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S.I. No. 294/1964 - Road Traffic General Bye-Laws, 1964.

S.I. No. 294/1964:

ROAD TRAFFIC GENERAL BYE-LAWS, 1964.

ROAD TRAFFIC GENERAL BYE-LAWS, 1964.

Arrangement of Bye-Laws.

PART I

GENERAL PROVISIONS.

Bye-Law.

1. Citation and revocation.

2. Interpretation.

3. Signals and directions by Garda Síochána to override these bye-laws.

4. Special traffic regulation to override these bye-laws.

5. Application of bye-laws.

PART II.

TRAFFIC SIGNS AND ROADWAY MARKINGS.

6. Stop signs, Yield Right of Way signs, and stop lines.

7. Traffic signs indicating direction to be taken at junctions.

8. Dual-carriageway signs.

9. Continuous white lines.

10. Broken white lines on centre of roadway.

11. Parallel white lines on centre of roadway.

12. Traffic lane markings.

13. Traffic lights.

14. Level crossings.

PART III.

VEHICULAR TRAFFIC.

15. Use of footways.

16. Use of cycle tracks.

17. Obligation to drive on the left and to use traffic lanes.

18. General obligation regarding speed.

19. Overtaking.

20. Turning at junctions.

21. Entering a roundabout.

22. When right of way to be yielded.

23. Signals by drivers.

24. Signals by pointsmen.

25. Reversing.

26. Rules for parking.

27. Removal of vehicle in breakdown or accident.

PART IV.

CYCLE TRAFFIC.

28. Cycle tracks.

29. Driving two abreast.

PART V.

ANIMALS ON ROADS.

30. Driver's duty when passing animals.

31. Duties of drover.

32. Horses to be led on right side of road.

33. Duties of drovers in darkness.

PART VI.

DUTIES OF PEDESTRIANS.

34. Pedestrians to exercise care.

35. Rules for pedestrians.

36. Pedestrians crossing roadway.

37. Pedestrian lights.

38. Use of zebra crossing.

S.I. No. 294 of 1964.

ROAD TRAFFIC GENERAL BYE-LAWS, 1964.

I, DANIEL COSTIGAN, Commissioner of the Garda Síochána, in exercise of the powers conferred on me by section 88 of the Road Traffic Act, 1961 (No. 24 of 1961), hereby, with the consent of the Minister for Local Government, make the following bye-laws :

PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

Citation and revocation

1.—(1) These bye-laws may be cited as the Road Traffic General Bye-laws, 1964.

(2) The General Bye-laws for the Control of Traffic, 1937 to 1959, are hereby revoked.

Interpretation

2. (1) In these bye-laws—

" authorised ", in relation to a traffic sign or a roadway marking, means, save where otherwise expressly stated, authorised by the appropriate Article of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962 ( S.I. No. 171 of 1962 ) ;

" animal " does not include a cat or a dog ;

" cycle track " means part of a road designed for use by pedal cycle only ;

" lighting-up hours " means the period commencing one half-hour after sunset on any day and ending one half-hour before sunrise on the next day ;

" major road " means—

(a) a road in respect of which there is an authorised traffic sign indicating that the road is a major road, or

(b) a road forming part of a road junction and which, because of the volume of traffic it normally carries, is the principal road of those intersecting or meeting at the junction ;

" overtaking " includes passing out, and cognate words shall be construed accordingly ;

" pedestrian lights " means lights authorised by Article 14 of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962 ;

" pointsman " means a member of the Garda Síochána in uniform and on traffic control duty ;

" roadway " does not include a cycle track ;

" slow vehicle " means—

(a) a vehicle which is not mechanically propelled,

(b) a mechanically propelled vehicle to which an ordinary speed limit of not more than twenty miles per hour applies, and

(c) a mechanically propelled vehicle so constructed or adapted as to be incapable of exceeding 24 miles per hour on a level road ;

" stop line " means a roadway marking authorised by Article 11 of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962 ;

" Stop sign " means the authorised traffic sign No. 202 ; " traffic " does not include pedestrians ;

" traffic light " means a traffic sign authorised by Article 13 of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962 ;

" Yield Right of Way sign " means the authorised traffic sign No. 201 or the authorised traffic sign No. 201A ;

" zebra crossing " means a portion of a roadway on which roadway markings authorised by Article 9 of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962 ( S.I. No. 171 of 1962 ), have been provided, and at which beacons authorised by that Article have been provided.

