principal Act.

Chapter 6

Capital Gains Tax

85.

Amendment of section 598 (disposals of business or farm on “retirement”) of Principal Act.

86.

Amendment of section 649A (relevant disposals: rate of charge) of Principal Act.

87.

Amendment of section 980 (deduction from consideration on disposal of certain assets) of Principal Act.

88.

Amendment of section 1030 (separated spouses: transfers of assets) of Principal Act.

Chapter 7

Income Tax and Corporation Tax: Reliefs for Renewal and Improvement of Certain Towns

89.

Amendment of Part 10 (income tax and corporation tax: reliefs for renewal and improvement of certain urban areas, certain resort areas and certain islands) of Principal Act.

PART 2

Customs and Excise

Miscellaneous

90.

Tobacco products.

91.

Hydrocarbons.

92.

Rates of mineral oil tax.

93.

Amendment of section 94 (interpretation, Chapter 1) of Finance Act, 1999.

94.

Amendment of paragraph 12 of Imposition of Duties (No. 221) (Excise Duties) Order, 1975 (S.I. No. 307 of 1975).

95.

Amendment of section 99 (passenger road services) of Finance Act, 1999.

96.

Hydrocarbon oil used in trains.

97.

Amendment of section 103 (presumptions in certain proceedings) of Finance Act, 1999.

98.

Amendment of section 104 (appeals to Revenue Commissioners) of Finance Act, 1995.

99.

Delegation of certain powers of the Revenue Commissioners.

100.

Amendment of section 131 (registration of vehicles by Revenue Commissioners) of Finance Act, 1992.

101.

Amendment of section 133 (chargeable value) of Finance Act, 1992.

102.

Excise duty on foreign travel.

103.

Excise duty on public dancing licence, occasional licence, special exemption order and authorisation to a club.

104.

Excise duty on registration of clubs.

105.

Imposition of duty on liquor licences for National Cultural Institutions.

106.

Tax clearance in relation to excise licences.

PART 3

Value-Added Tax

107.

Interpretation (Part 3).

108.

Amendment of section 1 (interpretation) of Principal Act.

109.

Amendment of section 6A (special scheme for investment gold) of Principal Act.

110.

Amendment of section 8 (taxable persons) of Principal Act.

111.

Amendment of section 11 (rates of tax) of Principal Act.

112.

Amendment of section 12 (deduction for tax borne or paid) of Principal Act.

113.

Amendment of section 12A (special provisions for tax invoiced by flat-rate farmers) of Principal Act.

114.

Amendment of section 12C (special scheme for agricultural machinery) of Principal Act.

115.

Amendment of section 17 (invoices) of Principal Act.

116.

Amendment of section 20 (refund of tax) of Principal Act.

117.

Amendment of section 22 (estimation of tax due for a taxable period) of Principal Act.

118.

Amendment of section 23 (assessment of tax due for any period) of Principal Act.

119.

Amendment of section 25 (appeals) of Principal Act.

120.

Amendment of section 27 (fraudulent returns, etc.) of Principal Act.

121.

Amendment of section 32 (regulations) of Principal Act.

122.

Amendment of First Schedule to Principal Act.

123.

Amendment of Second Schedule to Principal Act.

124.

Revocation (Part 3).

PART 4

Stamp Duties

125.

Interpretation (Part 4).

126.

Amendment of section 81 (relief from stamp duty in respect of transfers to young trained farmers) of Principal Act.

127.

Amendment of section 86 (exemption from stamp duty in respect of certain loan stock) of Principal Act.

128.

Amendment of section 87 (stock borrowing) of Principal Act.

129.

Stock repo.

130.

Reorganisation of undertakings for collective investment.

131.

Amendment of section 97 (certain transfers following the dissolution of a marriage) of Principal Act.

132.

Relief in respect of certain payments of stamp duty.

133.

Amendment of Schedule 1 to Principal Act.

PART 5

Residential Property Tax

134.

Amendment of section 100 (market value exemption limit) of Finance Act, 1983.

135.

Amendment of section 110A (clearance on sale of certain residential property) of Finance Act, 1983.

PART 6

Capital Acquisitions Tax

136.

Interpretation (Part 6).

137.

Amendment of section 2 (interpretation) of Principal Act.

138.

Amendment of section 6 (taxable gift) of Principal Act.

139.

Amendment of section 12 (taxable inheritance) of Principal Act.

140.

Amendment of section 19 (value of agricultural property) of Principal Act.

141.

Amendment of section 36 (delivery of returns) of Principal Act.

142.

Amendment of section 48 (receipts and certificates) of Principal Act.

143.

Amendment of section 54 (provisions relating to charities, etc.) of Principal Act.

144.

Amendment of section 55 (exemption of certain objects) of Principal Act.

145.

Amendment of Second Schedule to Principal Act.

146.

Amendment of section 39 (extension of section 55 (exemption of certain objects) of Capital Acquisitions Tax Act, 1976) of Finance Act, 1978.

147.

Amendment of section 109 (interpretation) of Finance Act, 1993.

148.

Amendment of Chapter 1 (business relief) of Part VI of Finance Act, 1994.

149.

Amendment of section 142 (exemption of certain transfers from capital acquisitions tax following the dissolution of a marriage) of Finance Act, 1997.

150.

Amendment of section 143 (abatement and postponement of probate tax on certain property) of Finance Act, 1997.

151.

Exemption relating to certain dwellings.

152.

Amendment of section 58 (exemption of certain receipts) of Principal Act.

153.

Repeals etc.

PART 7

Miscellaneous

154.

Interpretation (Part 7).

155.

Capital Services Redemption Account.

156.

Amendment of section 138 (holding and investment of moneys of Post Office Savings Bank Fund, etc.) of Finance Act, 1993.

157.

Deposit accounts for Exchequer moneys.

158.

Amendment of section 63 of Central Bank Act, 1997.

159.

Payment to Temporary Holding Fund for Superannuation Liabilities.

160.

Amendment of section 824 (appeals) of Principal Act.

161.

Amendment of section 1003 (payment of tax by means of donation of heritage items) of Principal Act.

162.

Amendment of section 1086 (publication of names of tax defaulters) of Principal Act.

163.

Amendment of section 1094 (tax clearance in relation to certain licences) of Principal Act.

164.

Amendment of Chapter 5 (miscellaneous provisions) of Part 42 (collection and recovery) of Principal Act.

165.

Care and management of taxes and duties.

166.

Short title, construction and commencement.

SCHEDULE 1

Amendments consequential on the introduction of standard rated allowances

SCHEDULE 2

Amendments and Repeals Consequential on Abolition of Tax Credits

SCHEDULE 3

Rates of Excise Duty on Tobacco Products


Acts Referred to

Capital Acquisitions Tax Act, 1976

1976, No. 8

Central Bank Act, 1971

1971, No. 4

Central Bank Act, 1989

1989, No. 16

Central Bank Act, 1997

1997, No. 8

Companies Act, 1963

1963, No. 33

Companies Act, 1990

1990, No. 33

Companies Acts, 1963 to 1999

Corporation Tax Act, 1976

1976, No. 7

Credit Union Act, 1997

1997, No. 15

Dublin Docklands Development Authority Act, 1997

1997, No. 7

Dublin Institute of Technology Act, 1992

1992, No. 15

European Communities (Amendment) Act, 1993

1993, No. 25

Family Law Act, 1995

1995, No. 26

Finance Act, 1935

1935, No. 28

Finance Act, 1950

1950, No. 18

Finance Act, 1974

1974, No. 27

Finance Act, 1978

1978, No. 21

Finance Act, 1979

1979, No. 11

Finance Act, 1980

1980, No. 14

Finance Act, 1982

1982, No. 14

Finance Act, 1983

1983, No. 15

Finance Act, 1984

1984, No. 9

Finance Act, 1986

1986, No. 13

Finance Act, 1989

1989, No. 10

Finance Act, 1990

1990, No. 10

Finance Act, 1991

1991, No. 13

Finance Act, 1992

1992, No. 9

Finance (No. 2) Act, 1992

1992, No. 28

Finance Act, 1993

1993, No. 13

Finance Act, 1994

1994, No. 13

Finance Act, 1995

1995, No. 8

Finance Act, 1996

1996, No. 9

Finance Act, 1997

1997, No. 22

Finance Act, 1998

1998, No. 3

Finance Act, 1999

1999, No. 2

Finance (Excise Duties) (Vehicles) Act, 1952

1952, No. 24

Finance (Excise Duty on Tobacco Products) Act, 1977

1977, No. 32

Fisheries Act, 1980

1980, No. 1

Health (Nursing Homes) Act, 1990

1990, No. 23

Housing Acts, 1966 to 1998

Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1979

1979, No. 27

Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1992

1992, No. 18

Income Tax Act, 1967

1967, No. 6

Industrial Development Act, 1995

1995, No. 28

Investment Intermediaries Act, 1995

1995, No. 11

Investment Limited Partnerships Act, 1994

1994, No. 24

Local Authorities (Higher Education) Grants Acts, 1968 to 1992

Local Government Act, 1991

1991, No. 11

Local Government (Planning and Development) Act, 1963

1963, No. 28

Local Government (Planning and Development) Acts, 1963 to 1999

National Building Agency Limited Act, 1963

1963, No. 32

National Cultural Institutions Act, 1997

1997, No. 11

National Treasury Management Agency Act, 1990

1990, No. 18

Referendum Act, 1998

1998, No. 1

Regional Technical Colleges Act, 1992

1992, No. 16

Registration of Clubs (Ireland) Act, 1904

4 Edw. 7, c.9

Registration of Business Names Act, 1963

1963, No. 30

Road Transport Act, 1932

1932, No. 2

Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993

1993, No. 27

Stamp Duties Consolidation Act, 1999

1999, No. 31

Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997

1997, No. 39

Temporary Holding Fund for Superannuation Liabilities Act, 1999

1999, No. 33

Unit Trusts Act, 1990

1990, No. 37

Urban Renewal Act, 1998

1998, No. 27

Value-Added Tax Act, 1972

1972, No. 22

Value-Added Tax (Amendment) Act, 1978

1978, No. 34

Value-Added Tax Acts, 1972 to 1999

/static/images/base/harp.jpg


Number 3 of 2000


FINANCE ACT, 2000


AN ACT TO CHARGE AND IMPOSE CERTAIN DUTIES OF CUSTOMS AND INLAND REVENUE (INCLUDING EXCISE), TO AMEND THE LAW RELATING TO CUSTOMS AND INLAND REVENUE (INCLUDING EXCISE) AND TO MAKE FURTHER PROVISIONS IN CONNECTION WITH FINANCE. [23rd March, 2000]

BE IT ENACTED BY THE OIREACHTAS AS FOLLOWS:

PART 1

Income Tax, Corporation Tax and Capital Gains Tax

Chapter 1

Interpretation

Interpretation (Part1).

1.—In this Part “Principal Act” means the Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997 .

Chapter 2

Income Tax

Amendment of section 188 (age exemption and associated marginal relief) of Principal Act.

2.—Section 188 of the Principal Act is amended, as respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, by the substitution of the following for subsection (2):

“(2) In this section, ‘the specified amount’ means, subject to section 187(2)—

(a) in the case of an individual referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘specified amount’ in section 461(1) (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ), £15,000, and

(b) in any other case, £7,500.”.

Alteration of rates of income tax.

3.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended as follows—

(a) in section 15, by the substitution of the following for subsection (2) and the Table to the section:

“(2) Where a person who is charged to income tax for any year of assessment is an individual (other than an individual acting in a fiduciary or representative capacity), such individual shall, notwithstanding anything in the Income Tax Acts but subject to section 16(2), be charged to tax on such individual's taxable income—

(a) in a case in which such individual is assessed to tax otherwise than in accordance with section 1017 and is not an individual referred to in paragraph (b), at the rates specified in Part 1 of the Table to this section, or

(b) in a case in which the individual is assessed to tax otherwise than in accordance with section 1017 and is entitled to a reduction of tax provided for in section 462, at the rates specified in Part 2 of the Table to this section, or

(c) subject to subsections (3) and (5), in a case in which such individual is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, at the rates specified in Part 3 of the Table to this section,

and the rates in each Part of that Table shall be known respectively by the description specified in column (3) in each such Part opposite the mention of the rate or rates, as the case may be, in column (2) of that Part.

(3) Subject to subsections (4) and (5)—

(a) where an individual is charged to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, and

(b) both the individual and his or her spouse are each in receipt of income in respect of which the individual is chargeable to tax in accordance with that section,

the part of his or her taxable income chargeable to tax at the standard rate specified in column (1) of Part 3 of the Table to this section shall be increased by an amount which is the lesser of—

(i) £6,000, and

(ii) the specified income of the individual or the specified income of the individual's spouse, whichever is the lesser.

(4) For the purpose of subsection (3), ‘specified income’ means total income after deducting from such income any deduction attributable to a particular source of income.

(5) Where all or any part of an increase under subsection (3) in the amount of an individual's taxable income chargeable to income tax at the standard rate is attributable to emoluments from which tax is deductible in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 4 of Part 42 and any regulations made thereunder, then, the full amount of the increase, or that part of the increase, as may be appropriate in the circumstances, shall only be used in accordance with the provisions of that Chapter and those regulations in calculating the amount of tax to be deducted from those emoluments.

TABLE

PART 1

Part of taxable income

Rate of tax

Description of rate

(1)

(2)

(3)

The first £17,000

22 per cent

the standard rate

The remainder

44 per cent

the higher rate

PART 2

Part of taxable income

Rate of tax

Description of rate

(1)

(2)

(3)

The first £20,150

22 per cent

the standard rate

The remainder

44 per cent

the higher rate

PART 3

Part of taxable income

Rate of tax

Description of rate

(1)

(2)

(3)

The first £28,000

22 per cent

the standard rate

The remainder

44 per cent

the higher rate

and

(b) in section 1024—

(i) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (c) of subsection (2):

“(c) Subject to subsection (4), Part 1 of the Table to section 15 shall apply to each of the spouse concerned.”,

and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subsection (4):

“(4) Where the part of the taxable income of a spouse chargeable to tax in accordance with subsection (2)(c) at the standard rate is less than that of the other spouse and is less than the part of taxable income specified in column (1) of Part 1 of the Table to section 15 (in this subsection referred to as the ‘appropriate part’) in respect of which the first-mentioned spouse is so chargeable to tax at that rate, the part of taxable income of the other spouse which by virtue of subsection (2)(c) is to be charged to tax at the standard rate shall be increased, to an amount not exceeding the part of taxable income specified in column (1) of Part 3 of the Table to section 15 in respect of which an individual to whom that Part applies is so chargeable at that rate, by the amount by which the taxable income of the first-mentioned spouse chargeable to tax at the standard rate is less than the appropriate part.”.

Amendment of section 461 (standard rated personal allowances) of Principal Act.

4.—Section 461 (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the Principal Act is amended, as respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, by the substitution in the definition of “the specified amount” in subsection (1) of “£9,400” for “£8,400” and “£4,700” for “£4,200”, and the said definition, as so amended, is set out in the Table to this section.

TABLE

“the specified amount”, in relation to an individual for a year of assessment, means—

(a) £9,400, in a case in which the claimant is—

(i) a married person who—

(I) is assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with the provisions of section 1017, or

(II) proves that his or her spouse is not living with him or her but is wholly or mainly maintained by him or her for the year of assessment and that the claimant is not entitled, in computing his or her income for tax purposes for that year, to make any deduction in respect of the sums paid by him or her for the maintenance of his or her spouse,

or

(ii) a widowed person, other than a person to whom subparagraph (i) applies, whose spouse has died in the year of assessment,

and

(b) £4,700 in the case of any other claimant.

Additional standard rated allowance for certain widowed persons.

5.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 461A:

“Additional standard rated allowance for certain widowed persons.

461A.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘specified amount’, means £1,000.

(2) This section applies to an individual being a widowed person, other than—

(a) a person referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘the specified amount’ in section 461(1) (as amended by the Finance Act, 2000), or

(b) a person entitled to a reduction of tax under section 462.

(3) Where for any year of assessment an individual to whom this section applies is entitled to a reduction of tax under section 461, the income tax to be charged on the individual, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for a year of assessment shall be further reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount, or

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 461A” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 461(2)” of “Section 461A”.

Widowed parents and other single parents: standard rated allowance.

6.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 462, by the substitution in subsection (1) of “£4,700” for “£1,050” in the definition of “the specified amount”,

(b) by the deletion of section 462A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ), and

(c) in the Table to section 458, by the deletion of “Section 462A” from Part 1.

Special relief for widowed parent following death of spouse.

7.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 463:

“Special relief for widowed parent following death of spouse.

463.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘claimant’ means an individual whose spouse dies in a year of assessment;

‘qualifying child’, in relation to a claimant and a year of assessment, has the same meaning as in section 462, and the question of whether a child is a qualifying child shall be determined on the same basis as it would be for the purposes of section 462,

and subsections (3), (4) and (6) of that section shall apply accordingly;

‘specified amount’, in relation to a claimant for each of the 5 years of assessment immediately following the year of assessment in which the claimant's spouse dies, means—

(a) for the first of those 5 years, £10,000,

(b) for the second of those 5 years, £8,000,

(c) for the third of those 5 years, £6,000,

(d) for the fourth of those 5 years, £4,000, and

(e) for the fifth of those 5 years, £2,000.

(2) Where a claimant proves, in relation to any of the 5 years of assessment immediately following the year of assessment in which the claimant's spouse dies that—

(a) he or she has not remarried before the commencement of the year, and

(b) a qualifying child is resident with him or her for the whole or part of the year,

the income tax to be charged on the claimant, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(i) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount in relation to the claimant for that year, or

(ii) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil,

but this section shall not apply for any year of assessment in the case of a man and woman living together as man and wife.”

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 463” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 462” of “Section 463”.

Age allowance.

8.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent Age allowance. years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 464:

“Age allowance.

464.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘specified amount’, in relation to an individual for a year of assessment, means—

(a) £1,600, in a case where the individual is a married person whose spouse is living with him or her and who is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017 and

(b) £800, in any other case.

(2) Where for any year of assessment an individual is entitled to a reduction of income tax under section 461 and proves that at any time during that year of assessment—

(a) the individual, or

(b) in the case of a married person whose spouse is living with him or her and who is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, either the individual or the individual's spouse,

was of the age of 65 years or over, the income tax to be charged on the individual, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall be reduced by a further amount which is the lesser of—

(i) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount in relation to the individual for that year, or

(ii) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 464” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 463” (inserted by this Act) of “Section 464”.

Incapacitated children.

9.—As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 465:

“Incapacitated children.

465.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘qualifying child’, in relation to an individual, means a child of the individual who—

(a) is under the age of 18 years and is permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity, or

(b) if over the age of 18 years at the commencement of the year of assessment, is permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity from maintaining himself or herself and had become so permanently incapacitated before he or she had attained the age of 21 years or had become so permanently incapacitated after attaining the age of 21 years but while he or she had been in receipt of full-time instruction at any university, college, school or other educational establishment;

‘specified amount’, in relation to a qualifying child for a year of assessment, means £1,600.

(2) Where an individual proves that he or she has living at any time during a year of assessment a qualifying child, the income tax to be charged on the individual, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall, in respect of each such child, be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount in relation to the child, or

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) (a) A child under the age of 18 years shall be regarded as permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity only if the infirmity is such that there would be a reasonable expectation that if the child were over the age of 18 years the child would be incapacitated from maintaining himself or herself.

(b) In the case of a child referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘qualifying child’ in subsection (1), the specified amount shall be £1,600, or the amount expended by the individual in the year of assessment on the maintenance of the child, whichever is the lesser.

(c) Any relief under this section shall be in substitution for and not in addition to any reduction of tax to which the individual might be entitled in respect of the same child under section 466.

(4) Where an individual proves for the year of assessment—

(a) that he or she has the custody of and maintains at his or her own expense any child who, but for the fact that child is not a child of the individual, would be a qualifying child referred to in subsection (1), and

(b) that neither the individual nor any other individual is entitled to relief in respect of the same child under subsection (2) or under any other provision of this Part, or, if any other individual is entitled to such relief, that such other individual has relinquished his or her claim to that relief,

the individual shall be entitled to the same relief under this section in respect of the child as if the child were a child of the individual.

(5) (a) The reference in paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘qualifying child’ in subsection (1) to a child receiving full-time instruction at an educational establishment shall include a reference to a child undergoing training by any person (in this subsection referred to as ‘the employer’) for any trade or profession in such circumstances that the child is required to devote the whole of his or her time to the training for a period of not less than 2 years.

(b) For the purpose of a claim in respect of a child undergoing training, the inspector may require the employer to furnish particulars with respect to the training of the child in such form as may be prescribed by the Revenue Commissioners.

(6) (a) Where in any year of assessment a qualifying child is entitled in his or her own right to an income exceeding £2,100 in that year, the specified amount shall be reduced by the amount of the excess up to the limit of the specified amount.

(b) In calculating the income of the child for the purposes of paragraph (a), no account shall be taken of any income to which the child is entitled as the holder of a scholarship, bursary, or other similar educational endowment.

(7) Where any question arises as to whether any person is entitled to relief under this section in respect of a child over the age of 21 years as being a child who had become permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity from maintaining himself or herself after attaining that age but while in receipt of full-time instruction referred to in this section, the Revenue Commissioners may consult the Minister for Education and Science.

(8) Where for any year of assessment 2 or more individuals are or would but for this subsection be entitled under this section to relief in respect of the same child, the following provisions shall apply:

(a) only one specified amount under this section shall be allowed in respect of the child;

(b) where the child is maintained by one individual only, that individual only shall be entitled to claim a reduction of tax under this section;

(c) where the child is maintained jointly by two or more of the individuals, each of those individuals shall be entitled to claim a reduction of tax under this section by reference to that portion of the specified amount as is proportionate

to the amount expended by him or her on the maintenance of the child;

(d) in ascertaining for the purposes of this subsection whether an individual maintains a child and, if so, to what extent, any payment made by the individual for or towards the maintenance of the child which the individual is entitled to deduct in computing his or her total income for the purposes of the Income Tax Acts shall be deemed not to be a payment for or towards the maintenance of the child.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 465” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 464” (inserted by this Act) of “Section 465”.

Dependent relative.

10.— As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 466:

“Dependent relative.

466.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘dependent relative’, in relation to a claimant, means—

(a) a relative of the claimant, or of the claimant's spouse, incapacitated by old age or infirmity from maintaining himself or herself,

(b) the widowed father or widowed mother of the claimant or of the claimant's spouse, whether incapacitated or not, or

(c) a son or daughter of the claimant who resides with the claimant and on whose services the claimant, by reason of old age or infirmity, is compelled to depend;

‘specified amount’, in relation to a dependent relative for a year of assessment, means £220 reduced by the amount, if any,

by which the dependent relative's total income from all sources for the year exceeds the specified limit;

‘specified limit’ means the aggregate of the payments to which an individual is entitled in a year of assessment in respect of an old age (contributory) pension at the maximum rate under the Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993 , if throughout the year of assessment such individual is entitled to such a pension and—

(a) has no adult dependant or qualified children (within the meaning, in each case, of that Act),

(b) is over the age of 80 years (or such other age as may be specified in that Act for the time being in place of the age of 80 years), and

(c) is living alone.

(2) Where for any year of assessment a claimant proves that he or she maintains at his or her own expense a dependent relative, the income tax to be charged on the claimant, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall, in respect of each such dependent relative, be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount in relation to the dependent relative for that year, or

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) Where for any year of assessment 2 or more individuals jointly maintain a dependent relative, the specified amount in relation to that dependent relative shall be apportioned between them in proportion to the amount or value of their respective contributions towards the maintenance of that dependent relative.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 466” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 465” (inserted by this Act) of “Section 466”.

Relief for blind persons.

11.— As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of asessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution of the following for section 468:

“Relief for blind persons.

468.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘blind person’ means a person whose central visual acuity does not exceed 6/60 in the better eye with correcting lenses, or whose central visual acuity exceeds 6/60 in the better eye or in both eyes but is accompanied by a limitation in the fields of vision that is such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle no greater than 20 degrees;

‘specified amount’, in relation to an individual to whom this section applies for a year of assessment, means—

(a) £3,000, in a case where either the individual or his or her spouse is a blind person, or

(b) £6,000, in a case where the individual and his or her spouse are both blind persons.

(2) This section applies to an individual for a year of assessment where the individual proves that—

(a) he or she was for the whole or any part of the year of assessment a blind person, or

(b) where he or she is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, either or both he or she and his or her spouse was for the whole or any part of the year of assessment a blind person.

(3) The income tax to be charged on an individual to whom this section applies, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for a year of assessment shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount in relation to the individual for that year, or

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 468” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 466A” (inserted by this Act) of “Section 468”.

Home carer's allowance.

12.— As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in Chapter 1 of Part 15 by the insertion of the following section after section 466:

“Home carer's allowance.

466A.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘dependent person’, in relation to a qualifying claimant, means a person (other than the spouse of the qualifying claimant) who, subject to subsection (3), resides with that qualifying claimant and who is—

(a) a child in respect of whom either the qualifying claimant or his or her spouse is, at any time during a year of assessment, in receipt of child benefit under Part IV of the Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993 , or

(b) an individual who, at any time during a year of assessment, is of the age of 65 years or over, or

(c) an individual who is permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity;

‘qualifying claimant’, in relation to a year of assessment, means an individual—

(a) who is assessed to tax for that year in accordance with section 1017, and

(b) who, or whose spouse, (in this section referred to as the ‘carer spouse’) is engaged during that year in caring for one or more dependent persons;

‘relative’, in relation to a qualifying claimant, includes a relation by marriage and a person in respect of whom the qualifying claimant is or was the legal guardian;

‘specified amount’ means, subject to subsections (6) and (7), £3,000.

(2) Where for any year of assessment an individual proves that he or she is a qualifying claimant, the income tax to be charged on the individual, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) an amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the specified amount, or

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) For the purposes of this section—

(a) a dependent person in relation to a qualifying claimant who is a relative of that claimant or the claimant's spouse shall be regarded as residing with the qualifying claimant if—

(i) the relative lives in close proximity to the qualifying claimant, and

(ii) a direct system of communication exists between the qualifying claimant's residence and the residence of the relative,

and

(b) a qualifying claimant and a relative shall be regarded as living in close proximity if they reside—

(i) next door in adjacent residences, or

(ii) on the same property, or

(iii) within 2 kilometres of each other.

(4) A qualifying claimant shall be entitled to only one reduction of tax under subsection (2) for any year of assessment irrespective of the number of dependent persons resident with the qualifying claimant in that year.

(5) Relief under this section in respect of a dependent person shall be granted to one and only one qualifying claimant being the person with whom that dependent person normally resides or, where subsection (3) applies, the person who, or whose spouse, normally cares for the dependent person.

(6) (a) Where in any year of assessment the carer spouse is entitled in his or her own right to an income exceeding £4,000 in that year, the specified amount shall be reduced by an amount which is equal to 3 times the amount of that excess.

(b) For the purposes of paragraph (a), no account shall be taken of any Carer's Allowance payable under Chapter 10 of Part III of the Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993 .

(7) (a) Notwithstanding subsection (6) but subject to the other provisions of this section including this subsection, relief may be granted for a year of assessment where the claimant was entitled to relief under this section for the immediately preceding year of assessment.

(b) Where relief is to be granted for a year of assessment by virtue of paragraph (a), it shall not exceed the amount of relief granted in the immediately preceding year of assessment.

(c) Relief shall not be granted for a year of assessment by virtue of paragraph (a) if it was so granted for the immediately preceding year of assessment.

(8) Where for any year of assessment relief is granted to an individual under this section, the individual shall not also be entitled to the benefit of the provision contained in section 15(3) but the individual may elect by notice in writing to the inspector to have benefit under the said section 15(3) granted instead of the relief granted under this section.”,

and

(b) in the Table to section 458, by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 466” (inserted by this Act) of “Section 466A”.

Amendment of section 473 (allowance for rent paid by certain tenants) of Principal Act.

13.— As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, section 473 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the insertion of the following definition before the definition of “residential premises”:

“‘appropriate percentage’, in relation to a year of assessment, means a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;”, and

(ii) by the insertion of the following definition before the definition of “tenancy”:

“‘the specified limit’, in relation to an individual for a year of assessment, means—

(a) in the case of a married person assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, £1,500; but, if at any time during the year of assessment the individual was of the age of 55 years or over, ‘the specified limit’ means £4,000,

(b) in the case of a widowed person, £1,125; but, if at any time during the year of assessment the individual was of the age of 55 years or over, ‘the specified limit’ means £3,000, and

(c) in any other case, £750; but, if at any time during the year of assessment the individual was of the age of 55 years or over, ‘the specified limit’ means £2,000;”,

(b) by the substitution of the following subsection for subsection (2):

“(2) Where an individual (in this section referred to as the ‘claimant’) proves that in the year of assessment he or she has made a payment on account of rent in respect of residential premises which, during the period in respect of which the payment was made, was his or her main residence, the income tax to be charged on the claimant, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for that year of assessment shall be reduced by an amount which is the least of—

(a) the amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the aggregate of such payments proved to be so made,

(b) the appropriate percentage of the specified limit in relation to the claimant for the year of assessment, and

(c) the amount that reduces that income tax to nil.”,

(c) by the substitution of the following subsection for subsection (3):

“(3) For the purposes of this section, where a claimant is a married person assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payments made by the claimant's spouse, in respect of which that spouse would have been entitled to relief under this section if he or she were assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with section 1016 (apart from subsection (2) of that section), shall be deemed to have been made by the claimant.”,

(d) by the substitution of the following subsection for subsection (10):

“(10) Any relief under this section shall be in substitution for and not in addition to any relief to which the claimant might be entitled in respect of the same payment under any other provision of the Income Tax Acts.”,

and

(e) in the Table to section 458—

(i) by the deletion of “Section 473(2)” from Part 1, and

(ii) by the substitution in Part 2 of “Section 473” for “Section 473(3)”.

Standard rating of allowances: consequential provisions.

14.— The provisions of the Principal Act referred to in Schedule 1 are amended as specified in that Schedule.

Amendment of section 122 (preferential loan arrangements) of Principal Act.

15.— Section 122 of the Principal Act is amended, as respects the year 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, by the substitution in the definition of “the specified rate” in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of “4 per cent” for “6 per cent” in both places where it occurs, and the said definition, as so amended, is set out in the Table to this section.

TABLE

“the specified rate”, in relation to a preferential loan, means—

(i) in a case where—

(I) the interest paid on the preferential loan qualifies for relief under section 244, or

(II) if no interest is paid on the preferential loan, the interest which would have been paid on that loan (if interest had been payable) would have so qualified,

the rate of 4 per cent per annum or such other rate (if any) prescribed by the Minister for Finance by regulations,

(ii) in a case where—

(I) the preferential loan is made to an employee by an employer,

(II) the making of loans for the purposes of purchasing a dwelling house for occupation by the borrower as a residence, for a stated term of years at a rate of interest which does not vary for the duration of the loan, forms part of the trade of the employer, and

(III) the rate of interest at which, in the course of the employer's trade at the time the preferential loan is or was made, the employer makes or made loans at arm's length to persons, other than employees, for the purposes of purchasing a dwelling house for occupation by the borrower as a residence is less than 4 per cent per annum or such other rate (if any) prescribed by the Minister for Finance by regulations.

the first mentioned rate in subparagraph (III), or

(iii) in any other case, the rate of 10 per cent per annum or such other rate (if any) prescribed by the Minister for Finance by regulations.

Amendment of section 126 (tax treatment of certain benefits payable under Social Welfare Acts) of Principal Act.

16.— Section 126 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution, in subsection (8), of the following for paragraph (b) (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ):

“(b) Notwithstanding subsection (3) and the Finance Act, 1992 (Commencement of Section 15) (Unemployment Benefit and Pay-Related Benefit) Order, 1994 ( S.I. No. 19 of 1994 ), subsection (3)(b) shall not apply in relation to unemployment benefit paid or payable in the period commencing on 6 April 1997, and ending on 5 April 2001, to a person employed in short-time employment.”.

Amendment of section 244 (relief for interest paid on certain home loans) of Principal Act.

17.— As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, section 244 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the substitution of the following for the definition of “dependent relative”:

“‘dependent relative’, in relation to an individual, means any of the persons mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition of ‘dependent relative’ in section 466(1) in respect of whom the individual is entitled to a reduction of tax under that section;”,

(ii) by the substitution of the following for the definition of “relievable interest”:

“‘relievable interest’, in relation to an individual and a year of assessment, means—

(i) in the case of—

(I) an individual assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, or

(II) a widowed individual,

the amount of qualifying interest paid by the individual in the year of assessment or, if less, £4,000,

(ii) in the case of any other individual, the amount of qualifying interest paid by the individual in the year of assessment or, if less, £2,000,

but, notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this definition and subject to paragraph (c), as respects the first 5 years of assessment for which there is an entitlement to relief under this section in respect of a qualifying loan, ‘relievable interest’, in relation to an individual and a year of assessment, shall mean—

(iii) in the case of—

(I) an individual assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, or

(II) a widowed individual,

the amount of qualifying interest paid by the individual in the year of assessment or, if less, £5,000,

(iv) in the case of any other individual, the amount of qualifying interest paid by the individual in the year of assessment or, if less, £2,500;”,

and

(iii) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (c):

“(c) The number of years of assessment for which the amount of relievable interest is to be determined by reference to subparagraph (iii) or (iv) of the definition of ‘relievable interest’ shall be reduced by one year of assessment for each year of assessment in which an individual was entitled to relief for a year of assessment before the year 1997-1998 under section 76(1) or 496 of, or paragraph 1(2) of Part III of Schedule 6 to, the Income Tax Act, 1967 .”,

and

(b) in subsection (3), by the substitution of the following for paragraph (a):

“(a) Where the amount of relievable interest is determined by reference to subparagraph (iii) or (iv) of the definition of ‘relievable interest’, then, notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts, in the case of an individual who has elected or could be deemed to have duly elected to be assessed to tax for the year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, where either—

(i) the individual, or

(ii) the individual's spouse,

was previously entitled to relief under this section or under section 76(1) or 496 of, or paragraph 1(2) of Part III of Schedule 6 to, the Income Tax Act, 1967, and the other person was not so entitled—

(I) the relief to be given under this section, other than that part of the relief (in this subsection referred to as ‘the additional relief’) which is represented by the difference between the relievable interest and the amount which would have been the amount of the relievable interest if this had been determined by reference to subparagraph (i) or (ii) of that definition, shall be treated as given in equal proportions to the individual and that individual's spouse for that year of assessment, and

(II) the additional relief shall be reduced by 50 per cent and the additional relief, as so reduced, shall be given only to the person who was not previously entitled to relief under this section or under section 76(1) or 496 of, or paragraph 1(2) of Part III of Schedule 6 to, the Income Tax Act, 1967 .”.

