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S.I. No. 804/2007 - Stores for Explosives Order 2007

S.I. No. 804 of 2007

STORES FOR EXPLOSIVES ORDER 2007

Notice of the making of this Statutory Instrument was published in

“Iris Oifigiúil” of 14th December, 2007.

The Government, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by sections 16, 39, 40, 43, 46 and 83 of the Explosives Act 1875, as adapted, and on the recommendation of the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, hereby order as follows:

Citation

1. This Order may be cited as the Stores for Explosives Order 2007.

Commencement

2. This Order comes into operation on 11 December 2007.

Interpretation

3. (1) In this Order—

“Act” means the Explosives Act 1875;

“ADR” means the European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road, done at Geneva on 30 September 1957, as amended by the Protocols done at New York on 21 August 1975 and at Geneva on 28 October 1993;

“ANBI” means ammonium nitrate blasting intermediate (that is to say, a non-sensitised mixture of, primarily, ammonium nitrate and other substances not in themselves explosive) which—

(a) is intended to produce a blasting explosive only after further processing before use, and

(b) is classified in accordance with the UN Recommendations as falling within Class 5.1;

“black powder” means an intimate mixture, with or without sulphur, of charcoal or other carbon with potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate, whether the mixture is in meal, granular, compressed or pelletised form, being an explosive substance numbered UN No. 0027 or 0028;

“brick-built” means having an outer structure which is wholly or mainly of brick, concrete, stone or other similar material;

“bridleway” means a path over which members of the public have a right of way on foot, on horseback or while leading a horse or cycling;

“competent person” means a person—

(a) who, having regard to—

(i) the size of a store, and

(ii) the hazards associated with the storage of explosives in it,

or of either of those factors, has sufficient experience and knowledge to operate the store in accordance with the requirements of this Order, and

(b) who, if an individual, has had sufficient training so to operate it;

“controlled substance” has the meaning given to it in Article 5;

“conventional explosive” means a blasting explosive and accessories, including detonators and boosters, that are normally used in the mining, quarrying and construction industries;

“distance”, except in the definition of “reference zone”, means minimum distance;

“explosive” means an explosive within the meaning of section 2 of the Act and orders made or to be made under section 104 thereof and includes—

(a) a controlled substance, and

(b) any explosive article or explosive substance which would—

(i) if packaged for transport, be classified in accordance with the UN Recommendations as falling within Class 1, or

(ii) be so classified as being too dangerous to transport by reason of being unduly sensitive or so reactive as to be subject to spontaneous reaction,

but does not include an explosive substance produced as part of a manufacturing process which later reprocesses it to produce a substance which is not an explosive substance;

“explosive article” means an article containing one or more than one explosive substance;

“explosive substance” means a substance which—

(a) is capable by chemical reaction in itself of producing gases at a temperature, pressure and speed that could cause injury or damage to their surroundings, or

(b) is designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas or smoke or a combination of them as a result of a non-detonative, self-sustaining, exothermic chemical reaction,

but does not include a substance in a solely gaseous form or in the form of vapour;

“fire authority” has the meaning given to it by the Fire Services Act 1981 ;

“footpath” means a path (not being a footway) over which there is a public right of way for pedestrians only;

“footway” means that part of a road which is primarily for use by pedestrians;

“Guidance Document on Fire Safety” means the document entitled “Guidance Document on Fire Safety in Stores for Explosives”, a copy of which is available from the local authority concerned, or any amendment thereof;

“hazard type”, in relation to an explosive, means one of the categories of explosives mentioned in Article 4;

“inspector” means a person appointed as such under section 53 of the Act;

“licence” means a licence under section 15 of the Act in respect of a store, and cognate words are to be construed accordingly;

“lightly-used road” means a road used ordinarily by more than 20 and not more than 500 vehicles every 24 hours;

“major road” means a road used ordinarily by more than 10,000 vehicles every 24 hours;

“mass explosion”, in relation to a body of explosives, means an explosion in which the entire body of the explosives explodes as one;

“metal-built” means built wholly or mainly of steel or other metal;

“Minister” means the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform;

“minor road” means a road (other than a major road) used ordinarily by more than 500 vehicles every 24 hours;

“mound” means a barrier for intercepting fragments and debris caused by an explosion in a building or store for the purpose of—

(a) protecting explosives in nearby buildings from initiation by the fragments, and

(b) reducing the risks to persons in nearby buildings from the fragments and debris,

and cognate words are to be construed accordingly;

“oxidising controlled substance” means—

(a) a substance which, though not combustible, may cause or contribute to the combustion of other material, or

(b) an article containing such a substance;

“place of public resort” means a place where more than 100 persons are present, or are likely to be present, at any one time on a weekly or more frequent basis;

“proper shipping name” is that portion of the entry most accurately describing the goods in Column 2 of Table A in Chapter 3.2 of Annex A to the ADR and shown in upper case characters;

“pyrotechnic article” means any article which—

(a) contains a pyrotechnic substance or a mixture of such substances, and

(b) is intended for both entertainment and other purposes;

“pyrotechnic substance” means a substance of a kind designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas or smoke or a combination of any of them as a result of a non-detonative, self-sustaining, exothermic chemical reaction;

“quantity of explosive” means—

(a) in the case of a controlled substance, the mass of the substance,

(b) in relation to a pyrotechnic article—

(i) an amount which is one-quarter of the gross mass of the article, or

(ii) where the manufacturer, importer or supplier specifies a different amount on the article, its packaging or a document accompanying it as its net explosive mass of explosive substance, that amount, and

(c) in any other case, the net explosive mass of explosive substance;

“reference zone” means an area around a store having a radius from the centre point of the store specified in column 5 of the relevant table in Schedule 4;