(2) For the purposes of such of these bye-laws as refer to a driver, a person leading or riding an animal (whether or not the animal is pulling a vehicle) shall be deemed to be a driver.

(3) For the purposes of these bye-laws, every drover accompanying an animal on a road shall be deemed to be a person in charge of that animal.

(4) A reference in these bye-laws (by the use of the abbreviation " No." after the word " sign ") to a traffic sign and a number is a reference to a traffic sign of the type illustrated above that number in the Schedule to the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962.

Signals and directions by Garda Síochána to override these bye-laws

3. A driver or pedestrian to whom a pointsman has given a signal under bye-law 24 of these bye-laws, or to whom a member of the Garda Síochána has given a direction for the purpose of preserving order or regulating or controlling traffic, shall comply with the signal or direction, which shall, if it is inconsistent with any other provision of these bye-laws, override that provision.

Special traffic regulation to override these bye-laws

4.—(1) Whenever there is any conflict or inconsistency between a provision of these bye-laws and a special traffic regulation, the special traffic regulation shall override that provision.

(2) In this bye-law " special traffic regulation " means a bye-law or a temporary rule made (or deemed to have been made) under section 84 (which relates to street service vehicles) of the Road Traffic Act, 1961 (No. 24 of 1961), and a bye-law, order or regulation made under statutory authority in respect of a public place other than a public road by the person responsible for the control and management of that place.

Application of bye-laws

5.—(1) These bye-laws shall apply save where compliance therewith is not possible by reason solely of road-works, building operations or an obstruction to traffic, or because of an emergency suddenly confronting a driver, pedal-cyclist or pedestrian which he could not reasonably have been expected to anticipate.

(2) Bye-laws 12, 15, 16, 29, 33 and 35, paragraph (1) of bye-law 23, paragraph (1) of bye-law 36 and paragraph (1) of bye-law 38 of these bye-laws shall apply save where non-compliance therewith does not, and is not likely to, endanger or inconvenience other traffic or a pedestrian.

PART II. TRAFFIC SIGNS AND ROADWAY MARKINGS.

Stop signs, Yield Right of Way signs, and stop lines

6.—(1) A Stop sign shall indicate that the next road ahead is a major road.

(2) A Yield Right of Way sign shall indicate that the next road ahead is a major road.

(3) A stop line on a road shall indicate that a driver approaching the stop line by that road shall halt at the stop line.

Traffic signs indicating direction to be taken at junctions

7.—(1) An authorised traffic sign containing a black arrow and a diagonal red line shall indicate that traffic is prohibited from proceeding in the direction indicated by the arrow, and on reaching such a traffic sign a driver shall not proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow.

(2) An authorised traffic sign, containing a black arrow only, shall indicate that traffic approaching the road junction at or near which the sign has been erected must, on reaching the junction, take only the direction indicated by the arrow, and on reaching a road junction at or near which such a traffic sign has been erected, a driver shall take only the direction indicated by the arrow.

Dual-carriage-way signs

8. An authorised traffic sign containing a curved black arrow shall indicate that approaching traffic must drive on the left-hand roadway of the dual carriageway at the entrance to which the sign has been erected, and on reaching such a traffic sign a driver shall drive on the left-hand roadway of the dual carriageway.

Continuous white lines

9. An authorised continuous white line along the centre of a roadway shall indicate that traffic must drive to the left of the line, and when on a stretch of roadway on which such a line has been provided a driver shall, save for the purpose of entering or leaving land or premises adjoining the right hand side of that roadway, drive to the left of the line.