Amendment of section 202 (relief for agreed pay restructuring) of Principal Act.

18.—(1) Section 202 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1) (a), by the substitution of the following for the definition of “specified amount”:

“‘specified amount’, in relation to a participating employee, means—

(a) in a case where the basic pay of the employee is subject to a reduction of at least 10 per cent but not exceeding 15 per cent, £6,000 together with £200 for each complete year of service (subject to a maximum of 20 years), up to the relevant date, of the employee in the service of the qualifying company,

(b) in a case where the basic pay of the employee is subject to a reduction exceeding 15 per cent but not exceeding 20 per cent, £6,000 together with £500 for each complete year of service (subject to a maximum of 20 years), up to the relevant date, of the employee in the service of the qualifying company, and

(c) in a case where the basic pay of the employee is subject to a reduction exceeding 20 per cent, £8,000 together with £600 for each complete year of service (subject to a maximum of 20 years), up to the relevant date, of the employee in the service of the qualifying company.”,

and

(b) in subsection (2), by the substitution in paragraph (g) of “6 April 2003” for “the 6th day of April, 2000”.

(2) Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) shall apply and have effect as respects payments made under a relevant agreement (within the meaning of section 202 of the Principal Act) the relevant date (within that meaning) of which is after 20 July 1999.

Amendment of Part 16 (income tax relief for investment in corporate trades — business expansion scheme and seed capital scheme) of Principal Act.

19.—(1) Part 16 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 488(1) by the insertion of the following after the definition of “eligible shares”:

“‘Exchange Axess’ means the company incorporated under the Companies Acts, 1963 to 1999, on 19 July 1999 as Exchange Axess Limited;”,

(b) in section 491 by the substitution, in subsection (4), of the following for the words after “by reason only of the fact” to the end of the subsection:

“that—

(I) a subscription for eligible shares in both companies is made by a person or persons having the management of an investment fund designated under section 508 as nominee for any person or group or groups of persons, or

(II) both companies hold shares or securities in, or have made loans to, Exchange Axess or carry on in limited partnership with Exchange Axess such qualifying trading operations as are referred to in section 496(2) (a) (iv).”,

and

(c) in section 495(3) (a) (ii)—

(i) by the substitution, in clause (I), of “company,” for “company, or”,

(ii) by the substitution, in clause (II), of “trades, or” for “trades.”, and

(iii) by the insertion, after clause (II), of the following:

“(III) both the holding of shares or securities in, or the making of loans to, Exchange Axess, and the carrying on in limited partnership with Exchange Axess of such qualifying trading operations as are referred to in section 496(2)(a)(iv).”.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply and have effect as on and from 1 May 1998.

Amendment of Schedule 13 (accountable persons for purposes of Chapter 1 of Part 18) to Principal Act.

20.— Schedule 13 to the Principal Act is amended by—

(a) the deletion of paragraphs 43 and 85,

(b) the substitution of the following for paragraph 92:

“92. A Referendum Commission established by order made under section 2 (1) of the Referendum Act, 1998 .”,

and

(c) the addition of the following after paragraph 95:

“96. The Central Fisheries Board.

97. A regional fisheries board established by virtue of an order made under section 10 of the Fisheries Act, 1980 .

98. A County Enterprise Board (being a board referred to in the Schedule to the Industrial Development Act, 1995 ).

99. Western Development Commission.

100. The Equality Authority.

101. Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests for Ireland.

102. Commission for Electricity Regulation.

103. A regional authority established by an order made under section 43 (1) of the Local Government Act, 1991 .”.

Relief for postgraduate and certain third-level fees.

21.— (1) As respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, Part 15 of the Principal Act is amended in Chapter 1—

(a) by the insertion of the following section after section 475:

“Relief for postgraduate fees.

475A.— (1) In this section—

‘academic year’ means, in relation to an approved course, a year of study commencing on a date not earlier than 1 August in a year of assessment;

‘appropriate percentage’ means, in relation to a year of assessment, a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;

‘approved college’ means, in relation to a year of assessment, a college or institution in the State that—

(a) provides courses to which a scheme approved by the Minister under the Local Authorities (Higher Education) Grants Acts, 1968 to 1992, applies, or

(b) operates in accordance with a code of standards which from time to time may, with the consent of the Minister for Finance, be laid down by the Minister,

and which the Minister approves for the purposes of this section:

‘approved course’ means—

(a) a postgraduate course of study leading to a postgraduate award, based on a thesis or on the results of an examination, in an approved college—

(i) of not less than one academic year, but not more than 4 academic years, in duration,

(ii) that requires an individual, undertaking the course, to have been conferred with a degree or an equivalent qualification, and

(iii) that, in the case of a course provided by a college to which paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘approved college’ relates, the Minister, having regard to a code of standards which from time to time may, with the consent of the Minister for Finance, be laid down by the Minister in relation to the quality of education to be offered on such approved course, approves for the purposes of this section,

or

(b) a postgraduate course of study leading to a postgraduate award, based on a thesis or on the results of an examination, in a qualifying college—

(i) of not less than one academic year, but not more than 4 academic years, in duration, and

(ii) that requires an individual, undertaking the course, to have been conferred with a degree or an equivalent qualification,

‘dependant’, in relation to an individual, means a spouse or child of the individual or a person in respect of whom the individual is or was the legal guardian;

‘Minister’ means the Minister for Education and Science;

‘qualifying college’ means any university or similar institution of higher education in a Member State of the European Union (other than the State), including such a university or similar institution of higher education that provides distance education, and that is maintained or assisted by recurrent grants from public funds of that or any other Member State of the European Union (including the State);

‘qualifying fees’, in relation to an approved course and an academic year, means—

(a) in the case of an approved college, the amount of fees chargeable in respect of tuition to be provided in relation to that course in that year and which, in relation to a course to which paragraph (a) (iii) of the definition of ‘approved course’ relates, the Minister, with the consent of the Minister for Finance, approves for the purposes of this section, and

(b) in the case of a qualifying college, so much of the amount of fees chargeable in respect of tuition to be provided in relation to that course in that year as is equal to the amount of fees determined by the Minister, with the consent of the Minister for Finance, to be the qualifying fees for the purposes of this section in relation to the class of approved course specified in the determination to which the particular course concerned belongs.

(2) Subject to this section, where an individual for a year of assessment proves that he or she has, on his or her own behalf or on behalf of his or her dependant, made a payment in respect of qualifying fees in respect of an approved course for the academic year in relation to that course commencing in that year of assessment, the income tax to be charged on the individual for that year of assessment, other than in accordance with section 16(2), shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) the amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the aggregate of all such payments proved to be so made, and

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) In the case of an individual who is a married person assessed to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payment in respect of qualifying fees made by the individual's spouse shall, except where section 1023 applies, be deemed to have been made by the individual.

(4) For the purposes of this section, a payment in respect of qualifying fees shall be regarded as not having been made in so far as any sum in respect of, or by reference to, such fees has been or is to be received, directly or indirectly, by the individual, or, as the case may be, his or her dependant, from any source whatever by means of grant, scholarship or otherwise.

(5) (a) Where the Minister is satisfied that an approved college, within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘approved college’, or an approved course in that college, no longer meets the appropriate code of standards laid down, the Minister may by notice in writing given to the approved college withdraw, with effect from the year of assessment following the year of assessment in which the notice is given, the approval of that college or course, as the case may be, for the purposes of this section.

(b) Where the Minister withdraws the approval of any college or course for the purposes of this section, notice of its withdrawal shall be published as soon as may be in Iris Oifigiúil.

(6) Any claim for relief under this section made by an individual in respect of fees paid to a qualifying college shall be accompanied by a statement in writing made by the qualifying college concerned stating each of the following, namely—

(a) that the college is a qualifying college for the purposes of this section,

(b) the details of the course undertaken by the individual or his or her dependant,

(c) the duration of the course, and

(d) the amount of the fees paid in respect of the course.

(7) Where for the purposes of this section any question arises as to whether—

(a) a college is an approved college or is a qualifying college, or

(b) a course of study is an approved course,

the Revenue Commissioners may consult with the Minister.

(8) On or before 1 July in each year of assessment, the Minister shall furnish the Revenue Commissioners with full details of—

(a) all colleges and courses in respect of which approval has been granted and not withdrawn for the purposes of this section, and

(b) the amount of the qualifying fees in respect of each such course for the academic year commencing in that year of assessment.”,

(b) in section 474, by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following subsection:

“(2A) In the case of an individual who is a married person assessed to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payment in respect of qualifying fees made by the individual's spouse shall, except where section 1023 applies, be deemed to have been made by the individual.”,

(c) in section 474A, by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following subsection:

“(2A) In the case of an individual who is a married person assessed to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payment in respect of qualifying fees made by the individual's spouse shall, except where section 1023 applies, be deemed to have been made by the individual.”,

(d) in section 475—

(i) in subsection (1), by the insertion after the definition of “approved course” of the following definition:

“‘dependant’, in relation to a qualifying individual, means a spouse or child of the qualifying individual or a person in respect of whom the qualifying individual is or was the legal guardian;”, and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subsections (2) and (3):

“(2) Subject to this section, where for a year of assessment a qualifying individual proves that he or she has, on his or her own behalf or on behalf of his or her dependant, made a payment in respect of qualifying fees in respect of an approved course for the academic year in relation to that course commencing in that year of assessment, the income tax to be charged on the qualifying individual for that year of assessment, other than in accordance with section 16(2), shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(a) the amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the aggregate of all such payments proved to be so made, and

(b) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) In the case of a qualifying individual who is a married person assessed to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payment in respect of qualifying fees made by the qualifying individual's spouse shall, except where section 1023 applies, be deemed to have been made by the qualifying individual.”,

(e) in section 476—

(i) in subsection (1)—

(I) by the insertion after the definition of “An Foras” of the following definition:

“‘appropriate percentage’ means, in relation to a year of assessment, a percentage equal to the standard rate of tax for that year;”, and

(II) by the insertion after the definition of “certificate of competence” of the following definition:

“‘dependant’ means, in relation to an individual, a spouse or child of the individual or a person in respect of whom the individual is or was the legal guardian;”,

and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subsections (2) and (3):

“(2) Subject to this section, where an individual proves that—

(a) he or she has, on his or her own behalf or on behalf of his or her dependant, made a payment in respect of qualifying fees in respect of an approved course, and

(b) the individual in respect of whom the fees are paid has been awarded a certificate of competence in respect of that course,

the income tax to be charged on the individual, other than in accordance with section 16(2), for the year of assessment in which that certificate of competence is awarded shall be reduced by an amount which is the lesser of—

(i) the amount equal to the appropriate percentage of the aggregate of all such payments proved to be so made, and

(ii) the amount which reduces that income tax to nil.

(3) In the case of an individual who is a married person assessed to tax for a year of assessment in accordance with section 1017, any payment in respect of qualifying fees made by the individual's spouse shall, except where section 1023 applies, be deemed to have been made by the individual.”,

and

(f) in the Table to section 458, by the insertion, in Part 2, after “Section 475” of “Section 475A”.

(2) Section 1024 of the Principal Act is amended, as respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, by the substitution in subsection (2)(a)(ix) of “475, 475A, 476” for “475, 476”.

Amendment of section 767 (payment to universities and other approved bodies for research in, or teaching of, approved subjects) of Principal Act.

22.— Section 767 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1), by the substitution of the following for the definition of “approved body”:

“‘approved body’ means—

(a) the National College of Ireland,

(b) an institution comprising the Dublin Institute of Technology established by or under section 3 of the Dublin Institute of Technology Act, 1992 , or

(c) an educational institution established by or under section 3 of the Regional Technical Colleges Act, 1992 , as a regional technical college;”,

and

(b) by the insertion of the following after subsection (2):

“(3) (a) Subsection (2) shall also apply to any sum paid to a body of persons or a trust established in the State for the sole purpose of granting financial or other aid to—

(i) an Irish university, or

(ii) an approved body,

for the purpose of enabling the university or the approved body to undertake research in, or engage in the teaching of, an approved subject.

(b) This subsection shall apply and have effect as respects a chargeable period (within the meaning of section 321) being—

(i) where the chargeable period is a year of assessment, the year 2000-2001, and any subsequent year of assessment, or

(ii) where the chargeable period is an accounting period of a company, an accounting period ending on or after 6 April 2001.”.

Amendment of Part 30 (occupational pension schemes, retirement annuities, purchased life annuities and certain pensions) of Principal Act.

23.—(1) Part 30 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 770(1)—

(i) by the insertion. before the definition of “administrator”, of the following definition:

“ ‘additional voluntary contributions’ means voluntary contributions made to a scheme by an employee which are—

(i) contributions made under a rule or part of a rule, as the case may be, of a retirement benefits scheme (in this definition referred to as the ‘main scheme’) which provides specifically for the payment of members' voluntary contributions, other than contributions made at the rate or rates specified for members' contributions in the rules of the main scheme, or

(ii) contributions made under a separately arranged scheme for members' voluntary contributions which is associated with the main scheme;”,

and

(ii) by the substitution, in the definition of “proprietary director”, of “5 per cent” for “20 per cent”,

(b) in section 772—

(i) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (a) of subsection (3A):

“(a) The Revenue Commissioners shall not approve a retirement benefits scheme for the purposes of this Chapter unless it appears to them that the scheme provides for any individual entitled to a pension under the scheme who is—

(i) a proprietary director of a company to which the scheme relates, or

(ii) an individual entitled to rights arising from additional voluntary contributions to the scheme,

to opt, on or before the date on which that pension would otherwise become payable, for the transfer, on or after that date, to—

(I) the individual, or

(II) an approved retirement fund, of an amount equivalent to the amount determined by the formula—

A - B

where—

A is—

(i) in the case of a proprietary director, the amount equal to the value of the individual's accrued rights under the scheme exclusive of any lump sum paid in accordance with subsection (3)(f), and

(ii) in the case of any other individual, the amount equal to the value of the individual's accrued rights under the scheme which relate to additional voluntary contributions paid by that individual exclusive of any part of that amount paid by way of lump sum in accordance with subsection (3) (f) in conjunction with the scheme rules, and

B is the amount or value of assets which the trustees, administrators or other person charged with the management of the scheme (in this section referred to as ‘the trustees’) would, if the assumptions in paragraph (b) were made, be required, in accordance with section 784C, to transfer to an approved minimum retire ment fund held in the name of the individual or to apply in purchasing an annuity payable to the individual with effect from the date of the exercise of the said option.”,

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (i) of paragraph (b) of subsection (3A):

“(i) that the retirement benefits scheme or, as the case may be, the relevant part of the scheme was an annuity contract approved in accordance with section 784,”,

(iii) in subsection (3B)—

(I) by the deletion of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (a), and

(II) by the insertion, in paragraph (b), of “in the case of a proprietary director,” before “paragraph (f)”, and

(iv) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (3B):

“(3C) Where the rules of a retirement benefits scheme provide for the purchase of an annuity from a company carrying on the business of granting annuities on human life, references in subsection (3A) to the date on which a pension would otherwise become payable shall, in relation to that retirement benefits scheme, be construed as references to the latest date on which such an annuity must be purchased in accordance with those rules.”,

(c) in section 784, by the substitution of the following for subsection (2B):

“(2B) (a) Where an individual opts in accordance with subsection (2A), any amount paid to the individual by virtue of that subsection, other than an amount payable by virtue of paragraph (b) of subsection (2), shall be regarded as a payment of emoluments to which Schedule E applies and, accordingly, the provisions of Chapter 4 of Part 42 shall, subject to paragraph (b), apply to any such payment.

(b) The person making a payment to which paragraph (a) refers shall deduct tax from the payment at the higher rate for the year of assessment in which the payment is made unless that person has received from the Revenue Commissioners a certificate of tax free allowances or a tax deduction card for that year in respect of the individual beneficially entitled to the payment.”,

(d) in section 784A—

(i) in the definition of “qualifying fund manager” in subsection (1)—

(I) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (a)—

“(a) a person who is a holder of a licence granted under section 9 of the Central Bank Act, 1971 , or a person who holds a licence or other similar authorisation under the law of any other Member State of the European Communities which corresponds to a licence granted under that section,”,

(II) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (j):

“(j) the holder of—

(i) an authorisation issued by the Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Employment under the European Communities (Life Assurance) Framework Regulations of 1984 ( S.I. No. 57 of 1984 ) as amended, or

(ii) an authorisation granted by the authority charged by law with the duty of supervising the activities of insurance undertakings in a Member State other than the State in accordance with Article 6 of Directive No. 79/267/EEC1 , who is carrying on the business of life assurance in the State, or

(iii) an official authorisation to undertake insurance in Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway pursuant to the EEA Agreement within the meaning of the European Communities (Amendment) Act, 1993 , and who is carrying on the business of life assurance in the State,”,

and

(III) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (l):

“(l) a firm approved under section 10 of the Investment Intermediaries Act, 1995 , which is authorised to hold client money, other than a firm authorised as a Restricted Activity Investment Product Intermediary, where the firm's authorisation permits it to engage in the proposed activities, or a business firm which has been authorised to provide similar investment business services under the laws of a Member State of the European Communities which correspond to that Act;”,

(ii) by the insertion in subsection (1) of the following after paragraph (b):

“(c) Nothing in this Part shall be construed as authorising or permitting a person who is a qualifying fund manager to provide any services which that person would not otherwise be authorised or permitted to provide in the State.

(d) Any reference in this section to a distribution in relation to an approved retirement fund shall be construed as including any payment or transfer of assets out of the fund or any assignment of assets out of the fund, including a payment, transfer or assignment to the individual beneficially entitled to the assets, other than a payment, transfer or assignment to another approved retirement fund the beneficial owner of the assets in which is the individual who is beneficially entitled to the assets in the first-mentioned approved retirement fund, whether or not the payment, transfer or assignment is made to the said individual.”,

(iii) by the substitution of the following for subsections (2) to (7):

“(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), exemption from income tax and capital gains tax shall be allowed in respect of the income and chargeable gains arising in respect of assets held in an approved retirement fund.

(3) Subject to subsection (4)—

(a) the amount or value of any distribution by a qualifying fund manager in respect of assets held in an approved retirement fund shall be treated as a payment to the person beneficially entitled to the assets in the fund of emoluments to which Schedule E applies and, accordingly, the provisions of Chapter 4 of Part 42 shall apply to any such distribution, and

(b) the qualifying fund manager shall deduct tax from the distribution at the higher rate for the year of assessment in which the distribution is made unless the qualifying fund manager has received from the Revenue Commissioners a certificate of tax free allowances or a tax deduction card for that year in respect of the person referred to in paragraph (a).

(4) (a) Where the distribution referred to in subsection (3) is made following the death of the individual who was prior to death beneficially entitled to the assets of the approved retirement fund, the amount or value of the distribution shall be treated as the income of that individual for the year of assessment in which that individual dies and, subject to paragraph (b), subsection (3) shall apply accordingly.

(b) Subsection (3) shall not apply to a distribution made following the death of the individual who was prior to death beneficially entitled to the assets in an approved retirement fund where the distribution is made—

(i) to another such fund (hereafter in this subsection referred to as ‘the second-mentioned fund’) the beneficial owner of the assets in which is the spouse of the said individual, or

(ii) to, or for the sole benefit of, any child of the individual, or

(c) Where, in a case referred to in paragraph (b), the distribution is made—

(i) to a person who had attained the age of 21 years at the date of death of the individual beneficially entitled to the assets in the approved retirement fund, or

(ii) following the death of the beneficial owner of the second-mentioned fund, not being a distribution to or for the sole benefit of a child of that owner who at the time of death of that person had not attained the age of 21 years,

the qualifying fund manager shall deduct tax from the distribution at the standard rate of income tax in force at the time of the making of such a distribution, and—

(I) notwithstanding anything contained in any provision of the Income Tax Acts, the amount so charged to tax shall not be treated as income for any other purpose of those Acts, and

(II) the provisions of Chapter 4 of Part 42 and Regulations made in accordance with that Chapter shall, with any necessary modifications, apply to any deduction made under this subsection as if such a deduction were made in accordance with Regulation 25(2) (b) of the Income Tax (Employments) Regulations 1960 ( S.I. No. 28 of 1960 ).

(5) For the purposes of this section, Chapter 1 of Part 26 shall apply as if references in that Chapter to pension business were references to moneys held in an approved retirement fund.

(6) Notwithstanding Chapter 4 of Part 8, that Chapter shall apply to a deposit (within the meaning of that Chapter) where the deposit consists of money held by a qualifying fund manager in that capacity as if such a deposit were not a relevant deposit (within the meaning of that Chapter).

(7) (a) At any time when the qualifying fund manager—

(i) is not resident in the State, or

(ii) is not trading in the State through a fixed place of business,

the qualifying fund manager shall ensure that there is a person resident in the State and appointed by the qualifying fund manager to be responsible for the discharge of all duties and obligations relating to approved retirement funds which are imposed on the qualifying fund manager by virtue of this Chapter.

(b) A qualifying fund manager shall be liable to pay to the Collector-General income tax which the fund manager is required to deduct from any distribution by virtue of this Chapter and the individual beneficially entitled to assets held in an approved retirement fund, including the personal representatives of a deceased individual who was so entitled prior to that individual's death, shall allow such deduction; but where there are no funds or insufficient funds available out of which the qualifying fund manager may satisfy the tax required to be deducted, the amount of such tax for which there are insufficient funds available shall be a debt due to the qualifying fund manager from the individual beneficially entitled to the asset in the approved retirement fund or from the estate of the deceased individual, as the case may be.”,

(e) in section 784C—

(i) by the substitution of the following for subsection (7):

“(7) The provisions of section 784A shall, with any necessary modifications, apply to income and chargeable gains arising from, and to distributions in respect of assets, held in an approved minimum retirement fund as they apply to assets held in an approved retirement fund.”

and

(ii) by the deletion of subsections (8) and (9),

and

(f) by the deletion of section 784E.

(2) (a) Paragraph (b)(iv) of subsection (1) shall be deemed to have come into force and shall take effect as on and from 6 April 1999.

(b) Paragraphs (b) (iii) (I), (d) (iii), (e) and (f) of subsection (1) shall apply as regards an approved retirement fund or an approved minimum retirement fund, as the case may be, where the assets in the fund were first accepted into the fund by the qualifying fund manager on or after 6 April 2000.

(c) Subject to paragraphs (a) and (b), subsection (1) shall apply as on and from 6 April 2000.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of Part 30 of the Principal Act, a retirement benefits scheme which was approved by the Revenue Commissioners before 6 April 2000 shall not cease to be an approved scheme because the rules of the scheme are altered on or after that date to enable an individual to whom the scheme applies to exercise an option under subsection (3A) (as amended by this Act) of section 772 of the Principal Act, which that individual would be in a position to exercise in accordance with the terms of that subsection as regards a scheme approved on or after 6 April 2000 and, as regards such a scheme, the provisions of this section shall apply as if the scheme were one approved on or after that date.

Amendment of section 515 (excess or unauthorised shares) of Principal Act.

24.—Section 515 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (2A)(b) (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) by the deletion of “5 years” and the substitution of “period of 5 years, or such lesser period as the Minister for Finance may be order prescribe,”, and

(b) by the insertion after subsection (7) of the following:

“(8) Where an order is proposed to be made under subsection (2A)(b), a draft of the order shall be laid before Dáil Éireann, and the order shall not be made until a resolution approving of the draft has been passed by Dáil Éireann.”.

Amendment of Schedule 11 (profit sharing schemes) to Principal Act.

25.—Schedule 11 to the Principal Act is amended by the insertion after paragraph 13 of the following:

“13A.—(1) Notwithstanding paragraph 13, an individual who has had shares appropriated to him or her in a year of assessment under an approved scheme established by a company (‘the first-mentioned company’) shall, subject to subparagraph (2), be entitled to have shares appropriated to him or her in that year of assessment under an approved scheme established by another company (‘the second-mentioned company’) if, in that year of assessment, the second-mentioned company acquires control, or is part of a consortium that acquires ownership, of the first-mentioned company under a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation (within the meaning of section 587).

(2) Section 515 and paragraph 3(4) shall, subject to any necessary modification, apply as if the first-mentioned company and the second-mentioned company were the same company.

(3) This paragraph shall apply to an appropriation of shares made, on or after the date of the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, by the trustees of an approved scheme (within the meaning of section 510(1)).”.

Amendment of Schedule 12 (employee share ownership trusts) to Principal Act.

26.—Schedule 12 to the Principal Act is amended in paragraph 11—

(a) by the substitution for subparagraph (2B)(d) (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the following:

“(d) at each given time—

(i) in the case of an employee share ownership trust approved under paragraph 2 before the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, in the 5 year period referred to in clause (b), and

(ii) in the case of an employee share ownership trust approved under paragraph 2 on or after the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, in the 5 year period, or such lesser period as the Minister for Finance may by order prescribe, commencing on the date referred to in clause (b),

50 per cent, or such lesser percentage as the Minister for Finance may by order prescribe, of the securities retained by the trustees at that time were pledged by them as security for borrowings, and”,

and

(b) by the insertion after subparagraph(9) of the following:

“(10) Where an order is proposed to be made under subparagraph (2B)(d), a draft of the order shall be laid before Dáil Éireann, and the order shall not be made until a resolution approving of the draft has been passed by Dáil Éireann.”.

Rights to acquire shares or other assets.

27.—The Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 128—

(i) by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following:

“(2A) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts, where a person is, by virtue of this section, chargeable to tax under Schedule E for a year of assessment in respect of an amount equal to the gain realised from the exercise, assignment or release of a right, he or she shall be a chargeable person for that year for the purposes of Part 41, unless—

(a) that amount is deducted in determining the amount of his or her tax-free allowances for that year by virtue of regulation 10(1)(b) of the Income Tax (Employments) Regulations, 1960 ( S.I. No. 28 of 1960 ), or

(b) the person has been exempted by an inspector from the requirements of section 951 by reason of a notice given under subsection (6) of that section.”,

(ii) by the substitution in subsection (11) of “30 June in the year of assessment following” for “30 days after the end of”, and

(iii) by the insertion after subsection (11) of the following:

“(11A) Where in relation to any right—

(a) the person referred to in subsection (11) is resident in a territory other than the State, and

(b) the person who obtains that right is a director or an employee of a company which is resident in the State,

the provisions of subsection (11) shall also apply to that company.”,

(b) by the insertion after section 128 of the following:

“Deferral of payment of tax under section 128.

128A.—(1) Subject to subsection (2), in any case where—

(a) for any year of assessment a person is chargeable to tax under Schedule E, by virtue of section 128, on an amount equal to a gain realised by the exercise of a right to acquire shares in a company (‘the relevant shares’), which right was exercised on or after 6 April 2000, and

(b) following an assessment for the year in which that right was exercised (‘the relevant year’) an amount of tax, chargeable by virtue of section 128 in respect of the amount referred to in paragraph (a), is payable to the Collector-General, and

(c) the person concerned makes an election in accordance with subsection (3),

he or she shall be entitled to defer payment of the tax in accordance with subsection (4).

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply where the relevant shares are disposed of by the person concerned in the relevant year.

(3) An election under this section shall be made by notice in writing to the inspector on or before 31 January in the year of assessment following the relevant year.

(4) Where an election has been made under this section the tax referred to in subsection (1)(b) shall notwithstanding any other provision of the Income Tax Acts, but subject to the provisions of this section, be paid on or before the earlier of—

(a) 1 November in the year of assessment following the year of assessment in which the relevant shares are disposed of, or

(b) 1 November in the year of assessment following the year of assessment beginning 7 years after the relevant year.

(5) The reference in subsection (4)(a) to the relevant shares being disposed of includes a part disposal of such shares, and in the case of a part disposal, the tax to bepaid shall be determined in a manner that is just and reasonable.

(6) Subject to any other provision of the Income Tax Acts requiring income of any description to be treated as the highest part of a person's income, in determining for the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) what tax is chargeable on a person by virtue of section 128 in respect of an amount referred to in paragraph (a) of that subsection, that amount shall be treated as the highest part of his or her income for the relevant year.

(7) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Income Tax Acts, the due date in relation to tax, the payment of which has been deferred by virtue of an election under this section, shall, for the purposes of section 1080, be the date when the amount becomes due and payable under subsection (4).”,

and

(c) in Schedule 29—

(i) by the deletion in column 2 of “section 128(11)”, and

(ii) by the insertion in column 3 after “section 127(5)” of “section 128(11) and (11A)”.

Amendment of Chapter 4 (interest payments by certain deposit takers) of Part 8 of Principal Act.

28.—(1) Section 256 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (1) by the substitution for the definition of “appropriate tax” of the following:

“ ‘appropriate tax’, in relation to a payment of relevant interest, means a sum representing income tax on the amount of the payment—

(a) in the case of a relevant deposit or relevant deposits held in a special savings account, at the rate of 20 per cent,

(b) in the case of a relevant deposit the interest in respect of which is payable annually or at more frequent intervals or a relevant deposit which is a specified deposit within the meaning of section 260, at the standard rate in force at the time of payment, and

(c) in the case of any other relevant deposit, being a deposit made on or after the date of the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, at a rate determined by the formula—

(S + 3) per cent

where S is the standard rate per cent (within the meaning of section 4(1)) in force at the time of payment;”.

(2) Section 261 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subparagraph (i) of paragraph (c) of the following:

“(i) the amount of any payment of relevant interest shall be regarded as income chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D, and under no other Case or Schedule, and shall be taken into account in computing the total income of the person entitled to that amount, but, in relation to such a person (being an individual)—

(I) except for the purposes of a claim to repayment under section 267(3), the specified amount within the meaning of section 187 or 188 shall, as respects the year of assessment for which he or she is to be charged to income tax in respect of the relevant interest, be increased by the amount of that payment,

(II) the part of taxable income on which he or she is charged to income tax at the standard rate for that year shall be increased by the part of such relevant interest which comes within paragraph (b) or the definition of ‘appropriate tax’ in section 256(1), and

(III) as respects any part of relevant interest which comes within paragraph (c) of the definition of ‘appropriate tax’ in section 256(1), the person shall be chargeable to tax at the rate at which tax was deducted from that relevant interest,

and”.

Extension of section 1022 (special provisions relating to tax on wife's income) of Principal Act to spouse's income, etc.

29.—(1) Section 1022 of the Principal Act is amended by—

(a) the substitution for subsection (1) of the following:

“(1) Where—

(a) an assessment to income tax (in this section referred to as the ‘original assessment’) has been made for any year of assessment on an individual, or on an individual's trustee, guardian or committee (in this section referred to as the ‘representative’), or on an individual's executors or administrators,

(b) the Revenue Commissioners are of the opinion that, if an application for separate assessment under section 1023 had been in force with respect to that year of assessment, an assessment in respect of or of part of the same income would have been made on, or on the representative of, or on the executors or administrators of, an individual who is the spouse of the individual referred to in paragraph (a) or who was the spouse of the individual referred to in paragraph (a) (in this subsection and in subsection (2) referred to as the ‘spouse’) in that year of assessment, and

(c) the whole or part of the amount payable under the original assessment has remained unpaid at the expiration of 28 days from the time when it became due,

the Revenue Commissioners may give to the spouse, or, if the spouse is dead, to the spouse's executors or administrators, or, if an assessment referred to in paragraph (b) could in the circumstances referred to in that paragraph have been made on the spouse's representative, to the spouse, or to the spouse's representative, a notice stating—

(i) particulars of the original assessment and of the amount remaining unpaid under that assessment, and

(ii) to the best of their judgement, particulars of the assessment (in this subsection referred to as the ‘last-mentioned assessment’) which would have been so made,

and requiring the person to whom the notice is given to pay the lesser of—

(A) the amount which would have been payable under the last-mentioned assessment if it conformed with those particulars, and

(B) the amount remaining unpaid under the original assessment.”,

(b) the substitution in subsection (2) of “to the spouse or to the spouse's representative, or to the spouse's executors or administrators, as would have followed on the making on the spouse, or on the spouse's representative, or on the spouse's executors or administrators” for “to a woman, or to her trustee, guardian or committee, or to her executors or administrators, as would have followed on the making on her, or on her trustee, guardian or committee, or on her executors or administrators”,

(c) the substitution for subsection (6) of the following:

“(6) Where a husband or a wife dies (in this subsection and subsections (7) and (8) referred to as the ‘deceased spouse') and at any time before the death the husband and wife were living together, then the other spouse or, if the other spouse is dead, the executors or administrators of the other spouse may, not later than 2 months from the date of the grant of probate or letters of administration in respect of the deceased spouse's estate or, with the consent of the deceased spouse's executors or administrators, at any later date, give to the deceased spouse's executors or administrators and to the inspector a notice in writing declaring that, to the extent permitted by this section, the other spouse or the executors or administrators of the other spouse disclaim responsibility for unpaid income tax in respect of all income of the deceased spouse for any year of assessment or part of a year of assessment, being a year of assessment or a part of a year of assessment for which any income of the deceased spouse was deemed to be the income of the other spouse and in respect of which the other spouse was assessed to tax under section 1017 or under that section as modified by section 1019.”,

(d) the substitution in subsection (7) of “the deceased spouse's executors or administrators” for “the woman's executors or administrators”,

(e) the substitution in subsection (8) of “a deceased spouse's executors or administrators” for “a woman's executors or administrators”, and

(f) the insertion after subsection (8) of the following:

“(9) The Revenue Commissioners may nominate in writing any of their officers to perform any acts and discharge any functions authorised by this section to be performed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners.”.

(2) (a) Paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (1) shall apply as respects assessments made on or after 10 February 2000.

(b) Paragraph (f) of subsection (1) shall apply as respects assessments made before, on or after 10 February 2000.

Chapter 3

Dividend Withholding Tax

Dividend withholding tax.