“relevant table” is the table of separation distances which applies, by virtue of paragraph 1 of Schedule 4, in relation to the storage of specified quantities of explosives;

“road” means any thoroughfare on which the movement of vehicles is allowed;

“separation distance” means the minimum distance between a store and a building or other place in or at which people are, or are likely to be, present either all the time or from time to time;

“shooters powder” means—

(a) black powder,

(b) smokeless powder, or

(c) any other substance or preparation based on potassium nitrate or nitrocellulose, whether in powder, pelletised or granular form, and used, or to be used, as a propellant;

“site” means an area, or adjoining areas under the control of the same person, in which a store is situated, and includes areas under such control that are separated only by a road, railway or inland waterway;

“small arms ammunition” means explosive articles numbered UN No. 0012, 0014 or 0055 and intended exclusively for use in small arms;

“smokeless powder” means an explosive substance numbered UN No. 0160 or 0161;

“store” means a building, an enclosed area, an excavation, or a metal structure, in which explosives are, or are to be, stored;

“UN Hazard Code” means the classification code for dangerous substances and articles shown in Column 3b of Table A in Chapter 3.2 of Annex A to the ADR and consisting of a hazard division number describing the main hazard associated with the substance or article concerned, together with a compatibility group letter indicating the other explosive substances or articles with which it can be stored or transported;

“UN Recommendations” means the recommendations contained in the manual published by the United Nations and entitled “Fifteenth Revised Edition of the Recommendations prepared by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods” (ISBN 92-1-139067-2) or a later revised edition of those Recommendations;

“UN No.” means the United Nations Serial Number, that is to say, one of the four-digit numbers devised by the United Nations as a means of identifying types of explosives in accordance with the UN Recommendations;

“vulnerable building” means a building of 4 storeys or more above ground where its masonry, glass or other cladding is suspended from the structural framework;

“waterway” means any navigable body of water and includes a river, channel or canal.

(2) In this Order—

(a) references to a thoroughfare (however described) or a waterway or railway line do not include references to any part of it within a site—

(i) in which a store is situated, and

(ii) which is occupied by the person storing the explosives,

and

(b) references to a building are references to a building in or at which people are, or are likely to be, present either at all times or from time to time.

Hazard types

4. (1) For the purposes of this Order, explosives are divided into the following hazard types:

(a) hazard type 1 explosive, that is to say, an explosive which has a mass explosion hazard as a result of, or of any effect of, the conditions of its storage or processes of manufacture;

(b) hazard type 2 explosive, that is to say, an explosive which has a serious projectile hazard but not a mass explosion hazard as a result of, or of any effect of, those conditions or processes;

(c) hazard type 3 explosive, that is to say, an explosive which has a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both but not a mass explosion hazard, as a result of, or of any effect of, those conditions or processes;

(d) hazard type 4 explosive, that is to say, an explosive which has a fire or slight explosion hazard or both, with only local effect, as a result of, or of any effect of, those conditions or processes;

“Controlled substance”

5. “Controlled substance” means—

(a) an ANBI, or

(b) a substance specified in the—

(i) Schedule to the Explosives (Ammonium Nitrate and Sodium Chlorate) Order 1972 ( S.I. No. 191 of 1972 ),

(ii) Explosives (Nitro-benzene) Order 1972 ( S.I. No. 233 of 1972 ), or

(iii) Explosives (Potassium Nitrate and Sodium Nitrate) Order 1986 ( S.I. No. 273 of 1986 ).

Transitional arrangements for store licences

6. (1) Subject to paragraph (2), a store licence granted under section 15 of the Act and in force on the commencement of this Order is deemed to have been granted under that section.

(2) Where a licence referred to in paragraph (1) provides for a separation distance which is less than the relevant separation distance specified in the relevant table in Schedule 4, the person to whom the licence was granted may maintain the lesser separation distance until the expiry of 6 months after such commencement or the expiry of the licence, whichever is the earlier.

Store licences

7. (1) An application for the grant or renewal of a store licence under section 15 of the Act shall be made to the local authority of the place in which the store is proposed to be or is situated.

(2) Such an application shall be in the form set out in Schedule 1 or a form to the like effect.

(3) On receipt of an application the local authority—

(a) may by notice in writing request such additional information from the applicant as it considers necessary for the purposes of this Order,

(b) may seek the advice of an inspector, and

(c) shall notify the Minister of receipt of the application within 7 days of its receipt.

(4) A local authority shall not grant or renew a store licence unless satisfied that an officer of the fire authority concerned and a member of the Garda Síochána have each inspected the store and confirmed, in so far as the officer and member may do so having regard to their respective official functions, that the requirements of this Order are being met in relation to the store.

(5) Subject to paragraph (4), a local authority may—

(a) grant or renew a store licence, subject to any conditions that it considers reasonable for the purpose of ensuring compliance with the Act and this Order, or

(b) refuse to do so.

(6) A store licence shall—

(a) remain in force for such period, not exceeding 5 years, as the local authority may determine, and

(b) without prejudice to any other conditions to which the licence may be subject, specify the site of the store, the places within it where explosives may be stored and the hazard type and maximum amount of explosives that may be stored or otherwise present at any one time in any place so specified.

(7) Application for renewal of a store licence shall be made at least 3 months before it expires.

(8) A store licence may be renewed for a period not exceeding 5 years.

(9) A copy of a store licence or renewed store licence shall be sent to the Minister within 7 days after it was granted or renewed.