Broken white lines on centre of roadway

10. An authorised broken white line along the centre of a roadway shall indicate that traffic must keep to the left of that broken white line unless it can be crossed without danger to other traffic or pedestrians, and when on a stretch of roadway along the centre of which such a line has been provided, a driver shall, save when he can cross the line without danger to other traffic or pedestrians, drive to the left of the line.

Parallel white lines on centre of roadway

11.—(1) Two authorised parallel continuous white lines along the centre of a roadway shall indicate that traffic must keep to the left of those lines, and when on a stretch of roadway along the centre of which such lines have been provided a driver shall drive to the left of the lines.

(2) An authorised continuous white line and an authorised broken white line parallel to the continuous white line, both extending along the centre of a roadway, shall indicate that traffic having the continuous white line nearest to its right shall keep to the left of the lines, and that traffic having the broken white line nearest to its right shall keep to the left of the lines save where they can be crossed without danger to other traffic or pedestrians, and when on a roadway along the centre of which such lines have been provided a driver shall drive to the left of such lines when the continuous white line is nearest to him and, when the broken white line is nearest to him, shall drive to the left of the lines save where they can be crossed without danger to other traffic or pedestrians.

(3) Nothing in this bye-law shall so operate as to prevent a driver from driving across a roadway along the centre of which authorised white lines have been provided for the purpose of entering or leaving land or premises adjoining the right hand side of that roadway.

Traffic lane markings

12.—(1) An authorised broken white line on a roadway shall indicate the boundary of a traffic lane.

(2) White arrows placed in traffic lanes at an approach to a road junction shall indicate to drivers the direction to be taken by traffic using those lanes, as follows :—

(a) in the case of arrows pointing straight ahead, a driver using the traffic lane in which those arrows are placed shall proceed straight through the junction ;

(b) in the case of arrows pointing or curved to the left, a driver using the traffic lane in which those arrows are placed shall turn left at the junction ;

(c) in the case of arrows pointing or curved to the right, a driver using the traffic lane in which those arrows are placed shall turn right at the junction.

(3) A white line, terminating in an arrowhead and with an additional arrowhead branching from it to the left or to the right, placed in a traffic lane at an approach to a road junction shall indicate to drivers the direction to be taken by traffic using that lane, as follows :

(a) where the additional arrow branches to the left, a driver using the lane in which the white line is placed shall either proceed straight through the junction or turn left at the junction ;

(b) where the additional arrow branches to the right, a driver using the lane in which the white line is placed shall either proceed straight through the junction or turn right at the junction.

Traffic lights

13.—(1) Subject to paragraph (4) of this bye-law, a driver facing a traffic light lamp which shows a red light shall not proceed beyond the stop line at that light or, if there is no such stop line, beyond that light.

(2) A driver facing a traffic light lamp which shows an amber light while no other traffic light lamp (immediately above or below) shows any light, shall not proceed beyond the stop line at that light (or, if there is no such stop line, beyond the light) save when the vehicle is so close to the stop line when the amber light shows that the vehicle cannot safely be halted before crossing the stop line.

(3) A driver facing a traffic light lamp which shows a green light (other than a green arrow) may, in accordance with these bye-laws, proceed past that light.

(4) A driver facing a traffic light lamp which shows a lighted green arrow may, in accordance with these bye-laws, proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow, notwithstanding that another traffic light lamp facing the driver shows a red light.

Level crossings

14. A driver or pedestrian approaching a railway level crossing at which a signal has been erected consisting of a set of two red lights which are capable of flashing alternately and of shining along the road, and have the word " stop " on each light, shall not, while the red lights are flashing, proceed beyond the stop line or barrier at or near the signal or, if no such stop line or barrier is provided, beyond the signal.

PART III. VEHICULAR TRAFFIC.

Use of footways

15.—(1) A driver shall not drive wholly or partly along or across a footway.

(2) This bye-law does not apply to a pram, an invalid carriage not mechanically propelled, or a vehicle being driven across a footway (either to a roadway from a place adjacent to the footway, or from a roadway to such a place).

use of cycle tracks

16.—(1) A driver (other than a pedal cyclist) shall not drive wholly or partly along or across a cycle track.