30.—(1) Chapter 8A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of Part 6 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 172A(1)(a)—

(i) by the insertion of the following definition after the definition of “American depositary receipt”:

“ ‘approved body of persons’ has the same meaning as in section 235;”,

(ii) by the insertion of the following definition after the definition of “collective investment undertaking”:

“ ‘designated broker’ has the same meaning as in section 838;”,

and

(iii) by the insertion of the following definition after the definition of “relevant territory”:

“ ‘special portfolio investment account’ has the same meaning as in section 838;”,

(b) in section 172B—

(i) by the insertion of the following after subsection (4):

“(4A) (a) A company resident in the State shall keep and retain for the longer of the following periods—

(i) a period of 6 years, or

(ii) a period which, in relation to the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration or notification is made or, as the case may be, given, ends not earlier than 3 years after the date on which the company has ceased to make relevant distributions to the person who made the declaration or, as the case may be, gave the notification to the company,

all declarations (and accompanying certificates) and notifications (not being a notice given to the company by the Revenue Commissioners) which are made or, as the case may be, given to the company in accordance with this Chapter and Schedule 2A.

(b) A company resident in the State shall, on being so required by notice in writing given to the company by the Revenue Commissioners, make available to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice—

(i) all declarations, certificates or notifications referred to in paragraph (a) which have been made or, as the case may be, given to the company, or

(ii) such class or classes of such declarations, certificates or notifications as may be specified in the notice.

(c) The Revenue Commissioners may examine or take extracts from or copies of any declarations, certificates or notifications made available to the Commissioners under paragraph (b).”,

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subsection (6):

“(6) This section shall not apply to a relevant distribution where section 831(5) applies in relation to that distribution.”,

and

(iii) by the addition of the following after subsection (6):

“(7) This section shall not apply where a relevant distribution is made by a company resident in the State and that distribution is—

(a) a distribution made out of exempt profits within the meaning of section 140,

(b) a distribution made out of disregarded income within the meaning of section 141 and to which subsection (3)(a) of that section applies, or

(c) a distribution made out of exempted income within the meaning of section 142.”,

(c) in section 172C—

(i) in subsection (2)—

(I) by the deletion in paragraph (d) of “or” and by the substitution in paragraph (e)(ii) of “Schedule 2A,” for “Schedule 2A.”, and

(II) by the addition of the following after paragraph (e):

“(f) an approved body of persons which—

(i) is entitled to exemption from income tax under Schedule F in respect of the relevant distribution by virtue of section 235(2), and

(ii) has made a declaration to the relevant person in relation to the relevant distribution in accordance with paragraph 7A of Schedule 2A,

or

(g) a designated broker who—

(i) is receiving the relevant distribution as all or part of the relevant income or gains (within the meaning of section 838) of a special portfolio investment account, and

(ii) has made a declaration to the relevant person in relation to the relevant distribution in accordance with paragraph 7B of Schedule 2A.”,

and

(ii) by the addition of the following after subsection (2):

“(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) and Schedule 2A—

(a) a collective investment undertaking which receives a relevant distribution, and

(b) a designated broker who receives a relevant distribution as all or part of the relevant income or gains (within the meaning of section 838) of a special portfolio investment account, shall be treated as being beneficially entitled to the relevant distribution.”,

(d) in section 172D—

(i) by the substitution in subsection (3) of the following for paragraph (b):

“(b) a company which is not resident in the State and—

(i) is, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory, but is not under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who is or are resident in the State,

(ii) is under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, is or are resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory and who is or are, as the case may be, not under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person who is, or persons who are, not so resident, or

(iii) the principal class of the shares of which, or—

(I) where the company is a 75 per cent subsidiary of another company, of that other company, or

(II) where the company is wholly-owned by 2 or more companies, of each of those companies,

is substantially and regularly traded on one or more than one recognised stock exchange in a relevant territory or territories or on such other stock exchange as may be approved of by the Minister for Finance for the purposes of this Chapter,

and which has made a declaration to the relevant person in relation to the relevant distribution in accordance with paragraph 9 of Schedule 2A and in relation to which declaration each of the certificates referred to in clause (i), the certificate referred to in clause (ii) or, as the case may be, the certificate referred to in clause (iii), of subparagraph (f) of that paragraph is a current certificate (within the meaning of paragraph 2 of that Schedule) at the time of the making of the relevant distribution.”,

(ii) by the insertion of the following after subsection (3):

“(3A) For the purposes of subsection (3)(b)(i), ‘control’ shall be construed in accordance with subsections (2) to (6) of section 432 as if in subsection (6) of that section for ‘5 or fewer participators’ there were substituted ‘persons resident in the State’.”,

(iii) by the substitution in subsection (4) of “subsection (3)(b)(ii)” for “subsection (3)(b)(i)” in each place where it occurs,

(iv) in subsection (5)—

(I) by the substitution of “subsection (3)(b)(iii)(I)” for “subsection (3)(b)(ii)(II)”, and

(II) by the deletion of “subparagraph (iii) of”,

and

(v) by the addition of the following after subsection (5):

“(6) For the purposes of subsection (3)(b)(iii)(II), a company (in this subsection referred to as an ‘aggregated 100 per cent subsidiary’) shall be treated as being wholly-owned by 2 or more companies (in this subsection referred to as the ‘joint parent companies’) if and so long as 100 per cent of its ordinary share capital is owned directly or indirectly by the joint parent companies, and for the purposes of this subsection—

(a) subsections (2) to (10) of section 9 shall apply as those subsections apply for the purposes of that section, and

(b) sections 412 to 418 shall apply with any necessary modifications as those sections would apply for the purposes of Chapter 5 of Part 12—

(i) if section 411(1)(c) were deleted, and

(ii) if the following subsection were substituted for subsection (1) of section 412:

‘(1) Notwithstanding that at any time a company is an aggregated 100 per cent subsidiary (within the meaning assigned by section 172D(6)) of the joint parent companies (within the meaning assigned by that section), it shall not be treated at that time as such a subsidiary unless additionally at that time—

(a) the joint parent companies are between them beneficially entitled to not less than 100 per cent of any profits available for distribution to equity holders of the company, and

(b) the joint parent companies would be beneficially entitled between them to not less than 100 per cent of any assets of the company available for distribution to its equity holders on a winding-up.'.”,

(e) in section 172E—

(i) in subsection (3)—

(I) by the substitution of the following for paragraphs (a) and (b):

“(a) to accept, and to retain for the longer of the following periods—

(i) a period of 6 years, or

(ii) a period which, in relation to the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration or notification is made or, as the case may be, given, ends not earlier than 3 years after the date on which the intermediary has ceased to receive relevant distributions on behalf of the person who made the declaration or, as the case may be, gave the notification to the intermediary,

all declarations (and accompanying certificates) and notifications (not being a notice given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners) which are made or, as the case may be, given to the intermediary in accordance with this Chapter and Schedule 2A,

(b) on being so required by notice in writing given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners, to make available to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice—

(i) all declarations, certificates or notifications referred to in paragraph (a) which have been made or, as the case may be, given to the intermediary, or

(ii) such class or classes of such declarations, certificates or notifications as may be specified in the notice,”,

and

(II) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (f):

“(f) to provide to the Revenue Commissioners, not later than 3 months after the end of the first year of the operation of the agreement by the intermediary, a report on the intermediary's compliance with the agreement in that year, which report shall be signed by—

(i) if the intermediary is a company, the auditor of the company, or

(ii) if the intermediary is not a company, a person who, if the intermediary were a company, would be qualified to be appointed auditor of the company,

and thereafter, on being required by notice in writing given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners, to provide to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice, a similar report in relation to such other period of the operation of the agreement by the intermediary as may be specified in the notice,”,

(ii) by the insertion of the following after subsection (3):

“(3A) The Revenue Commissioners may examine or take extracts from or copies of any declarations, certificates or notifications made available to the Commissioners under subsection (3)(b).”,

and

(iii) by the addition of the following after subsection (7):

“(8) Without prejudice to the operation of subsection (6), the authorisation by the Revenue Commissioners of an intermediary as a qualifying intermediary for the purposes of this Chapter shall cease to have effect on the day before the seventh anniversary of the date from which such authorisation applied; but this shall not prevent—

(a) the intermediary and the Revenue Commissioners from agreeing to renew the qualifying intermediary agreement entered into between them in accordance with subsection (3) or to enter into a further such agreement, and

(b) a further authorisation by the Revenue Commissioners of the intermediary as aqualifying intermediary for the purposes of this Chapter.”,

(f) in section 172F—

(i) in subsection (3)—

(I) by the substitution in paragraph (e) of “For the purposes of this section, but subject to paragraphs (g) and (h)” for “For the purposes of paragraph (d)”,

(II) by the substitution in paragraph (e)(v) of “by way of notice in writing or in electronic format” for “by way of notice in writing given in accordance with subsection (1)” and “Liable Fund, and” for “Liable Fund,”,

(III) by the substitution of the following for subparagraphs (vi) and (vii) of paragraph (e):

“(vi) enters into an agreement with the qualifying intermediary or further specified intermediary, as the case may be, under the terms of which it agrees that if and when required to comply with subsection (7A) it will do so.”,

and

(IV) by the addition of the following after paragraph (f):

“(g) Notwithstanding paragraph (e), where the Revenue Commissioners are satisfied that an intermediary, being a specified intermediary or other specified intermediary referred to in subsection (7A), has failed to comply with that subsection—

(i) the Commissioners may, by notice in writing given to the intermediary, notify it that it shall cease to be treated as a specified intermediary for the purposes of this section from such date as may be specified in the notice, and

(ii) notwithstanding any obligations as to secrecy or other restriction upon disclosure of information imposed by or under statute or otherwise, the Commissioners may make available to any qualifying intermediary (being a depositary bank holding shares in trust for, or on behalf of, the holders of American depositary receipts) or specified intermediary a copy of such notice.

(h) Where subsequently the Revenue Commissioners are satisfied that the intermediary has furnished the information required under subsection (7A) and will in future comply with that subsection if and when requested to do so, the Commissioners may, by further notice in writing given to the intermediary, revoke the notice given to the intermediary under paragraph (g) from such date as may be specified in the further notice, and a copy of that further notice shall be given to any person to whom a copy of the notice under paragraph (g) was given.”,

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subsection (7):

“(7) (a)  A qualifying intermediary shall, on being so required by notice in writing given to the qualifying intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners, make a return to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice (which shall not be less than 30 days) and as respects such year of assessment as may be specified in the notice (being the year of assessment 1999-2000 or any subsequent year of assessment), showing—

(i) the name and address of—

(I) each company resident in the State from which the qualifying intermediary received, on behalf of another person, a relevant distribution made by that company in the year of assessment to which the return refers, and

(II) each other person from whom the qualifying intermediary received, on behalf of another person, an amount or other asset representing a relevant distribution made by a company resident in the State in the year of assessment to which the return refers,

(ii) the amount of each such relevant distribution,

(iii) the name and address of each person to whom such a relevant distribution, or an amount or other asset representing such a relevant distribution, has been given by the qualifying intermediary, and

(iv) the name and address of each person referred to in subparagraph (iii) in respect of whom a declaration under section 172C(2) or 172D(3) has been received by the qualifying intermediary.

(b) A return required to be made by a qualifying intermediary under paragraph (a) may be confined to such class or classes of relevant distributions as may be specified in the notice given to the qualifying intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners under that paragraph.

(7A) (a) This subsection shall apply where a qualifying intermediary has been required to make a return to the Revenue Commissioners under subsection (7)(a) and a relevant distribution (or an amount or other asset representing a relevant distribution), the details of which are required to be included in that return, has been given by the qualifying intermediary to a specified intermediary.

(b) The qualifying intermediary shall, immediately on receipt of the notice referred to in subsection (7)(a), request the specified intermediary, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, to notify the qualifying intermediary or the Revenue Commissioners of the name and address of each person to whom the specified intermediary gave such a distribution (or an amount or other asset representing such a distribution) and of the amount of each such distribution.

(c) The specified intermediary shall, within 21 days of the receipt of a notice under paragraph (b), furnish to the qualifying intermediary or, at the discretion of the specified intermediary, to the Revenue Commissioners, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, the information required under that paragraph.

(d) Where the specified intermediary furnishes the information required under paragraph (b)—

(i) to the qualifying intermediary, the qualifying intermediary shall include that information in the return required to be made by it under subsection (7)(a), or

(ii) to the Revenue Commissioners, the specified intermediary shall, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, immediately advise the qualifying intermediary of that factand the qualifying intermediary shall include in the return required to be made by it under subsection (7)(a) a statement to the effect that it has been so advised by the specified intermediary.

(e) If any person to whom a specified intermediary gave such a distribution (or an amount or other asset representing such a distribution) is another specified intermediary, the specified intermediary shall, immediately on the receipt of a notice under paragraph (b), request the other specified intermediary, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, to notify the specified intermediary or the Revenue Commissioners of the name and address of each person to whom it gave such a distribution (or an amount or other asset representing such a distribution) and of the amount of each such distribution.

(f) The other specified intermediary shall, within 21 days of the receipt of a notice under paragraph (e), furnish to the specified intermediary or, at the discretion of the other specified intermediary, to the Revenue Commissioners, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, the information required under that paragraph.

(g) Where the other specified intermediary furnishes the information required under paragraph (e)—

(i) to the specified intermediary, the specified intermediary shall, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, immediately transmit that information to the person referred to in paragraph (d) (being the qualifying intermediary or the Revenue Commissioners, as the case may be) to whom it furnishes the information required under paragraph (b), and—

(I) if that person is the qualifying intermediary, the qualifying intermediary shall include that information in the return required to be made by it under subsection (7)(a), or

(II) if that person is the Revenue Commissioners, the specified intermediary shall, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, immediately advise the qualifying intermediary of the fact that the informationrequired to be furnished by the other specified intermediary under paragraph (e) has been furnished to the specified intermediary and transmitted by the specified intermediary to the Revenue Commissioners in accordance with this paragraph and the qualifying intermediary shall include in the return to be made by it under subsection (7)(a) a statement to the effect that it has been so advised by the specified intermediary.

or

(ii) to the Revenue Commissioners, the other specified intermediary shall, by way of notice in writing or in electronic format, immediately advise the specified intermediary of that fact, the specified intermediary shall in turn, by way of similar notice, immediately advise the qualifying intermediary of that fact and the qualifying intermediary shall include in the return required to be made by it under subsection (7)(a) a statement to the effect that it has been so advised by the specified intermediary.

(h) Where, in accordance with this subsection, the specified intermediary or the other specified intermediary furnishes information to the Revenue Commissioners in electronic format, such format shall be agreed in advance with the Revenue Commissioners.”,

and

(iii) by the deletion in subsection (8) of “, not later than the 21st day of May following the year of assessment to which the return refers,”.

(g) in section 172G—

(i) in subsection (3)—

(I) by the substitution of the following for paragraphs (a) and (b):

“(a) to accept, and to retain for the longer of the following periods—

(i) a period of 6 years, or

(ii) a period which, in relation to the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration or notification is made or, as the casemay be, given, ends not earlier than 3 years after the date on which the intermediary has ceased to receive relevant distributions on behalf of the person who made the declaration or, as the case may be, gave the notification to the intermediary,

all declarations (and accompanying certificates) and notifications (not being a notice given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners) which are made or, as the case may be, given to the intermediary in accordance with this Chapter and Schedule 2A,

(b) on being so required by notice in writing given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners, to make available to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice—

(i) all declarations, certificates or notifications referred to in paragraph (a) which have been made or, as the case may be, given to the intermediary, or

(ii) such class or classes of such declarations, certificates or notifications as may be specified in the notice,”,

and

(II) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (g):

“(g) to provide to the Revenue Commissioners, not later than 3 months after the end of the first year of the operation of the agreement by the intermediary, a report on the intermediary's compliance with the agreement in that year, which report shall be signed by—

(i) if the intermediary is a company, the auditor of the company, or

(ii) if the intermediary is not a company, a person who, if the intermediary were a company, would be qualified to be appointed auditor of the company,

and thereafter, on being required by notice in writing given to the intermediary by the Revenue Commissioners, to provide to the Commissioners, within the time specified in the notice, a similar report in relation to such other period of the operation of the agreement by the intermediary as may be specified in the notice,

and”,

(ii) by the insertion of the following after subsection (3):

“(3A) The Revenue Commissioners may examine or take extracts from or copies of any declarations, certificates or notifications made available to the Commissioners under subsection (3)(b).”,

and

(iii) by the addition of the following after subsection (7):

“(8) Without prejudice to the operation of subsection (6), the authorisation by the Revenue Commissioners of an intermediary as an authorised withholding agent for the purposes of this Chapter shall cease to have effect on the day before the seventh anniversary of the date from which such authorisation applied; but this shall not prevent—

(a) the intermediary and the Revenue Commissioners from agreeing to renew the authorised withholding agent agreement entered into between them in accordance with subsection (3) or to enter into a further such agreement, and

(b) a further authorisation by the Revenue Commissioners of the intermediary as an authorised withholding agent for the purposes of this Chapter.”,

(h) in section 172K(1)—

(i) by the deletion in paragraph (f) of “and” and by the substitution in paragraph (g) of “refers, and” for “refers.”, and

(ii) by the addition of the following after paragraph (g):

“(h) in a case where section 172B has not applied to a relevant distribution by virtue of the operation of subsection (7) of that section, whether the relevant distribution is a distribution within paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of that subsection.”,

and

(i) by the insertion of the following section after section 172L:

“Deduction of dividend withholding tax on settlement of market claims.

172LA.—(1) In this section, ‘stockbroker’, means a member firm of the Irish Stock Exchange or of a recognised stock exchange in another territory.

(2) For the purposes of this section, a market claim shall be deemed to have arisen in relation to a relevant distribution where—

(a) a company resident in the State has made a relevant distribution to a person (in this section referred to as the ‘recorded owner’) on the basis of the information on the share register of the company at a particular date,

(b) it subsequently transpires, as a result of an event (in this section referred to as the ‘specified event’), being—

(i) the sale or purchase of. or

(ii) the happening, or failure to happen, of another event in relation to,

the shares or other securities in respect of which the relevant distribution was made, that another person (in this section referred to as the ‘proper owner’) had actually been entitled to receive the relevant distribution, and

(c) a person (in this section referred to as an ‘accountable person’), being—

(i) the relevant stockbroker who has acted for the recorded owner in the specified event, or

(ii) if the recorded owner is a qualifying intermediary or an authorised withholding agent, that intermediary or agent,

is obliged to pay the relevant distribution to the proper owner or, as may be appropriate, to the relevant stockbroker who has acted for the proper owner in the specified event, which action is in this section referred to as the ‘settlement of the market claim’.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter, where a market claim arises, then, if dividend withholding tax had not already been deducted out of the amount of the relevant distribution made by the company resident in the State to the recorded owner—

(a) the accountable person shall, on the settlement of the market claim, deduct out of the amount of the relevant distribution dividend withholding tax in relation to the relevant distribution,

(b) the proper owner or, as may be appropriate, the relevant stockbroker who has acted for the proper owner in the specified event shall allow such deduction on the receipt of the residue of the relevant distribution, and

(c) the accountable person shall be acquitted and discharged of so much money as is represented by the deduction as if that amount of money had actually been paid to the proper owner or, as may be appropriate, to the relevant stockbroker who has acted for the proper owner in the specified event.

(4) Where subsection (3) applies, the accountable person shall, on the settlement of the market claim, give the proper owner or, as may be appropriate, the relevant stockbroker who has acted for the proper owner in the specified event a statement in writing showing—

(a) the name and address of the accountable person,

(b) the name and address of the company which made the relevant distribution,

(c) the amount of the relevant distribution, and

(d) the amount of the dividend withholding tax deducted in relation to the relevant distribution.

(5) Dividend withholding tax which is required to be deducted by the accountable person under subsection (3) shall be paid by the accountable person to the Collector-General within 14 days of the end of the month in which that tax was required to be so deducted, and the dividend withholding tax so due shall be payable without the making of an assessment, but dividend withholding tax which has become so due may be assessed on the accountable person if that tax or any part of it is not paid on or before the due date.

(6) Dividend withholding tax which is required to be paid in accordance with subsection (5) shall be accompanied by a statement in writing from the accountable person making the payment showing—

(a) the name and address of that accountable person,

(b) the name and address of the company or companies which made the relevant distribution or distributions to which the payment relates, and

(c) the amount of the dividend withholding tax included in the payment.

(7) An accountable person shall, as respects each year of assessment (being the year of assessment 1999-2000 or any subsequent year of assessment) in which subsection (3) applied in relation to the accountable person and not later than the 21st day of May following that year of assessment, make a return to the Revenue Commissioners showing—

(a) the name and address of the accountable person, and

(b) the following details in relation to each market claim to which subsection (3) applied in that year:

(i) the name and address of the company resident in the State which made the relevant distribution to which the market claim relates,

(ii) the amount of the relevant distribution concerned, and

(iii) the amount of the dividend withholding tax in relation to the relevent distribution deducted by the accountable person.

(8) Subject to subsection (9), every return by an accountable person under subsection (7) shall be made in an electronic format approved by the Revenue Commissioners and shall be accompanied by a declaration made by the accountable person, on a form prescribed or authorised for that purpose by the Revenue Commissioners, to the effect that the return is correct and complete.

(9) Where the Revenue Commissioners are satisfied that an accountable person does not have the facilities to make a return under subsection (7) in the format referred to in subsection (8), the return shall be made in writing in a form prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners and shall be accompanied by a declaration made by the accountable person, on a form prescribed or authorised for that purpose by the Revenue Commissioners, to the effect that the return is correct and complete.

(10) (a) An accountable person shall keep and retain for a period of 6 years the accountable person’s documents and records relating to market claims arising from relevant distributions made by companies resident in the State.

(b) An accountable person shall allow the Revenue Commissioners to inspect such documents and records and to verify theaccountable person’s compliance with this section in any other manner considered necessary by the Commissioners.”.

(2) Schedule 2A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) is amended—

(a) by the substitution in paragraph 2 of “paragraph 8(f) or 9(f)” for “paragraph 8(f) or subparagraph (f) or (g) of paragraph 9”,

(b) by the insertion of the following after paragraph 7:

Declaration to be made by approved athletic or amateur sports body

7A. The declaration referred to in section 172C(2)(f)(ii) shall be a declaration in writing to the relevent person which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as ‘the declarer’) beneficially entitled to the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the person beneficially entitled to the relevant distribution is a person referred to in section 172C(2)(f)(i),

(e) contains the name and address of the person,

(f) contains a statement that, at the time when the declaration is made, the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration is made will be applied for the sole purpose of promoting athletic or amateur games or sports and are so treated by the Revenue Commissioners,

(g) contains an undertaking by the declarer that, if the person mentioned in subparagraph (d) ceases to be an excluded person, the declarer will, by notice in writing, advise the relevant person in relation to the relevant distributions accordingly, and

(h) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 8A of Part 6.

Declaration to be made by designated stockbroker operating special portfolio investment account

7B. The declaration referred to in section 172C(2)(g)(ii) shall be a declaration in writing to the relevant person which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as ‘the declarer’) beneficially entitled to the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the person beneficially entitled to the relevant distribution is a person referred to in section 172C(2)(g)(i),

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the person,

(f) contains a statement that, at the time when the declaration is made, the relevant distributions in respect of which the declaration is made will be applied as all or part of the relevant income or gains (within the meaning of section 838) of a special portfolio investment account and are so treated by the Revenue Commissioners,

(g) contains an undertaking by the declarer that, if the person mentioned in subparagraph (d) ceases to be an excluded person, the declarer will, by notice in writing, advise the relevant person in relation to the relevant distributions accordingly, and

(h) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 8A of Part 6.”,

(c) by the substitution in paragraph 8(g) of the following for clause (ii):

“(ii) a notice in writing from the Revenue Commissioners stating that the Commissioners have noted the contents of the certificate referred to in clause (i),”,

and

(d) in paragraph 9—

(i) by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (f):

“(f) is accompanied by—

(i) a certificate given by the tax authority of the relevant territory in which the company is, by virtue of the law of that territory, resident for the purposes of tax certifying that the company is so resident in that territory, and a certificate signed by the auditor of the company certifying that in his or her opinion the company is not under the control (within the meaning of section 172D(3A)), whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who is or are resident in the State,

(ii) a certificate signed by the auditor of the company certifying that in his or her opinion the company is a company which is not resident in the State and is under the control (within the meaning of section 172D(4)(a)), whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, is or are resident for the purposes of tax in such a relevant territory and who is or are, as the case may be, not under the control (within the meaning of section 172D(4)(b)), whether directly or indirectly, of a person who is, or persons who are, not so resident, or

(iii) a certificate signed by the auditor of the company certifying that in his or her opinion the principal class of the shares of the company or—

(I) where the company is a 75 per cent subsidiary (within the meaning of section 172D(5)) of another company, of that other company, or

(II) where the company is wholly-owned (within the meaning of section 172D(6)) by 2 or more companies, of each of those companies,

is substantially and regularly traded on one or more than one recognised stock exchange in a relevant territory or territories or on such other stock exchange as may be approved of by the Minister for Finance for the purposes of Chapter 8A of Part 6,”,

and

(ii) by the deletion of subparagraph (g).

(3) Subsection (1) (i) shall apply as on and from 10 February 2000.

Amendment of section 153 (distributions to certain non-residents) of Principal Act.

31.—As respects distributions made on or after 6 April 2000, section 153 (as amended by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1), by the substitution of the following definition for the definition of “non-resident person”:

“ ‘qualifying non-resident person’, in relation to a distribution, means the person beneficially entitled to the distribution, being—

(a) a person, other than a company, who—

(i) is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the State, and

(ii) is, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory,

or

(b) a company which is not resident in the State and—

(i) is, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory, but is not under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who is or are resident in the State,

(ii) is under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person or persons who, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, is or are resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory and who is or are, as the case may be, not under the control, whether directly or indirectly, of a person who is, or persons who are, not so resident, or

(iii) the principal class of the shares of which, or—

(I) where the company is a 75 per cent subsidiary of another company, of that other company, or

(II) where the company is wholly-owned by 2 or more companies, of each of those companies,

is substantially and regularly traded on one or more than one recognised stock exchange in a relevant territory or territories or on such other stock exchange as may be approved of by the Minister for Finance for the purposes of this section;”,

(b) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (1):

“(1A) For the purposes of paragraph (b)(i) of the definition of ‘qualifying non-resident person’, ‘control’ shall be construed in accordance with subsections (2) to (6) of section 432 as if in subsection (6) of that section for ‘5 or fewer participators’ there were substituted ‘persons resident in the State’.”,

(c) in subsection (2), by the substitution of “paragraph (b)(ii) of the definition of ‘qualifying non-resident person’ ” for “paragraph (b)(i) of the definition of ‘non-resident person’ ”,

(d) in subsection (3)—

(i) by the substitution of “paragraph (b)(iii)(I) of the definition of qualifying non-resident person’ ” for “paragraph (b)(ii)(II) of the definition of ‘non-resident person’ ”, and

(ii) by the deletion of “subparagraph (iii) of”,

(e) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (3):

“(3A) For the purposes of paragraph (b)(iii)(II) of the definition of ‘qualifying non-resident person’, a company (in this subsection referred to as an ‘aggregated 100 per cent subsidiary’) shall be treated as being wholly-owned by 2 or more companies (in this subsection referred to as the ‘joint parent companies’) if and so long as 100 per cent of its ordinary share capital is owned directly or indirectly by the joint parent companies, and for the purposes of this subsection—

(a) subsections (2) to (10) of section 9 shall apply as those subsections apply for the purposes of that section, and

(b) sections 412 to 418 shall apply with any necessary modifications as those sections would apply for the purposes of Chapter 5 of Part 12 if—

(i) section 411(1)(c) were deleted, and

(ii) the following subsection were substituted for subsection (1) of section 412:

‘(1) Notwithstanding that at any time a company is an aggregated 100 per cent subsidiary (within the meaning assigned by section 153(3A)) of the joint parent companies (within the meaning so assigned), it shall not be treated at that time as such a subsidiary unless additionally at that time—

(a) the joint parent companies are between them beneficially entitled to not less than 100 per cent of any profits available for distribution to equity holders of the company, and

(b) the joint parent companies would be beneficially entitled between them to not less than 100 per cent of any assets of the company available for distribution to its equity holders on a winding-up.’.”,

(f) in subsection (4), by the substitution of “qualifying non-resident person” for “non-resident person”, and

(g) by the addition of the following subsection after subsection (5):

“(6) Where for any year of assessment the income of a person, being an individual who for that year of assessment is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the State but is not a qualifying non-resident person, includes an amount in respect of a distribution made by a company resident in the State, then—

(a) notwithstanding section 15(2), income tax shall not be chargeable in respect of that distribution at a rate in excess of the standard rate, and

(b) the amount or value of the distribution shall be treated for the purposes of sections 237 and 238 as not brought into charge to income tax.”.

Amendment of section 700 (special computational provisions) of Principal Act.

32.—(1) Section 700 of the Principal Act is amended by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (1):

“(1A) For the purposes of subsection (1), ‘society’ shall include a credit union which is—

(a) registered as such under the Credit Union Act, 1997 , or

(b) deemed to be so registered by virtue of section 5(3) of that Act.”.

(2) This section shall be deemed to have come into operation as on and from 6 April 1999.

Amendment of section 831 (implementation of Council Directive No. 90/435/EEC concerning the common system of taxation applicable in the case of parent companies and subsidiaries of different Member States) of Principal Act.

33.—As respects distributions made on or after 6 April 2000, section 831 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)(a), by the substitution of the following definition for the definition of “company”:

“ ‘company’, other than in the expression ‘unlimited company’ in subsection (5A), means a company of a Member State;”,

and

(b) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (5) (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ):

“(5A) Subsection (5) shall apply to a distribution made by an unlimited company within the meaning of section 5 (2)(c) of the Companies Act, 1963 , as it would apply if the unlimited company were a company of a Member State.”.

Chapter 4

Income Tax, Corporation Tax and Capital Gains Tax

Amendment of section 198 (certain interest not to be chargeable) of Principal Act.

34.—(1) Section 198 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (1) of the following:

“(1) (a) In this subsection—

‘arrangements’ means arrangements having the force of law by virtue of section 826;

‘relevant territory’ means—

(i) a Member State of the European Communities other than the State, or

(ii) not being such a Member State, a territory with the government of which arrangements have been made;

‘tax’, in relation to a relevant territory, means any tax imposed in that territory which corresponds to corporation tax in the State.

(b) For the purposes of this subsection, a company shall be regarded as being a resident of a relevant territory if—

(i) in a case where the relevant territory is a territory with the government of which arrangements have been made, the company is regarded as being a resident of that territory under those arrangements, and

(ii) in any other case, the company is by virtue of the law of the relevant territory resident for the purposes of tax in that territory.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Income Tax Acts but without prejudice to any charge under the Corporation Tax Acts on the profits of such a person—

(i) a company not resident in the State or a person not ordinarily resident in the State shall not be chargeable to income tax in respect of interest paid by—

(I) a company in the course of carrying on relevant trading operations (within the meaning of section 445 or 446), or

(II) a specified collective investment undertaking (within the meaning of section 734),

and

(ii) a company shall not be chargeable to income tax in respect of interest paid by a relevant person (within the meaning of section 246) in the ordinary course of a trade or business carried on by that person if the company—

(I) is not resident in the State, and

(II) is regarded for the purposes of this subsection as being a resident of a relevant territory.”.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply as respects interest paid in the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment.

Capital allowances for, and deduction in respect of, vehicles.

35.—Part 11 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (2) of section 373—

(i) in paragraph (k), by the substitution of “mechanically propelled vehicle;” for “mechanically propelled vehicle.”, and

(ii) by the insertion of the following after paragraph (k):

“(l) £16,500, where the expenditure was incurred on or after 1 December 1999 on the provision or hiring of a vehicle which, on or after that date was not a used or secondhand vehicle and was first registered in the State under section 131 of the Finance Act, 1992 , without having been previously registered in any other state which duly provides for the registration of a mechanically propelled vehicle.”,

and

(b) in subsection (1) of section 376, in the definition of “relevant amount”—

(i) in paragraph (c), by the substitution of “£15,500”, for “£15,500, and”, and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (d):

“(d) in relation to qualifying expenditure incurred on or after 2 December 1998 and before 1 December 1999, £16,000,” and

(iii) by the insertion of the following after paragraph (d):

“(e) in relation to qualifying expenditure incurred on or after 1 December 1999, £16,500;”.

Amendment of section 268 (meaning of “industrial building or structure”) of Principal Act.

36.—Section 268 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (1) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (i):

‘(i) for the purposes of a trade which consists of the operation or management of a convalescent home for the provision of medical and nursing care for persons recovering from treatment in a hospital, being a hospital that provides treatment for acutely ill patients, and in respect of which convalescent home the health board in whose functional area the convalescent home is situated, is satisfied that the convalescent home satisfies the requirements of sections 4 and 6 of the Health (Nursing Homes) Act, 1990 , and any regulations made under section 6 of that Act as if it were a nursing home within the meaning of section 2 of that Act.”.

Amendment of section 333 (double rent allowance in respect of rent paid for certain business premises) of Principal Act.

37.—Section 333 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution in subsection (1)(a) of the following for the definition of “qualifying lease”:

“qualifying lease’ means, subject to subsection (4), a lease in respect of a qualifying premises granted in the qualifying period, or granted in any subsequent period ending on or before 31 December 1999, on bona fide commercial terms by a lessor to a lessee not connected with the lessor, or with any other person entitled to a rent in respect of the qualifying premises, whether under that lease or any other lease;”.

Amendment of section 20 (amendment ofprovisions relating to Custom House Docks Area) of Urban Renewal Act, 1998.

38.—Section 20(1)(c) of the Urban Renewal Act, 1998 , is repealed.

Amendment of section 324 (double rent allowance in respect of rent paid for certain business premises) of Principal Act.

