Seanad Electoral (Panel Members) Act, 1937

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Number 43 of 1937.


SEANAD ELECTORAL (PANEL MEMBERS) ACT, 1937.


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I

Preliminary and General

Section

1.

Short title.

2.

Commencement.

3.

Definitions.

4.

The panels.

5.

The Seanad returning officer.

6.

Appointment of days and times.

7.

Regulations.

8.

Expenses.

PART II

Register of Nominating Bodies

9.

The register of nominating bodies.

10.

Applications for registration in the register.

11.

Publication of notice of the preparation of the register.

12.

Preparation of the register.

13.

Election of the appeal committee.

14.

Appeals to the appeal committee.

15.

Decision of appeals by the appeal committee.

16.

Completion and publication of the register.

17.

Annual revision of register of nominating bodies.

18.

Appeals to the annual revision appeal committee.

19.

Completion of annual revision.

20.

Payment of fee on appeal.

PART III

Formation of the Panels

21.

Right of members of Dáil Eireann to nominate to panels.

22.

Right of registered nominating bodies to nominate to panels.

23.

Method of nomination by nominating bodies.

24.

Preparation of provisional panels.

25.

Method of nomination by members of Dáil Eireann.

26.

Ex-officio nominations to the administrative panel.

27.

Publication of nomination papers by Seanad returning officer.

28.

The completion of the panels.

29.

Nominations by the Taoiseach to complete the sub-panels.

30.

The judicial referee.

31.

Questions raisable at the completion of the panels.

32.

Persons permitted to attend the completion of the panels.

33.

Continuity of proceedings at the completion of the panels.

34.

Death or disqualification of a candidate.

35.

Preparation and publication of the panels.

PART IV

The Poll

36.

The electorate.

37.

Election of electors by councils.

38.

The electoral roll.

39.

Issue of copy of panels to electors.

40.

The ballot papers.

41.

Method of making votes on the ballot paper.

42.

Sending of ballot papers to electors.

43.

Method of voting.

44.

Allocation of members amongst the panels.

45.

Ascertainment of the result of the election.

46.

Preservation of the secrecy of the voting.

47.

Election petitions in relation to Seanad elections.

48.

Non-compliance with rules.

49.

Postal services.

PART V

Miscellaneous

50.

Resignation of membership of Seanad Eireann.

51.

Election as university member and as panel member.


FIRST SCHEDULE

Conduct of Election

SECOND SCHEDULE

The Counting of the Votes


Act Referred to

Local Government Act, 1925

No. 5 of 1925

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Number 43 of 1937.


SEANAD ELECTORAL (PANEL MEMBERS) ACT, 1937.


AN ACT TO REGULATE, FOR THE PURPOSE OF THE CONSTITUTION OF IRELAND LATELY ENACTED BY THE PEOPLE, ELECTIONS OF THOSE ELECTED MEMBERS OF SEANAD EIREANN WHO ARE REQUIRED BY THAT CONSTITUTION TO BE ELECTED FROM PANELS OF CANDIDATES, TO DEFINE THE ELECTORATE FOR SUCH ELECTIONS, AND TO PROVIDE FOR MATTERS INCIDENTAL TO OR CONNECTED WITH SUCH ELECTIONS. [21st December, 1937.]

BE IT ENACTED BY THE OIREACHTAS OF SAORST?T EIREANN AS FOLLOWS:—

PART I.

Preliminary and General.

Short title.

1.—This Act may be cited as the Seanad Electoral (Panel Members) Act, 1937.

Commencement.

2.—This Act shall come into operation immediately after the coming into operation of the Constitution of Ireland lately enacted by the people.

Definitions.

3.—In this Act—

the expression “the Minister” means the Minister for Local Government and Public Health;

the expression “Seanad election”means so much of a general election of members of Seanad Eireann held in pursuance of Article 18 of the Constitution as relates to the election of those members who are required by the said Article 18 to be elected from panels;

the expression “the first Seanad election” means the first Seanad election held after the commencement of this Act;

the expression “Dáil election” means a general election of members of Dáil Eireann held in consequence of a dissolution of Dáil Eireann;

the word “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Minister under this Act.

The panels.