(2) This bye-law does not apply to a vehicle which is being driven across a cycle track, either to or from a place adjacent to the cycle track.

Obligation to drive on the left and to use traffic lanes

17.—(1) A driver shall drive as near to the left hand side of the roadway as is necessary in order to allow, without danger or inconvenience to traffic or a pedestrian, approaching traffic to pass him on his right and overtaking traffic to overtake him on his right.

(2) Save on a one-way roadway, a driver shall drive to the left of a traffic refuge.

(3) A driver shall not drive from one traffic lane to another without good cause, and without yielding the right of way to traffic in that other lane.

General obligation regarding speed

18. A driver shall not drive at a speed exceeding that which will enable him to halt the vehicle within the distance he can see to be clear.

Overtaking

19.—(1) A driver shall not overtake (or attempt to overtake) if to do so would endanger, or cause inconvenience to, any other person.

(2) A driver shall not overtake (or attempt to overtake) unless he can clearly see a portion of the roadway which—

(a) is free from approaching traffic, pedestrians and any obstruction, and

(b) is sufficiently long and wide to permit the overtaking to be completed without danger or inconvenience to other traffic or pedestrians.

(3) A driver shall overtake on the right and shall not move in towards the left until it is safe to do so.

(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3) of this bye-law, a driver may overtake on the left—

(a) where the driver of the vehicle about to be overtaken has signalled his intention to turn to the right and the driver of the overtaking vehicle intends, after having overtaken, to go straight ahead or to turn to the left,

(b) where the driver of the overtaking vehicle intends, after having overtaken, to turn left at a road junction and has signalled this intention,

(c) in slow-moving traffic, when vehicles in the traffic lane on the driver's right are moving more slowly than the overtaking vehicle.

Turning at junctions

20. A driver approaching a road junction shall observe the following rules, save where a traffic sign requires a different course :

(a) if he intends to turn left at the junction, he shall drive on the left hand side of the roadway;

(b) if he intends to turn right at the junction, he shall drive close to the centre of the roadway, save that, when on a oneway roadway which is wide enough for more than one lane of traffic, he shall drive on the right hand side of the roadway.

Entering a roundabout

21. A driver shall enter a roundabout by turning to the left.

When right of way to be yielded

22.—(1) When starting from a stationary position a driver shall yield the right of way to other traffic and pedestrians.

(2) A driver approaching a road junction shall yield the right of way to another vehicle which has commenced to turn or cross at the junction in accordance with these bye-laws, and to a pedestrian who has commenced to cross at the junction in accordance with these bye-laws.

(3) A driver entering a public road from a place which is not a public road shall yield the right of way to all vehicles proceeding in either direction along the public road.

(4) (a) A driver shall, before entering a major road by a road on which a Stop sign has been erected, halt the vehicle on the roadway at or near the Stop sign and yield the right of way to traffic on the major road.

(b) A driver halting the vehicle in compliance with this bye-law shall, where a stop line has been provided at or near a Stop sign, halt the vehicle at the stop line and shall ensure that, when the vehicle is halted, its front wheels (or wheel) have (or has) not crossed the stop line.

(5) A driver shall, before entering a major road by a road on which a Yield Right of Way sign has been erected, yield the right of way to traffic on the major road.

(6) A driver approaching a road junction by a road which is not a major road shall, before entering a major road in respect of which there is not an authorised traffic sign indicating that the last mentioned road is a major road, yield the right of way to traffic on the major road.

(7) A driver approaching a road junction to which paragraph (4), (5) or (6) of this bye-law does not apply shall yield the right of way to traffic approaching the junction from the right by another road.

(8) A driver approaching a road junction and intending to turn right at the junction shall yield the right of way to a vehicle approaching on the same road from the opposite direction and intending to proceed straight through the junction.

(9) A driver approaching a zebra crossing shall yield the right of way to a pedestrian on the crossing.

Signals by drivers

23.—(1) Whenever a driver intends to slow down, stop or alter course, he shall either give a hand signal in accordance with the following Table or give a signal by using a direction indicator or stop lamp :

SIGNALS TO OTHER ROAD USERS.