39.—(1) Section 324 of the Principal Act is amended by the insertion after subsection (4) of the following:

“(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, subsection (2) shall not apply—

(a) in respect of rent payable, under a qualifying lease, for any part of a relevant rental period between 3 December 1998 and 31 December 2003 unless—

(i) in the case of a qualifying premises within an area or areas included in the definition of ‘the Custom House Docks Area’ by virtue of being described in an order of the Minister for Finance made under section 322(2), an agreement in writing or a contract in writing to secure the development of the building or structure, which comprises the qualifying premises or in which the qualifying premises is located, was entered into in the specified period, but by 2 December 1998, with the Dublin Docklands Development Authority (within the meaning of section 14 of the Dublin Docklands Development Authority Act, 1997 ), or

(ii) in the case of any other qualifying premises, an agreement in writing or a contract in writing to secure the development of the building or structure, which comprises the qualifying premises or in which the qualifying premises is located, was entered into in the specified period, but by 2 December 1998, and such development was wholly or mainly completed before 1 January 2000,

(b) in respect of rent payable, under a qualifying lease, for any part of a relevant rental period between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2008, in the case of a qualifying premises to which subsection (2) applies by virtue of paragraph (a)(i),

(c) in respect of rent payable, under a qualifying lease, for any part of a relevant rental period between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2008, in the case of a qualifying premises to which subsection (2) applies by virtue of paragraph (a)(ii), unless—

(i) the construction or refurbishment of the qualifying premises, which is the subject of the qualifying lease, was completed prior to 1 April 1998, or

(ii) (I) the construction or refurbishment of the qualifying premises, which is the subject of the qualifying lease, commenced prior to 1 April 1998, and

(II) such premises was occupied by a lessee, under a qualifying lease, prior to 9 February 1999,

or

(d) in respect of rent payable, under a qualifying lease, for any part of a relevant rental period after 31 December 2008.”.

(2) This section shall be deemed to have applied as on and from 3 December 1998.

Amendment of Part 9 (principal provisions relating to relief for capital expenditure) of Principal Act.

40.—Part 9 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 278(2), by the deletion of “and, where it is so made, section 304(4) shall not apply”,

(b) in section 300—

(i) in subsection (1), by the substitution of “section 284(6) or 298” for “section 298”, and

(ii) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (3)—

“(4) Any wear and tear allowance made to any person under or by virtue of section 284(6) shall be made in charging that person's income under Case V of Schedule D.”,

(c) in section 304—

(i) in subsection (1) by the deletion of “as it applies”,

(ii) in subsection (4)—

(I) by the deletion of “Subject to section 278(2),”,

(II) by the insertion of “, or in charging profits or gains of any description, as the case may be,” after “in taxing a trade”, and

(III) by the insertion of “or in charging the profits or gains, as the case may be,” after “in taxing the trade”,

and

(iii) in subsection (6) by the insertion of the following paragraph after paragraph (b):

“(c) Subsection (4) shall not apply as respects an allowance given by means of discharge or repayment of tax or in charging income under Case V of Schedule D.”,

(d) in section 305(1)—

(i) in paragraph (a) by the insertion of “or in charging income under Case V of Schedule D” after “discharge or repayment of tax”, and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (b):

“(b) (i) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), where an allowance referred to in that paragraph is available primarily against income of the specified class and the amount of the allowance is greater than the amount of the person's income of that class for the first-mentioned year of assessment (after deducting or setting off any allowances for earlier years), then the person may, by notice in writing given to the inspector not later than 2 years after the end of the year of assessment, elect that the excess shall be deducted from or set off—

(I) in the case of an individual—

(A) against the individual's other income for that year of assessment, or

(B) where the individual, or, being a husband or wife, the individual's spouse, is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, firstly, against the individual's other income for that year of assessment and, subsequently, against the income of the individual's husband or wife, as the case may be, for that year of assessment,

(II) in the case of a person other than an individual, against the person's other income for that year of assessment.

(ii) Where an election is made in accordance with subparagraph (i), the excess shall be deducted from or set off against the income referred to in subclause (A) or (B) of clause (I) or in clause (II), as the case may be, and tax shall be discharged or repaid accordingly and only the balance, if any, of the amount of the excess over all the income referred to in subclause (A) or (B) of clause (I) or in clause (II), as the case may be, for that year of assessment shall be deducted from or set off against the person's income of the specified class for succeeding years.”,

(e) in section 405(1) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (a):

“(a) sections 305(1)(b), 308(4) and 420(2) shall not apply as respects that allowance, and”,

and

(f) by the substitution of the following section for section 406:

“Restriction on use of capital allowances on fixtures and fittings for furnished residential accommodation.

406.— Where a person incurs capital expenditure of the type to which subsection (7) of section 284 applies and an allowance is to be made in respect of that expenditure under that section, sections 305(1)(b), 308(4) and 420(2) shall not apply as respects that allowance.”.

Capital allowances for computer software.

41.—(1) Part 9 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 288—

(i) by the substitution in subsection (1)(d) of “that machinery or plant” for “the computer software concerned”,

(ii) by the insertion after subsection (3) of the following:

“(3A) Where, in relation to an event referred to in subsection (1)(d), a balancing allowance or balancing charge is to be made to or, as the case may be, on a person for the chargeable period related to that event and following that event, the person retains an interest in the machinery or plant, then, for the purposes of this Chapter—

(a)  the amount of capital expenditure still unallowed at the time of the event, which is to be taken into account in calculating the balancing allowance or balancing charge, shall be such portion of the unallowed expenditure relating to the machinery or plant in question as the sale, insurance, salvage or compensation moneys bear to the aggregate of those moneys and the market value of the machinery or plant which remains undisposed of, and the balance of the unallowed expenditure shall be attributed to the machinery or plant which remains undisposed of, and

(b)  the amount of capital expenditure incurred on the machinery or plant in question shall be treated as reduced by such portion of that expenditure as the sale, insurance, salvage or compensation moneys bear to the aggregate of those moneys and the market value of the machinery or plant which remains undisposed of.”,

and

(iii) by the insertion in subsection (4) after paragraph (b) of the following:

“(c) Where subsection (3A) applies, the amount of any allowances referred to in paragraph (b) made in respect of the machinery or plant in question shall, for the purposes of this Chapter, be apportioned so that:

(i) such portion of those allowances as the sale, insurance, salvage or compensation moneys bear to the aggregate of those moneys and the market value of the machinery or plant which remains undisposed of, shall be attributed to the grant of the right to use or otherwise deal with, referred to in subsection (1)(d), and

(ii) the balance of those allowances shall be attributed to the machinery or plant which remains undisposed of.”,

and

(b) by the insertion in section 318 after paragraph (a) of the following:

“(aa) as respects machinery or plant consisting of computer software or the right to use or otherwise deal with computer software, where the event is the grant of a right to use or otherwise deal with the whole or part of that machinery or plant, the consideration in money or money's worth received by that person for the grant of the right,”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 29 February 2000.

Amendment of Chapter 3 (designated areas, designated streets, enterprise areas and multi-storey car parks in certain urban areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

42.—(1) Chapter 3 of Part 10 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 339—

(i) in subsection (1) by the substitution in the definition of “the relevant local authority” of “paragraph (a) or (e) of subsection (2)” for “subsection (2)(a)”, and

(ii) by the insertion in subsection (2), of the following after paragraph (d):

“(e) (i) Where, in relation to the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying building within the meaning of section 343, the relevant local authority gives a certificate in writing on or before 31 May 2000 to the person constructing or refurbishing the qualifying building stating that it is satisfied that not less than 50 per cent of the total cost of the qualifying building and the site thereof had been incurred on or before 31 December 1999, then the reference in paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘qualifying period’ in subsection (1) to the period ending on the 31st day of December, 1999, shall be construed as a reference to the period ending on 31 December 2000.

(ii) In considering whether to give such a certificate, the relevant local authority shall have regard only to guidelines in relation to the giving of such certificates issued by the Department of the Environment and Local Government.”,

(b) in section 340(2), by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (ii):

“(ii) as respects any such area so described in the order, the reference in paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘qualifying period’ in section 339(1) to the period commencing on the 1st day of August, 1994, and ending on the 31st day of July, 1997, shall be construed as a reference to such period as shall be specified in the order in relation to that area, but no such period specified in the order shall commence before 1 August 1994 or end after—

(I) 31 December 1999, or

(II) 31 December 2000, where in relation to the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying building within the meaning of section 343, the relevant local authority gives a certificate in writing on or before 31 May 2000 to the person constructing or refurbishing the qualifying building stating that it is satisfied that not less than 50 per cent of the total cost of the qualifying building and the site thereof had been incurred on or before 31 December 1999 and, in considering whether to give such a certificate, the relevant local authority shall have regard only to guidelines in relation to the giving of such certificates issued by the Department of the Environment and Local Government.”,

(c) in section 343—

(i) by the insertion in subsection (1), before the definition of “the Minister” of the following:

“ ‘property developer’ means a person carrying on a trade which consists wholly or mainly of the construction or refurbishment of buildings or structures with a view to their sale;”,

(ii) by the substitution in subsection (7)(a) of “subsections (8), (9) and (11)” for “subsections (8) and (9)”, and

(iii) by the insertion after subsection (10) of the following subsection:

“(11) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this section, this section shall not apply in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying building, the site of which is wholly within an area described in an order referred to in section 340(2)(i)—

(a)  where a property developer is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in relation to that expenditure, and

(b)  either the person referred to in paragraph (a) or a person connected (within the meaning of section 10) with that person incurred the expenditure on the construction or refurbishment of the qualifying building concerned.”,

(d) in section 344(1)—

(i) in the definition of “qualifying period”—

(I) by the substitution in paragraph (b) of “30 September 1999” for “the 30th day of June, 1999”, and

(II) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (c):

“(c) 31 December 2002, where, in relation to the construction or refurbishment of the qualifying multi-storey car park concerned (not being a qualifying multi-storey car park any part of the site of which is within either of the county boroughs of Cork or Dublin), the relevant local authority gives a certificate in writing on or before 31 December 2000 to the person constructing or refurbishing the qualifying multi-storey car park stating that it is satisfied that not less than 15 per cent of the total cost of the qualifying multi-storey car park and the site thereof had been incurred on or before 30 September 2000 and, in considering whether to give such a certificate, the relevant local authority shall have regard only to guidelines in relation to the giving of such certificates issued by the Department of the Environment and Local Government for the purposes of this definition;”,

and

(ii) in the definition of “the relevant local authority” by the substitution of the following for paragraph (b):

“(b)  in respect of an administrative county, the council of the county concerned,”,

and

(e)  in section 345(1A)(b), by the substitution of “30 September 1998” for “the 30th day of June, 1998”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 1 July 1999.

Amendment of section 360 (interpretation (Chapter 5)) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

43.—(1) Section 360(1) of the Principal Act is amended in the definition of “qualifying period” (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) by the substitution of “15 per cent” for “50 per cent”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 6 April 1999.

Amendment of Chapter 7 (qualifying areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

44.—(1) Chapter 7 of Part 10 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 372A(1)—

(i) by the insertion before the definition of “qualifying area” of the following:

“ ‘property developer’ means a person carrying on a trade which consists wholly or mainly of the construction or refurbishment of buildings or structures with a view to their sale;”, and

(ii) in the definition of “qualifying period”, by the substitution of “31 December 2002;” for “the 31st day of July, 2001;”,

(b) in section 372B(1)—

(i) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (b):

“(b) where such an area or areas is or are to be a qualifying area for the purposes of section 372D, one or more of the categories of building or structure mentioned in subsection (2) shall or shall not be a qualifying premises within the meaning of that section,”, and

(ii) in paragraph (c), by the substitution of the following for the words from “or end after—” to the end of the paragraph:

“or end after 31 December 2002.”,

(c) in section 372C—

(i) by the substitution of the following for subsection (1):

“(1) In this section ‘building or structure to which this section applies’ means a building or structure or part of a building or structure the site of which is wholly within a qualifying area and which is to be an industrial building or structure by reason of its use for a purpose specified in section 268(1)(a).”, and

(ii) in subsection (2)(d), by the substitution of “50 per cent” for “25 per cent”,

(d) in section 372D—

(i) in subsection (1), by the insertion after “means a building or structure” of “or part of a building or structure”,

(ii) in subsection (2)(a), by the substitution of “subsections (3) to (5)” for “subsections (3) to (6A)”,

(iii) in subsection (4)(b)—

(I) in subparagraph (i) by the deletion of “and”, and

(II) by the substitution of the following subparagraphs for subparagraph (ii):

“(ii) the following paragraph were substituted for paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of that section:

‘(b) As respects any qualifying expenditure, any allowance made under section 272 and increased under paragraph (a) in respect of that expenditure, whether claimed for one chargeable period or more than one such period, shall not in the aggregate exceed 50 per cent of the amount of that qualifying expenditure.’,

and

(iii) subsections (3) to (7) of that section were deleted.”,

and

(iv) by the deletion of subsections (6) and (6A),

(e) in section 372G(1), in paragraph (a) and paragraph (b) of the definition of “conversion expenditure” by the insertion of “or part of a building” after “a building”,

(f) in section 372H(1), in the definition of “specified building” by the insertion of “or part of a building” after “a building”,

(g) in section 372I(2), by the insertion of the following paragraph after paragraph (a):

“(aa) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), where the individual, or, being a husband or wife, the individual's spouse, is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, the individual shall, except where section 1023 applies, be entitled to have the deduction, to which he or she is entitled under paragraph (a), made from his or her total income and the total income of his or her spouse, if any.”,

and

(h) by the substitution of the following section for section 372K:

“Non-application of relief in certain cases and provision against double relief.

372K.—(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter, sections 372C and 372D shall not apply—

(a) in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure or a qualifying premises—

(i) where a property developer is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in relation to that expenditure, and

(ii) either the person referred to in subparagraph (i) or a person connected (within the meaning of section 10) with that person incurred the expenditure on the construction or refurbishment of the building, structure or premises concerned,

(b)  in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure or a qualifying premises where such building or structure or premises is in use for the purposes of a trade, or any activity treated as a trade, carried on by the person who is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in relation to that expenditure and such trade or activity is carried on wholly or mainly—

(i)in the sector of agriculture, including the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products,

(ii) in the coal industry, fishing industry or motor vehicle industry, or

(iii) in the transport, steel, ship-building, synthetic fibres or financial services sectors,

or

(c)  in relation to any building or structure or qualifying premises which is provided for the purposes of a project, the regional aid for which is limited under the ‘Multisectoral framework on regional aid for large investment projects'1 prepared by the Commission of the European Communities.

(2) For the purposes of sections 372C, 372D, 372G and 372H, where the site of any part of a building or structure is situate outside the boundary of a qualifying area and where expenditure incurred or treated as having been incurred in the qualifying period is attributable to the building or structure in general, such an amount of that expenditure shall be deemed to be attributable to the part which is situate outside the boundary of the qualifying area as bears to the whole of that expenditure the same proportion as the floor area of the part situate outside the boundary of the qualifying area bears to the total floor area of the building or structure.

(3) Where relief is given by virtue of any provision of this Chapter in relation to capital expenditure or other expenditure incurred on, or rent payable in respect of, any building, structure or premises, relief shall not be given in respect of that expenditure or that rent under any other provision of the Tax Acts.”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 1 July 1999.

Amendment of Chapter 8 (qualifying rural areas) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

45.—(1) Chapter 8 of Part 10 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 372L—

(i) by the insertion before the definition of “qualifying period” of the following:

“ ‘property developer’ means a person carrying on a trade which consists wholly or mainly of the construction or refurbishment of building or structures with a view to their sale;”, and

(ii) in the definition of “qualifying period”, by the substitution of “31 December 2002” for “the 31st day of December, 2001” in each place where it occurs,

(b) in section 372M, in subsection (2)(d), by the substitution of “50 per cent” for “25 per cent”,

(c) in section 372N—

(i) in subsection (2)(a), by the substitution of “subsections (3) to (5)” for “subsections (3) to (6B)”,

(ii) in subsection (4)(b)—

(I) in subparagraph (i) by the deletion of “and”, and

(II) by the substitution of the following subparagraphs for subparagraph (ii):

“(ii) the following paragraph were substituted for paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of that section:

‘(b) As respects any qualifying expenditure, any allowance made under section 272 and increased under paragraph (a) in respect of that expenditure, whether claimed for one chargeable period or more than one such period, shall not in the aggregate exceed 50 per cent of the amount of that qualifying expenditure.’,

and

(iii) subsections (3) to (7) of that section were deleted.”,

and

(iii) by the deletion of subsections (6), (6A) and (6B),

(d) in section 372RA(2), by the insertion of the following paragraph after paragraph (a):

“(aa) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), where the individual, or, being a husband or wife, the individual's spouse,. is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, the individual shall, except where section 1023 applies, be entitled to have the deduction, to which he or she is entitled under paragraph (a), made from his or her total income and the total income of his or her spouse, if any.”,

and

(e) by the substitution of the following section for section 372T:

“Non-application of relief in certain cases and provision against double relief.

372T.—(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter sections 372M and 372N shall not apply—

(a)  in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure or a qualifying premises—

(i) where a property developer is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in relation to that expenditure, and

(ii) either the person referred to in subparagraph (i) or a person connected (within the meaning of section 10) with that person incurred the expenditure on the construction or refurbishment of the building, structure or premises concerned,

(b)  in respect of expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure or qualifying premises where such building or structure or premises is in use for the purposes of a trade, or any activity treated as a trade, carried on by the person who is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in relation to that expenditure and such trade or activity is carried on wholly or mainly—

(i) in the sector of agriculture, including the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products,

(ii) in the coal industry, fishing industry or motor vehicle industry, or

(iii) in the transport, steel, ship-building, synthetic fibres or financial services sectors,

or

(c)  in relation to any building or structure or qualifying premises which is in use for the purposes of a trade, or any activity treated as a trade, where the number of individuals employed or engaged in the carrying on of the trade or activity amounts to or exceeds 2.50.

(2) Where relief is given by virtue of any provision of this Chapter in relation to capital expenditure or other expenditure incurred on, or rent payable in respect of, any building, structure or premises, relief shall not be given in respect of that expenditure or that rent under any other provision of the Tax Acts.”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 1 July 1999.

Amendment of Chapter 9 (park and ride facilities and certain related developments) of Part 10 of Principal Act.

46.—Chapter 9 of Part 10 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 372Y(2), by the insertion of the following after paragraph (a):

“(aa) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), where the individual, or, being a husband or wife, the individual's spouse, is assessed to tax in accordance with section 1017, the individual shall, except where section 1023 applies, be entitled to have the deduction, to which he or she is entitled under paragraph (a), made from his or her total income and the total income of his or her spouse, if any.”,

and

(b) in section 372Z(10), by the substitution of “section 372X(6)” for “section 372X(5)”.

Amendment of section 823 (deduction for income earned outside the State) of Principal Act.

47.—(1) Section 823 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1), by the substitution of “11 consecutive days” for “14 consecutive days” in paragraph (a) of the definition of “qualifying day”,

(b) in subsection (2A), by the substitution of “11 consecutive days” for “14 consecutive days” in paragraph (b), and

(c) in subsection (3), by the substitution of “whichever is the lesser; but that amount, or the aggregate of those amounts where there is more than one such office or employment, shall not exceed £25,000.” for “whichever is the lesser.”.

(2) (a) Paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) shall apply as on and from 29 February 2000, and

(b) paragraph (c) of subsection (1) shall apply—

(i) as respects the year of assessment 2000-2001 and subsequent years of assessment, and

(ii) as respect the year of assessment 1999-2000, as if the reference to “that amount, or the aggregate of those amounts where there is more than one such office or employment” were a reference to “such portion of that amount, or such portion of the aggregate of those amounts where there is more than one such office or employment, which arises by virtue of income, profits or gains accuring or paid on or after 29 February 2000”.

Amendment of section 481 (relief for investment in films) of Principal Act.

48.—(1) The Principal Act is amended in section 481—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the substitution for the definition of “qualifying company” of the following definition:

“ ‘qualifying company’ means a company which—

(a) (i) is incorporated and resident in the State, or

(ii) is carrying on a trade in the State through a branch or agency,

(b) exists solely for the purposes of the production and distribution of only one qualifying film, and

(c) does not contain in its name—

(i) registered under either or both the Companies Acts, 1963 to 1999, and the Registration of Business Names Act, 1963 , or

(ii) registered under the law of the territory in which it is incorporated,

the words ‘Ireland’, ‘Irish’, ‘Éireann’, ‘Éire’ or ‘National’;”,

(ii) by the substitution for the definition of “qualifying period” of the following definition:

“ ‘qualifying period’, in relation to an allowable investor company and a qualifying individual, means the period commencing on 23 January 1996, and ending on 5 April 2005;”,

and

(b) by the substitution for subsection (2)(c) of the following:

“(c) The specified percentage shall not exceed—

(i) where the total cost of production of the film does not exceed £4,000,000, 66 per cent,

(ii) where the total cost of production of the film exceeds £4,000,000 and does not exceed £5,000,000, the amount per cent (in this subparagraph referred to as the ‘allowable percentage’) where the amount of the allowable percentage is determined by the formula—

66

-

(11 x E)

£1,000,000

where E is the excess of the total cost of production of the film over £4,000,000, and

(iii) where the total cost of production of the film exceeds £5,000,000, 55 per cent;

but, in any case to which subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii) relates, the total cost of production of the film which is met by relevant investments shall not exceed £8,250,000.”.

(2) This section shall have effect from such day as the Minister for Finance may appoint by order.

Amendment of section 482 (relief for expenditure on significant buildings and gardens) of Principal Act.

49.—With effect from the passing of this Act, section 482 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)(a), by the substitution of “1957;” for “1957.” in the definition of “tourist accommodation facility” and the insertion of the following after that definition:

“ ‘weekend day’ means a Saturday or a Sunday.”,

(b) in subsection (5)(b), by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (ii):

“(ii)  subject to temporary closure necessary for the purposes of the repair, maintenance or restoration of the building, access is so afforded for a period of not less than 60 days in any year, and—

(I) such period shall include, as respects determinations made by the Revenue Commissioners in accordance with paragraph (a)(ii)—

(A) before the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, not less than 40 days, and

(B) on or after the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, not less than 40 days, of which not less than 10 are weekend days,

during the period commencing on 1 May and ending on 30 September, and

(II) in respect of each such period, on each day concerned access is afforded in a reasonable manner and at reasonable times for a period, or periods in the aggregate, of not less than 4 hours, and”,

and

(c) by the substitution of the following for subsection (8):

“(8) Notwithstanding that the Revenue Commissioners have before the passing of the Finance Act, 2000, made a determination in accordance with subsection (5)(a)(ii) that a building is a building to which reasonable access is afforded to the public, relief under subsection (2), in relation to qualifying expenditure incurred in a chargeable period beginning on or after 1 January 1995, in respect of the building shall not be given unless the person who owns or occupies the building satisfies the Revenue Commissioners on or before 1 January in the chargeable period that it is a building to which reasonable access is afforded to the public having regard to—

(a)  in a case where the qualifying expenditure is incurred in a chargeable period beginning before 1 October 2000, subsection (5)(b)(ii) (I)(A), and

(b)  in a case where the qualifying expenditure is incurred in a chargeable period beginning on or after 1 October 2000, subsection (5)(b)(ii) (I)(B).”.

Amendment of section 485 (relief for gifts to third-level institutions) of Principal Act.

50.—As on and from 6 April 2000, section 485 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the insertion before the definition of “approved institution” of the following definition:

“ ‘approved development fund’ means a fund in respect of which the Minister has given a certificate under subsection (2) which certificate has not been revoked under that subsection;”,

(ii) by the insertion after the definition of “approved project” of the following definition:

“ ‘development fund’ means a fund established by an approved institution, in accordance with the relevant guidlines, for the purpose of enabling it to carry out one or more projects;”,

(iii) in the definition of “project”—

(I) in paragraph (c), by the substitution of “relevant guidelines,” for “guidelines referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i), and”,

(II) in paragraph (d), by the substitution of “skills needs, and” for “skills needs;”, and

(III) by the insertion after paragraph (d) of the following paragraph:

“(e) any other project approved of for the purpose of this section by the Minister with the consent of the Minister for Finance;”,

(iv) by the substitution of the following for the definition of “relevant gift”:

“ ‘relevant gift’ means a gift of money—

(a) to an approved institution for the sole purpose of funding an approved project or an approved development fund, as the case may be,

(b) that is or will be applied by the approved institution for the purpose of funding the approved project or the approved development fund, as the case may be, and

(c) that, apart from this section, is not deductible in computing for the purposes of tax the profits or gains of a trade or profession, or is not income to which section 792 applies or is not a gift of money to which section 484 applies; and”,

and

(v) by the insertion after the definition of “relevant gift” of the following definition:

“ ‘relevant guidelines’ has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (14).”,

(b) in subsection (2)—

(i) by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (a)(i):

“(i) The Minister, on the making of an application by an approved institution, may, in accordance with the relevant guidelines, give a certificate to that institution stating that a project or a development fund, as the case may be, may be treated as an approved project or an approved development fund, as the case may be, for the purposes of this section.”,

(ii) in subparagraph (a)(ii), by the substitution of “relevant guidelines” for “guidelines referred to in subparagraph (i)”,

(iii) by the deletion of subparagraph (a)(iii), and

(iv) by the substitution of the following for paragraph (c):

“(c)  Where an approved institution fails to comply with any of the conditions to which a certificate given to it under paragraph (a) is subject by virtue of paragraph (b), the Minister may, by notice in writing given to the institution, revoke the certificate, and the project or the development fund, as the case may be, shall cease to be an approved project or an approved development fund, as the case may be, as respects any gifts made to the institution after the date of the Minister's notice.”,

(c) by the substitution of the following for subsections (6) and (7):

“(6) (a) For the purposes of income tax for the year of assessment in which a person makes a relevant gift, the net amount of the gift shall be deducted from or set off against any income of the person chargeable to income tax for that year and tax shall where necessary be discharged or repaid accordingly, and the total income of the person or, where the person's spouse is assessed to income tax in accordance with section 1017, the total income of the spouse shall be calculated accordingly.

(b) Where, in any year of assessment owing to an insufficiency of total income, relief cannot be given by virtue of paragraph (a) for all or a part of the relevant gift (in this subsection referred to as the ‘unrelieved amount’), the unrelieved amount shall be carried forward to the next year of assessment and shall be treated for the purposes of the relief as a relevant gift made in that next year.

(c) Where, owing to an insufficiency of total income, relief cannot be given by virtue of paragraph (b) for any part of the unrelieved amount, that part of the unrelieved amount shall be carried forward to the next year of assessment following the year referred to in paragraph (b) and treated as a relevant gift made in that next year.

(d) Where, owing to an insufficiency of total income, relief cannot be given by virtue of paragraphs (b) and (c) in respect of any part of an unrelieved amount, that part of the unrelieved amount shall be carried forward to the next year of assessment following the year referred to in paragraph (c) and treated as a relevant gift made in that next year.

(e) Relief under this section shall be given to an individual for any year of assessment in the following order:

(i) in the first instance, in respect of an amount carried forward from an earlier year of assessment in accordance with paragraph (b), (c) or (d) and, in respect of such an amount so carried forward, for an earlier year of assessment in priority to a later year of assessment; and

(ii) only thereafter, in respect of any other amount for which relief is to be given in that year of assessment.

(7) (a) Where a relevant gift is made by a company, the net amount of the gift shall, for the purposes of corporation tax, be deemed to be a loss incurred by the company in a separate trade in the accounting period of the company in which the gift is made.

(b) Where all or part of the relevant gift which is deemed to be a loss of a separate trade in the accounting period in which the gift is made has not been set off against profits of the company for that accounting period by virtue of section 396(2), or surrendered to another company by virtue of section 420(1), so much of the relevant gift as has not been so set off or surrendered, as the case may be, shall be carried forward and treated as a loss incurred by the company in a separate trade in the next succeeding accounting period and so on until all of the relevant gift has been set off or surrendered, as the case may be, but no such loss shall be so carried forward to an accounting period which ends more than 3 years after the end of the accounting period in which the relevant gift giving rise to the loss was made.”,

(d) in subsection (8), by the substitution of “£250” for “£1,000”,

(e) in subsection (9), by the insertion after “each approved project” of “or approved development fund, as the case may be”,

(f) in subsection (10), by the substitution of the following for paragraph (b):

“(b) a project is an approved project,

(bb) a development fund is an approved development fund, or”,

(g) in subsection (11)—

(i) by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (a)(iv):

“(iv) the project or the development fund, as the case may be, in respect of which the relevant gift has been made is an approved project or an approved development fund, as the case may be,”,

and

(ii) by the substitution of the following for subparagraph (b)(vi):

“(v) particulars of the approved project or the approved development fund, as the case may be, in respect of which the relevant gift has been made,”,

and

(h) by the insertion after subsection (11) of the following subsections:

“(12) The Minister may delegate his functions under this section to the Higher Education Authority.

(13) The Higher Education Authority, when required to do so by notice in writing from the Minister or the Minister for Finance, as the case may be, shall, within the time limited by the notice, prepare and deliver to that Minister a report for such period and containing such particulars as that Minister may specify.

(14) In this section ‘relevant guidelines’ means guidelines issued for the purposes of this section by the Minister with the consent of the Minister for Finance and, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, such guidelines may include provisions in relation to all or any one or more of the following:

(i) the certification of projects or development funds, as the case may be, to be treated as approved projects or approved development funds, as the case may be;

(ii) the payment for the benefit of the Exchequer by an approved institution of the value of the tax relief granted in respect of a relevant gift made to it to the extent that that gift has not been used by it for the purposes of an approved project or an approved development fund, as the case may be;

(iii) the provision of particulars in relation to the amount of relevant gifts received by an approved institution and the application of those gifts; and

(iv) the provision of such other information as the Minister may reasonably require for the purposes of this section.”.

Savings-related share option schemes.

51.—The Principal Act is amended—

(a) in Chapter 3 (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of Part 17—

(i) in section 519A by the insertion after subsection (3) of the following:

“(3A) (a) Where, in exercising a right in accordance with the provisions of the scheme at a time when it is approved, the individual acquires scheme shares from a relevant body, neither a chargeable gain nor an allowable loss shall accrue to the relevant body on the disposal of the scheme shares, and the individual shall, notwithstanding section 547(1)(a), be deemed for the purposes of the Capital Gains Tax Acts to have acquired the scheme shares for a consideration equal to the amount paid for their acquisition.

(b) In this subsection and in section 519B—

‘relevant body’ means a trust or a company which exists for the purpose of acquiring and holding scheme shares;

‘schemes shares’ has the meaning assigned to it by paragraph 10 of Schedule 12A.”.

and

(ii) in section 519B—

(I) in subsection (1), by the substitution for “This section shall apply” of “Subject to subsection (2A) this section shall apply”, and

(II) by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following:

“(2A) Notwithstanding any provision of the Tax Acts, any sum expended by the company, either directly or indirectly, to enable a relevant body to acquire scheme shares shall not be included—

(a) in the sums to be deducted in computing for the purposes of Schedule D the profits or gains of a trade carried on by the company, or

(b) if the company is an investment company within the meaning of section 83 or a company in the case of which that section applies by virtue of section 707, in the sums to be deducted under section 83(2) as expenses of management in computing the profits of the company for the purposes of corporation tax.”,

and

(b) in Schedule 12A—

(i) in paragraph 1(1)—

(I) by the substitution in the definition of “shares” of “stock;” for “stock.”, and

(II) by the insertion after the definition of “shares” of the following:

“specified age’ means an age that is not less than 60 years and not more than pensionable age (within the meaning of section 2 of the Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993 ).”,

(ii) by the insertion after paragraph 2(4) of the following:

“(5) The scheme shall indicate the specified age for the purposes of the scheme.”,

(iii) in paragraph 20(b), by the substitution of “the specified age” for “pensionable age (within the meaning of section 2 of the Social Welfare (Consolidation) Act, 1993 )”, and

(iv) in paragraph 21 by the substitution of “the specified age” for “pensionable age”.

Reduction in tax on certain transactions in land.

52.—(1) Chapter 1 of Part 22 of the Principal Act is amended by the insertion after section 644 of the following sections:

“Relief from income tax in respect of income from dealing in residential development land.

644A.—(1) In this section—

‘basis period’ has the same meaning as in section 127(1);

‘construction operations’, in relation to residential development land, means operations of any of the descriptions referred to in the definition of ‘construction operations’ in section 530(1) other than such operations as consist of—

(a) the demolition or dismantling of any building or structure on the land,

(b) the construction or demolition of any works forming part of the land, being roadworks, water mains, wells, sewers or installations for the purposes of land drainage, or

(c) any other operations which are preparatory to residential development on the land other than the laying of foundations for such development;

‘residential development’ includes any development which is ancillary to the development and which is necessary for the proper planning and development of the area in question;

‘residential development land’ means land—

(a) disposed of to—

(i) a housing authority (within the meaning of section 23 of the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1992 ),

(ii) the National Building Agency Limited (being the company referred to in section 1 of the National Building Agency Limited Act, 1963), or

(iii) a body standing approved of for the purposes of section 6 of the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1992 ,

which land is specified in a certificate in writing given by a housing authority or the National Building Agency Limited, as appropriate, as land being required for the purposes of the Housing Acts, 1966 to 1998,

(b) in respect of which permission for residential development has been granted under section 26 of the Local Government (Planning and Development) Act, 1963 , and such permission has not ceased to exist, or

(c) which is, in accordance with a development objective (as indicated in the development plan of the planning authority concerned), for use solely or primarily for residential purposes.

(2) This section applies to profits or gains being—

(a) profits or gains arising from dealing in or developing residential development land in the course of a business consisting of or including dealing in or developing land which is, or is regarded as, a trade within Schedule D or a part of such a trade, or

(b) any gain of a capital nature arising from the disposing of residential development land which, by virtue of section 643, constitutes profits or gains chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts and subject to subsections (4) and (5)—

(a) to the extent to which profits or gains of a basis period for a year of assessment consist of profits or gains to which this section applies, those profits or gains—

(i) shall be chargeable to income tax for that year at the rate of 20 per cent, and

(ii) shall not be reckoned in computing total income for that year for the purposes of the Income Tax Acts,

and

(b) the provisions of sections 187 and 188, and the reductions specified in Part 2 of the Table to section 458 shall not apply as regards income tax so charged.

(4) For the purposes of this section—

(a) where a trade consists partly of dealing in residential development land and partly of other operations or activities, the part of the trade consisting of dealing in residential development land and the part of the trade consisting of other operations or activities shall each be treated as a separate trade, and the total amount receivable from sales made and services rendered in the course of the trade, and of expenses incurred in the trade, shall be apportioned to each such part,

(b) in computing the profits or gains to which this section applies, no account shall be taken, in determining those profits or gains, of that part, if any, of profits or gains which are attributable to construction operations on the land, and

(c) where, in order to give effect to the provisions of this section, an apportionment of profits and gains, amounts receivable or expenses incurred is required to be made, such apportionment shall be made in a manner that is just and reasonable.