Variation of store licence

8. A local authority may, with the prior approval of the Minister, vary a store licence or any of the conditions to which it is subject where—

(a) the maximum amount of explosives that may be stored requires to be reduced, because the separation distance available has become less than that specified for such a store in the relevant table in Schedule 4,

(b) such a variation is necessary to ensure safe storage of the explosives,

(c) it is necessary in the interests of safety to increase the required separation distance, or

(d) such a variation is necessary for any other reason to ensure compliance with the Act or this Order.

Revocation of store licence

9. (1) Subject to paragraph (2), a local authority may revoke a store licence where—

(a) the licensee has not complied with the condition or conditions to which the licence is subject,

(b) the licensee has not stored explosives in accordance with this Order,

(c) the site is for any reason no longer suitable, or

(d) the store is for any reason no longer suitable for the storage of explosives.

(2) The local authority shall notify the licensee that it proposes to revoke the licence and that the licensee may make representations to it in that regard within 28 days after the date of the notification.

(3) Where the local authority, having considered any representations made by the licensee under paragraph (2), decides to revoke the licence, it shall, within 21 days after receipt of the representations, notify the licensee in writing of its decision and the reasons for it.

(4) The local authority, when notifying a licensee under paragraph (2) or (3), shall send a copy of the notification to the Minister.

Construction of stores (general)

10. (1) The following provisions have effect in relation to a store.

(2) A store shall be well and substantially built of brick, stone, concrete, iron or steel or be excavated in solid rock not liable to ignition.

(3) It shall be so made as to prevent ingress of moisture and protect the contents against adverse climatic effects.

(4) It shall be so made and closed, or otherwise protected, as to prevent access by unauthorised persons and secure it from external danger.

(5) Doors, openings, security systems, including locking, alarm and any surveillance or monitoring systems shall, subject to paragraph (7), be to a standard approved by the Commissioner of the Garda Síochána.

(6) Mounding, where applicable, shall be to a standard approved by an inspector.

(7) Electrical equipment and fittings, lighting, heating, lightning protection (where required), communications equipment and fork lift and battery operated vehicles, where applicable, shall be—

(a) to the standard provided for in “HSE Guidance Note PM 82 — the selection, installation and maintenance of electrical equipment for use in and around buildings containing explosives”,

(b) to an Irish standard certified by the National Standards Authority of Ireland as equivalent to that standard, or

(c) to any other standard approved by an inspector.

(8) Subject to paragraph (7), the licensee shall satisfy the fire authority concerned that the fire detection, fire alarm, fire safety, fire resistance and escape routes and, where applicable, the fire-fighting equipment are in accordance with the requirements of the Guidance Document on Fire Safety in that regard.

(9) Internal walls, ceilings, floors, doors, shelves, furniture and fittings shall be plastered, lined, sheeted or sealed so as to be easily cleaned.

(10) Metal surfaces shall be treated, coated or lined to prevent exposure of any iron or steel.

(11) Lightning protection shall be fitted unless the store—

(a) holds only hazard type 4 pyrotechnics,

(b) is licensed to hold less than 75 kilograms of explosives,

(c) contains only hazard type 4 small arms ammunition, or

(d) is made by excavation in ground not subject to lightning hazard.

(12) The licensee shall display in a prominent position near the entrance to the store—

(a) fire safety and dangerous goods hazard signs, as appropriate,

(b) signs containing the following information:

(i) maximum quantity of the hazard type or hazard types of explosive authorised by the licence to be kept in the store,

(ii) maximum number of employees permitted by the licensee to be present in the store,

(iii) maximum number of other persons that may be so permitted at any one time without prejudicing the safe operation of the store,

(iv) the general rules and special rules (if any) for explosives, and

(v) where on the site any written procedural or other relevant instructions may be inspected,

and

(c) a copy of the current store licence.

(13) Construction and installation work shall be certified by persons competent for that purpose and the certificates retained by the licensee.

Stores for oxidising controlled substances: additional construction requirements

11. (1) Without prejudice to the generality of Article 10, the following additional requirements apply in relation to the construction of a store for oxidising controlled substances.

(2) Such a store shall be well ventilated, constructed from materials that will not burn, such as concrete, brick or steel, and situated away from sources of heat, fire or explosion.

(3) Any drains, channels or pits where, in the event of fire, molten ammonium nitrate, ANBI or other oxidising substance could become confined shall be protected so that such molten material cannot run into them.

(4) Floors shall be made of non-combustible material without hollows, cavities or large cracks where molten material could accumulate and shall be easy to sweep or clean with water.

(5) Wooden pallets that are contaminated with a controlled substance and presenting a fire risk shall be disposed of safely.

(6) Light fittings shall be robust and protected against dust.

(7) Light switches, fuses, etc., shall be placed outside the store.

(8) Any storage tanks shall be fitted with a pressure release device such as a re-closing spring-loaded type of such a device or a frangible disc or fusible element with a set-to-discharge/burst pressure not greater than 2.65 bar.

(9) Any fixed storage tanks shall be solidly supported.

(10) The ground on which fixed storage tanks are placed shall, where possible, slope in such a way as to ensure that, in the event of fire, any material from the tanks flows safely away.

(11) Any thermal insulation of a storage tank shall be inorganic and non-combustible.

(12) Portable storage tanks shall be sited on a concrete or other hard surface with free all-round access.

(13) (a) Oil or other fuel stocks shall be stored in tanks at a sufficient distance to prevent cross — contamination with oxidising substances, and each tank shall be surrounded by a bund equivalent to 110% of tank volume.

(b) In subparagraph (a), “bund” means an embankment or other construction designed to contain spillages from a tank.

(14) Stores for controlled substances shall have appropriate hazard signage indicating the predominant hazard to persons, including members of the emergency services, in the event of a fire or accident.

Operation of stores

12. The licensee of a store shall ensure that the store is at all times operated under the supervision of a competent person.