4.—(1) In this Act—

the word “panel” when used without qualification means a panel of candidates formed in pursuance of sub-section 1° of section 7 of Article 18 of the Constitution;

the expression “the cultural and educational panel” means the panel required by the said sub-section 1° to contain the names of persons having knowledge and practical experience of the following interests and services, namely, the national language and culture, literature, art, education and such professional interests as may be defined by law for the purpose of this panel;

the expression “the agricultural panel” means the panel required by the said sub-section 1° to contain the names of persons having knowledge and practical experience of the following interests and services, namely, agriculture and allied interests, and fisheries;

the expression “the labour panel” means the panel required by the said sub-section 1° to contain the names of persons having knowledge and practical experience of the following interests and services, namely, labour, whether organised; or unorganised;

the expression “the industrial and commercial panel” means the panel required by the said sub-section 1° to contain the names of persons having knowledge and practical experience of the following interests and services, namely, industry and commerce, including banking, finance, accountancy, engineering, and architecture;

the expression “the administrative panel” means the panel required by the said sub-section 1° to contain the names of persons having knowledge and practical experience of the following interests and services, namely, public administration and social services, including voluntary social activities.

(2) The professional interests for the purposes of the cultural and educational panel are hereby defined as—

(a) law, and

(b) medicine, including surgery, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and pharmaceutical chemistry.

The Seanad returning officer.

5.—(1) As soon as practicable after the commencement of this Act and from time to time thereafter as occasion requires, the Minister shall appoint a fit and proper person to be the Seanad returning officer for the purposes of this Act.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Seanad returning officer to conduct every Seanad election, to count the votes cast thereat, to ascertain and declare the result thereof in accordance with this Act, and to do such other things in respect of every such election as he is required by this Act to do.

(3) The Minister for Finance shall from time to time prepare a scale of maximum charges for the Seanad returning officer, and the Seanad returning officer shall be paid by the said Minister out of the Central Fund or the growing produce thereof his reasonable charges in respect of his services and expenses in relation to every Seanad election including the preparation of the register of nominating bodies and annual revisions thereof, but not exceeding in any case the maximum charges specified in the said scale of maximum charges for the time being in force.

Appointment of days and times.

6.—(1) Before every Seanad election the Minister shall by order appoint for the purpose of such Seanad election—

(a) the day and hour (in this Act referred to as the expiration of the time for general panel nominations) on and at which the period during which the Seanad returning officer may receive nominations to the panels by nominating bodies shall expire;

(b) the day and hour (in this Act referred to as the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations) on and at which the period during which the Seanad returning officer may receive nominations to the panels by members of Dáil Eireann shall expire;

(c) the day and hour (in this Act referred to as the expiration of the time for ex-officio nominations) on and at which the period during which the Seanad returning officer may receive ex-officio nominations to the administrative panel shall expire;

(d) the day on which and the place at which the Seanad returning officer will sit for the completion of the panels;

(e) the day (in this Act referred to as the day of issue of ballot papers) on which the ballot papers for the said Seanad election are to be issued and posted to electors;

(f) the day and hour (in this Act referred to as the close of the poll) at which the poll at the said Seanad election is to be closed;

(g) the address of the Seanad returning officer to which applications for registration, nomination papers, and other communications may be sent to him.

(2) In the case of the first Seanad election, the order under this section shall be made as soon as conveniently may be after the commencement of this Act and, in the case of every subsequent Seanad election, the order under this section shall be made within seven days after the dissolution of Dáil Eireann which occasions such Seanad election.

(3) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to every order made by the Minister under this section except the order so made for the purposes of the first Seanad election, that is to say:—

(a) the day appointed under this section for the expiration of the time for general panel nominations shall not be less than four weeks after the dissolution of Dáil Eireann and, where practicable, shall not be prior to the date fixed for the reassembly of Dáil Eireann after such dissolution;

(b) the day appointed under this section for the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations shall not be less than seven days after the day appointed under this section for the expiration of the time for general panel nominations and, where practicable, shall be subsequent to the date fixed for the said reassembly of Dáil Eireann.

(4) The day appointed by an order under this section for the expiration of the time for ex-officio nominations shall always be subsequent to the day appointed by the same order for the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations.

(5) Every order made by the Minister under this section shall be published in the Iris Oifigiúil as soon as may be after it is made.

Regulations.