(5) This section shall not apply to profits or gains arising to a person in a year of assessment if that person so elects by notice in writing to the inspector on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period (within the meaning of section 950).

Relief from corporation tax in respect of income from dealing in residential development land.

644B.—(1) In this section—

‘excepted trade’ has the same meaning as in section 21A;

‘residential development’ and ‘residential development land’ have the same meaning as each has in section 644A.

(2) (a)  Where in an accounting period a company carries on an excepted trade the operations or activities of which consist of or include dealing in land which, at the time at which it is disposed of by the company, is residential development land, the corporation tax payable by the company for the accounting period, in so far as it is referable to trading income from dealing in residential development land, shall be reduced by one-fifth.

(b) For the purposes of paragraph (a)—

(i) the corporation tax payable by a company for an accounting period which is referable to trading income from dealing in residential development land shall be such amount as bears to the amount of corporation tax for the period referable to income of an excepted trade the same proportion as—

(I) the amount receivable by the company in the accounting period from the disposal in the course of the excepted trade of residential development land, exclusive of so much of that amount as is attributable to construction operations (within the meaning of section 21A) carried out by or for the company on the land, bears to

(II) the total amount receivable by the company in the accounting period, exclusive of so much of that amount as is attributable to construction operations (within the meaning of section 21A) carried out by or for the company on land disposed of by it, in the course of the excepted trade,

and

(ii) corporation tax referable to income from an excepted trade for an accounting period shall be such sum as bears to the amount of corporation tax charged for the period in accordance with section 21A at the rate of 25 per cent the same proportion as the amount of the company's profits treated under section 21A as consisting of income from the excepted trade bears to the total amount of the profits of the company for the period so charged at the rate of 25 per cent.

(3)  (a) Where in an accounting period income of a company which is chargeable under Case IV of Schedule D by virtue of section 643 consists of or includes an amount in respect of a gain obtained from disposing of land which, at the time of its disposal, is residential development land, the corporation tax payable by the company for the accounting period, in so far as it is referable to that gain, shall be reduced by one-fifth.

(b) For the purposes of paragraph (a)—

(i) the corporation tax payable by a company for an accounting period which is referable to a gain from disposing of residential development land shall be such amount as bears to the amount of corporation tax for the accounting period referable to a gain charged to tax in accordance with section 643 the same proportion as so much of the amount (in this subparagraph referred to as the ‘specified amount’) of the last-mentioned gain as is attributable to the disposal of residential development land (exclusive of any part of the gain as is referable to construction operations, within the meaning of section 644A, carried out by the company) bears to the specified amount, and

(ii) corporation tax referable to a gain from disposing of land which is treated by virtue of section 643 as income chargeable under Case IV of Schedule D shall be such sum as bears to the amount of corporation tax charged for the accounting period in accordance with section 21A at the rate of 25 per cent the same proportion as the amount of the company's profits which consists of income chargeable under Case IV of Schedule D by virtue of section 643 bears to the total amount of the profits of the company for the period so charged at the rate of 25 per cent.

(4) (a)  Where a company makes a claim in that behalf, the corporation tax payable by the company for an accounting period ending before 1 January 2001 shall be computed as if subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (a) of the definition of excepted operations in section 21A did not have effect in relation to residential development land.

(b) For the purposes of this subsection where an accounting period of a company begins before 1 January 2001 and ends on or after that day, it shall be divided into two parts, one beginning on the day on which the accounting period begins and ending on 31 December 2000 and the other beginning on 1 January 2001 and ending on the day on which the accounting period ends, and both parts shall be treated for the purpose of this section as if they were separate accounting periods of the company.”.

(2) (a) This section shall apply—

(i) as respects income tax, in relation to profits or gains arising on or after 1 December 1999, and

(ii) as respects corporation tax, in relation to accounting periods ending on or after 1 January 2000.

(b)  For the purposes of this section where an accounting period of a company begins before 1 January 2000 and ends on or after that day, it shall be divided into two parts, one beginning on the day on which the accounting period begins and ending on 31 December 1999 and the other beginning on 1 January 2000 and ending on the day on which the accounting period ends, and both parts shall be treated for the purpose of this section as if they were separate accounting periods of the company.

Amendment of Part 26 (life assurance companies) of Principal Act.

53.— The Principal Act is amended in Part 26 by the insertion after Chapter 3 of the following Chapters:

“Chapter 4

Taxation of Assurance Companies — New Basis

Profits of life business: new basis.

730A.—(1) In this Chapter and Chapter 5 of this Part—

‘assurance company’ means an assurance company chargeable to corporation tax;

‘new basis business’ means—

(a) where an assurance company was carrying on life business on 1 April 2000, other than where the assurance company's trading operations at that time consisted solely of foreign life assurance business within the meaning of section 451(1)—

(i) all policies and contracts commenced by the assurance company on or after 1 January 2001, and

(ii) all policies and contracts commenced by the assurance company before that date in so far as they relate to—

(I) pension business and general annuity business, and

(II) permanent health insurance, in respect of which the profits arising to the assurance company were before 1 January 2001 charged to tax under Case I of Schedule D,

(b) where an assurance company was carrying on life business on 1 April 2000, and the assurance company's trading operations at that time consisted solely of foreign life assurance business within the meaning of section 451(1), all policies and contracts commenced by the assurance company on or after 1 January 2001, and

(c) where an assurance company was not carrying on life business on 1 April 2000, subject to subsection (2), all policies and contracts commenced by the assurance company from the time it began to carry on life business.

(2) Where an assurance company begins to carry on life business after 1 April 2000 and before 31 December 2000, the assurance company may elect that all policies and contracts commenced by it before 31 December 2000 be treated as not being new basis business in so far as they relate to life business (other than pension business and general annuity business).

(3) Life business of an assurance company, in so far as it comprises new basis business, shall for the purposes of the Corporation Tax Acts be treated as though it were a separate business, that is, a business separate from other business (if any) carried on by the assurance company.

(4) Notwithstanding Chapters 1 and 3 of this Part, an assurance company shall be charged to corporation tax in respect of the profits of new basis business under Case I of Schedule D and those profits shall, subject to subsection (5), be computed in accordance with the provisions applicable to that Case of that Schedule.

(5) Where all or part of the profits of an assurance company are, under this Chapter, to be computed in accordance with the provisions applicable to Case I of Schedule D, the following provisions shall also apply—

(a) such part of those profits as belongs or is allocated to, or is expended on behalf of, policyholders or annuitants shall be excluded in making the computation, and

(b) there shall not be excluded in making the computation any remaining part of those profits reserved for policyholders or annuitants.

Chapter 5

Policyholders — New Basis

Taxation of policyholders.

730B.—(1) In this Chapter ‘return’ means a return under section 730G.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), this Chapter applies for the purpose of imposing certain charges to tax in respect of a policy of assurance on the life of any person (in this Chapter referred to as a ‘life policy’) where the life policy is new basis business of the assurance company which commenced the life policy.

(3) This Chapter does not apply to a life policy which relates to pension business, general annuity business or permanent health insurance business, of an assurance company.

Chargeable event.

730C.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, in this Chapter—

(a) ‘chargeable event’, in relation to a life policy, means—

(i) the maturity of the life policy, other than in respect of any death or disability giving rise to benefits under the life policy,

(ii) the surrender in whole or in part of the rights conferred by the life policy, other than in respect of any death or disability giving rise to benefits under the life policy,

(iii) the assignment in whole or in part, of those rights, and

(b)  in the case of a life policy issued by an assurance company which could have made an election under section 730A(2), but did not so do, a chargeable event shall be deemed to happen on 31 December 2000, where the life policy was commenced before that date.

(2) No account shall be taken for the purposes of subsection (1) of any assignment effected by way of security for a debt, or the discharge of a debt secured by the rights concerned.

Gain arising on a chargeable event.

730D.—(1) On the happening of a chargeable event in relation to a life policy, there shall, subject to subsection (2), be treated as arising—

(a) if the chargeable event is the maturity of the life policy or the surrender in whole of the rights thereby conferred, a gain in the amount determined under subsection (3)(a),

(b) if the chargeable event is an assignment of the whole of the rights conferred by the life policy, a gain in the amount determined under subsection (3)(b),

(c) if the chargeable event is the assignment of part of the rights conferred by the life policy, a gain in the amount determined under subsection (3)(d), and

(e) if the chargeable event is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 under section 730C(1)(b), a gain in the amount determined under subsection (3)(e).

(2) A gain shall not be treated as arising on the happening of a chargeable event in relation to a life policy where, immediately before the chargeable event, the assurance company which commenced the life policy—

(a) is in possession of a declaration, in relation to the life policy, of a kind referred to in—

(i) section 730E(2), or

(ii) where the policyholder (within the meaning of section 730E) is not a company, section 730E(3), and

(b) is not in possession of any information which would reasonably suggest that—

(i) the information contained in that declaration is not, or is no longer, materially correct,

(ii) the policyholder (within the meaning of section 730E) failed to comply with the undertaking referred to in section 730E(2)(f) or, as the case may be, section 730E(3)(f), or

(iii) immediately before the chargeable event, the policyholder (within the said meaning) is resident or ordinarily resident in the State.

(3) The amount referred to—

(a) in subsection (1)(a) is the amount determined by the formula—

B — P,

(b) in subsection (1)(b) is the amount determined by the formula—

V — P,

(c) in subsection (1)(c) is the amount determined by the formula—

B

(P x B)

V

(d) in subsection (1)(d) is the amount determined by the formula—

A

(P x A)

V

and

(e) in subsection (1)(e) is the amount determined by the formula—

V — P,

where—

B is the amount or value of the sum payable and other benefits arising by reason of the chargeable event,

P is subject to subsection (4), an amount of premiums (in this section referred to as ‘allowable premiums’) being the total of all premiums paid in respect of the life policy immediately before the chargeable event, to the extent that they have not been taken into account in determining a gain on the previous happening of a chargeable event,

V is the value of the rights and other benefits conferred by the life policy immediately before the chargeable event, and

A is the value of the part of the rights and other benefits conferred by the life policy, which has been assigned,

without having regard to any amount of appropriate tax (within the meaning of section 730F) in connection with the chargeable event.

(4) (a)  For the purposes of subsection (3), the amount of premiums taken into account in determining a gain on the happening of a chargeable event is, where the gain is determined—

(i) under paragraph (c) of subsection (3), an amount equal to—

(P X B)

V

and

(ii) under paragraph (d) of subsection (3), an amount equal to—

(P X A)

V

where P, A, B and V have, respectively, the meanings assigned to them in subsection (3).

(b)  Where a chargeable event in relation to a life policy is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 then, for the purposes of determining a gain arising on the happening of a subsequent chargeable event, the allowable premiums immediately after 31 December 2000 shall be deemed to be the greater of—

(i) an amount equal to the value of the policy immediately after 31 December 2000, and

(ii) the allowable premiums immediately before 31 December 2000.

(c)  Where a chargeable event in relation to a life policy is an assignment of the whole of the rights conferred by the life policy then, for the purposes of determining a gain arising on the happening of a subsequent chargeable event, the allowable premiums immediately after the time of assignment shall be deemed to be the greater of—

(i) an amount equal to the value of the policy immediately after the time of the assignment, and

(ii) the allowable premiums immediately before the assignment.

(d)  Where a chargeable event in relation to a life policy is the assignment of part of the rights conferred by the life policy then the policy shall, for the purposes of determining a gain arising on the happening of any subsequent chargeable event, be treated as if it were comprised of 2 policies, that is—

(i) one policy conferring the part of the rights assigned, the allowable premiums in respect of which immediately after the assignment are an amount equal to the value of the policy immediately after the assignment, and

(ii) the other policy conferring the rights which were not assigned, the allowable premiums in respect of which immediately after the assignment are the amount of the allowable premiums immediately before the assignment reduced by the amount of premiums taken into account in determining a gain on the assignment.

Declarations.

730E.—(1) In this section and in section 730F, ‘policyholder’, in relation to a life policy, at any time means—

(a) where the rights conferred by the life policy are vested at that time in a person as beneficial owner, such person,

(b) where the rights conferred by the life policy are held at that time on trusts created by a person, such person, and

(c) where the rights conferred by the life policy are held at that time as security for a debt owed by a person, such person.

(2) The declaration referred to in section 730D(2)(a)(i) in relation to a life policy is, subject to subsection (4), a declaration in writing to the assurance company which—

(a) is made by the policyholder at or about the time the life policy commenced,

(b) is signed by the policyholder,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that the policyholder is not resident in the State at the time of making the declaration,

(e) contains—

(i) the name of the policyholder,

(ii) the address of the principal place of residence of the policyholder,

(f) contains an undertaking by the policyholder that if the policyholder becomes resident in the State, the policyholder will notify the assurance company accordingly, and

(g) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of this Chapter.

(3) The declaration referred to in section 730D(2)(a)(ii) in relation to a life policy is, subject to subsection (4), a declaration in writing to the assurance company which—

(a) is made by the policyholder,

(b) is signed by the policyholder,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d)   declares that the policyholder, at the time the declaration is made, is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the State,

(e)   contains the name and address of the policyholder,

(f)   contains an undertaking by the policyholder that if the policyholder becomes resident in the State, the policyholder will notify the assurance company accordingly, and

(g)   contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of this Chapter.

(4) Where, immediately before the happening of a chargeable event, the rights conferred by a life policy were vested beneficially in 2 or more persons, or were held on trusts created, or as security for a debt owed, by 2 or more persons, this section and section 730D shall have effect in relation to each of those persons as if he or she had been the sole owner, settlor or, as the case may be, debtor, but with references to the amount of the gain construed as references to the part of it proportionate to his or her share in the rights at the time of the event, or, as the case may require, when the trusts were created.

Deduction of tax on the happening of a chargeable event.

730F.—(1) In this section and in section 730G, ‘appropriate tax’, in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a life policy, means a sum representing income tax on the amount of the gain treated in accordance with section 730D as thereby arising—

(a) where the chargeable event falls on or after 1 January 2001, at a rate determined by the formula—

(S + 3) per cent,

where S is the standard rate per cent (within the meaning of section 4), and

(b) where the chargeable event falls on or before 31 December 2000, at a rate of 40 per cent.

(2) An assurance company shall account for appropriate tax in accordance with section 730G.

(3) (a) An assurance company which is liable to account for appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a life policy shall, at the time of the chargeable event, be entitled—

(i) where the chargeable event is the maturity or surrender whether in whole or in part of the rights conferred by the life policy, to deduct from the proceeds payable to the policyholder on maturity, or as the case may be, surrender in whole or in part, an amount equal to the appropriate tax,

(ii) where the chargeable event—

(I) is the assignment, in whole or in part, of the rights conferred by the life policy, or

(II) is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 under section 730C(1)(b),

to appropriate and realise sufficient assets underlying the life policy, to meet the amount of appropriate tax for which the assurance company is liable to account,

(b)  the policyholder shall allow such deduction or, as the case may be, such appropriation, and

(c)  the assurance company shall be acquitted and discharged of so much as is represented by the deduction or, as the case may be, the appropriation as if the amount of the deduction or the value of the appropriation had been paid to the policyholder.

Returns and collection of appropriate tax.

730G.—(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts, this section shall apply for the purposes of regulating the time and manner in which appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a life policy shall be accounted for and paid.

(2) An assurance company shall for each financial year make to the Collector-General—

(a) a return of the appropriate tax in connection with chargeable events happening on or prior to 30 June, within 30 days of that date, and

(b) a return of appropriate tax in connection with chargeable events happening between 1 July and 31 December, within 30 days of that later date, and

where it is the case, the return shall specify that there is no appropriate tax for the period in question.

(3) The appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event which is required to be included in a return shall be due at the time by which the return is to be made and shall be paid by the assurance company to the Collector-General, and the appropriate tax so due shall be payable by the assurance company without the making of an assessment; but appropriate tax which has become so due may be assessed on the assurance company (whether or not it has been paid when the assessment is made) if that tax or any part of it is not paid on or before the due date.

(4) Where it appears to the inspector that there is an amount of appropriate tax in relation to a chargeable event which ought to have been but has not been included in a return, or where the inspector is dissatisfied with any return, the inspector may make an assessment on the assurance company to the best of his or her judgement, and any amount of appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event due under an assessment made by virtue of this subsection shall be treated for the purposes of interest on unpaid tax as having been payable at the time when it would have been payable if a correct return had been made.

(5) Where any item has been incorrectly included in a return as appropriate tax, the inspector may make such assessments, adjustments or set-offs as may in his or her judgement be required for securing that the resulting liabilities to tax, including interest on unpaid tax, whether of the assurance company making the return or of any other person, are in so far as possible the same as they would have been if the item had not been included.

(6) (a) Any appropriate tax assessed on an assurance company shall be due within one month after the issue of the notice of assessment (unless that tax is due earlier under subsection (3)) subject to any appeal against the assessment, but no appeal shall affect the date when any amount is due under subsection (3).

(b) On determination of the appeal against an assessment under this Chapter, any appropriate tax over-paid shall be repaid.

(7) (a) The provisions of the Income Tax Acts relating to—

(i) assessments to income tax,

(ii) appeals against such assessments (including the rehearing of appeals and the statement of a case for the opinion of the High Court), and

(iii) the collection and recovery of income tax,

shall, in so far as they are applicable, apply to the assessment, collection and recovery of appropriate tax.

(b) Any amount of appropriate tax shall carry interest at the rate of 1 per cent for each month or part of a month from the date when the amount becomes due and payable until payment.

(c) Subsections (2) and (4) of section 1080 shall apply in relation to interest payable under paragraph (b) as they apply in relation to interest payable under section 1080.

(d) In its application to any appropriate tax charged by any assessment made in accordance with this Chapter, section 1080 shall apply as if subsection (1) (b) of that section were deleted.

(8) Every return shall be in form prescribed by the Revenue Commissioners and shall include a declaration to the effect that the return is correct and complete.”.

Amendment of section 420 (losses, etc. which may be surrendered by means of group relief) of Principal Act.

54.—Section 420 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (9) of the following:

“(9) (a)  References in the preceding subsections to a surrendering company shall not include references to a company carrying on life business except to the extent that such life business is new basis business within the meaning of section 730A (inserted by the Finance Act, 2000).

(b) For the purposes of this section ‘life business’ shall be construed in accordance with section 706(1).”.

Amendment of section 595 (life assurance policy or deferred annuity contract entered into or acquired by a company) of Principal Act.

55.—Section 595 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (1)(a) by the substitution for the definition of “relevant policy” of the following definition:

“‘relevant policy’ means a policy of life assurance or a contract for a deferred annuity on the life of a person, entered into or acquired by a company on or after 11 April 1994, which is not—

(a) a policy to which section 594 applies, or

(b) new basis business within the meaning of section 730A (inserted by the Finance Act, 2000).”.

Amendment of section 710 (profits of life business) of Principal Act.

56.—(1) Section 710 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (2)(a)—

(a) by the substitution for “where a company's trading operations consist solely of a foreign life assurance business” of “where a company's trading operations on 31 December 2000 consisted solely of foreign life assurance business”, and

(b) by the deletion of subparagraphs (iii) and (iv).

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply as respects the financial year 2001 and subsequent financial years.

Amendment of Chapter 1 (unit trusts) of Part 27 of Principal Act.

57.—The Principal Act is amended in Part 27, in Chapter 1—

(a) by the substitution in subsection (1) of section 737 for the definition of “special investment units” of the following definition:

“‘special investment units’ means units sold to an individual on or after 1 February 1993 and before 1 January 2001 by the management company or trustee under an authorised unit trust scheme in respect of which—

(a) the conditions specified in subsection (3) are satisfied, and

(b) a declaration of the kind specified in subsection (4) has been made to the management company or trustee;”,

(b) in section 738, in subsection (2) by the substitution for paragraph (b)(i) of the following paragraph:

“(b) (i) As respects an undertaking for collective investment which is a company, the corporation tax which is chargeable on its profits on which corporation tax falls finally to be borne for a chargeable period shall, for the purposes of the Tax Acts, be such tax before it is reduced by any credit, relief or other reduction under those Acts, computed as if the rate of corporation tax were equal to the standard rate for the year of assessment in which the chargeable period falls.”,

and

(c) by the insertion after section 739 of the following section:

“Reorganisation of undertakings for collective investment.

739A.— (1) (a) In this section ‘undertaking for collective investment’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 738(1).

(b) Where an undertaking for collective investment (in this section referred to as the ‘first undertaking’) disposes of assets (in this section referred to as ‘transferred assets’) to another undertaking for collective investment in exchange for the issue of units to the first undertaking by that other undertaking for collective investment, no chargeable gains shall accrue to the first undertaking on that disposal.

(2) For the purposes of computing a gain accruing to the first undertaking on a disposal or first deemed disposal, under section 738(4)(a)(i), of the units referred to in subsection (1), notwithstanding any other provision of the Capital Gains Tax Acts, the amount or value of the consideration in money or money's worth given by the first undertaking for the acquisition of the units is—

(a) where the transferred assets fell within section 738(4)(a)(i), the value of the transferred assets on their latest deemed disposal by the first undertaking under that section, and

(b) where the transferred assets did not fall within section 738(4)(a)(i), the cost incurred by the first mentioned undertaking in acquiring the transferred assets.”.

Investment undertakings.

58.—The Principal Act is amended—

(a) in Part 27 by the insertion after Chapter 1 of the following Chapter:

“Chapter 1A

Investment Undertakings

Interpretation and application.

739B.—(1) In this Chapter and in Schedule 2B—

‘the Acts’ means the Tax Acts and the Capital Gains Tax Acts;

‘approved minimum retirement fund’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 784C;

‘approved retirement fund’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 784A;

‘chargeable event’, in relation to an investment undertaking in respect of a unit holder, means—

(a) the making of a relevant payment by the investment undertaking,

(b) the making of any other payment by the investment undertaking to a person, by virtue of that person being a unit holder (whether or not in respect of the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of a unit) other than a payment made on the death of a unit holder,

(c) the transfer by a unit holder, by way of sale or otherwise (other than as a result of the death of the unit holder), of entitlement to a unit in the investment undertaking, and

(d) a chargeable event shall be deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 in respect of all unit holders (if any) at that date in relation to an investment undertaking—

(i) which commenced on or after 1 April 2000, or

(ii) which was on 31 March 2000 a specified collective investment undertaking,

but does not include—

(A) any exchange of units in a sub-fund of an investment undertaking which is an umbrella scheme, for units in another sub-fund of that investment undertaking, and

(B) any transaction in relation to, or in respect of, units which are held in a recognised clearing system;

‘collective investor’, in relation to an authorised investment company (within the meaning of Part XIII of the Companies Act, 1990 ), means an investor, being a life assurance company, pension fund or other investor—

(a) who invests in securities or any other property whatever with moneys contributed by 50 or more persons—

(i) none of whom has at any time directly or indirectly contributed more than 5 per cent of such moneys, and

(ii) each of a majority of whom has contributed moneys to the investor with the intention of being entitled, otherwise than on death of any person or by reference to a risk of any kind to any person or property, to receive from the investor—

(I) a payment which, or

(II) payments the aggregate of which,

exceeds those moneys by a part of the profits or income arising to the investor,

and

(b) who invests in the authorised investment company primarily for the benefit of those persons;

‘distribution’ has the same meaning as in the Corporation Tax Acts;

‘intermediary’ means a person who—

(a) carries on a business which consists of, or includes, the receipt of payments from an investment undertaking on behalf of other persons, or

(b) holds units in an investment undertaking on behalf of other persons;

‘investment undertaking’ means—

(a) a unit trust scheme, other than—

(i) a unit trust mentioned in section 731(5)(a), or

(ii) a special investment scheme,

which is or is deemed to be an authorised unit trust scheme (within the meaning of the Unit Trusts Act, 1990 ) and has not had its authorisation under that Act revoked,

(b) any other undertaking which is an undertaking for collective investment in transferable securities within the meaning of the relevant Regulations, being an undertaking which holds an authorisation, which has not been revoked, issued pursuant to the relevant Regulations,

(c) any authorised investment company (within the meaning of Part XIII of the Companies Act, 1990 )—

(i) which has not had its authorisation under that Part of that Act revoked, and

(ii)  (I) which has been designated in that authorisation as an investment company which may raise capital by promoting the sale of its shares to the public and has not ceased to be so designated, or

(II) each of the shareholders of which is a collective investor,

and

(d) an investment limited partnership (within the meaning of the Investment Limited Partnerships Act, 1994 ),

which is not an offshore fund (within the meaning of section 743); but includes any company limited by shares or guarantee which—

(A) is wholly owned by such an investment undertaking or its trustees, if any, for the benefit of the holders of units in that undertaking, and

(B) is so owned solely for the purpose of limiting the liability of that undertaking or its trustees, as the case may be, in respect of futures contracts, options contracts or other financial instruments with similar risk characteristics, by enabling it or its trustees, as the case may be, to invest or deal in such investments through the company,

which is not an offshore fund (within the meaning of section 743);

‘pension scheme’ means an exempt approved scheme within the meaning of section 774 or a retirement annuity contract or a trust scheme to which section 784 or 785 applies;

‘qualifying fund manager’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 784A;

‘qualifying management company’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 734(1);

‘recognised clearing system’ means any system for clearing units which is for the time being designated for the purposes of this Chapter by order of the Revenue Commissioners as a recognised clearing system;

‘relevant gains’, in relation to an investment undertaking, means gains accruing to the investment undertaking, being gains which would constitute chargeable gains in the hands of a person resident in the State including gains which would so constitute chargeable gains if all assets concerned were chargeable assets and no exemption from capital gains tax applied;

‘relevant income’, in relation to an investment undertaking, means any amounts of income, profits or gains which arise to or are receivable by the investment undertaking, being amounts of income, profits or gains—

(a) which are or are to be paid to unit holders as relevant payments,

(b) out of which relevant payments are or are to be made to unit holders, or

(c) which are or are to be accumulated for the benefit of, or invested for the benefit of, unit holders,

and which if they arose to an individual resident in the State would in the hands of the individual constitute income for the purposes of income tax;

‘relevant payment’ means a payment including a distribution made to a unit holder by an investment undertaking by reason of rights conferred on the unit holder as a result of holding a unit or units in the investment undertaking, where such payments are made annually or at more frequent intervals, other than a payment made in respect of the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of a unit;

‘relevant profits’, in relation to an investment undertaking, means the relevant income and relevant gains of the investment undertaking;

‘relevant Regulations’ means the European Communities (Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities) Regulations, 1989 ( S.I. No. 78 of 1989 );

‘return’ means a return under section 739F;

‘specified collective investment undertaking’ and ‘specified company’ have, respectively, the meanings assigned to them in section 734(1);

‘special investment scheme’ has the same meaning as in section 737;

‘standard rate’ has the same meaning as in section 3(1);

‘umbrella scheme’ means an investment undertaking—

(a) which is divided into a number of sub-funds, and

(b) in which the unit holders are entitled to exchange units in one sub-fund for units in another;

‘unit’ includes any investment made by a unit holder, such as a subscription for shares or a contribution of capital, in an investment undertaking, being an investment which entitles the investor—

(a) to a share of the investments or relevant profits of, or

(b) to receive a relevant payment from,

the investment undertaking;

‘unit holder’, in relation to an investment undertaking, means any person who by reason of the holding of a unit, or under the terms of a unit, in the investment undertaking is entitled to a share of any of the investments or relevant profits of, or to receive a relevant payment from, the investment undertaking.

(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, Schedule 2B and section 904D, references to an investment undertaking (other than in this subsection) shall be construed so as to include a reference to a trustee, management company or other such person who—

(a) is authorised to act on behalf, or for the purposes, of the investment undertaking, and

(b) habitually does so,

to the extent that such construction brings into account for the purposes of this Chapter, Schedule 2B and section 904D any matter relating to the investment undertaking, being a matter which would not otherwise be brought into account for those purposes; but such construction shall not render the trustee, management company or other such person liable in a personal capacity to any tax imposed by this Chapter on an investment undertaking.

(3) This Chapter applies to an investment undertaking and the unit holders in relation to that investment undertaking where the investment undertaking—

(a) is on 31 March 2000 a specified collective investment undertaking, from 1 April 2000, or

(b) first issued units on or after 1 April 2000, from the day of such first issue.

(4) Where this Chapter applies to an investment undertaking, sections 734, 738 and 739 shall not apply to that investment undertaking or to unit holders in relation to that investment undertaking.

(5) Schedule 2B has effect for the purposes of supplementing this Chapter.

(6) For the purposes of this Chapter and Schedule 2B, where a holder of units in an investment undertaking is—

(a) an investment undertaking

(b) a special investment scheme, or

(c) a unit trust to which section 731(5)(a) applies,

the unit holder shall be treated as being entitled to the units so held.

Charge to tax.

739C.—(1) Notwithstanding anything in the Acts, an investment undertaking to which this Chapter applies shall not be chargeable to tax in respect of relevant profits otherwise than to the extent provided for in this Chapter.

(2) Notwithstanding Chapter 4 of Part 8, that Chapter shall apply to a deposit (within the meaning of that Chapter) to which an investment undertaking is for the time being entitled as if such deposit were not a relevant deposit within the meaning of that Chapter.

Gain arising on a chargeable event.

739D.—(1) In this Chapter—

(a) references to a chargeable event in relation to an investment undertaking in respect of a unit holder are, where the investment undertaking is an umbrella fund, references to a chargeable event in relation to each sub-fund of the umbrella fund in respect of a unit holder in that sub-fund, as if the sub-fund were the investment undertaking,

(b) references to an amount invested by a unit holder in an investment undertaking for the acquisition of a unit (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘original unit’), where the original unit is a unit in a sub-fund of an umbrella scheme and the original unit has been exchanged for a unit or units of another sub-fund of the umbrella scheme, are references to the amount invested by the unit holder for the acquisition of the original unit, and

(c) references to an amount invested by a unit holder in an investment undertaking for the acquisition of a unit shall, where the investment undertaking was on 31 March 2000 a specified collective investment undertaking and the unit was at that time a unit (within the meaning of section 734(1)) held by the unit holder as a unit holder (within the meaning of the said section) in relation to the specified collective investment undertaking, be references to the amount invested by the unit holder for the acquisition of the unit (within the said meaning) of the specified collective investment undertaking, or where that unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, the value of that unit at its date of acquisition by the unit holder.

(2) On the happening of a chargeable event in relation to an investment undertaking in respect of a unit holder, there shall, subject to this section, be treated as arising to the investment undertaking a gain in the amount of—

(a) where the chargeable event is the making of a relevant payment, the amount of the relevant payment,

(b) where the chargeable event is the making of any other payment by the investment undertaking to a person, by virtue of that person being a unit holder, otherwise than on the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of a unit, the amount of the payment,

(c) where the chargeable event is the making of a payment by the investment undertaking to a unit holder, on the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of a unit—

(i) the amount determined under subsection (3), or

(ii) where the investment undertaking has made an election under subsection (5), the amount of the payment reduced by the amount invested by the unit holder in the investment undertaking in acquiring the unit, and where the unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, the amount so invested shall be the value of the unit at the time of its acquisition by the unit holder,

(d) where the chargeable event is the transfer by a unit holder of entitlement to a unit,

(i) the amount determined under subsection (4), or

(ii) where the investment undertaking has made an election under subsection (5), the value of the unit transferred at the time of transfer reduced by the amount invested by the unit holder in the investment undertaking in acquiring the unit, and where the unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, the amount so invested shall be the value of the unit at the time of its acquisition by the unit holder, and

(e) where the chargeable event is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000, the excess (if any) of the value of the units held by the unit holder on that day over the total amount invested in the investment undertaking by the unit holder for the acquisition of the units, and where any unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, the amount so invested to acquire that unit shall be the value of the unit at the time of its acquisition by the unit holder.

(3) The amount referred to in subsection (2)(c) is the amount determined by the formula—

P —

(C x N1)

N2

where—

P is the amount in money or money's worth payable to the unit holder on the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of units, without having regard to any amount of appropriate tax (within the meaning of section 739E) thereby arising,

C is the total amount invested by the unit holder in the investment undertaking to acquire the units held by the unit holder immediately before the chargeable event and—

(a) where any unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, or

(b) where a chargeable event was deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 in respect of the unit holder of that unit,

the amount so invested to acquire the unit is—

(i) where paragraph (a) applies, the value of the unit at the time of its acquisition by the unit holder, and

(ii) where paragraph (b) applies, the value of the unit on 31 December 2000, without having regard to any amount of appropriate tax (within the meaning of section 739E) thereby arising,

N1 is the number of units being cancelled, redeemed or, as the case may be, repurchased on the happening of the chargeable event, and

N2 is the total number of units held by the unit holder immediately before the chargeable event.

(4) The amount referred to in subsection (2)(d) is the amount determined by the formula—

V —

(C x N1)

N2

where—

V is the value of the units transferred, at the time of transfer, without having regard to any amount of appropriate tax (within the meaning of section 739E) thereby arising,

C is the total amount invested by the unit holder in the investment undertaking to acquire the units held by the unit holder immediately before the chargeable event and—

(a) where any unit was otherwise acquired by the unit holder, or

(b) where a chargeable event was deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 in respect of the unit holder of that unit,

the amount so invested to acquire the unit is—

(i) where paragraph (a) applies, the value of the unit at the time of its acquisition by the unit holder, and

(ii) where paragraph (b) applies, the value of the unit on 31 December 2000, without having regard to any amount of appropriate tax (within the meaning of section 739E) thereby arising,

N1 is the number of units transferred on the happening of the chargeable event, and

N2 is the total number of units held by the unit holder immediately before the chargeable event.

(5) The election referred to in paragraphs (c) and (d) of subsection (2) is an irrevocable election made by an investment undertaking—

(a) at the time it is set up or commenced, or

(b) where the investment undertaking was on 31 March 2000 a specified collective investment undertaking, on 1 April 2000,

in respect of all its unit holders at that time or any future time, so that, for the purposes of identifying units acquired with units subsequently disposed of by a unit holder, units acquired at an earlier time are deemed to have been disposed of before units acquired at a later time.