Separation distances

13. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Article, the licensee of a store shall ensure that the relevant separation distance specified in the relevant table in Schedule 4 is maintained between the store and a building or other place outside the site and referred to in that Schedule.

(2) Such a licensee shall ensure that half the relevant separation distance specified in the relevant table in Schedule 4 is maintained between the store and any building within the site which is used either for domestic or residential purposes or for work not involving explosives, except any building used for work which is normally unoccupied by any person and is not a store.

(3) If an explosive (other than fireworks) is not in its ADR transport packaging, it shall be treated for the purposes of separation distances as a hazard type 1 explosive, unless the possessor of the explosive is advised otherwise by an inspector.

(4) To ascertain the separation distance to be applied in the case of fireworks, the possessor of the fireworks shall consult an inspector, who shall determine the appropriate hazard type for that purpose.

(5) To ascertain the separation distance to be applied in the case of a store constructed by excavation, the licensee shall consult an inspector, who shall determine the appropriate separation distance.

(6) Where a store contains different hazard types of explosives, the explosives shall be treated as belonging to the hazard type which would require the greatest separation distance for the total quantity of the explosives, and the separation distance shall be determined in relation to that quantity.

(7) Subject to paragraph (8), separation distances do not apply in relation to—

(a) a store holding a quantity not exceeding 25 kilograms of explosives of hazard type 4, or

(b) a store holding a quantity not exceeding 2000 kilograms of small arms ammunition.

(8) Paragraph (7) applies to a store only where—

(a) there is at least a one-hour fire resistance between any storage room and an adjoining room or passage,

(b) adequate fire-fighting facilities and access for emergency services are provided, and

(c) if the store is within or adjoins a building containing accommodation used for domestic or residential purposes—

(i) the accommodation is separate from the store,

(ii) access and exit routes, which are fire-separated from the store, are provided for the accommodation,

(iii) there is at least a one-hour fire resistance between the accommodation and the store, and

(iv) unauthorised access from the accommodation to the store is prevented.

(9) In this Article “fireworks” means explosives articles numbered UN No. 0033, 0034, 0035, 0036 or 0037.

Special provision in relation to storage of controlled substances not exceeding 50,000 kg.

14. (1) In this Article, “controlled substance” means a quantity of a controlled substance or substances not exceeding 50,000 kilograms.

(2) A controlled substance shall not be stored on the same site as a conventional explosive, unless separation distances are maintained in accordance with Table 10 of Schedule 4.

(3) Different controlled substances shall be stored separately from each other unless they are known to be compatible in storage.

(4) An oxidising controlled substance may be stored on a site not containing a conventional explosive if a fire resistant barrier to a standard specified in the Guidance Document on Fire Safety or a 10-metre fire-break separates the oxidising controlled substance from stocks of fuel or flammable materials and occupied buildings.

(5) Oxidising controlled substances shall be stored separately from fuels and incompatible substances such as acids, chlorates, zinc, copper, copper salts and aluminium powder.

Fire and explosion assessment and safety measures

15. (1) Any licensee or a person who intends to store explosives shall cause a written assessment of the site and of activities related to the storage or proposed storage to be prepared by a competent person for the purpose of—

(a) identifying fire and explosion hazards on the site,

(b) assessing the risks presented by them,

(c) identifying persons who might be harmed by an explosion and how they might be so harmed, and

(d) deciding what safety measures are needed to minimise those risks.

(2) A holder of a licence under section 15 of the Act and in force on the commencement of this Order shall, as soon as practicable, send to the local authority concerned a copy of the assessment referred to in paragraph (1).

(3) Any person who intends to store explosives shall send a copy of such an assessment to the local authority when applying for a licence.

(4) A licensee shall cause the assessment to be reviewed from time to time by a competent person, particularly where there has been a change in equipment, explosive substances, hazards or procedures.

(5) Any such person shall, having regard to the assessment, take appropriate measures to:

(a) prevent fire or explosion,

(b) put in place a safe system of work,

(c) limit the extent of fire or explosion, including measures to prevent the spreading of fire and communication of explosions from one place to another, and

(d) protect persons from the effects of fire and explosion.

(6) The safety measures required by paragraph (5) include those set out in Schedule 3.

(7) In addition to the requirements of the general rules for explosives stores under section 17 of the Act and of any special rules under section 19 thereof for the regulation of persons managing or employed in or about the store, any person who stores explosives shall provide appropriate and adequate written instructions to those persons in relation to safety procedures, including—

(a) general safety precautions and procedures,

(b) emergency procedures in the event of a fire or explosion,

(c) security procedures, and

(d) working procedures relating to the storage and handling of explosives.

(8) Instructions under paragraph (7)(d) shall be sufficiently detailed to enable the storage and handling of explosives to be carried out safely.

(9) A licensee shall provide any other persons employed on the site with adequate and documented training on safety measures that is appropriate to the tasks performed by them and the hazards that they are likely to encounter.

(10) This Article is without prejudice to sections 19 (hazard identification and risk assessment) and 20 (safety statement) of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 (No. 10 of 2005).

Revocations

16. The following Orders are revoked:

(a) Stores for Explosives Order 1955 ( S.I. No. 42 of 1955 );

(b) Stores for Explosives (Amendment) Order 2003 ( S.I. No. 71 of 2003 ).

SCHEDULE 1 APPLICATION FOR GRANT OR RENEWAL OF EXPLOSIVES STORE LICENCE

(Note: This form should be read in conjunction with the Explosives Act 1875 and Stores for Explosives Order 2007 (S.I. xxx of 2007), and Guidance Document on Fire Safety in Stores for Explosives. See footnotes on completing each section of form).