7.—The Minister may make regulations prescribing any matter or thing referred to in this Act as prescribed or to be prescribed.

Expenses.

8.—All expenses incurred by the Minister in the execution of this Act shall, to such extent as shall be sanctioned by the Minister for Finance, be paid out of moneys provided by the Oireachtas.

PART II.

Register of Nominating Bodies.

The register of nominating bodies.

9.—(1) A register (in this Act referred to as the register of nominating bodies) of bodies (in this Act referred to as nominating bodies) entitled to nominate persons to the panels of candidates for the purposes of every Seanad election shall be set up and maintained in accordance with this Act.

(2) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to the register of nominating bodies, that is to say:—

(a) the said register shall be in such form as the Seanad returning officer shall, with the approval of the Minister, think proper;

(b) no body shall be eligible to be registered in the register in respect of any particular panel (other than the administrative panel) unless its objects and activities relate to or are connected with or it is representative of persons engaged in one or more of the interests and services mentioned in sub-section 1° of section 7 of Article 18 of the Constitution in respect of that particular panel;

(c) no body which is formed or carried on wholly or substantially for profit or which carries on, as its sole or principal function, any trade or business for profit shall be eligible for registration in the said register;

(d) no body which is composed wholly or mainly of persons who are in the employment of the State or of persons who are in the employment of local authorities and the objects of which include the advancement or protection of the interests of such persons in relation to their said employment shall be eligible for registration in the said register;

(e) every body which is registered in the said register shall be so registered in respect of one, and only one, panel;

(f) except as otherwise provided by this sub-section, no body shall be registered in the said register save in pursuance of an application in that behalf made by such body in accordance with this Act;

(g) the following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to the administrative panel, that is to say:—

(i) the Irish County Councils General Council and the Association of Municipal Authorities of Ireland shall be registered in the said register in respect of the said panel without any application in that behalf under this Act, and

(ii) no other body shall be registered in the said register in respect of the said panel unless its objects and activities consist, wholly or substantially, of voluntary social services of a charitable or eleemosynary character;

(h) the number of nominating bodies registered in the said register in respect of any particular panel shall be so limited that the full number of persons which may be nominated to such panel by nominating bodies shall not exceed thirty.

(3) Each of the following bodies, and no other body, shall be a local authority for the purposes of this section, that is to say:—

(a) the council of a county, a county or other borough, or an urban district, the commissioners of a town, a municipal corporation and a board of guardians, and

(b) a person who is established by or in pursuance of any statute to perform any of the functions of any of the bodies mentioned in the next preceding paragraph of this sub-section, and

(c) a committee or joint committee of or appointed by any one or more of the bodies mentioned in either of the preceding paragraphs of this sub-section.

Applications for registration in the register.

10.—(1) Any body which desires to be registered in the register of nominating bodies in respect of any particular panel and claims to be eligible for registration in that register in respect of that panel may apply for that purpose to the Seanad returning officer in accordance with this section.

(2) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to applications for registration in the register of nominating bodies at the preparation of that register in the year 1938, that is to say:—

(a) every such application shall be made in writing on an application paper in the prescribed form provided by the Seanad returning officer;

(b) the Seanad returning officer shall furnish free of charge on request to any body which proposes to apply for registration in the said register an application paper for that purpose;

(c) every such application shall be delivered or sent by post to the Seanad returning officer at his office on or before the 24th day of January, 1938, and no such application which is received at the said office after the said date shall be entertained or considered by the Seanad returning officer;

(d) every such application shall state the panel in respect of which the applicant desires to be registered in the said register and the grounds on which the applicant claims to be eligible to be so registered;

(e) every such application shall also state all such things in relation to the applicant as are indicated in that behalf in the prescribed form of application paper

Publication of notice of the preparation of the register.

11.—As soon as practicable after the commencement of this Act, the Seanad returning officer shall publish in every morning daily newspaper published in the State and in such other (if any) daily newspapers as he shall, with the sanction of the Minister, think proper a notice in the prescribed form giving public notice that the register of nominating bodies is being prepared, and giving such information and instructions in relation to applications for such registration as the Minister shall think proper.

Preparation of the register.