(6) A gain shall not be treated as arising to an investment undertaking on the happening of a chargeable event in respect of a unit holder where, immediately before the chargeable event, the unit holder—

(a) is a pension scheme which has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 2 of Schedule 2B,

(b) is a company carrying on life business within the meaning of section 706, and which company has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 3 of Schedule 2B,

(c) is another investment undertaking which has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 4 of Schedule 2B,

(d) is a special investment scheme which has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 5 of Schedule 2B,

(e) is a unit trust to which section 731(5)(a) applies, and the unit trust has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 6 of Schedule 2B,

(f) is a person who—

(i) is entitled to exemption from income tax by virtue of section 207(1)(b), and

(ii) has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 7 of Schedule 2B,

(g) is a qualifying management company or a specified company and has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 8 of Schedule 2B, or

(h) is a person who is entitled to exemption from income tax and capital gains tax by virtue of section 784A(2) (as amended by the Finance Act, 2000) and the units held are assets of an approved retirement fund or an approved minimum retirement fund and the qualifying fund manager has made a declaration to the investment undertaking in accordance with paragraph 9 of Schedule 2B,

and the investment undertaking is in the possession of the declaration immediately before the chargeable event.

(7) Subject to subsection (8), a gain shall not be treated as arising to an investment undertaking on the happening of a chargeable event in respect of a unit holder where, immediately before the chargeable event, the investment undertaking—

(a) is in possession of a declaration of a kind referred to in—

(i) paragraph 10 of Schedule 2B, or

(ii) where the unit holder is not a company, paragraph 11 of that Schedule, and

(b) is not in possession of any information which would reasonably suggest that—

(i) the information contained in that declaration is not, or is no longer, materially correct,

(ii) the unit holder failed to comply with the undertaking referred to in paragraph 10(g) or 11(f), as the case may be, of Schedule 2B, or

(iii) immediately before the chargeable event the unit holder is resident or ordinarily resident in the State.

(8) (a) A gain shall not be treated as arising to an investment undertaking on the happening of a chargeable event in respect of a unit holder where—

(i) the investment undertaking was on 31 March 2000 a specified collective investment undertaking and the unit holder was a unit holder (within the meaning of section 734(1)) in relation to that specified collective investment undertaking at that time, and

(ii) the investment undertaking on or before 30 June 2000 makes to the Collector-General a declaration in accordance with paragraph 12 of Schedule 2B,

otherwise than, subject to paragraph (b), in respect of a unit holder (in this subsection and in section 739G referred to as an ‘excepted unit holder’)—

(A) whose name is included in the schedule to the declaration by virtue of paragraph 12(d) of Schedule 2B, and

(B) who has not made a declaration of a kind referred to in subsection (6) to the investment undertaking.

(b) A gain shall not be treated as arising to an investment undertaking on the happening of a chargeable event in respect of an excepted unit holder where the chargeable event is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000.

(9) A gain shall not be treated as arising to an investment undertaking on the happening of a chargeable event in respect of a unit holder who is an intermediary, where immediately before the chargeable event the investment undertaking—

(a) is in possession of a declaration of a kind referred to in paragraph 13 of Schedule 2B, and

(b) is not in possession of any information which would reasonably suggest that—

(i) the information contained in that declaration is not, or is no longer, materially correct,

(ii) the intermediary failed to comply with the undertaking referred to in paragraph 13(e) of Schedule 2B, or

(iii) any of the persons, on whose behalf the intermediary holds units of, or receives payments from, the investment undertaking, is resident or ordinarily resident in the State.

(10) An investment undertaking shall keep and retain declarations made to it in accordance with Schedule 2B for a period of 6 years from the time the unit holder of the units in respect of which a declaration was made, ceases to be such a unit holder.

Deduction of tax on the occurrence of a chargeable event.

739E.—(1) In this section and sections 739F and 739G, ‘appropriate tax’, in connection with a chargeable event in relation to an investment undertaking in respect of a unit holder, means a sum representing income tax on the amount of the gain arising to an investment undertaking—

(a) where the amount of the gain is provided by section 739D(2)(a), at the standard rate for the year of assessment in which the gain arises,

(b) where the chargeable event happens on or after 1 January 2001 and the amount of the gain is provided by paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of section 739D(2), at a rate determined by the formula—

(S + 3) per cent,

where S is the standard rate per cent (within the meaning of section 4), and

(c) where the chargeable event happens in the period commencing on 1 April 2000 and ending on 31 December 2000 and the amount of the gain is provided by paragraph (b), (c), (d) or (e) of section 739D(2), at a rate of 40 per cent.

(2) An investment undertaking shall account for the appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a unit holder in accordance with section 739F.

(3) An investment undertaking which is liable to account for appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a unit holder shall, at the time of the chargeable event, where the chargeable event is—

(a) the making of a payment to a unit holder, be entitled to deduct from the payment an amount equal to the appropriate tax,

(b)   (i) the transfer by a unit holder of entitlement to a unit, or

(ii) deemed to happen on 31 December 2000,

be entitled to appropriate or cancel such units of the unit holder as are required to meet the amount of appropriate tax,

and the investment undertaking shall be acquired and discharged of such deduction or, as the case may be, such appropriation or cancellation as if the amount of appropriate tax had been paid to the unit holder and the unit holder shall allow such deduction or, as the case may be, such appropriation or cancellation.

Returns and collection of appropriate tax.

739F.—(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts, this section shall apply for the purposes of regulating the time and manner in which appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event in relation to a unit holder shall be accounted for and paid.

(2) An investment undertaking shall for each financial year make to the Collector-General—

(a) a return of the appropriate tax in connection with chargeable events happening on or prior to 30 June, within 30 days of that date, and

(b) a return of appropriate tax in connection with chargeable events happening between 1 July and 31 December, within 30 days of that later date,

and where it is the case, the return shall specify that there is no appropriate tax for the period in question.

(3) The appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event which is required to be included in a return shall be due at the time by which the return is to be made and shall be paid by the investment undertaking to the Collector-General, and the appropriate tax so due shall be payable by the investment undertaking without the making of an assessment; but appropriate tax which has become so due may be assessed on the investment undertaking (whether or not it has been paid when the assessment is made) if that tax or any part of it is not paid on or before the due date.

(4) Where it appears to the inspector that there is an amount of appropriate tax in relation to a chargeable event which ought to have been but has not been included in a return, or where the inspector is dissatisfied with any return, the inspector may make an assessment on the investment undertaking to the best of his or her judgement, and any amount of appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event due under an assessment made by virtue of this subsection shall be treated for the purposes of interest on unpaid tax as having been payable at the time when it would have been payable if a correct return had been made.

(5) Where any item has been incorrectly included in a return as appropriate tax, the inspector may make such assessments, adjustments or set-offs as may in his or her judgement be required for securing that the resulting liabilities to tax, including interest on unpaid tax, whether of the investment undertaking making the return or of any other person, are in so far as possible the same as they would have been if the item had not been included.

(6) (a) Any appropriate tax assessed on an investment undertaking shall be due within one month after the issue of the notice of assessment (unless that tax is due earlier under subsection (3)) subject to any appeal against the assessment, but no appeal shall affect the date when any amount is due under subsection (3).

(b) On determination of the appeal against an assessment under this Chapter, any appropriate tax over-paid shall be repaid.

(7) (a) The provisions of the Income Tax Acts relating to—

(i) assessments to income tax,

(ii) appeals against such assessments (including the rehearing of appeals and the statement of a case for the opinion of the High Court), and

(iii) the collection and recovery of income tax,

shall, in so far as they are applicable, apply to the assessment, collection and recovery of appropriate tax.

(b)  Any amount of appropriate tax shall carry interest at the rate of 1 per cent for each month or part of a month from the date when the amount becomes due and payable until payment.

(c)  Subsections (2) and (4) of section 1080 shall apply in relation to interest payable under paragraph (b) as they apply in relation to interest payable under section 1080.

(d)  In its application to any appropriate tax charged by any assessment made in accordance with this Chapter section 1080 shall apply as if subsection (1)(b) of that section were deleted.

(8) Every return shall be in a form prescribed by the Revenue Commissioners and shall include a declaration to the effect that the return is correct and complete.

Taxation of unit holders in investment undertakings.

739G.—(1) Where a chargeable event in relation to an investment undertaking in respect of a unit holder is deemed to happen on 31 December 2000 and the unit holder is an excepted unit holder referred to in section 739D(8), the unit holder shall be treated for all the purposes of the Capital Gains Tax Acts as if the amount of the gain which, but for section 739D(8)(b), would have arisen to the investment undertaking on the happening of the chargeable event, were a chargeable gain accruing to the unit holder at that time and notwithstanding section 28, the rate of capital gains tax in respect of that chargeable gain shall be 40 per cent.

(2) As respects a payment in money or money's worth to a unit holder by reason of rights conferred on the unit holder as a result of holding units in an investment undertaking to which this Chapter applies—

(a) where the unit holder is not a company and the payment is a payment from which appropriate tax has been deducted, the payment shall not be reckoned in computing the total income of the unit holder for the purposes of the Income Tax Acts and shall not be treated as giving rise to a chargeable gain under the Capital Gains Tax Acts,

(b) where the unit holder is not a company and the payment is a payment from which appropriate tax has not been deducted, the amount of the payment shall be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts as income arising to the unit holder, constituting profits or gains chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D.

(c) where the unit holder is a company, the payment is a relevant payment and appropriate tax has been deducted from the payment, the amount received by the unit holder shall, subject to paragraph (g), be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts as the net amount of an annual payment chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D from the gross amount of which income tax has been deducted at the standard rate,

(d) where the unit holder is a company, the payment is a relevant payment and appropriate tax has not been deducted from the payment, the amount of the payment shall, subject to paragraph (g), be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts as income arising to the unit holder, constituting profits or gains chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D,

(e) where the unit holder is a company, the payment is not a relevant payment and appropriate tax has been deducted therefrom, such payment shall, subject to paragraph (g), not be taken into account for the purposes of the Tax Acts,

(f) where the unit holder is a company, the payment is not a relevant payment and appropriate tax has not been deducted from the payment, the amount of such payment shall, subject to paragraph (g), be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts as income arising to the unit holder, constituting profits or gains chargeable to tax under Case IV of Schedule D,

(g) where the unit holder is a company chargeable to tax on the payment under Case I of Schedule D—

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), the amount received by the unit holder increased by the amount (if any) of appropriate tax deducted shall be income of the unit holder for the chargeable period in which the payment is made,

(ii) where the payment is made on the cancellation, redemption or repurchase of units by the investment undertaking, such income shall be reduced by the amount of the consideration in money or money's worth given by the unit holder for the acquisition of those units, and

(iii) the amount (if any) of appropriate tax deducted shall be set off against corporation tax assessable on the unit holder for the chargeable period in which the payment is made,

(h) the amount of a payment made to a unit holder by an investment undertaking, where the unit holder is a company which is not resident in the State or the unit holder, not being a company, is neither resident not ordinarily resident in the State, shall not be chargeable to income tax, and

(i) no repayment of appropriate tax shall be made to any person who is not a company within the charge to corporation tax.

Investment undertakings: reconstructions and amalgamations.

739H.—(1) In this section—

‘exchange’, in relation to a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation, means the issue of units (in this section referred to as ‘new units’) by an investment undertaking (in this section referred to as the ‘new undertaking’) to the unit holders of another investment undertaking (in this section referred to as the ‘old undertaking’) in respect of and in proportion to (or as nearly as may be in proportion to) their holdings of units (in this section referred to as ‘old units’) in the old undertaking in exchange for the transfer by the old undertaking of all its assets and liabilities to the new undertaking where the exchange is entered into for the purposes of or in connection with a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation;

‘scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation’ means a scheme for the reconstruction of any investment undertaking or investment undertakings or the amalgamation of any 2 or more investment undertakings.

(2) The cancellation of old units arising from an exchange in relation to a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation shall not be a chargeable event and the amount invested by a unit holder for the acquisition of the new units shall for the purposes of this Chapter be the amount invested by the unit holder for the acquisition of the old units.”,

and

(b) by the insertion after Schedule 2A of the following Schedule:

“Section 739D.

SCHEDULE 2B

INVESTMENT UNDERTAKINGS: DECLARATIONS

Interpretation

1. In this Schedule—

‘appropriate person’, in relation to a pension scheme, means—

(a) in the case of an exempt approved scheme (within the meaning of section 774), the administrator (within the meaning of section 770) of the scheme,

(b) in the case of a retirement annuity contract to which section 784 or 785 applies, the person lawfully carrying on in the State the business of granting annuities on human life with whom the contract is made, and

(c) in the case of a trust scheme to which section 784 or 785 applies, the trustees of the trust scheme;

‘tax reference number’, in relation to a person, has the meaning assigned to it by section 885 in relation to a specified person within the meaning of that section.

Declarations of pension schemes

2. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(a) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a pension scheme,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the pension scheme,

(f) contains a certificate by the appropriate person in relation to the pension scheme that, to the best of that person's knowledge and belief, the declaration made in accordance with subparagraph (d) and the information furnished in accordance with subparagraph (e) are true and correct, and

(g) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration of company carrying on life business

3. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(b) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a company carrying on life business within the meaning of section 706,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the company, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declarations of investment undertakings

4. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(c) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is an investment undertaking,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the investment undertaking, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declarations of special investment scheme

5. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(d) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a special investment scheme,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the special investment scheme, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declarations of unit trust

6. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(e) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a unit trust to which section 731(5)(a) applies,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the unit trust, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration of charity

7. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(f) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) entitled to the units in respect of which the undertaking is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a person referred to in section 739D(6)(f)(i),

(e) contains the name and address of that person,

(f) contains a statement that at the time when the declaration is made the units in respect of which the declaration is made are held for charitable purposes only and—

(i) form part of the assets of a body of persons or trust treated by the Revenue Commissioners as a body or trust established for charitable purposes only, or

(ii) are, according to the rules or regulations established by statute, charter, decree, deed of trust or will, held for charitable purposes only and are so treated by the Revenue Commissioners,

(g) contains an undertaking by the declarer that if the person mentioned in subparagraph (d) ceases to be a person referred to in section 739D(6)(f)(i), the declarer will notify the investment undertaking accordingly, and

(h) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration of qualifying management company and specified company

8. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(g) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by a person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) who is entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time the declaration is made, the person entitled to the units is a qualifying management company or, as the case may be, a specified company,

(e) contains the name and tax reference number of the declarer, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration of qualifying fund manager

9. The declaration referred to in section 739D(6)(h) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by a qualifying fund manager (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) in respect of units which are assets in an approved retirement fund or, as the case may be, an approved minimum retirement fund,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that, at the time when the declaration is made, the units in respect of which the declaration is made—

(i) are assets of an approved retirement fund or, as the case may be, an approved minimum retirement fund, and

(ii) are managed by the declarer for the individual who is beneficially entitled to the units,

(e) contains the name, address and tax reference number of the individual referred to in subparagraph (d),

(f) contains an undertaking by the declarer that if the units cease to be assets of the approved retirement fund or, as the case may be, the approved minimum retirement fund, including a case where the units are transferred to another such fund, the declarer will notify the investment undertaking accordingly, and

(g) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declarations of non-resident on acquisition of units

10. The declaration referred to in section 739(D)(7)(a)(i) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by a person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) who is entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is made on or about the time when the units are applied for or acquired by the declarer,

(c) is signed by the declarer,

(d) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(e) declares that, at the time the declaration is made, the declarer is not resident in the State,

(f) contains the name and address of the declarer,

(g) contains an undertaking by the declarer that if the declarer becomes resident in the State, the declarer will notify the investment undertaking accordingly, and

(h) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration of non-corporate person

11. The declaration referred to in section 739D(7)(a)(ii) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made by the person (in this paragraph referred to as the ‘declarer’) who is entitled to the units in respect of which the declaration is made,

(b) is signed by the declarer,

(c) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(d) declares that the declarer, at the time the declaration is made, is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the State,

(e) contains the name and address of the declarer,

(f) contains an undertaking by the declarer that if the declarer becomes resident in the State, the declarer will notify the investment undertaking accordingly, and

(g) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.

Declaration to Collector-General

12. The declaration referred to in section 739D(8)(a) is a declaration in writing to the Collector-General which—

(a) is made and signed by the investment undertaking,

(b) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(c) contains the name, address and tax reference number of the investment undertaking,

(d) declarer that, to the best of the investment undertaking's knowledge and belief, no units in the investment undertaking were held on 1 April 2000 by a person who was resident in the State at that time, other than such persons whose names and addresses are set out on the schedule to the declaration, and

(e) contains a schedule which sets out the name and address of each person who on 1 April 2000 was a unit holder in the investment undertaking and who was on that date, resident in the State.

Declaration of intermediary

13. The declaration referred to in section 739D(9)(a) is a declaration in writing to the investment undertaking which—

(a) is made and signed by the intermediary,

(b) is made in such form as may be prescribed or authorised by the Revenue Commissioners,

(c) contains the name and address of the intermediary,

(d) declares that, at the time of making the declaration, to the best of the intermediary's knowledge and belief, the person who has beneficial entitlement to each of the units in respect of which the declaration is made—

(i) is not resident in the State, where that person is a company, and

(ii) where that person is not a company, the person is neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the State,

(e) contains an undertaking that where the intermediary becomes aware at any time that the declaration made under subparagraph (d) is no longer correct, the intermediary will notify the investment undertaking accordingly, and

(f) contains such other information as the Revenue Commissioners may reasonably require for the purposes of Chapter 1A of Part 27.”.

Amendment of section 172A (interpretation) of Principal Act.

59.—The Principal Act is amended in section 172A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) by the substitution in subsection (1)(a) for the definition of “collective investment undertaking” of the following definition:

“‘collective investment undertaking’ means—

(i) a collective investment undertaking within the meaning of section 734,

(ii) an undertaking for collective investment within the meaning of section 738, or

(iii) an investment undertaking within the meaning of section 739B (inserted by the Finance Act, 2000),

not being an offshore fund within the meaning of section 743;”.

Amendment of section 659 (farming: allowance for capital expenditure on the construction of farm buildings, etc. for control of pollution) of Principal Act.

60.—Section 659 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) by the substitution of “6 April 2003” for “the 6th day of April, 2000,”, and

(b) (i) by the substitution of the following for subsection (2):

“(2) (a) Subject to the provisions of Article 6 of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2328/91 of 15 July 19911 , on improving the efficiency of agricultural structures, as amended, and subject to subsections (3) and (3A), where a person to whom this section applies—

(i) has delivered to the Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development a farm nutrient management plan referred to in subsection (1)(b), and

(ii) incurs capital expenditure to which subsection (1) applies,

there shall be made to such person during the writing-down periods, specified in paragraph (b), writing-down allowances (in this section referred to as ‘farm pollution control allowances’) in respect of that expenditure and such allowances shall be made in taxing the trade.

(b) The writing-down periods referred to in paragraph (a) shall be—

(i) 8 years beginning with the chargeable period related to the capital expenditure, where that expenditure is incurred before 6 April 2000; or

(ii) 7 years beginning with the chargeable period related to the capital expenditure, where that expenditure is incurred on or after 6 April 2000,”,

(ii) in subsection (3) by the substitution of the following paragraph for paragraph (a):

“(a) as respects the first year of the writing-down period referred to in subsection (2)(b)(i), where the capital expenditure was incurred—

(i) before 6 April 1998, an amount equal to 50 per cent of that expenditure or £10,000, whichever is the lesser,

(ii) on or after 6 April 1998 and before 6 April 2000, an amount equal to 50 per cent of that expenditure or £15,000, whichever is the lesser,”,

and

(iii) by the insertion of the following subsections after subsection (3):

“(3A) The farm pollution control allowances to be made in accordance with subsection (2) during the writing-down period referred to in subsection (2)(b)(ii), in respect of capital expenditure incurred in a chargeable period, where that expenditure is incurred on or after 6 April 2000 shall, subject to subsection (3B), be an amount equal to—

(a) 15 per cent of that expenditure incurred for each of the first 6 years of the writing-down period, and

(b) 10 per cent of that expenditure for the last year of the writing-down period.

(3B) (a) In this subsection—

‘residual amount’, in relation to capital expenditure incurred in a chargeable period, means an amount equal to 50 per cent of that expenditure or £25,000 whichever is the lesser;

‘specified amount’, in relation to capital expenditure incurred in a chargeable period, means the balance of that expenditure after deducting the residual amount;

‘specified return date for the chargeable period’ has the same meaning as in section 950.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (3A), where farm pollution control allowances are to be made to a person in accordance with that subsection during the writing-down period referred to in subsection (2)(b)(ii), such person may elect to have those allowances made in accordance with this subsection and, where such person so elects, the allowances shall be made in accordance with this subsection only.

(c) Where paragraph (b) applies to a person, the farm pollution control allowances to be made to such person during the writing-down period referred to in subsection (2)(b)(ii) shall be an amount equal to—

(i) 15 per cent of the specified amount for each of the first 6 years of the writing-down period, and

(ii) 10 per cent of the specified amount for the last year of the writing-down period, and

(iii) subject to paragraph (d), the whole or any part of the residual amount, as is specified by the person to whom the allowances are to be made, in any year of the writing-down period.

(d) The allowances to be made in accordance with subparagraphs (i) and (iii) of paragraph (c) or subparagraphs (ii) and (iii) of that paragraph, as the case may be, for any year of the writing-down period, shall not in the aggregate exceed the residual amount.

(3C) (a) An election by a person to whom this section applies in relation to the farm pollution control allowances claimed in subsection (3B) shall be made in writing on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period in which the expenditure is incurred and shall be included in the annual statement required to be delivered under the Income Tax Acts of the profits or gains from farming as set out in subsection (5).

(b) An election made under the provisions of paragraph (a) cannot be altered or varied during the writing-down period to which it refers.”.

Amendment of Part 23 (farming and market gardening) of Principal Act.

61.—The Principal Act is amended—

(a) in Part 1, by the substitution for paragraph (b) of the definition of “capital allowance” in section 2(1) of the following:

“(b) Part 23,”,

(b) in Part 23, by the insertion after Chapter 2 of the following:

“Chapter 3

Milk Quotas

Interpretation.

669A.—In this Chapter—

‘lessee’ has the same meaning as in Chapter 8 of Part 4;

‘levy’ means the levy referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3950 of 28 December 19921 , as amended;

‘milk’ means the produce of the milking of one or more cows and ‘other milk products’ includes cream, butter and cheese;

‘milk quota’ means—

(a) the quantity of a milk or other milk products which may be supplied by a person carrying on farming, in the course of a trade of farming land occupied by such person to a purchaser in a milk quota year without that person being liable to pay a levy, or

(b) the quantity of a milk or other milk products which may be sold or transferred free for direct consumption by a person carrying on farming, in the course of a trade of farming land occupied by such person in a milk quota year without that person being liable to pay a levy;

‘milk quota restructuring scheme’ means a scheme introduced by the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Rural Development under the provisions of Article 8(b) of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3950 of 28 December 1992, as amended;

‘milk quota year’ means a twelve month period beginning on 1 April and ending on the following 31 March;

‘purchaser’ has the meaning assigned to it under Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3950 of 28 December 1992;

‘qualifying expenditure’ means—

(a) in the case of milk quota to which paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘qualifying quota’ refers, the amount of the capital expenditure incurred on the purchase of that qualifying quota, and

(b) in the case of milk quota to which paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘qualifying quota’ refers, the lesser of—

(i) the amount of capital expenditure incurred on the purchase of that qualifying quota, or

(ii) the amount of capital expenditure which would have been incurred on the purchase of that qualifying quota if the price paid were the maximum price for the milk quota year in which the purchase took place as set by the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Rural Development for the purposes of a Milk Quota Restructuring Scheme;

‘qualifying quota’ means—

(a) a milk quota purchased by a person on or after 1 April 2000 under a Milk Quota Restructuring Scheme, or

(b) a milk quota purchased by a lessee who entered into a lease agreement with a lessor who is not a person connected (within the meaning of section 10) with that lessee, in respect of that quota prior to 13 October 1999 and which ends on or after 31 March 2000 and which complies with the provisions of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 857-84\f\1\f\ of 31 March 1984 or Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3950 of 28 December 1992;

‘writing-down period’ has the meaning assigned to it by section 669B(2).

Annual allowances for capital expenditure on purchase of milk quota.

669B.—(1) Where, on or after 6 April 2000, a person incurs qualifying expenditure on the purchase of a qualifying quota, there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made to that person writing-down allowances during the writing-down period as specified in subsection (2); but no writing-down allowance shall be made to a person in respect of any qualifying expenditure unless the allowance is to be made to the person in taxing the person's trade of farming.

(2) The writing-down period referred to in subsection (1) shall be 7 years commencing with the beginning of the chargeable period related to the qualifying expenditure.

(3) The writing-down allowances to be made during the writing-down period referred to in subsection (2) in respect of qualifying expenditure shall be determined by the formula—

A x

B

C

where—

A is the amount of the capital expenditure incurred on the purchase of the milk quota,

B is the length of the part of the chargeable period falling within the writing-down period, and

C is the length of the writing-down period.

Effect of sale of quota.

669C.—(1) Where a person incurs qualifying expenditure on the purchase of a qualifying quota and, before the end of the writing-down period, any of the following events occurs—

(a) the person sells the qualifying quota or so much of the quota as the person still owns;

(b) the qualifying quota comes to an end or ceases altogether to be used;

(c) the person sells part of the qualifying quota and the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) are not less than the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed;

no writing-down allowance shall be made to that person for the chargeable period related to the event or any subsequent chargeable period.

(2) Where a person incurs qualifying expenditure on the purchase of a qualifying quota and, before the end of the writing-down period, either of the following events occurs—

(a) the qualifying quota comes to an end or ceases altogether to be used;

(b) the person sells all of the qualifying quota or so much of that quota as the person still owns, and the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) are less than the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed;

there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made to that person for the accounting period related to the event an allowance (in this Chapter referred to as a ‘balancing allowance’) equal to—

(i) if the event is the qualifying quota coming to an end or ceasing altogether to be used, the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed, and

(ii) if the event is a sale, the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed less the net proceeds of the sale.

(3) Where a person who has incurred qualifying expenditure on the purchase of a qualifying quota sells all or any part of that quota and the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) exceed the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed, if any, there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made on that person for the chargeable period related to the sale a charge (in this Chapter referred to as a ‘balancing charge’) on an amount equal to—

(a) the excess, or

(b) where the amount of the qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed is nil, the net proceeds of the sale.

(4) Where a person who has incurred qualifying expenditure on the purchase of a qualifying quota sells a part of that quota and subsection (3) does not apply, the amount of any writing-down allowance made in respect of that expenditure for the chargeable period related to the sale or any subsequent chargeable period shall be the amount determined by—

(a) subtracting the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) from the amount of the expenditure remaining unallowed at the time of the sale, and

(b) dividing the result by the number of complete years of the writing-down period which remained at the beginning of the chargeable period related to the sale,

and so on for any subsequent sales.

(5) References in this section to the amount of any qualifying expenditure remaining unallowed shall in relation to any event be construed as references to the amount of that expenditure less any writing-down allowances made in respect of that expenditure for chargeable periods before the chargeable period related to that event, and less also the net proceeds of any previous sale by the person who incurred the expenditure of any part of the qualifying quota acquired by the expenditure, in so far as those proceeds consist of capital sums.

(6) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (5)—

(a) no balancing allowance shall be made in respect of any expenditure unless a writing-down allowance has been, or, but for the happening of the event giving rise to the balancing allowance, could have been, made in respect of that expenditure, and

(b) the total amount on which a balancing charge is made in respect of any expenditure shall not exceed the total writing-down allowances actually made in respect of that expenditure less, if a balancing charge has previously been made in respect of that expenditure, the amount on which that charge was made.

Manner of making allowances and charges.

669D.—An allowance or charge under this Chapter shall be made to or on a person in taxing the profits or gains from farming but only if at any time in the chargeable period or its basis period the qualifying quota in question was used for the purposes of that trade.

Application of Chapter 4 of Part 9.

669E.—(1) Subject to subsection (2), Chapter 4 of Part 9 shall apply as if this Chapter were contained in that Part.

(2) In Chapter 4 of Part 9, as applied by virtue of subsection (1) to a qualifying quota, the reference in section 312(5)(a)(i) to the sum mentioned in paragraph (b) shall in the case of a qualifying quota be construed as a reference to the amount of the qualifying expenditure on the acquisition of the qualifying quota remaining unallowed, computed in accordance with section 669C.

Commencement (Chapter 3).

669F.—This Chapter shall come into operation on such day as the Minister for Finance, with the consent of the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, may, by order, appoint.”.

Amendment of section 723 (special investment policies) of Principal Act.

62.—The Principal Act is amended in section 723 by the substitution in subsection (1) for the definition of “special investment policy” of the following definition:

“ ‘special investment policy’ means a policy of life assurance issued by an assurance company to an individual on or after 1 February 1993 and before 1 January 2001, in respect of which—

(a) the conditions specified in subsection (3) are satisfied, and

(b) a declaration of the kind specified in subsection (4) has been made to the assurance company;”.

Amendment of section 843A (capital allowances for buildings used for certain childcare purposes) of Principal Act.

63.—(1) Section 843A of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the insertion of the following definition after the definition of ‘pre-school child’ and ‘pre-school service’:

“ ‘property developer’ means a person carrying on a trade which consists wholly or mainly of the construction or refurbishment of buildings or structures with a view to their sale;”,

and

(ii) by the substitution of the following definition for “qualifying expenditure”—

“ ‘qualifying expenditure’ means capital expenditure incurred on the construction, conversion or refurbishment of a qualifying premises;”,

(b) in subsection (3) by the insertion after “qualifying expenditure” of “incurred on or after 2 December 1998”,

(c) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (3):

“(3A) For the purposes of the application, by subsection (2), of sections 271 and 273 in relation to qualifying expenditure incurred on or after 1 December 1999 on a qualifying premises—

(a) section 271 shall apply—

(i) as if in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted,

(ii) as if in subsection (2)(a)(i) of that section ‘to which subsection (3) applies’ were deleted,

(iii) as if subsection (3) of that section were deleted,

(iv) as if the following subsection were substituted for subsection (4) of that section:

‘(4) An industrial building allowance shall be an amount equal to 100 per cent of the capital expenditure mentioned in subsection (2).’,

and

(v) as if subsection (5) of that section were deleted,

and

(b) section 273 shall apply—

(i) as if in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted, and

(ii) as if subsections (2)(b) and (3) to (7) of that section were deleted.”,

(d) by the insertion of the following subsection after subsection (4):

“(5) Subsections (3) and (3A) shall not apply in respect of qualifying expenditure incurred on a qualifying premises on or after 1 December 1999—

(a) where a property developer is entitled to the relevant interest, within the meaning of section 269, in that qualifying premises, and

(b) either the person referred to in paragraph (a) or a person connected (within the meaning of section 10) with that person incurred the qualifying expenditure on that qualifying premises.”.

(2) This section shall come into operation on such day as the Minister for Finance may, by order, appoint.

Amendment of Part 29 (patents, scientific and certain other research, know-how and certain training) of Principal Act.

64.—The Principal Act is amended in Part 29 by the insertion after Chapter 3 of the following:

“Chapter 4

Transmission Capacity Rights

Interpretation (Chapter 4).

769A.—(1) In this Chapter—

‘capacity rights’ means the right to use wired, radio or optical transmission paths for the transfer of voice, data or information:

‘writing-down period’ has the meaning assigned to it by section 769B(2).

(2) In this Chapter, any reference to the sale of part of capacity rights includes a reference to the grant of a licence in respect of the capacity rights in question, and any reference to the purchase of capacity rights includes a reference to the acquisition of a licence in respect of capacity rights; but, if a licence granted by a company entitled to any capacity rights is a licence to exercise those rights to the exclusion of the grantor and all other persons for the whole of the remainder of the term for which the rights subsist, the grantor shall be treated for the purposes of this Chapter as thereby selling the whole of the rights.

Annual allowances for capital expenditure on purchase of capacity rights.

769B.—(1) Where, on or after 1 April 2000, a company incurs capital expenditure on the purchase of capacity rights, there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made to that company writing-down allowances, in respect of that expenditure during the writing-down period; but no writing-down allowance shall be made to a company in respect of any expenditure unless—

(a) the allowance is to be made to the company in taxing the company's trade, or

(b) any income receivable by the company in respect of the rights would be liable to tax.

(2) (a) Subject to paragraph (c), the writing-down period shall be—

(i) a period of 7 years, or

(ii) where the capacity rights are purchased for a specified period which exceeds 7 years, the number of years for which the capacity rights are purchased,

commencing with the beginning of the accounting period related to the expenditure.

(b) For the purposes of this section, writing-down allowances shall be determined by the formula—

A x

B

C

where—

A is the amount of the capital expenditure incurred on the purchase of the capacity rights,

B is the length of the part of the chargeable period falling within the writing-down period, and

C is the length of the writing-down period.

(c) For the purposes of this subsection, any expenditure incurred for the purposes of a trade by a company about to carry on the trade shall be treated as if that expenditure had been incurred by that company on the first day on which that company carries on the trade unless before that day the company has sold all the capacity rights on the purchase of which the expenditure was incurred.

Effect of lapse of capacity rights.

769C.—(1) Where a company incurs capital expenditure on the purchase of capacity rights and, before the end of the writing-down period, any of the following events occurs—

(a) the rights come to an end without provision for their subsequent renewal or the rights cease altogether to be exercised;

(b) the company sells all those rights or so much of them as it still owns;

(c) the company sells part of those rights and the amount of net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) are not less than the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed;

no writing-down allowance shall be made to that company for the chargeable period related to the event or for any subsequent chargeable period.

(2) Where a company incurs capital expenditure on the purchase of capacity rights and, before the end of the writing-down period, either of the following events occurs—

(a) the rights come to an end without provision for their subsequent renewal or the rights cease altogether to be exercised;

(b) the company sells all those rights or so much of them as it still owns, and the amount of the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) are less than the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed;

there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made to that company for the accounting period related to the event an allowance (in this Chapter referred to as a ‘balancing allowance’) equal to—

(i) if the event is one referred to in paragraph (a), the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed, and

(ii) if the event is one referred to in paragraph (b), the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed less the amount of the net proceeds of the sale.

(3) Where a company which has incurred capital expenditure on the purchase of capacity rights sells all or any part of those rights and the amount of the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) exceeds the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed, if any, there shall, subject to and in accordance with this Chapter, be made on that company for the chargeable period related to the sale a charge (in this Chapter referred to as a ‘balancing charge’) on an amount equal to—

(a) the excess, or

(b) where the amount of the capital expenditure remaining unallowed is nil, the amount of the net proceeds of the sale.