Intended course of action

Signal to be given

I am going to slow down or stop.

Extend the right arm and hand fully with the palm turned downwards, and move the arm slowly upwards and downwards.

I am going to turn to the left.

In the case of a vehicle other than a cycle or animal-drawn vehicle, extend the right arm and hand to the right, and rotate them in an anticlockwise direction.

In the case of a cycle or animal-drawn vehicle, extend the left arm and hand fully to the left with the palm to the front, and hold them rigid in a horizontal position straight out from the left side.

I am going to turn to the right.

Extend the right arm and hand fully to the right with the palm to the front, and hold them rigid in a horizontal position straight out from the right side.

(2) Whenever a driver wishes to indicate to a pointsman the direction he wishes to take, he shall give either a hand signal in accordance with the following Table or a signal by using a direction indicator :

SIGNALS TO POINTSMEN.

Intended course of action

Signal to be given

I want to go straight ahead.

Extend the forearm and hand upwards with the palm to the front.

I want to turn to the left.

In the case of a vehicle other than a cycle, point the right forearm and hand (with the fingers extended) to the left.

In the case of a cycle or an animal-drawn vehicle, extend the left arm and hand fully to the left with the palm to the front, and hold them rigid in a horizontal position straight out from the left side.

I want to turn to the right.

Extend the right arm and hand fully to the right with the palm to the front, and hold them rigid in a horizontal position straight out from the right side.

(3) A driver shall give a signal in sufficient time before altering course and in such a manner as to be clearly visible and clearly understood by those for whom it is intended.

(4) A driver shall not give simultaneous contradictory signals.

Signals by pointsmen

24.—(1) Whenever a pointsman gives a signal described in column (1) of the Table to this bye-law, drivers and pedestrians shall act in accordance with the duty specified in column (2) of that Table opposite the signal described in column (1).

(2) A pointsman may use a white baton when giving such signals and a whistle to warn of an impending change from one signal to another.

SIGNALS BY POINTSMEN.

Description of Signal

Duties of Drivers and Pedestrians

The pointsman extends his right arm and hand at full length above his shoulder.

Drivers and pedestrians approaching the pointsman from in front of him shall halt.

The pointsman extends his left arm and hand horizontally from his shoulder.

Drivers and pedestrians approaching the pointsman from behind him shall halt.

The pointsman extends his right arm and hand at full length above his shoulder, and at the same time extends his left arm and hand horizontally from his shoulder.

Drivers and pedestrians approaching the pointsman, whether from in front of or behind him, shall halt.

The pointsman beckons with his hand and forearm.

Drivers and pedestrians approaching the pointsman from in front of him or from his right or left, or stopped or halted by him, shall proceed as beckoned.

The pointsman points towards a particular traffic lane.

Drivers shall move into that traffic lane.

(3) A driver signalled by a pointsman to halt, at a road junction at which a stop line is provided, shall do so at the stop line and shall ensure that, when the vehicle is halted, its front wheels (or wheel) have (or has) not crossed the stop line.

Reversing

25.—(1) Before reversing a driver shall ensure that he can do so without endangering other traffic or pedestrians.

(2) A driver shall not reverse on to a major road from another road, or whenever his vision is such that to reverse would be likely to endanger other traffic or pedestrians.

Rules for Parking

26.—(1) When parking a driver shall ensure that the vehicle—

(a) is not likely to cause inconvenience, to obstruct or endanger other traffic, or to obstruct the view of another driver at or near a road junction, corner or bend or at or near a brow of a hill, or to prevent another driver from seeing a traffic sign ;

(b) will not obstruct or interfere with an entrance to, or an exit from, a fire brigade station or ambulance station ;

(c) will not interfere with the normal flow of traffic ;

(d) will not be wholly or partly on a zebra crossing or within thirty feet of a zebra crossing or pedestrian lights ; provided that the restrictions on parking imposed by this subparagraph shall, in a street where traffic is permitted to travel in either direction, apply only to the side of the street on which traffic approaching the zebra crossing or pedestrian lights is required to travel, and in a oneway street shall apply only to that side of the crossing or lights from which traffic is required to approach the crossing or lights ;