1. Applicant

Name (if applicant is an individual)Address

Company Name

Name of Company Secretary

Registered Office

Name and evidence of competence of person directly responsible for supervising operations within store

Phone

Fax

2. Location of proposed store 1

1 Location: Scaled maps should accompany the application, one of scale 1:2500, showing the entire site and all occupied buildings, roads, factories, etc. within 1000m of the site and a block plan of scale 1:500 (approx), showing actual store (outlined in red) and remainder of the site under the control or ownership of the applicant, and a plan of the actual store of scale 1:50.

County

Parish

Place

3. Checklist for construction of proposed store 2

2 Construction requirements are specified in the Order. PM 82 is an electrical specification for explosives buildings.

Type

Description

Yes/No

SM

Solid brick or block or reinforced concrete, mounded?

SU

Solid brick or block or reinforced concrete, unmounded?

MM

Metal, mounded?

MU

Metal, without detonator annex, unmounded?

MDU

Metal, with detonator annex, unmounded?

UG

Underground?

OS

Open stack?

Lighting

Compliant with PM 82?

Lightning conductor

Compliant with PM 82?

Security

Compliant with Garda Síochána CPO requirements?

Fire safety

Compliant with Guidance Document on Fire Safety in Stores for Explosives?

4. Types of explosives proposed to be stored: 3

3 Proper shipping names, UN number and hazard code can be obtained from the manufacturer or the Competent Authority Document, which classifies explosives for transport. For definitions and infomation on hazard types, see Articles 3 and 4 of Order.

Proper shipping name

UN number

UN hazard code

Hazard type

5. Separation distances from store to nearest facility 4

4 See Schedule 4 of Order for tables and explanations of separation distances.

Facility

Distance (m)

Occupied building on site

Occupied building off site

Place of public resort

Major road

Vulnerable building

Minor road/railway line

Bridleway/footpath/footway/lightly-used road/waterway

Reference zone radius 5

5 See Article 3 of, and Schedule 4 to, Order for explanation of reference zone.

6. Number of dwellings in reference zone 6 :

6 This should be determined by a physical survey, using scaled map as reference.

7. Maximum quantity of explosives proposed to be stored 7

7 This quantity is normally the net explosive mass in kg, and the maximum quantity permitted depends on available separation distances. To calculate the maximum permitted quantity, proceed as follows, in accordance with Schedule 4 of the Order, for each hazard type of explosives proposed to be stored:a. Select correct table depending on store construction and hazard type.b. Use appropriate line for proposed quantity of explosives.c. Ascertain whether high-density or low-density distance is appropriate, having regard to paragraphs 3 to 6 of Schedule 4.d. Compare required separation distance from table against actual available distance.e. If required distance exceeds available distance, reduce proposed quantity of explosives until available distance equals or exceeds required distance.f. The quantity so ascertained is the maximum permitted quantity.

Hazard type

Maximum quantity proposed (kg)

1

2

3

4

Controlled substances

ANBI

Ammonium nitrate

Other

8. Written assessments referred to in Article 15 of Order

(To be attached on first application for licence.)

Signature of Applicant 8

8 Submit form with maps and fee to Secretary of local authority, with copies to Government Inspector of Explosives, Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform, 94 St. Stephens Green, Dublin 2.

.........................................................................................................

(Block capitals)

Date: .............................................................

SCHEDULE 2 LICENCE TO STORE EXPLOSIVES OR CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

EXPLOSIVES ACT 1875

STORES FOR EXPLOSIVES ORDER 2007

Licence Number................

1. The (name of local authority) hereby grants to................. (name and address of licensee) a licence under section 15 of the Explosives Act 1875 to store the following explosives/controlled substances at.........(address) up to an amount not exceeding that specified below in respect of each explosive/controlled substance:

Proper shipping name of explosive/ controlled substance

UN number

UN hazard code

Hazard type *

Maximum permitted net quantity (kg)

* See Article 4 of Order for explanation of hazard type.

2. This licence is subject to the following condition(s):

3. This licence expires on: ..........................., unless earlier revoked.

Signed on behalf of (name of local authority):

........................................................................

Position: ...................................................

Date: ............................

SCHEDULE 3 SAFETY MEASURES IN STORES FOR EXPLOSIVES

1. Measures to prevent fire or explosion:

(a) excluding naked flame;

(b) excluding sources of electrical energy which could produce sparks or otherwise initiate explosives;

(c) taking account of risks posed by surrounding buildings and structures in deciding where to locate the store;

(d) excluding sources of electromagnetic radiation such as radio transmitters, mobile phones, walkie-talkies, etc., from areas where explosives are stored;

(e) preventing accidental initiation from frictional or impact energy;

(f) preventing accidental contact between explosives and exposed metal surfaces;

(g) preventing accidental contact between explosives and exposed hot surfaces;

(h) preventing contamination of explosives and ingredients (including contamination by water);

(i) prohibiting smoking or possession of smoking materials.

2. Measures to limit extent of fire or explosion:

(a) maintenance of required separation distances appropriate to the permitted explosives limits;

(b) management of stocks to ensure that limits on quantities of explosives stored are not exceeded;

(c) minimising the number of people permitted to enter areas where explosives are held so as to ensure that limits on persons permitted to be present in the store are not exceeded;

(d) ensuring that other dangerous goods, including flammable or toxic materials, are excluded from areas where explosives are stored;

(e) measures to prevent the spreading of fire and communication of explosions from one place to another.

3. Measures to protect persons from effects of fire and explosion:

(a) establishment of emergency procedures in the event of a fire or explosion;

(b) training of staff in those procedures and in fire-fighting;

(c) measures to inform visitors of those procedures;

(d) precautions to prevent the outbreak of fire, including keeping escape routes free and removal of materials that may contribute to the spread of fire;

(e) measures to protect against explosion;

(f) provision of appropriate manual and automatic fire detection and warning systems,

(g) measures for testing, checking and maintaining those systems and for making written records of the tests and checks;

(h) provision of means of escape and evacuation.