(4) Where a company which has incurred capital expenditure on the purchase of capacity rights sells a part of those rights and subsection (3) does not apply, the amount of any writing-down allowance made in respect of that expenditure for the chargeable period related to the sale or any subsequent chargeable period shall be the amount determined by—

(a) subtracting the amount of the net proceeds of the sale (in so far as they consist of capital sums) from the amount of the expenditure remaining unallowed at the time of the sale, and

(b) dividing the result by the number of complete years of the writing-down period which remained at the beginning of the chargeable period related to the sale,

and so on for any subsequent sales.

(5) References in this section to the amount of any capital expenditure remaining unallowed shall in relation to any event aforesaid be construed as references to the amount of that expenditure less any writing-down allowances made in respect of that expenditure for chargeable periods before the chargeable period related to that event, and less also the amount of the net proceeds of any previous sale by the company which incurred the expenditure of any part of the rights acquired by the expenditure, in so far as those proceeds consist of capital sums.

(6) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (5)—

(a) no balancing allowance shall be made in respect of any expenditure unless a writing-down allowance has been, or, but for the happening of the event giving rise to the balancing allowance, could have been, made in respect of that expenditure, and

(b) the total amount on which a balancing charge is made in respect of any expenditure shall not exceed the total writing-down allowances actually made in respect of that expenditure less, if a balancing charge has previously been made in respect of that expenditure, the amount on which that charge was made.

Manner of making allowances and charges.

769D.—(1) An allowance or charge under this Chapter shall be made to or on a company in taxing the company's trade if—

(a) the company is carrying on a trade the profits or gains of which are or, if there were any, would be, chargeable to corporation tax for the chargeable period for which the allowance or charge is made, and

(b) at any time in the chargeable period or its basis period the capacity rights in question, or other rights out of which they were granted, were used for the purposes of that trade.

(2) Except where provided for in subsection (1), an allowance under this Chapter shall be made by means of discharge or repayment of tax and shall be available against income from capacity rights, and a charge under this Chapter shall be made under Case IV of Schedule D.

Application of Chapter 4 of Part 9.

769E.—(1) Subject to subsection (2), Chapter 4 of Part 9 shall apply as if this Chapter were contained in that Part, and any reference in the Tax Acts to any capital allowance to be given by means of discharge or repayment of tax and to be available or available primarily against a specified class of income shall include a reference to any capital allowance given in accordance with section 769D(2).

(2) In Chapter 4 of Part 9, as applied by virtue of subsection (1) to capacity rights, the reference in section 312(5)(a)(i) to the sum mentioned in paragraph (b) shall in the case of capacity rights be construed as a reference to the amount of the capital expenditure on the acquisition of the capacity rights remaining unallowed, computed in accordance with section 769C.

Commencement (Chapter 4).

769F.—This Chapter shall come into operation on such day as the Minister for Finance may, by order, appoint.”.

Amendment of section 243 (allowance of charges on income) of Principal Act.

65.—(1) Section 243(5) of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for “except where the company has been authorised by the Revenue Commissioners to do otherwise, the company deducts income tax which it accounts for under sections 238 and 239, or under sections 238 and 241, as the case may be, or” of the following:

“except where—

(I) the company has been authorised by the Revenue Commissioners to do otherwise, or

(II) the interest is interest referred to in paragraph (b) or (h) of section 246(3),

the company deducts income tax which it accounts for under sections 238 and 239, or under sections 238 and 241, as the case may be, or”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 10 February 2000.

Amendment of section 246 (interest payments by companies and to non-residents) of Principal Act.

66.—(1) Section 246 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1) by the substitution in the definition of “relevant territory” of “made;” for “made,” and by the insertion of the following definition after that definition:

“ ‘tax’, in relation to a relevant territory, means any tax imposed in such territory which corresponds to income tax or corporation tax in the State.”,

and

(b) in subsection (3)(h) by the substitution of “which, by virtue of the law of a relevant territory, is resident for the purposes of tax in the relevant territory,” for “resident in a relevant territory”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 10 February 2000.

Amendment of section 247 (relief to companies on loans applied in acquiring interest in other companies) of Principal Act.

67.—(1) Section 247 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution of the following for subsection (5):

“(5) Interest eligible for relief under this section shall be deducted from or set off against the income (not being income referred to in subsection (2)(a) of section 25) of the borrower for the year of assessment in which the interest is paid and tax shall be discharged or repaid accordingly.

(6) Where relief is given under this section in respect of interest on a loan, no relief or deduction under any other provision of the Tax Acts shall be given or allowed in respect of interest on the loan.”.

(2) This section shall be deemed to have applied as on and from 6 April 1997.

Amendment of Chapter 4 (revenue powers) of Part 38 of Principal Act.

68.—The Principal Act is amended in Chapter 4 of Part 38—

(a) in section 904A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 )—

(i) by the substitution for the definition of “authorised officer” of the following definitions:

“ ‘auditor’ means a person who is qualified, for the purposes of Part X of the Companies Act, 1990 , for appointment as auditor of a company, or any other person whom the Revenue Commissioners consider suitable, having regard to his or her qualifications or experience, for appointment as an authorised officer;

‘authorised officer’ means—

(a) an officer of the Revenue Commissioners who is authorised by them in writing to exercise the powers conferred by this section, and

(b) an auditor who is authorised by the Revenue Commissioners in writing to exercise the powers conferred by this section in relation to an audit of the return of a named relevant deposit taker for a specified year or years of assessment;

‘associated company’, in relation to a relevant deposit taker, means a company which is itself a relevant deposit taker and which is the relevant deposit taker's associated company within the meaning of section 432;”,

and

(ii) by the substitution for subsections (6) and (7) of the following:

“(6) An authorised officer may require an associated company in relation to a relevant deposit taker or an employee of such an associated company to produce books, records or other documents and to furnish information, explanations and particulars and to give all assistance, which the authorised officer reasonably requires for the purposes of his or her audit and examination under subsections (2) and (3) and, as the case may be, enquiries under subsection (4).

(7) An authorised officer may make extracts from or copies of all or any part of the books, records or other documents or other material made available to him or her or require that copies of books, records, or other documents be made available to him or her, in exercising or performing his or her powers or duties under this section.

(8) An employee of a relevant deposit taker or of an associated company in relation to a relevant deposit taker, who fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer's powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £1,000.

(9) A relevant deposit taker or an associated company in relation to a relevant deposit taker which fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer's powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £15,000 and if that failure continues a further penalty of £2,000 for each day on which the failure continues.”,

(b) by the insertion after section 904A of the following sections:

“Report to Committee of Public Accounts: publication etc.

904B.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate tax’ and ‘relevant deposit taker’ have, respectively, the meanings assigned to them by section 256(1);

‘authorised officer’ has the meaning assigned to it by section 904A.

(2) Notwithstanding any obligation as to secrecy or other restriction upon disclosure of information imposed by or under statute or otherwise, the Revenue Commissioners—

(a) shall, before 1 November 2000, make a report in writing to the Committee of Public Accounts of Dáil Éireann, and

(b) may, at any time, cause to be made public a report, in such manner as they consider fit,

of the results (including interim results) of any audit carried out by an authorised officer under section 904A during the period from 25 March 1999 to the date the report is made.

(3) The report under subsection (2) shall be in respect of audits of relevant deposit takers for the years of assessment 1986-1987 to 1998-1999, and may specify, in respect of each such audit—

(a) the name of the relevant deposit taker concerned,

(b) the amount of additional appropriate tax payable by the relevant deposit taker as a result of the audit,

(c) the amount of interest payable in respect of any such amount,

(d) the amount of any fine or penalty imposed by a court on the relevant deposit taker under the Tax Acts, or accepted by the Revenue Commissioners in place of initiating proceedings for recovery of such fine or penalty,

(e) whether an assessment has been made in respect of appropriate tax and, if so, whether the assessment has been appealed,

(f) whether the audit has been completed as at the date of the report,

(g) the amount of any payment on account of appropriate tax paid by the relevant deposit taker in anticipation of an audit being carried out or during the course of an audit, and

(h) such further particulars as the Revenue Commissioners consider fit.

Power of inspection (returns and collection of appropriate tax): assurance companies.

904C.—(1) In this section—

‘assurance company’ and ‘life business’ have, respectively, the meanings assigned to them in section 706;

‘appropriate tax’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 730F;

‘authorised officer’ means an officer of the Revenue Commissioners authorised by them in writing to exercise the powers conferred by this section;

‘books, records or other documents includes—

(a) any records used in the business of an assurance company whether—

(i) comprised in bound volume, loose-leaf binders or other loose-leaf filing system, loose-leaf ledger sheets, pages, folios or cards, or

(ii) kept on microfilm, magnetic tape or in any non-legible form (by use of electronics or otherwise) which is capable of being reproduced in a legible form, and

(b) every electronic or other automatic means, if any, by which any such thing in non-legible form is so capable of being reproduced, and

(c) documents in manuscript, documents which are typed, printed, stencilled or created by any other mechanical means or partly mechanical process in use from time to time and documents which are produced by any photographic or photostatic process, and

(d) correspondence and records of other communications by, or on behalf of, policy-holders with the assurance company carrying on life business;

‘chargeable event’, in relation to a life policy, has the meaning assigned to it by section 730C;

‘declaration’ means a declaration referred to in section 730E;

‘liability’, in relation to a person, means any liability in relation to tax to which the person is or may be, or may have been, subject, or the amount of such liability;

‘life policy’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 730B;

‘policyholder’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 730E;

‘return’ means a return under section 730G;

‘tax’ means any tax, duty, levy or charge under the care and management of the Revenue Commissioners.

(2) An authorised officer may at all reasonable times enter any premises or place of business of an assurance company carrying on life business for the purposes of auditing for a financial year the returns made by the company of appropriate tax.

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2) the authorised officer may—

(a) examine the procedures put in place by the assurance company for the purpose of ensuring compliance by the assurance company with its obligations under Chapter 5 of Part 26,

(b) examine all or a sample of the declarations made to the assurance company,

(c) examine a sample of life policies to determine whether—

(i) the procedures referred to in paragraph (a) have been observed in practice and whether they are adequate,

(ii) the assurance company has on the happening of chargeable events in relation to each life policy, paid the correct amount of appropriate tax in connection with the chargeable events, and

(iii) there is information in the assurance company's possession which can reasonably be taken to indicate that the assurance company incorrectly failed to pay appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event.

(4) Where an authorised officer in exercising or performing his or her powers and duties under this section has reason to believe that in respect of one or more life policies, the assurance company has incorrectly failed to pay appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event, the authorised officer may make such further enquiries as are necessary to establish whether there is a liability in relation to any person.

(5) An authorised officer may require an assurance company or an employee of the assurance company to produce books, records or other documents and to furnish information, explanations and particulars and to give all assistance, which the authorised officer reasonably requires for the purposes of his or her audit and examination under subsections (2) and (3), and, as the case may be, enquiries under subsection (4).

(6) An authorised officer may make extracts from or copies of all or any part of the books, records or other documents or other material made available to him or her or require that copies of books, records or other documents be made available to him or her, in exercising or performing his or her powers or duties under this section.

(7) An employee of an assurance company who fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer's powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £1,000.

(8) An assurance company which fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer's powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £15,000 and if that failure continues a further penalty of £2,000 for each day on which the failure continues.

Power of inspection (returns and collection of appropriate tax): investment undertakings.

904D.—(1) In this section—

‘appropriate tax’ has the meaning assigned to it in section 739E;

‘authorised officer’ means an officer of the Revenue Commissioners authorised by them in writing to exercise the powers conferred by this section;

‘books, records or other documents’ includes—

(a) any records used in the business of an investment undertaking whether—

(i) comprised in bound volume, loose-leaf binders or other loose-leaf filing system, loose-leaf ledger sheets, pages, folios or cards, or

(ii) kept on microfilm, magnetic tape or in any non-legible form (by use of electronics or otherwise) which is capable of being reproduced in a legible form, and

(b) every electronic or other automatic means, if any, by which any such thing in non-legible form is so capable of being reproduced, and

(c) documents in manuscript, documents which are typed, printed, stencilled or created by any other mechanical means or partly mechanical process in use from time to time and documents which are produced by any photographic or photostatic process, and

(d) correspondence and records of other communications by, or on behalf of, unit holders with the investment undertaking;

‘declaration’ means a declaration referred to in Schedule 2B;

‘investment undertaking’ and ‘unit holder’ have, respectively, the meanings assigned to them by section 739B;

‘liability’, in relation to a person, means any liability in relation to tax to which the person is or may be, or may have been, subject, or the amount of such liability;

‘return’ means a return under section 739F;

‘tax’ means any tax, duty, levy or charge under the care and management of the Revenue Commissioners.

(2) An authorised officer may at all reasonable times enter any premises or place of business of an investment undertaking for the purposes of auditing for a financial year the returns made by the investment undertaking of appropriate tax.

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2) the authorised officer may—

(a) examine the procedures put in place by the investment undertaking for the purpose of ensuring compliance by the investment undertaking with its obligations under Chapter 1A of Part 27,

(b) examine all or a sample of the declarations made to the investment undertaking,

(c) examine transactions in relation to a sample of unit holders to determine whether—

(i) the procedures referred to in paragraph (a) have been observed in practice and whether they are adequate,

(ii) the investment undertaking has, on the happening of a chargeable event in relation to a unit holder, paid the correct amount of appropriate tax in connection with the chargeable event, and

(iii) there is information in the investment undertaking’s possession which can reasonably be taken to indicate that the investment undertaking incorrectly failed to pay appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event.

(4) Where an authorised officer in exercising or performing his or her powers and duties under this section has reason to believe that in respect of one or more unit holders, the investment undertaking has incorrectly failed to pay appropriate tax in connection with a chargeable event, the authorised officer may make such further enquiries as are necessary to establish whether there is a liability in relation to any person. an employee of the investment undertaking to produce books, records or other documents and to furnish information, explanations and particulars and to give all assistance, which the authorised officer reasonably requires for the purposes of his or her audit and examination under subsections (2) and (3), and, as the case may be, enquiries under subsection (4).

(5) An authorised officer may require an investment undertaking or

(6) An authorised officer may make extracts from or copies of all or any part of the books, records or other documents or other material made available to him or her or require that copies of books, records or other documents be made available to him or her, in exercising or performing his or her powers or duties under this section.

(7) An employee of an investment undertaking who fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer’s powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £1,000.

(8) An investment undertaking which fails to comply with the requirements of the authorised officer in the exercise or performance of the authorised officer’s powers or duties under this section shall be liable to a penalty of £15,000 and if that failure continues a further penalty of £2,000 for each day on which the failure continues.”,

(c) in sections 906A(1) and 908A(1), by the substitution for the definition of “financial institution” of the following:

“ ‘financial institution’ means—

(a) a person who holds or has held a licence under section 9 of the Central Bank Act, 1971 ,

(b) a person referred to in section 7(4) of the Central Bank Act, 1971 , or

(c) a credit institution (within the meaning of the European Communities (Licensing and Supervision of Credit Institutions) Regulations, 1992 ( S.I. No. 395 of 1992 )) which has been authorised by the Central Bank of Ireland to carry on business of a credit institution in accordance with the provisions of the supervisory enactments (within the meaning of those Regulations);”,

and

(d) in section 908A, by the substitution for subsection (2) of the following:

“(2) (a) In this subsection ‘documentation’ includes information kept on microfilm, magnetic tape or in any non-legible form (by use of electronics or otherwise) which is capable of being reproduced in a permanent legible form.

(b) If, on application made by an authorised officer, with the consent in writing of a Revenue Commissioner, a judge is satisfied, on information given on oath by the authorised officer, that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting—

(i) that an offence which would result in serious prejudice to the proper assessment or collection of tax is being, has been or is about to be committed (having regard to the amount of a liability in relation to any person which might be evaded but for the detection of the relevant facts), and

(ii) that there is material in the possession of a financial institution specified in the application which is likely to be of substantial value (whether by itself or together with other material) to the investigation of the relevant facts,

the judge may make an order authorising the authorised officer to inspect and take copies of any entries in the books, records or other documents of the financial institution, or of any documentation associated with or relating to an entry in such books, records or other documents, for the purposes of investigation of the relevant facts.”.

Amendments and repeals consequential on abolition of tax credits.

69.—(1) The provisions of the Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997 , referred to in Part 1 of Schedule 2 shall apply subject to the amendments specified in that Schedule.

(2) Every provision of the Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997 , specified in column (1) of Part 2 of Schedule 2 to this Act is repealed to the extent specified in column (2) of that Schedule.

(3) This section shall apply—

(a) in the case of income tax, as on and from 6 April 1999, and

(b) in the case of corporation tax, as respects accounting periods commencing on or after that date.

Restrictions on the use by certain partnerships of losses, etc., and transitional arrangements concerning these restrictions.

70.—(1) Section 1013 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1), by the substitution for paragraph (d) of the definition of “limited partner” of the following:

“(d) a person who carries on the trade as a general partner in a partnership otherwise than as an active partner;”,

(b) in subsection (2), by the substitution for subparagraph (III) of the following:

“(III)  where the individual is a limited partner in relation to a trade by virtue of paragraph (d) of the definition of ‘limited partner’ and the relevant year of assessment is—

(A) in the case of such a partner where the activities of the trade include the activity of producing, distributing, or the holding of or of an interest in, films or video tapes or the activity of exploring for, or exploiting, oil or gas resources, the year of assessment 1997-1998 or any subsequent year of assessment, subject to subsection (2A), or

(B) in any other case, the year of assessment 1999-2000 or any subsequent year of assessment, subject to subsection (2B),

only against income consisting of profits or gains arising from the trade,”,

(c) in subsection (2A), by the substitution for “Subparagraph (III)” of “Subparagraph (III)(A)”, and

(d) by the insertion after subsection (2A) of the following:

“(2B) Subparagraph (III)(B) of subsection (2)(a) shall not apply to—

(a)  interest paid on or before 29 February 2000,

(b)  an allowance to be made in respect of expenditure incurred on or before 29 February 2000, or

(c)  a loss sustained in the year of assessment 1999-2000 which would have been the loss sustained in that year if—

(i) that year of assessment had ended on 29 February 2000, and

(ii) the loss were determined only by reference to accounts made up in relation to the trade for the period commencing on 6 April 1999 or, if later, the date the trade commenced and ending on 29 February 2000 and not by reference to accounts made up for any other period.

(2C) (a) In this subsection—

‘excepted expenditure’ means expenditure to which the provisions of section 409A apply and expenditure to which the provisions of that section or section 409B would apply but for the provisions of—

(i) section 409A(5), or

(ii) paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘specified building’ in subsection (1) or (4) of section 409B,

as the case may be;

‘specified deduction’ means the deduction referred to in section 324(2), 333(2), 345(3), 354(3), 370(3), 372E(3) or 372O(3) as the ‘second-mentioned deduction’ or in paragraph 13 of Schedule 32 as the ‘further deduction’;

‘specified individual’, in relation to a partnership trade, means an individual who is a limited partner in relation to the trade by virtue only of paragraph (d) of the definition of ‘limited partner’, and a reference to a specified individual shall be construed accordingly.

(b) (i) Subsection (2)(a) shall not apply to a specified individual to which paragraph (c), (d) or (e), as the case may be, applies to the extent that—

(I) the interest referred to in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of that subsection is interest paid by the individual by reason of his or her participation in a trade referred to in paragraph (c), (d) or (e), as the case may be, in a relevant year of assessment,

(II) the loss referred to in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of that subsection is a loss sustained by the individual in a trade referred to in paragraph (c), (d) or (e), as the case may be, in a relevant year of assessment,

(III) the allowance referred to in subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (a) of that subsection is an allowance to be made to the individual for a relevant year of assessment either in taxing a trade or by means of discharge or repayment of tax to which he or she is entitled by reason of his or her participation in a trade referred to in paragraph (c), (d) or (e), as the case may be.

(ii) Subsection (2)(a) shall not apply to a specified individual to the extent that—

(I) the interest referred to in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of that subsection is interest paid by the individual on a loan where the proceeds of the loan were used by the partnership to incur excepted expenditure in a relevant year of assessment,

(II) the loss referred to in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of that subsection arises from the taking into account for the purposes of section 392(1) of an allowance to be made in respect of excepted expenditure, or

(III) the allowance referred to in subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (a) of that subsection is an allowance to be made to the individual for a relevant year of assessment in respect of excepted expenditure.

(c) This paragraph applies to a specified individual where—

(i) the partnership trade consists wholly of the leasing of machinery or plant to a qualifying company within the meaning of section 486B, and

(ii) the expenditure incurred on the provision of the machinery or plant was incurred under an obligation entered into by the lessor (within the meaning of section 403) and the lessee (within the meaning of section 403) before 1 March 2001.

(d) This paragraph applies to a specified individual where in charging the profits or gains of the individual’s several trade an allowance in respect of capital expenditure on machinery or plant to which the provisions of section 284(3A) apply has been or is to be made to that individual; but this paragraph shall not apply to such an individual as respects—

(i) interest paid by that individual on a loan taken out on or after 4 September 2000,

(ii) an allowance to be made to that individual for capital expenditure incurred on or after 4 September 2000, or

(iii) a loss sustained in the trade in the year of assessment 2001-2002 or any subsequent year of assessment to the extent that the loss does not arise from the taking into account for the purposes of section 392(1) of an allowance to be made in accordance with the provisions of section 284(3A).

(e) This paragraph applies to a specified individual where in computing the amount of the profits or gains, if any, of the partnership trade a specified deduction has been or is to be allowed in respect of a premises occupied by the partnership for the purposes of the partnership trade, and—

(i) the individual became a partner in the partnership before 29 February 2000,

(ii) the individual made a contribution to the partnership trade before that date, and

(iii) the qualifying lease in respect of which a specified deduction has been or is to be allowed was granted to or acquired by the partnership before that date;

but—

(I) subject to clause (II), this paragraph shall not apply to such an individual as respects—

(A) interest paid by that individual in,

(B) an allowance to be made to that individual for, or

(C) any loss sustained in the trade for,

any year of assessment for which a specified deduction in respect of the premises is not allowed in arriving at the amount of the profits or gains of the individual’s several trade to be charged to tax or, as the case may be, the loss sustained therein or any subsequent year of assessment, and

(II) where in computing the amount of the profits or gains, if any, of the partnership trade a second-mentioned deduction (within the meaning of section 354(3)) may be made by virtue of section 354(3), this paragraph shall not apply to such an individual as respects—

(A) interest paid by that individual on or after 6 April 2004.

(B) an allowance to be made to that individual for the year of assessment 2004-2005 or any subsequent year of assessment, or

(C) any loss sustained in that trade in the year of assessment 2004-2005 or any subsequent year of assessment.”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 29 February 2000.

Amendment of Schedule 24 (relief from income tax and corporation tax by means of credit in respect of foreign tax) to Principal Act.

71.—(1) Schedule 24 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in paragraph 4(4), by the substitution for clauses (a) to (c) and the words “gain is reduced by virtue of—”, which immediately precede those clauses, of the following:

“gain—

(a) is charged at the rate specified in section 21A, the rate of corporation tax payable by the company on its income and chargeable gains for the relevant accounting period shall be the rate so specified,

(b) is reduced by virtue of section 448 by any fraction, the rate of tax payable by the company on its income and chargeable gains for the relevant accounting period shall be treated as reduced by that fraction,

(c) is to be computed in accordance with section 713(3) or 738(2), the rate of corporation tax payable by the company on its income and chargeable gains for the relevant accounting period shall be treated as the standard rate of income tax,

(d) is to be computed in accordance with section 723(6), the rate of corporation tax payable by the company on its income and chargeable gains for the relevant accounting period shall be treated as 20 per cent,

(e) is reduced by virtue of section 644B, the rate of corporation tax payable by the company on its income and chargeable gains for the relevant accounting period shall be treated as reduced by that fraction,”,

and

(b) in paragraph 9B—

(i) by the substitution in subparagraph (2) for “there shall be treated for the purposes of subparagraph (1) as tax paid by the foreign company in respect of its profits any underlying tax payable by the third company, to the extent to which it would be taken into account” of:

“there shall be treated for the purposes of subparagraph (1) as tax paid by the foreign company in respect of its profits—

(a) any underlying tax payable by the third company, and

(b) any tax directly charged on the dividend which neither company would have borne had the dividend not been paid,

to the extent to which it would be taken into account”,

and

(ii) in subparagraph (3) by the insertion after “tax payable by the fourth company” of “or tax directly charged on the dividend”.

(2) (a) This section shall—

(i) in the case of subsection (1)(a), apply as respects accounting periods ending on or after 1 January 2000, and

(ii) in the case of subsection (1)(b), be deemed to have applied as respects accounting periods ending on or after 1 April 1998.

(b) For the purposes of paragraph (a)(i), where an accounting period of a company begins before 1 January 2000 and ends on or after that day, it shall be divided into two parts, one beginning on the day on which the accounting period begins and ending on 31 December 1999 and the other beginning on 1 January 2000 and ending on the day on which the accounting period ends, and both parts shall be treated for the purposes of this section as if they were separate accounting periods of the company.

Amendment of Schedule 29 to Principal Act

72.—The Principal Act is amended in Schedule 29, in column 1, by the insertion after “section 531 and Regulations under that section” of:

“section 730G(2)

section 739F(2)”.

Treatment of interest in certain circumstances.

73.—(1) Chapter 2 of Part 33 of the Principal Act is amended by the insertion after section 817 of the following sections:

“Restriction of relief for payments of interest.

817A.— (1) Relief shall not be given to any person under Part 8 in respect of any payment of interest, including interest treated as a charge on income, if a scheme has been effected or arrangements have been made such that the sole or main benefit that might be expected to accrue to that person from the transaction under which the interest is paid is the obtaining of a reduction in tax liability by means of any such relief.

(2) Where relief in respect of interest paid, being interest treated as a charge on income, is claimed by virtue of section 420(6), any question under this section as to what benefit might be expected to accrue from the transaction under which that interest is paid shall be determined by reference to the claimant company (within the meaning of section 411(2)) and the surrendering company (within the meaning of that section) taken together.

Treatment of interest in certain circumstances.

817B.—(1) (a) In this section—

‘chargeable period’ means an accounting period of a company or a year of assessment, and a reference to a chargeable period or its basis period is a reference to the chargeable period if it is an accounting period and to the basis period for it if it is a year of assessment;

‘basis period’ means the period on the profits or gains of which income tax is to be finally computed under Schedule D or, where by virtue of the Income Tax Acts the profits or gains of any other period are to be taken to be the profits or gains of that period, that other period.

(b) For the purposes of this section, in relation to interest which is to be taken into account in computing income chargeable to tax under Case I of Schedule D—

(i) where 2 basis periods overlap, the period common to both shall be deemed to fall in the first basis period only,

(ii) where there is an interval between the end of the basis period for one year of assessment and the basis period for the next year of assessment, the interval shall be deemed to be part of the first basis period, and

(iii) the reference in subparagraph (i) to the overlapping of 2 periods shall be construed as including a reference to the coincidence of 2 periods or to the inclusion of one period in another, and the reference to the period common to both shall be construed accordingly.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts, where, in relation to a chargeable period (in this subsection referred to as the ‘earlier chargeable period’), a person receives interest in the chargeable period or its basis period, so much of the amount of the interest as, apart from this section—

(a) would not be taken into account in computing the person's income chargeable to tax under Schedule D for the earlier chargeable period, and

(b) would be so taken into account for a subsequent chargeable period or subsequent chargeable periods,

shall be taken into account in computing the person's income so chargeable for the earlier chargeable period and shall not be so taken into account for the subsequent chargeable period or, as the case may be, the subsequent chargeable periods.”.

(2) This section applies, in the case of the insertion into Chapter 2 of Part 33 of the Principal Act of—

(a) section 817A, to interest paid, and

(b) section 817B, to interest received,

on or after 29 February 2000.

Amendment of section 213 (trade unions) of Principal Act.

74.—Section 213 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subsections (2) and (3) of the following:

“(2) A registered trade union which is precluded by statute or by its rules from assuring to any persons a sum exceeding £8,000 by means of gross sum or £2,000 a year by means of annuity shall be entitled to exemption from income tax under Schedules C, D and F in respect of its interest and dividends which are applicable and applied solely for one or more of the following purposes—

(a) provident benefits, and

(b) the education, training or retraining of its members and dependent children of members.

(3) Every claim under this section shall be verified in such manner (including by affidavit) as may be specified by the Revenue Commissioners and proof of the claim may be given by the treasurer, trustee or any duly authorised agent of the trade union concerned.”.

Chapter 5

Corporation Tax

Amendment of section 21A (higher rate of corporation tax) of Principal Act.

75.—(1) Section 21A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in subsection (1)—

(i) by the substitution for paragraph (a) of the definition of “excepted operations” of the following:

“(a) dealing in or developing land, other than such part of that operation or activity as consists of—

(i) construction operations, or

(ii) dealing by a company in land which, in relation to the company, is qualifying land,”,

(ii) by the insertion after the definition of “excepted trade” of the following definition:

“‘exempt development’ means a development within Class 1 of Part 1 of the Second Schedule to the Local Government Planning and Development Regulations, 1994 ( S.I. No. 86 of 1994 ), which complies with the conditions and limitations specified in column 2 of that Part which relate to that Class;”,

and

(iii) by the insertion, after the definition of “petroleum rights” of the following definition:

“‘qualifying land’, in relation to a company, means land which is disposed of at any time by the company, being land—

(a) on which a building or structure had been constructed by or for the company before that time, and

(b) which had been developed by or for the company to such an extent that it could reasonably be expected at that time that no further development (within the meaning of section 639) of the land would be carried out in the period of 20 years beginning at that time (other than a development which is not material and which is intended to facilitate the occupation of, and the use or enjoyment of, the building or structure for the purposes for which it was constructed) and for those purposes a development of land on which a building or buildings had been constructed shall not be material if it consists of one or both of the following—

(i) an exempt development, and

(ii) a development, not being an exempt development, if the total floor area of the building or buildings on the land after such development is not greater than 120 per cent of the total floor area of the building or buildings on the land calculated without regard to that development;”,

and

(b) by the substitution for subsections (3) and (4) of the following:

“(3) (a) Notwithstanding section 21, but subject to subsection (4), corporation tax shall be charged on the profits of companies, in so far as those profits consist of income chargeable to corporation tax under Case III, IV or V of Schedule D or of income of an excepted trade, at the rate of 25 per cent for the financial year 2000 and subsequent financial years.

(b) For the purposes of paragraph (a), the profits of a company for an accounting period shall be treated as consisting of income of an excepted trade to the extent of the income of the trade for the accounting period after deducting from the amount of that income the amount of charges on income paid in the accounting period wholly and exclusively for the purposes of that trade.

(4) This section shall not apply to the profits of a company for any accounting period—

(a) to the extent that those profits consist of income from the sale of goods within the meaning of section 454, and

(b) to the extent that those profits consist of income which arises in the course of any of the following trades—

(i) non-life insurance,

(ii) reinsurance, and

(iii) life business, in so far as the income is attributable to shareholders of the company.

(5)   (a) Notwithstanding subsection (1), as respects an accounting period ending before 1 January 2001, operations carried out in relation to residential development land (within the meaning of section 644A) shall be treated for the purposes of this section as not being construction operations if they consist of—

(i) the demolition or dismantling of any building or structure on the land,

(ii) the construction or demolition of any works forming part of the land, being roadworks, water mains, wells, sewers or installations for the purposes of land drainage, or

(iii) any other operations which are preparatory to residential development on the land other than the laying of foundations for such development.

(b) For the purposes of this subsection, where an accounting period of a company begins before 1 January 2001 and ends on or after that day, it shall be divided into two parts, one beginning on the day on which the accounting period begins and ending on 31 December 2000 and the other beginning on 1 January 2001 and ending on the day on which the accounting period ends, and both parts shall be treated for the purpose of this section as if they were separate accounting periods of the company.”.

(2) This section shall apply for the financial year 2000 and subsequent financial years.

Reduction of corporation tax liability in respect of certain trading income.

76.—The Principal Act is amended in Chapter 2 of Part 2 by the insertion of the following section after section 22:

“22A.—(1) In this section—

‘income from the sale of goods’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means such income as is income from the sale of those goods in the course of a trade carried on by the company for the purposes of a claim under section 448(3);

‘net relevant trading income’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means the excess of the amount of relevant trading income of the company for the accounting period over the aggregate of the amounts of—

(a) relevant charges on income paid by the company in the accounting period, and

(b) any relevant trading loss incurred by the company in the accounting period;

‘relevant charges on income’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means the charges on income paid by the company in the accounting period wholly and exclusively for the purposes of a trade carried on by the company other than so much of those charges as are—

(a) charges on income paid for the purposes of the sale of goods within the meaning of section 454, or

(b) charges on income paid for the purposes of an excepted trade within the meaning of section 21A;

‘relevant trading income’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means the trading income of the company for the accounting period (not being income chargeable to tax under Case III of Schedule D) other than so much of that income as is—

(a) income from the sale of goods, or

(b) income of an excepted trade within the meaning of section 21A;

‘relevant trading loss’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means a loss incurred in the accounting period in a trade carried on by the company other than so much of the loss as is—

(i) a loss from the sale of goods within the meaning of section 455, or

(ii) a loss incurred in an excepted trade within the meaning of section 21A;

‘trading income’, in relation to an accounting period of a company, means the income which is to be included in respect of a trade or trades in the total profits of the company for the accounting period as reduced by the amount of any loss set off against that income under section 396(1).

(2) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), where in any accounting period ending on or after 1 January 2000 the net relevant trading income of a company does not exceed the upper relevant maximum amount, then the corporation tax charged on the company for that accounting period shall be reduced—

(a) where the net relevant trading income of the company does not exceed the lower relevant maximum amount, by such amount as will secure that the corporation tax charged on the company for the accounting period does not exceed the corporation tax which, apart from this section, would have been charged on the company for the accounting period if—

(i) in section 21 for paragraphs (c) to (f) of subsection (1) there were substituted the following paragraph:

‘(c) 12.5 per cent for the financial year 2000 and each subsequent financial year.’,

and

(ii) in section 448 for paragraphs (c) to (f) of subsection (2) there were substituted the following paragraph:

‘(c) by one-fifth, in so far as it is corporation tax charged on profits which under section 26(3) are apportioned to the financial year 2000 or any subsequent financial year,’,

and

(b) where the net relevant trading income of the company exceeds the lower relevant maximum amount, by a sum equal to—

(i) as respects an accounting period falling within the financial year 2000, 23 per cent,

(ii) as respects an accounting period falling within the financial year 2001, 15 per cent, and

(iii) as respects an accounting period falling within the financial year 2002, 7 per cent,

of the excess of the upper relevant maximum amount over the net relevant trading income for the accounting period.