(e) will not be between traffic lights and roadway markings of the type authorised by paragraph (h) of Article 12 of the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations, 1962, as amended by Article 3 of the Road Traffic (Signs) (Amendment) Regulations, 1964 ( S.I. No. 56 of 1964 ) ;

(f) will not obstruct an entrance for vehicles to premises, save when the occupier of the premises consents ;

(g) will not, if it is not a street service vehicle, be wholly or partly at an appointed stand for street service vehicles ;

(h) will not, in such a way as to interfere with the free movement of pedestrians along a footway, be wholly or partly on the footway or projecting over the footway, or (if it is not a pedal cycle) be wholly or partly on a cycle track ;

(i) will not (if it is not a pedal bicycle or a motorcycle without a sidecar) be on a stretch of roadway which has an authorised continuous white line (or two authorised continuous white lines) along its centre.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this bye-law, a driver may park within thirty feet of pedestrian lights while a passenger is entering or leaving the vehicle, or while the vehicle is being used for loading or unloading or is being attended to at a service station.

(3) This bye-law does not apply to—

(a) a fire engine, ambulance or a vehicle being used by the Garda Síochána in pursuance of its duties,

(b) any vehicle being used for roadwork or building operations, or in connection with telegraph or telephone lines, or removing an obstruction to traffic.

Removal of vehicle in breakdown or accident

27.—(1) A driver (or other person in charge) shall remove from the roadway as soon as possible a vehicle which, because of a breakdown, accident or other mishap, is parked in contravention of these bye-laws or is an obstruction to traffic.

(2) A driver (or other person in charge) shall, if the vehicle is required to carry an advance warning device and a breakdown, accident, or other mishap occurs to the vehicle, place the device on the road with its reflectorized or illuminated surface facing the traffic it is intended to warn, and at such a distance from the vehicle as to give adequate advance warning to traffic, and remove the device from the road when the vehicle has been removed from the roadway.

PART IV. CYCLE TRAFFIC.

Cycle tracks

28.—(1) Where a cycle track is provided on a stretch of road—

(a) every pedal cycle being driven on that stretch of road (in the direction in which traffic on the side of the road adjacent to the cycle track is required to travel) shall be driven on the cycle track only, and

(b) a vehicle other than a pedal cycle shall not be driven on the cycle track.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this bye-law, an invalid carriage not mechanically propelled may be driven on a cycle track, provided that it is driven in the direction in which pedal cycles are required to be driven.

Driving two abreast

29.—(1) A pedal cyclist shall not, save when overtaking other pedal cyclists (and then only if to do so will not endanger other traffic or pedestrians) drive a pedal cycle on a roadway in such a manner as to result in more than two pedal cycles driving abreast.

(2) Pedal cyclists on a roadway shall cycle in single file when overtaking other traffic.

PART V. ANIMALS ON ROADS.

Driver's duty when passing animals

30. A driver meeting or overtaking an animal on a road shall either reduce speed or halt the vehicle, if requested to do so (whether by signal or otherwise) by a person in charge of the animal.

Duties of drover

31.—(1) A person in charge of an animal which is being driven along or on to a road shall take all reasonable steps to ensure—

(a) that the animal does not obstruct other traffic or a pedestrian,

(b) that, save when being driven to or from land or premises, the animal is not on a cycle track or footway, and

(c) that traffic overtaking the animal has room to do so in safety.

(2) In this bye-law " driven " means conducted without a rein or lead.

Horses to be led on right side of road

32. A person leading a horse along a roadway shall, notwithstanding any other provision of these bye-laws, do so on the right side of the roadway.

Duties of drovers in darkness

33. During lighting-up hours a person in charge of animals on a road shall so carry, as to be likely to warn other road users of the presence of the animals, a lamp showing a white light visible for a reasonable distance in the direction in which the animals are travelling and a red light visible for a reasonable distance in the opposite direction.

PART VI. DUTIES OF PEDESTRIANS.