4. Measures to ensure safe systems of work:

(a) measures to ensure that personnel entering explosives stores or handling explosives are competent, suitably trained and have appropriate tools, clothing and equipment;

(b) measures to ensure that a person under 18 is not employed in or does not enter the store;

(c) housekeeping measures, including frequent cleaning and inspection to ensure that buildings containing explosives and their surroundings are kept clean and tidy, free from grit, explosive waste and flammable materials or vegetation;

(d) stock management measures to ensure—

(i) that stock is rotated so as to prevent build-up of old stock, and

(ii) that thermal and chemical stability and condition of stock is monitored;

(e) planned maintenance measures to ensure that—

(i) the interior and exterior of the store provide adequate weather protection,

(ii) electrical and lightning protection equipment is in good condition,

(iii) shelving and stacking systems are stable,

(iv) floors and walls are free of cracks, and

(v) there are no areas of exposed iron, steel, rust, etc.

(f) provision of safe systems for carrying out maintenance to ensure that—

(i) before any maintenance work producing heat or sparks is begun, explosives are removed from the building concerned and the building is thoroughly cleaned of explosive contamination, and

(ii) maintenance contractors are made fully aware of the general and special rules before beginning the work;

(g) provision of safe systems for—

(i) transporting and handling explosives on site, including use of mechanical handling equipment to avoid collision, impact and dropping incidents, and

(ii) ensuring that powered vehicles are not left parked or unattended in buildings or areas containing explosives.

SCHEDULE 4 TABLES OF SEPARATION DISTANCES

1. (1) Where the storage is of—

(a) hazard type 1 explosive in a brick-built mounded store, Table 1 applies;

(b) hazard type 1 explosive in a brick-built unmounded store, Table 2 applies;

(c) hazard type 1 explosive in a metal-built mounded store, Table 3 applies;

(d) hazard type 1 explosive in a metal-built unmounded store without detonator annex attached, Table 4 applies;

(e) hazard type 1 explosive in a metal-built unmounded store with detonator annex attached, Table 5 applies;

(f) hazard type 2 explosive and some or all items exceed 0.7 kg net mass, Table 6 applies;

(g) hazard type 2 explosive and no item exceeds 0.7 kg net mass, Table 7 applies;

(h) hazard type 3 explosive, Table 8 applies;

(i) hazard type 4 explosive, Table 9 applies.

(2) Where an explosive of any hazard type and a controlled substance are stored on the same site, Table 10 applies, in addition.

2. Subject to paragraphs 3 and 4, the separation distance between a store and any building, place of public resort or major road is the distance specified in column 2 (low-density distance) of the relevant table corresponding to the quantity of explosives shown in column 1 of the table.

3. Subject to paragraph 4, where—

(a) Table 1, 3, 4 or 5 applies, and

(b) the number of dwellings in the reference zone is greater than the maximum number of dwellings specified in the line of column 6 of the table corresponding to the quantity of explosives specified in that line of column 1 thereof,

the separation distance between the store and any such dwelling is the high-density distance (if any) specified in the corresponding line of column 3 of the table.

4. For the purposes of this Order, the radius for a reference zone is the distance (if any) specified in the entry in column 5 (reference zone radius) of Table 1, 3, 4 or 5 corresponding to the quantity of explosives shown in column 1 of the table concerned.

5. Where there is a dash in a column headed “high-density distance”, the low-density distance applies.

6. The separation distance between a store and any vulnerable building is the distance (if any) specified in column 4 (vulnerable building distance) of the relevant table corresponding to the quantity of explosives shown in column 1 of the table.

7. The separation distance between a store and any minor road or railway line is half the distance shown in column 2 of the relevant table corresponding to the quantity of explosives shown in column 1 of the table, and that between a store and any bridleway, footpath, footway, lightly-used road or waterway is one-third of that distance.

8. A separation distance is measured in the horizontal plane from the nearest outside edge of the building or place where explosives are stored to the nearest point of the building or place in relation to which the separation distance applies.

9. Where there is more than one store on a site, the appropriate separation distances applicable to the stores shall be determined by an inspector.

10. Any separation distance specified in this Schedule is subject to modification where topographical features are likely to affect the direction and distance of blast effects or fragment throw: if any such feature is present, the local authority concerned shall seek advice in relation to the applicable separation distance from an inspector.

11. For separation distances between a store and a workshop or process area where explosives are removed from their transport packaging, e.g. for preparing fraction packs, a local authority shall also seek advice from an inspector.

12. For the purposes of this Schedule—

(a) references to a bridleway, footpath, footway or waterway do not include references to a bridleway, footpath, footway or waterway ordinarily used or navigated by not more than 20 persons in any 24-hour period,

(b) “dwelling” includes a flat or apartment, and

(c) a reference in column 1 of a table to a quantity of explosives is a reference to a quantity which is more than the lower quantity specified in that column but not more than the higher quantity specified.