(3) The lower and upper relevant maximum amounts mentioned in subsection (2) shall be determined as follows:

(a) where the company has no associated company in the accounting period, those amounts are £50,000 and £75,000, respectively,

(b) where the company has one or more associated companies in the accounting period, the lower relevant maximum amount is £50,000 divided by one plus the number of those associated companies and the upper relevant maximum amount is £75,000 divided by one plus the number of those associated companies.

(4) (a) In this subsection ‘control’ shall be construed in accordance with section 432.

(b) In applying this section to any accounting period of a company, an associated company which has no net relevant trading income for that accounting period (or, if an associated company during part only of that accounting period, for that part of that accounting period) shall be disregarded and, for the purposes of this section, a company shall be treated as an ‘associated company’ of another company at a given time if at that time one of the two has control of the other or both are under the control of the same person or persons.

(5) In determining how many associated companies a company has in an accounting period or whether a company has an associated company in an accounting period, an associated company shall be counted even if it was an associated company for part only of the accounting period, and two or more associated companies shall be counted even if they were associated companies for different parts of the accounting period.

(6) For an accounting period of less than 12 months the relevant maximum amounts determined in accordance with subsection (3) shall be proportionately reduced.

(7) (a) Where, in the case of a company which has one or more associated companies in an accounting period—

(i) the accounting period of the company ends on a date on which accounting periods of all of the associated companies end, and

(ii) the company and all of the associated companies jointly elect in writing that this subsection shall apply,

then—

(I) the relief under subsection (2) shall be computed as if, in relation to the accounting period, the company and all of the associated companies were a single company (with no associated companies) with an accounting period ending on that date and beginning at the earliest date on which the accounting period of the company, or of any of the associated companies, begins, and

(II) the relief as so computed shall be allocated to the accounting period of the company and to the accounting periods of its associated companies in such manner as is specified in the election, and the amount so allocated to a company shall be deemed to be the relief under this section in relation to the accounting period of the company.

(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)—

(i) the aggregate of amounts allocated under subparagraph (II) of that paragraph for an accounting period shall not exceed the relief computed under subparagraph (I) of that paragraph, and

(ii) the amount allocated to an accounting period of a company shall not exceed the amount which would have been the relief in relation to the accounting period if the company had no associated companies in the accounting period.

(8) (a) Subject to paragraph (b), where, in the case of a company which has one or more associated companies in an accounting period, the end of the accounting period of the company and the end of an accounting period of each of its associated companies do not coincide—

(i) subsection (7) shall apply as respects any period (in this subsection referred to as a ‘relevant period’) which falls into the accounting period of the company and an accounting period of each of the associated companies as if the relevant period were an accounting period of the company and of the associated companies,

(ii) the relief allocated to any company in respect of a relevant period shall be deemed to be the relief in relation to that period, and

(iii) where an amount of relief has been allocated to a company in respect of a relevant period falling into an accounting period of the company, the relief for the accounting period of the company shall be the aggregate of—

(I) any relief in relation to relevant periods falling into the accounting period, and

(II) the amounts which would be the relief in relation to any periods (which are not relevant periods) within the accounting period if each of those periods was treated as an accounting period.

(b) The relief under paragraph (a) in relation to an accounting period of a company shall not exceed the amount which would be the relief in relation to the accounting period if the company had no associated companies in the accounting period.

(9) For the purposes of this section, where an accounting period of a company begins before 1 January of a financial year and ends on or after that date, it shall be divided into 2 parts, one beginning on the date on which the accounting period begins and ending on 31 December of the preceding financial year and the other beginning on 1 January of the financial year and ending on the date on which the accounting period ends, and both parts shall be treated as if they were separate accounting periods of the company.

(10) (a) A company shall include in the return required to be delivered under section 951—

(i) a statement specifying—

(I) the amount of relief to be given to it under this section, and

(II) the number of companies which are its associated companies in relation to the accounting period,

and

(ii) a copy of any election made under subsection (7).

(b) A company which has specified an amount under paragraph (a) shall not be entitled to alter the amount so specified.

(11) Subsection (2) of section 21A shall apply for the purposes of this section.”.

Amendment of section 23A (company residence) of Principal Act.

77.—(1) Section 23A (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (1)(b)(i)—

(a) by the substitution of the following for clause (II):

“(II) section 9 shall apply as it would apply for the purposes of the Tax Acts if in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of that section ‘50 per cent’ were substituted for ‘75 per cent’ in both places where it occurs, and”,

and

(b) in subclause (B) of clause (III) by the deletion of “subparagraph (iii) of”.

(2) This section shall apply as on and from 10 February 2000.

Amendment of section 882 (particulars to be supplied by new companies) of Principal Act.

78.—Section 882 (as amended by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (3) of the following subsection:

“(3) Where a company fails to deliver a statement which it is required to deliver under this section, then, notwithstanding any obligations as to secrecy or other restriction upon disclosure of information imposed by or under any statute or otherwise—

(a) the Revenue Commissioners, or

(b) such officer of the Revenue Commissioners as is nominated by the Commissioners for the purposes of this section,

may give a notice in writing, or in such other form as the Revenue Commissioners may decide, to the registrar of companies (within the meaning of the Companies Act, 1963 ) stating that the company has so failed to deliver a statement under this section.”.

Amendment of section 411 (surrender of relief between members of groups and consortia) of Principal Act.

79.—Section 411 of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution in subsection (1)(a) of “a company shall be owned by a consortium if 75 per cent or more of the ordinary share capital” for “a company shall be owned by a consortium if all of the ordinary share capital”.

Amendment of section 446 (certain trading operations carried on in Custom House Docks Area) of Principal Act.

80.—Section 446 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the insertion after subsection (2A) of the following:

“(2B) Where—

(a) on 31 March 2000 the relevant trading operations of a qualified company are the carrying on of a business of managing the activities or the whole or part of the assets of a specified collective investment undertaking (within the meaning of section 734(1)), and

(b) at any time after 31 March 2000 the specified collective investment undertaking ceases to be a specified collective investment undertaking but is an investment undertaking (within the meaning of section 739B),

then that business at that time, to the extent that the management can be directly attributed to be for the benefit of unit holders (within the meaning of section 739B) in the investment undertaking who are persons resident outside the State, shall be deemed to be relevant trading operations and to have been specified as relevant trading operations in the certificate given to the qualified company under subsection (2); and for the purposes of the Tax Acts, such apportionment as is just and reasonable may be made of any profits arising to the qualified company.

(2C) Where—

(a) on 31 December 2000 the relevant trading operations of a qualified company are the carrying on of a life business (within the meaning of section 706(1)), and

(b) at any time after 31 December 2000 the qualified company would be in breach of the conditions under which a certificate was given to the qualified company under subsection (2), solely by virtue of the qualified company commencing policies or contracts with persons who reside in the State,

then the trading operations of the qualified company at that time, to the extent that they are trading operations carried on with persons resident outside the State, shall be deemed to be relevant trading operations and the conditions under which the certificate was given shall be deemed not to have been breached; and for the purposes of the Tax Acts, such apportionment as is just and reasonable may be made of any profits arising to the qualified company.

(2D) Where on 31 March 2000 the trading operations of a qualified company are the carrying on of a business of managing the activities or the whole or part of the assets of a qualifying company (within the meaning of section 110), then such management shall, at any time after 31 March 2000 and to the extent referred to in subsection (7)(c)(ii)(V)(C) (inserted by the Finance Act, 2000), be deemed to be relevant trading operations and to have been specified as relevant trading operations in the certificate given to the qualified company under subsection (2); and for the purposes of the Tax Acts such apportionment as is just and reasonable may be made of any profits arising to the qualified company.”,

(b) in subsection (7)(c)(ii) by the substitution for clause (V) of the following:

“(V) the management of the activities or the whole or part of the assets of—

(A) a specified collective investment undertaking (within the meaning of section 734),

(B) an investment undertaking (within the meaning of section 739B) to the extent that the management can be directly attributed to be for the benefit of unit holders (within the said meaning) in the investment undertaking who are persons resident outside the State; and for the purposes of the Tax Acts, such apportionment as is just and reasonable may be made of any profits arising to a qualified company,

(C) a qualifying company (within the meaning of section 110), to the extent that the management directly relates to assets of the qualifying company which the qualifying company acquired directly or indirectly from an originator (within the said meaning) not being assets which were created, acquired or held by or in connection with a branch or agency through which the originator carries on a trade in the State.”,

and

(c) by the insertion after subsection (8) of the following:

“(8A) Where the trading operations of a qualified company, for the purposes of carrying on its relevant trading operations, include the procurement of services from a person who is resident in the State and, in the opinion of the Minister such procurement will contribute to the development of the Area as an International Financial Services Centre, the procurement shall be regarded for the purposes of the Tax Acts as part of the relevant trading operations of the qualified company and to have been specified as relevant trading operations in the certificate given to the qualified company under subsection (2) where they are not so specified.”.

Amendment of Chapter 1 (general provisions) of Part 26 of Principal Act.

81.—(1) The Principal Act is amended in Chapter 1 of Part 26—

(a) by the substitution in section 711 for subsection (1) of the following:

“(1) For the purposes of computing corporation tax on chargeable gains accruing to a fund or funds maintained by an assurance company in respect of its life business—

(a) (i) section 556, and

(ii) section 607,

shall not apply,

(b) section 581 shall, as respects—

(i) subsections (1) and (2) of that section, and

(ii) subsection (3) of that section, in so far as a chargeable gain is not thereby disregarded for the purposes of that subsection,

apply as if paragraph 24 of Schedule 32, section 719, section 723(7)(a) and paragraph (a)(ii) had not been enacted,

(c) the amount of capital gains tax computed for the purposes of section 78(2), otherwise than in respect of the special investment fund, is the amount so computed as if, notwithstanding section 28(3), the rate of capital gains tax were—

(i) throughout the financial year 1999, subject to paragraph (d), 40 per cent, and

(ii) throughout each subsequent financial year, the rate of corporation tax specified in section 21(1) for that financial year,

and

(d) where for an accounting period the expenses of management (within the meaning of section 83 as applied by section 707), deductible exceeds the amount of profits from which they are deductible, the reference in paragraph (c)(i) to 40 per cent shall be a reference to the rate of corporation tax referred to in section 21(1) for the financial year 1999.”,

and

(b) in section 713—

(i) by the deletion of subsection (2),

(ii) by the substitution for subsection (3) of the following:

“(3) Notwithstanding sections 21(1) and 21A and subject to subsection (6)(b), corporation tax shall be charged in respect of the part specified in subsection (6)(a) of unrelieved profits of an accounting period of an assurance company from investments referable to life business, other than special investment business, at the rate determined by the formula—

(N2 x SR1) + (N3 x SR2)

_____________________

N1

where—

N1 is the number of months in the accounting period,

N2 is the number of months from the day of the commencement of the accounting period to the earlier of—

(a) the end of the year of assessment (in this subsection referred to as the ‘first year of assessment’) in which that day falls, and

(b) the end of the accounting period,

N3 is N1 reduced by N2,

SR1 is the standard rate for the first year of assessment, and

SR2 is the standard rate for the year of assessment immediately subsequent to the first year of assessment.”,

and

(iii) by the deletion of subsection (4).

(2) Subsection (1)

(a) as respects paragraph (a), is deemed to apply for the financial year 1999 and subsequent financial years, and

(b) as respects paragraph (b), is deemed to have effect for the financial year 2000 and subsequent financial years.

Amendment of section 110 (securitisation of assets) of Principal Act.

82.—(1) Section 110 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in the definition of “qualifying company” in subsection (1), by the insertion after “arm's length” of “, apart from a transaction where the provisions of paragraph (a) of subsection (3) apply to any interest or other distribution payable under the transaction unless the transaction concerned is excluded from the provisions of that paragraph (a) by virtue of paragraph (b) of that subsection”,

and

(b) by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following:

“(3) (a) Any interest or other distribution which—

(i) is paid out of assets of a qualifying company, directly or indirectly, to—

(I) an original lender or, as the case may be, an originator,

(II) a company which is a 75 per cent subsidiary of the original lender or the originator,

(III) a company of which the original lender or the originator is a 75 per cent subsidiary, or

(IV) a company (other than the original lender or the originator) which is a 75 per cent subsidiary of a company such as is referred to in clause (III),

and

(ii) is so paid in respect of a security falling within section 130(2)(d)(iii),

shall not be a distribution by virtue only of section 130(2)(d)(iii) unless the application of this paragraph is excluded by paragraph (b).

(b) Paragraph (a) shall not apply where—

(i) an original lender or, as the case may be, an originator,

(ii) a company which is a 75 per cent subsidiary of the original lender or the originator,

(iii) a company of which the original lender or the originator is a 75 per cent subsidiary, or

(iv) a company (other than the original lender or the originator) which is a 75 per cent subsidiary of a company such as is referred to in subparagraph (iii),

(in this paragraph referred to as the ‘lender’) advances an amount or amounts of money to a qualifying company in respect of securities falling within section 130(2)(d)(iii) held, directly or indirectly, by the lender which amount or the total of which amounts, at any time, is in excess of 25 per cent of the market value of all qualifying assets acquired by the qualifying company from that original lender or originator at the time of the acquisition of the qualifying assets.”.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply as respects any interest paid on or after 10 February 2000.

Amendment of Part 14 (taxation of companies engaged in manufacturing trades, certain trading operations carried on in Shannon Airport and certain tradingoperations carried on in the Custom House Docks Area) of Principal Act.

83.—(1) Part 14 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) in section 445, by the substitution for subsection (6) of the following:

“(6) Where the Minister and a company in relation to which a certificate under subsection (2) has been given—

(a) agree to the revocation of that certificate, or

(b) agree to the revocation of that certificate and its replacement by another certificate to be given to the company under subsection (2),

the Minister may by notice in writing served by registered post on the company, revoke the first-mentioned certificate with effect from such date as may be specified in the notice; but this subsection shall not affect the operation of subsection (4) or (5).”,

(b) in section 446—

(i) by the substitution in subsection (2) of “subsection (4), (5), (5A) or (6)” for “subsection (4), (5) or (6)”,

(ii) by the insertion after subsection (5) of the following:

“(5A) Notwithstanding subsection (5), where, in the case of a company in relation to which a certificate under subsection (2) has been given, the Minister receives a notification from the Central Bank of Ireland in accordance with section 96 of the Central Bank Act, 1989, as to the non-compliance by the company with any obligation imposed on it by the Central Bank of Ireland under Chapter VII of the Central Bank Act, 1989, the Minister shall, by notice in writing served by registered post on the company, revoke the certificate with effect from such date as may be specified in the notice.”,

and

(iii) by the substitution for subsection (6) of the following:

“(6) Where the Minister and a company in relation to which a certificate under subsection (2) has been given—

(a) agree to the revocation of that certificate, or

(b) agree to the revocation of that certificate and its replacement by another certificate to be given to the company under subsection (2),

the Minister may by notice in writing served by registered post on the company, revoke the first-mentioned certificate with effect from such date as may be specified in the notice; but this subsection shall not affect the operation of subsection (4), (5) or (5A).”,

(c) by the substitution for section 447 of the following:

“Appeals.

447.—An appeal to the Appeal Commissioners shall lie on any question arising under this Part (apart from any question arising under section 445 or 446) in the like manner as an appeal would lie against an assessment to corporation tax, and the provisions of the Tax Acts relating to appeals shall apply accordingly.”,

(d) in section 448—

(i) by the substitution in subsection (1) of “sections 22A, 157, 158, 239, 241, 440, 441, 449, 644B” for “sections 157, 158, 239, 241, 440, 441, 442”, and

(ii) by the deletion of subsection (7),

and

(e) by the deletion of section 449(4) and section 450(5).

(2) (a) Paragraphs (a) and (b (iii) of subsection (1) shall apply as on and from 1 January 2000.

(b) Paragraphs (b)(i), (b)(ii) and (c) of subsection (1) shall apply as on and from the date of the passing of this Act.

(c) Subsection (1)(d)(i) shall apply as respects accounting periods ending on or after 1 January 2000.

(d) Paragraphs (d)(ii) and (e) of subsection (1) shall apply as respects accounting periods beginning after 1 April 2000.

Amendment of section 220 (profits of certain bodies corporate) of Principal Act.

84.—(1) Section 220 of the Principal Act is amended in the Table to the section by the insertion of the following after paragraph 7:

“8. The Commission for Electricity Regulation.”.

(2) This section shall be deemed to have applied as on and from 14 July 1999.

Chapter 6

Capital Gains Tax

Amendment of section 598 (disposals of business or farm on “retirement”) of Principal Act.

85.—Section 598(2) of the Principal Act is amended as respects disposals made on or after 1 December 1999 in paragraph (a) by the substitution of “£375,000” for “£250,000” in each place where it occurs.

Amendment of section 649A (relevant disposals: rate of charge) of Principal Act.

86.—Section 649A of the Principal Act is amended by the substitution for subsections (1) and (2) of the following:

“(1) Notwithstanding section 28(3) and subject to subsection (2), the rate of capital gains tax in respect of a chargeable gain accruing to a person on a relevant disposal shall be—

(a) in the case of a relevant disposal made in the period from 3 December 1997 to 30 November 1999, 40 per cent,

(b) in the case of a relevant disposal, other than a relevant disposal referred to in paragraph (c), made on or after 1 December 1999, 20 per cent, and

(c) in the case of a relevant disposal made on or after 6 April 2002, being a disposal of land which, in accordance with a development objective (as indicated in the development plan of the planning authority concerned), is for use solely or primarily for residential purposes, 60 per cent.

(2) (a) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a relevant disposal to which this subsection applies and, accordingly, the rate of capital gains tax in respect of a chargeable gain on such a relevant disposal shall be 20 per cent.

(b) This subsection shall apply to the following:

(i) a relevant disposal to which section 650 refers;

(ii) a relevant disposal made in the period from 23 April 1998 to 30 November 1999, being a disposal of land to a housing authority (within the meaning of section 23 of the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1992 ) which land is specified in a certificate given by the housing authority as land required for the purposes of the Housing Acts, 1966 to 1998;

(iii) a relevant disposal made in the period from 10 March 1999 to 30 November 1999, being a disposal of land to the National Building Agency Limited or to a body approved for the purposes of section 6 of the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1992 , which land is specified in a certificate given by a housing authority or the National Building Agency Limited, as appropriate, as land required for the purposes of the Housing Acts, 1966 to 1998;

(iv) a relevant disposal made in the period from 23 April 1998 to 30 November 1999, being a disposal of land in respect of the whole of which, at the time at which the disposal is made, permission for residential development has been granted under section 26 of the Local Government(Planning and Development) Act, 1963 , and such permission has not ceased to exist, other than a disposal to which paragraph (c) applies;

(v) a relevant disposal made in the period from 10 March 1999 to 30 November 1999, being a disposal of land in respect of the whole of which, at the time at which the disposal is made, is, in accordance with a development objective (as indicated in the development plan of the planning authority concerned), for use solely or primarily for residential purposes other than a disposal to which paragraph (c) applies.

(c) This paragraph shall apply to a relevant disposal being a disposal—

(i) by a person (in this paragraph referred to as the “disponer”) to a person who is connected with the disponer, or

(ii) of land under a relevant contract in relation to the disposal.”.

Amendment of section 980 (deduction from consideration on disposal of certain assets) of Principal Act.

87.—(1) Section 980 of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the substitution in subsection (3) for “£150,000” of “£300,000”,

(b) by the substitution in subsection (4) for paragraph (b) of the following:

“(b) Where the person disposing of the asset produces to the person acquiring the asset—

(i) a certificate issued under subsection (8) in relation to the disposal, or

(ii) if the asset concerned is land on which a new house has been built or land on which a new house is in the course of being built, a certificate issued under subsection (8) in relation to the disposal or one of the certificates specified in subsection (8A) which, in either case, has been issued to the person disposing of the asset,

no deduction referred to in paragraph (a) shall be made.

(c) In paragraph (b)(ii)—

‘house’ has the same meaning as it has in section 329;

‘new house’ means a house which hasbeen developed or is being developed by or on behalf of the person disposing of it and which has not been used at any time before its disposal.”,

(c) by the insertion after subsection 8 of the following:

“(8A) (a) The certificates referred to in subsection (4) (b) are—

(i) a certificate of authorisation (within the meaning of section 531) issued for the purposes of that section, the period of validity of which, as provided for by regulations under subsection (6) of that section, has not expired,

(ii) a tax clearance certificate (within the meaning of section 1094) issued for the purposes of that section, the period of validity of which has not expired,

(iii) a tax clearance certificate (within the meaning of section 1095) issued for the purposes of that section, the period of validity of which has not expired, or

(iv) where a person has not been issued with such a certificate of authorisation or such a tax clearance certificate, a certificate such as is referred to in paragraph (b).

(b) Where a person has not been issued with a certificate of authorisation or a tax clearance certificate such as is referred to in subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of paragraph (a), the person disposing of an asset referred to in subsection (4)(b)(ii) may apply in that behalf, for the purposes of this paragraph, to the Collector-General for the issue of a certificate and such an application shall be deemed to be an application made under section 1095 for the issuing of a tax clearance certificate thereunder and that section shall, accordingly, apply with the following and any other necessary modifications, that is to say, for the reference in subsection (2) of section 1095 to the scheme there shall be substituted a reference to subsection (4)(b) of this section.”,

and

(d) by the substitution for subparagraph (iii) of subsection (9)(a) of the following:

“(iii) the person disposing of the asset does not, at or before the time at which the acquisition is made, produce to the person acquiring the asset a certificate under subsection (8) in relation to the disposal or one of the certificates specified in subsection (8A), being a certificate which, in either case, has been issued to the person disposing of the asset.”.

(2) This section shall apply as respects disposals made on or after the date of the passing of this Act.

Amendment of section 1030 (separated spouses: transfers of assets) of Principal Act.

88.—(1) Section 1030(2) of the Principal Act is amended—

(a) by the deletion of “or” in paragraph (c),

and

(b) by the substitution for paragraph (d) of the following:

“(d) a relief order (within the meaning of the Family Law Act, 1995 ) made following the dissolution of a marriage or following the legal separation of spouses, or

(e) an order or other determination to like effect, which is analogous to an order referred to in paragraph (d), of a court under the law of a territory other than the State made under or in consequence of the dissolution of a marriage or the legal separation of spouses, being a dissolution or legal separation that is entitled to be recognised as valid in the State,”.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply as respects disposals made on or after 10 February 2000.

Chapter 7

Income Tax and Corporation Tax: Reliefs for Renewal and Improvement of Certain Towns

Amendment of Part 10 (income tax and corporation tax: reliefs for renewal and improvement of certain urban areas, certain resort areas and certain islands) of Principal Act.

89.—The Principal Act is hereby amended—

(a) in Part 10 by the insertion after Chapter 9 (inserted by the Finance Act, 1999 ) of the following:

“Chapter 10

Designated areas of certain towns

Interpretation and application (Chapter 10).

372AA.—(1) In this Chapter—

‘lease’, ‘lessee’, ‘lessor’, ‘premium’ and ‘rent’ have the same meanings respectively as in Chapter 8 of Part 4;

‘market value’, in relation to a building, structure or house, means the price which the unencumbered fee simple of the building, structure or house would fetch if sold in the open market in such manner and subject to such conditions as might reasonably be calculated to obtain for the vendor the best price for the building, structure or house, less the part of that price which would be attributable to the acquisition of, or of rights in or over, the land on which the building, structure or house is constructed;

‘property developer’ means a person carrying on a trade which consists wholly or mainly of the construction or refurbishment of buildings or structures with a view to their sale;

‘qualifying area’ means an area or areas specified as a qualifying area under section 372AB;

‘qualifying period’ means, subject to section 372AB, the period commencing on—

(a) in the case of section 372AC and section 372AD, such day as the Minister for Finance may by order appoint, and

(b) in the case of sections 372AE, 372AF, 372AG, 372AH and 372AI, 1 April 2000,

and ending on 31 March 2003;

‘refurbishment’, in relation to a building or structure and other than for the purposes of sections 372AG and 372AH, means any work of construction, reconstruction, repair or renewal, including the provision or improvement of water, sewerage or heating facilities, carried out in the course of the repair or restoration, or maintenance in the nature of repair or restoration, of the building or structure.

(2) This Chapter shall apply if the Oireachtas passes an Act which refers to this Chapter and provides for the renewal of certain urban areas and the submission of plans (to be known as ‘Town Renewal Plans’) to the Minister for the Environment and Local Government which have been drawn up by county councils (being county councils as referred to in such Act) in respect of an area or areas identified by such an authority on the basis of criteria prepared by that Minister, including physical and socio-economic renewal of such an area or areas.

Qualifying areas.

372AB.—(1) The Minister for Finance may, on the recommendation of the Minister for the Environment and Local Government (which recommendation shall take into consideration a Town Renewal Plan submitted by a local authority to that Minister in respect of an area identified by it), by order direct that—

(a) the area or areas described (being wholly located within the boundaries of the area to which the Town Renewal Plan relates) in the order shall be a qualifying area for the purposes of one or more sections of this Chapter,

(b) where such an area or areas is or are to be a qualifying area for the purposes of section 372AD, one or both of the categories of building or structure mentioned in subsection (2) shall or shall not be a qualifying premises within the meaning of that section and where such an area or areas is or are to be a qualifying area for the purposes of section 372AH, that area or those areas may be a qualifying area for the purposes of the construction of, or, as the case may be, the refurbishment of a qualifying premises within the meaning of that section, and

(c) as respects any such area so described in the order, the definition of ‘qualifying period’ in section 372AA shall be construed as a reference to such period as shall be specified in the order in relation to that area; but no such period specified in the order shall commence before—

(i) in the case of sections 372AC and 372AD, the day referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of ‘qualifying period’ in section 372AA, and

(ii) in the case of sections 372AE, 372AF, 372AG, 372AH and 372AI, 1 April 2000,

or end after 31 March 2003.

(2) The categories of building or structure referred to in subsection (1) (b) shall be—

(a) buildings or structures in use as offices, and

(b) any other buildings or structures and in respect of which not more than 10 per cent of the capital expenditure incurred in the qualifying period on their construction or refurbishment relates to the construction or refurbishment of buildings or structures to which paragraph (a) relates.

(3) Every order made by the Minister for Finance under subsection (1) shall be laid before Dáil Éireann as soon as may be after it is made and, if a resolution annulling the order is passed by Dáil Éirean within the next 21 days on which Dáil Éireann has sat after the order is laid before it, the order shall be annulled accordingly, but without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done thereunder.

(4) Notwithstanding an order under subsection (1), the granting of relief by virtue of any provision of this Chapter shall be subject to such other requirements as may be specified in or under the Act referred to in section 372AA(2).

Accelerated capital allowances in relation to construction or refurbishment of certain industrial buildings or structures.

372AC.—(1) In this section, ‘building or structure to which this section applies’ means a building or structure or part of a building or structure the site of which is wholly within a qualifying area and which is to be an industrial building or structure by reason of its use for a purpose specified in section 268(1)(a).

(2) Subject to section 372AJ, section 271 shall apply in relation to capital expenditure incurred in the qualifying period on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure to which this section applies as if—

(a) in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted,

(b) in subsection (2)(a)(i) of that section ‘to which subsection (3) applies’ were deleted,

(c) subsection (3) of that section were deleted,

(d) the following subsection were substituted for subsection (4) of that section:

‘(4) An industrial building allowance shall be of an amount equal to 50 per cent of the capital expenditure mentioned in subsection (2).’,

and

(e) in subsection (5) of that section ‘to which subsection (3)(c) applies’ were deleted.

(3) Subject to section 372AJ, section 273 shall apply in relation to capital expenditure incurred in the qualifying period on the construction or refurbishment of a building or structure to which this section applies as if—

(a) in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted,

(b) the following paragraph were substituted for paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of that section:

‘(b) As respects any qualifying expenditure, any allowance made under section 272 and increased under paragraph (a) in respect of that expenditure, whether claimed for one chargeable period or more than one such period, shall not in the aggregate exceed 50 per cent of the amount of that qualifying expenditure.’,

and

(c) subsections (3) to (7) of that section were deleted.

(4) Notwithstanding section 274(1), no balancing charge shall be made in relation to a building or structure to which this section applies by reason of any of the events specified in that section which occurs—

(a) more than 13 years after the building or structure was first used, or

(b) in a case where section 276 applies, more than 13 years after the capital expenditure on refurbishment of the building or structure was incurred.

(5) For the purposes only of determining, in relation to a claim for an allowance under section 271 or 273 as applied by this section, whether and to what extent capital expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of an industrial building or structure is incurred or not incurred in the qualifying period, only such an amount of that capital expenditure as is properly attributable to work on the construction or, as the case may be, the refurbishment of the building or structure actually carried out during the qualifying period shall (notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts as to the time when any capital expenditure is or is to be treated as incurred) be treated as having been incurred in that period.

Capital allowances in relation to construction or refurbishment of certain commercial premises.

372AD.—(1) In this section, ‘qualifying premises’ means a building or structure or part of a building or structure the site of which is wholly within a qualifying area and which—

(a) apart from this section is not an industrial building or structure within the meaning of section 268, and

(b) (i) is in use for the purposes of a trade or profession, or

(ii) whether or not it is so used, is let on bona fide commercial terms for such consideration as might be expected to be paid in a letting of the building or structure negotiated on an arm's length basis,

but does not include any part of a building or structure in use as or as part of a dwelling house.

(2) (a) Subject to paragraph (b), subsections (3) and (4) and section 372AJ, the provisions of the Tax Acts (other than section 372AC) relating to the making of allowances or charges in respect of capital expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of an industrial building or structure shall, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in those provisions, apply—

(i) as if a qualifying premises were, at all times at which it is a qualifying premises, a building or structure in respect of which an allowance is to be made for the purposes of income tax or corporation tax, as the case may be, under Chapter 1 of Part 9 by reason of its use for a purpose specified in section 268(1)(a), and

(ii) where any activity carried on in the qualifying premises is not a trade, as if it were a trade.

(b) An allowance shall be given by virtue of this subsection in respect of any capital expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying premises only in so far as that expenditure is incurred in the qualifying period.

(3) For the purposes of the application, by subsection (2), of sections 271 and 273 in relation to capital expenditure incurred in the qualifying period on the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying premises—

(a) section 271 shall apply as if—

(i) in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted,

(ii) in subsection (2)(a)(i) of that section ‘to which subsection (3) applies’ were deleted,

(iii) subsection (3) of that section were deleted,

(iv) the following subsection were substituted for subsection (4) of that section:

‘(4) An industrial building allowance shall be of an amount equal to 50 per cent of the capital expenditure mentioned in subsection (2).’,

and

(v) in subsection (5) of that section ‘to which subsection (3)(c) applies’ were deleted,

and

(b) section 273 shall apply as if—

(i) in subsection (1) of that section the definition of ‘industrial development agency’ were deleted,

(ii) the following paragraph were substituted for paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of that section:

‘(b) As respects any qualifying expenditure, any allowance made under section 272 and increased under paragraph (a) in respect of that expenditure, whether claimed for one chargeable period or more than one such period, shall not in the aggregate exceed 50 per cent of the amount of that qualifying expenditure.’,

and

(iii) subsections (3) to (7) of that section were deleted.

(4) Notwithstanding section 274(1), no balancing charge shall be made in relation to a qualifying premises by reason of any of the events specified in that section which occur—

(a) more than 13 years after the qualifying premises was first used, or

(b) in a case where section 276 applies, more than 13 years after the capital expenditure on refurbishment of the qualifying premises was incurred.

(5) For the purposes only of determining, in relation to a claim for an allowance by virtue of subsection (2), whether and to what extent capital expenditure incurred on the construction or refurbishment of a qualifying premises is incurred or not incurred in the qualifying period, only such an amount of that capital expenditure as is properly attributable to work on the construction or refurbishment of the premises actually carried out during the qualifying period shall (notwithstanding any other provision of the Tax Acts as to the time when any capital expenditure is or is to be treated as incurred) be treated as having been incurred in that period.

Rented residential accommodation: deduction for certain expenditure on construction.

372AE.—(1) In this section—

‘qualifying lease’, in relation to a house, means, subject to section 372AI(2), a lease of the house the consideration for the grant of which consists—

(a) solely of periodic payments all of which are or are to be treated as rent for the purposes of Chapter 8 of Part 4, or

(b) of payments of the kind mentioned in paragraph (a), together with a payment by means of a premium which does not exceed 10 per cent of the relevant cost of the house;

‘qualifying premises’ means, subject to subsections (3), (4)(a), (4)(c) and (5) of section 372AI, a house—

(a) the site of which is wholly within a qualifying area,

(b) which is used solely as a dwelling,

(c) the total floor area of which is not less than 38 square metres and not more than 125 square metres,

(d) in respect of which there is in force either a certificate of compliance or, if it is not a house provided for sale, a certificate of reasonable cost the amount specified in which in respect of the cost of construction of the house is not less than the expenditure actually incurred on such construction, and

(e) which without having been used is first let in its entirely under a qualifying lease and thereafter throughout the remainder of the relevant period (except for reasonable periods of temporary disuse between the ending of one qualifying lease and the commencement of another such lease) continues to be let under such a lease;

‘relevant cost’, in relation to a house, means, subject to subsection (4), an amount equal to the aggregate of—

(a) the expenditure incurred on the acquisition of, or of rights in or over, any land on which the house is constructed, and

(b) the expenditure actually incurred on the construction of the house;

‘relevant period’, in relation to a qualifying premises, means the period of 10 years beginning on the date of the first letting of the premises under a qualifying lease.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where a person, having made a claim in that behalf, proves to have incurred expenditure on the construction of a qualifying premises—

(a) such person shall be entitled, in computing for the purposes of section 97(1) the amount of a surplus or deficiency in respect of the rent from the qualifying premises, to a deduction of so much (if any) of that expenditure as is to be treated under section 372AI(7) or under this section as having been incurred by such person in the qualifying period, and