Pedestrians to exercise care

34. A pedestrian shall exercise care and take all reasonable precautions to avoid causing danger or inconvenience to traffic and other pedestrians, and, when at a road junction controlled by traffic lights, shall comply with bye-law 13 of these bye-laws in so far as it applies to a driver facing lights at which there is no stop line.

Rules for pedestrians

35.—(1) Save when crossing the roadway a pedestrian shall use a footway if one is provided, and if one is not provided, shall keep as near as possible to the right edge of the roadway.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this bye-law, every person in a group of twenty persons or more walking along a road shall do so as near as possible to its left edge.

(3) During lighting-up hours at least one person from a group of twenty persons or more walking along a road shall carry a lamp showing a white light visible for a reasonable distance in the direction in which the group is walking and a red light visible for a reasonable distance in the opposite direction.

(4) In this bye-law " pedestrian " includes a person pushing a pram.

Pedestrians crossing roadway

36.—(1) When crossing a roadway a pedestrian shall remain on the roadway only for so long as is necessary.

(2) At a road junction where traffic is controlled either by traffic lights or by a pointsman, a pedestrian shall cross the roadway only when traffic going in the direction in which the pedestrian intends to cross is permitted (by the lights or pointsman) to proceed, and shall yield the right of way to any traffic turning in front of the pedestrian.

(3) At a point on a road where traffic is controlled by a pointsman, a pedestrian shall cross the roadway only when permitted to do so by the pointsman.

(4) For the purposes of this bye-law, each carriageway of a dual carriageway shall be deemed to be a separate roadway, and where there is a traffic refuge on a roadway the portion of the roadway on each side of the refuge shall be deemed to be a separate roadway.

Pedestrian lights

37. A pedestrian about to cross a roadway at a place where pedestrian lights have been provided shall do so only when a lamp of the pedestrian lights facing him is lit and green.

Use of zebra crossings

38.—(1) On a roadway on which a zebra crossing has been provided a pedestrian shall not cross the roadway within 50 feet of the crossing except by the crossing.

(2) When a vehicle is approaching a zebra crossing a pedestrian shall not step on to that crossing if his action is likely to cause the driver either to brake suddenly or to swerve.

GIVEN under my hand, this 3rd day of December, 1964.

(Signed) D. COSTIGAN,

Commissioner of the Garda Síochána.

The Minister for Local Government, in exercise of the powers conferred on him by section 88 of the Road Traffic Act, 1961 (No. 24 of 1961), and having complied with subsection (2) of section 6 of that Act, hereby consents to the making of the foregoing bye-laws.

GIVEN under the Official Seal of the Minister for Local Government, this 21st day of December, 1964.

NEIL T. BLANEY,

Minister for Local Government.

EXPLANATORY NOTE.

These Bye-laws revoke the General Bye-laws for the Control of Traffic, 1937 to 1959.

Bye-law 7 provides that a traffic sign containing a cancelled black arrow shall indicate that traffic shall not proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow, and a traffic sign containing a black arrow only shall indicate that traffic must take only the direction indicated by the arrow.

Bye-law 8 provides that a traffic sign containing a curved black arrow placed at the entrance of a dual carriageway shall indicate that approaching traffic must drive on the left-hand roadway of the dual carriageway.

Bye-law 9 provides that a continuous white line along the centre of a roadway shall indicate that traffic must keep to the left of the line.

Bye-law 10 provides that a broken white line along the centre of the roadway shall indicate that traffic must keep to the left of such line unless it can be crossed with safety.

Bye-law 11 provides that—

(a) two continuous white lines along the centre of the roadway shall indicate that traffic must keep to the left of those lines, and

(b) a continuous white line and a broken white line along the centre of the roadway shall indicate that traffic having the continuous white line nearest to its right shall keep to the left of the lines, and traffic having the broken white line nearest its right shall keep to the left of the lines unless they can be crossed with safety.

Bye-law 13 sets out the course to be followed by traffic at places controlled by traffic lights.