Table 1: Hazard Type 1 explosive in brick-built mounded store

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity of explosives

Low-density distance

High-density distance

Vulnerable building distance

Reference zone radius

Maximum number of dwellings in reference zone

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

0. 1-25

101

-

101

-

-

25-50

107

-

107

-

-

50-75

112

-

112

-

-

75-100

118

-

118

-

-

100-150

128

142

128

257

81

150-200

139

156

139

278

96

200-300

161

180

161

322

128

300-400

183

-

183

-

-

400-450

193

-

193

-

-

450-500

204

-

204

-

-

500-600

204

-

216

-

-

600-700

204

231

238

408

206

700-800

204

238

260

408

206

800-900

204

245

280

408

206

900-1000

204

250

300

408

206

1000-1100

204

255

319

408

206

1100-1200

204

259

337

408

206

1200-1300

204

263

354

408

206

1300-1400

204

266

370

408

206

1400-1500

204

269

386

408

206

1500-1600

204

272

402

408

206

1600-1700

208

274

416

416

214

1700-1800

215

277

431

431

229

1800-1900

222

279

444

444

244

1900-2000

229

281

458

458

259

Table 2: Hazard Type 1 explosive in brick-built unmounded store

1Quantity of explosives(kg.)

2 Low-density distance(m)

3 Vulnerable building distance(m)

0. 1-25

141

141

25-50

160

160

50-75

180

180

75-100

199

199

100-150

230

230

150-200

256

256

200-300

293

293

300-400

320

320

400-450

331

331

450-500

340

340

500-600

355

355

600-700

367

367

700-800

377

377

800-900

385

385

900-1000

392

392

1000-1100

398

398

1100-1200

403

403

1200-1300

408

408

1300-1400

412

412

1400-1500

415

415

1500-1600

418

418

1600-1700

421

421

1700-1800

424

431

1800-1900

426

444

1900-2000

428

458

Table 3: Hazard Type 1 explosive in metal-built mounded store

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity of explosives

Low-density distance

High-density distance

Vulnerable building distance

Reference zone radius

Maximum number of dwellings in reference zone

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

0. 1-25

34

45

40

68

6

25-50

37

45

48

74

7

50-75

40

45

54

80

8

75-100

43

48

66

86

9

100-150

49

55

86

97

12

150-200

54

62

104

109

15

200-300

68

76

136

136

23

300-400

83

-

165

-

-

400-450

89

-

178

-

-

450-500

96

-

191

-

-

500-600

108

-

216

-

-

600-700

119

-

238

-

-

700-800

130

-

260

-

-

800-900

140

-

280

-

-

900-1000

150

-

300

-

-

1000-1100

159

-

319

-

-

1100-1200

168

-

337

-

-

1200-1300

177

-

354

-

-

1300-1400

185

-

370

-

-

1400-1500

193

-

386

-

-

1500-1600

201

-

402

-

-

1600-1700

208

-

416

-

-

1700-1800

215

-

431

-

-

1800-1900

222

-

444

-

-

1900-2000

229

-

458

-

-

Table 4: Hazard Type 1 explosive in metal-built unmounded store without detonator annex attached

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity of explosives

Low-density distance

High-density distance

Vulnerable building distance

Reference zone radius

Maximum number of dwellings in reference zone

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

0. 1-10

23

30

40

46

3

10-20

29

35

42

57

4

20-30

33

39

44

65

5

30-40

36

42

46

71

6

40-50

38

44

48

76

7

50-60

40

46

48

80

8

60-70

42

48

52

84

9

70-80

43

50

57

87

9

80-90

44

52

61

89

10

90-100

45

55

66

91

10

100-110

46

57

70

93

11

110-120

47

59

74

95

11

120-130

48

62

78

97

12

130- 140

49

64

82

98

12

140-150

50

66

86

100

12

150-160

51

68

90

102

13

160-170

52

71

93

104

13

170-180

53

73

97

106

14

180-190

54

75

101

108

14

190-200

55

78

104

110

15

200-300

68

101

136

136

23

300-400

83

124

165

165

34

400-450

89

135

178

178

39

450-500

96

138

191

191

45

500-600

108

144

216

216

57

600-700

119

150

238

238

70

700-800

130

156

260

260

83

800-900

140

162

280

280

97

900-1000

150

168

300

300

111

1000-1100

159

168

319

318

111

1100-1200

168

-

337

-

-

1200-1300

177

-

354

-

-

1300-1400

185

-

370

-

-

1400-1500

193

-

386

-

-

Table 4: Hazard Type 1 explosive in metal-built unmounded store without detonator annex attached

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity of explosives

Low-density distance

High-density distance

Vulnerable building distance

Reference zone radius

Maximum number of dwellings in reference zone

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

1500-1600

201

-

402

-

-

1600-1700

208

-

416

-

-

1700-1800

215

-

431

-

-

1800-1900

222

-

444

-

-

1900-2000

229

-

458

-

-

Table 5: Hazard Type 1 explosive in metal-built unmounded store with detonator annex attached

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity of explosives

Low-density distance

High-density distance

Vulnerable building distance

Reference zone radius

Maximum number of dwellings in reference zone

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

0. 1-25

38

53

54

74

11

25-50

43

53

54

86

11

50-75

48

60

54

96

11

75-100

53

77

66

106

14

100-150

63

110

86

127

20

150-200

74

143

104

147

27

200-300

94

209

136

188

44

300-400

115

275

165

229

65

400-450

125

308

178

250

77

450-500

128

309

191

257

81

500-600

135

311

216

270

90

600-700

142

312

238

283

99

700-800

148

314

260

297

109

800-900

155

316

280

310

119

900-1000

162

318

300

324

129

1000-1100

169

319

319

337

140

1100-1200

175

321

337

350

152

1200-1300

182

323

354

364

163

1300-1400

189

325

370

377

176

1400-1500

195

326

386

391

188

1500-1600

202

328

402

404

202

1600-1700

209

330

416

417

215

1700-1800

215

332

431

431

229

1800-1900

222

333

444

444

244

1900-2000

229

335

458

458

259

Table 6: Hazard Type 2 explosive where some or all items exceed 0.7kg. net mass

1Quantity of explosives(kg.)

2 Low-density distance (m)

3Vulnerable building distance(m)

0. 1-25

45

90

25-50

88

176

50-75

108

216

75-100

129

238

100-150

148

296

150-200

168

336

200-300

191

382

300-400

207

414

400-450

213

426

450-500

219

438

500-600

226

452

600-700

233

466

700-800

240

480

800-900

248

496

900-1000

256

512

1000-1100

259

518

1100-1200

262

524

1200-1300

266

532

1300-1400

270

540

1400-1500

274

548

1500-1600

278

556

1600-1700

282

564

1700-1800

286

572

1800-1900

288

576

1900-2000

292

592

Table 7: Hazard Type 2 explosive where no item exceeds 0.7kg. net mass

1Quantity of explosives

2Low-density distance

3 Vulnerable building distance

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

0. 1-25

37

76

25-50

43

86

50-75

47

94

75-100

51

102

100-150

56

112

150-200

60

120

200-300

66

132

300-400

71

142

400-450

73

146

450-500

74

148

500-600

76

152

600-700

78

158

700-800

81

162

800-900

84

164

900-1000

87

174

1000-1100

88

176

1100-1200

89

178

1200-1300

90

180

1300-1400

91

182

1400-1500

92

184

1500-1600

94

188

1600-1700

95

190

1700-1800

97

194

1800-1900

99

198

1900-2000

101

202

Table 8: Hazard Type 3 explosive

1Quantity of explosives(kg.)

2 Low-density distance(m)

0. 1-5

-

5-10

14

10-15

16

15-20

18

20-25

19

25-50

23

50-75

25

75-100

29

100-150

33

150-200

37

200-300

42

300-400

47

400-450

47

450-500

50

500-600

51

600-700

53

700-800

54

800-900

55

900-1000

63

1000-1100

70

1100-1200

71

1200-1300

72

1300-1400

73

1400-1500

74

1500-1600

75

1600- 1700

76

1700-1800

78

1800-1900

79

1900-2000

80

Table 9: Hazard Type 4 explosive

1 Quantity of explosives(kg.)

2 Low-density distance(m)

0. 1-25

0

25-300

1

300-340

2

340-370

3

370-400

4

400-450

5

450-500

6

500-550

7

550-600

8

600-650

9

650-700

10

700-750

11

750-800

12

800-900

13

900-950

14

950-1000

15

1000-1100

16

1100-1150

17

1150-1200

18

1200-1300

19

1300-1350

20

1350-1400

21

1400-1450

22

1450-1550

23

1550-1600

24

1600-1650

25

1650-1700

26

1700-1800

27

1800-1850

28

1850-1900

29

1900-2000

30

Table 10: Separation distance between explosives store and controlled substance

1

2

3

4

5

6

Quantity ofexplosive

Distance where controlled substance is AN passing the detonation resistance test or an AN blasting intermediate in UN 3375 (mounded store)

Distance where controlled substance is AN passing the detonation resistance test or an AN blasting intermediate in UN 3375 (unmounded store)

Distance where controlled substance is AN not passing the detonation resistance test or an AN blasting intermediate not in UN 3375 (mounded store)

Distance where controlled substance is AN not passing the detonation resistance test or an AN blasting intermediate not in UN 3375 (unmounded store)

Minimumthickness ofartificialmound

(kg.)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(m)

(cm)

Under 50

1

5

3

20

30

50-100

1

7

4

23

30

100-200

1

8

5

29

30

200-500

2

11

7

41

30

500-1000

2

15

9

55

30

1000-2000

3

19

11

68

40

Note: In this Table, “AN” means ammonium nitrate.

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GIVEN under the Official Seal of the Government,

11 December 2007

BERTIE AHERN

Taoiseach

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Instrument and does not purport to be a legal interpretation).

This Order regulates the licensing, construction, operation, separation distances, fire and explosion assessment and safety measures associated with stores for explosives as licensed by the local authorities.

This Order revokes and replaces the Stores for Explosives Order, 1955 ( S.I. No. 42 of 1955 ).

1 Location: Scaled maps should accompany the application, one of scale 1:2500, showing the entire site and all occupied buildings, roads, factories, etc. within 1000m of the site and a block plan of scale 1:500 (approx), showing actual store (outlined in red) and remainder of the site under the control or ownership of the applicant, and a plan of the actual store of scale 1:50.

2 Construction requirements are specified in the Order. PM 82 is an electrical specification for explosives buildings.

3 Proper shipping names, UN number and hazard code can be obtained from the manufacturer or the Competent Authority Document, which classifies explosives for transport. For definitions and infomation on hazard types, see Articles 3 and 4 of Order.

4 See Schedule 4 of Order for tables and explanations of separation distances.

5 See Article 3 of, and Schedule 4 to, Order for explanation of reference zone.

6 This should be determined by a physical survey, using scaled map as reference.

7 This quantity is normally the net explosive mass in kg, and the maximum quantity permitted depends on available separation distances. To calculate the maximum permitted quantity, proceed as follows, in accordance with Schedule 4 of the Order, for each hazard type of explosives proposed to be stored:a. Select correct table depending on store construction and hazard type.b. Use appropriate line for proposed quantity of explosives.c. Ascertain whether high-density or low-density distance is appropriate, having regard to paragraphs 3 to 6 of Schedule 4.d. Compare required separation distance from table against actual available distance.e. If required distance exceeds available distance, reduce proposed quantity of explosives until available distance equals or exceeds required distance.f. The quantity so ascertained is the maximum permitted quantity.

8 Submit form with maps and fee to Secretary of local authority, with copies to Government Inspector of Explosives, Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform, 94 St. Stephens Green, Dublin 2.

* See Article 4 of Order for explanation of hazard type.