Bye-law 14 provides that at a railway level crossing, a signal consisting of two red lights flashing alternately with the word " stop " on each light shall indicate that a driver or pedestrian shall not, while the red lights are flashing, proceed beyond the stop line or barrier, or if no such line or barrier is provided, beyond the signal.

Bye-law 15 prohibits the driving of vehicles, other than prams or manually driven invalid carriages, on a footway.

Bye-law 17 provides that a driver shall drive as near to the left of the roadway as will allow traffic to pass and overtake him on his right with safety, and prohibits driving from one traffic lane to another without good cause and without yielding the right of way to traffic in that other lane.

Bye-law 18 provides that a driver shall not drive at a speed exceeding that which will enable him to halt within a distance he can see to be clear.

Bye-law 19 provides rules to be followed by drivers when overtaking.

Bye-law 20 provides rules to be followed by a driver approaching a road junction.

Bye-law 22 prescribes rules in relation to—

(a) the starting of vehicles from a stationary position.

(b) the yielding of the right of way to vehicles turning or crossing and to pedestrians crossing at road junctions,

(c) the yielding of the right of way to vehicles on public roads by vehicles coming from places which are not public roads,

(d) the stopping of vehicles at a stop line or at a stop sign if no stop line is provided so as to yield the right of way to traffic before entering a major road,

(e) the yielding of the right of way to traffic before entering a major road from a road on which a " Yield Right of Way " sign has been provided,

(f) the yielding of the right of way to traffic before entering a major road in respect of which there is no authorised sign indicating that it is a major road,

(g) the yielding of the right of way to traffic approaching from the right before entering a road which is not a major road,

(h) the yielding of the right of way by a vehicle intending to turn right at a junction to a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction and intending to proceed straight ahead through the junction, and

(i) the yielding of the right of way to a pedestrian who is on a pedestrian crossing.

Bye-law 23 indicates the signals to be given by drivers to other road users and to pointsmen.

Bye-law 24 provides that drivers and pedestrians shall obey pointsmen's signals. When signalled to halt at a road junction a driver must stop behind the stop line if a stop line is provided.

Bye-law 25 provides the course to be followed by drivers when reversing.

Bye-law 26—

(a) prescribes rules in relation to the parking of vehicles, and

(b) prohibits entirely the parking of vehicles at certain places.

Bye-law 27 provides that in the case of a vehicle required to carry an advance warning device, this device shall, in the case of a breakdown, accident or other mishap occurring to the vehicle, be so placed on the roadway as to give adequate advance warning to traffic.

Bye-law 29 provides rules to be followed by cyclists.

Bye-law 30 provides that the driver of a vehicle meeting or passing an animal on a road shall either reduce speed or halt the vehicle on being requested to do so by a person in charge of the animal.

Bye-law 31 provides rules to be followed by persons in charge of animals being driven along or on to a road without a rein or other lead.

Bye-law 32 provides that a person leading a horse along a roadway shall do so on the right side of the roadway.

Bye-law 33 provides for the carrying of a light by a person in charge of animals on a road during lighting-up hours.

Bye-law 34 provides that a pedestrian shall exercise care to avoid causing danger or inconvenience to other traffic or pedestrians.

Bye-law 35 provides that—

(a) a person shall walk on the footpath and where there is no footpath as near as possible to the right edge of the roadway, and

(b) a group of twenty persons or more walking along the roadway shall do so as near as possible to the left edge, and during lighting-up hours at least one person from the group shall carry a lamp showing a white light in the direction in which the group is walking and a red light in the opposite direction.

Bye-law 36 provides rules to be followed by pedestrians when crossing roadways, and provides that they shall act in accordance with traffic lights or pointsmen's signals at places where traffic is controlled.

Bye-law 37 provides that a pedestrian shall not cross a roadway at pedestrian lights unless a lamp of the lights facing him is lit and green.

Bye-law 38 provides that a pedestrian—

(a) shall not cross a roadway within 50 feet of a zebra crossing except by the crossing, and

(b) shall not step on to a zebra crossing if his action is likely to cause the driver of an approaching vehicle to brake suddenly or to swerve.