12.—(1) As soon as practicable after the 24th day of January, 1938, and in any event not later than the 5th day of February, 1938, the Seanad returning officer shall prepare the register of nominating bodies and for that purpose—

(a) shall examine all applications for registration in the said register duly received by him, and

(b) shall disallow all such applications as appear to him to be irregular in form and all applications in respect of which he is of opinion that the applicant is not eligible for registration in the said register either at all or in respect of the panel to which the application relates, and

(c) may disallow any applications which he is authorised by the subsequent provisions of this section to disallow, and

(d) shall allow and register in the said register all such applications as he does not disallow in pursuance of the foregoing provisions of this sub-section.

(2) The Seanad returning officer may require from any applicant for registration in the register of nominating bodies all such information relevant to the registration of such applicant as he shall reasonably require for the determination by him of the allowance or disallowance of the application of such applicant, and the Seanad returning officer may disallow the application of any applicant which fails or refuses to give any information required of it under this section.

(3) It shall be lawful for the Seanad returning officer to disallow an application for registration in the register of nominating bodies made by—

(a) any body which is a branch of or affiliated or subsidiary to a body which is already registered in the said register or whose application for such registration he has allowed, or

(b) any body which appears to him to be representative of interests and services the representation of which is adequately provided for by a body or bodies already registered in the said register or whose application for such registration he has allowed.

(4) The Seanad returning officer may, at his absolute discretion, allow an application for registration in the register of nominating bodies to be amended by the applicant at any time or in any respect.

(5) The three next preceding sub-sections of this section shall apply and have effect in relation to every annual revision of the register of nominating bodies as well as the first preparation of that register.

(6) Not later than the 5th day of February, 1938, the Seanad returning officer shall send by post to every body which applied for registration in the register of nominating bodies (whether its application has been allowed or disallowed) a copy of the said register as prepared by the Seanad returning officer under this section.

(7) Whenever the Seanad returning officer has disallowed an application for registration in the register of nominating bodies he shall, on the request of the body which made such application, furnish to such body a statement of his reasons for such disallowance.

(8) The allowance or disallowance by the Seanad returning officer of any application for registration in the register of nominating bodies shall be final and conclusive, subject only to such appeal as is provided for by this Act.

Election of the appeal committee.

13.—(1) As soon as practicable after the commencement of this Act and in any event not later than the fifth day on which Dáil Eireann shall have sat after such commencement, Dáil Eireann shall elect a committee (in this Act referred to as the appeal committee) consisting of fifteen members of Dáil Eireann.

(2) The appeal committee shall be elected by the votes of the members of Dáil Eireann (or of such of them as may think proper to vote) voting on the principles of proportional representation.

(3) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this section, Dáil Eireann shall regulate the procedure for the election of the appeal committee.

(4) The quorum for a meeting of the appeal committee shall be nine members personally present.

(5) Subject to the express provisions of this Act, the appeal committee shall regulate its own procedure.

Appeals to the appeal committee.

14.—(1) Any applicant for registration in the register of nominating bodies whose application for such registration has been disallowed by the Seanad returning officer may appeal in accordance with this section to the appeal committee against such disallowance.

(2) Any applicant for registration in the register of nominating bodies in respect of any particular panel (whether its application for such registration has been allowed or has been disallowed by the Seanad returning officer) may appeal in accordance with this section to the appeal committee against the allowance by the Seanad returning officer of the application of any other applicant for such registration in respect of the same panel.

(3) Every appeal under this section to the appeal committee shall be made in writing and shall state the grounds on which the appeal is made and shall be delivered or sent by post to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann on or before the 11th day of February, 1938, and no such appeal which is received by the Clerk of Dáil Eireann after the said date shall be entertained or considered by the appeal committee.

(4) Every appeal under this section shall be open to inspection at all convenient times by the Seanad returning officer.

Decision of appeals by the appeal committee.

15.—(1) As soon as conveniently may be after the 11th day of February, 1938, and not later than four days before the time for the expiration of general panel nominations at the first Seanad election the appeal committee shall consider every appeal duly made to it under this Act and shall, in respect of each such appeal, either reverse the decision of the Seanad returning officer which is the subject of the appeal or disallow the appeal.

(2) No decision of the Seanad returning officer shall be reversed by the appeal committee unless at least nine members of that committee vote in favour of such reversal.

(3) If an appeal to the appeal committee is not decided on or before the fourth day before the expiration of the time for general panel nominations at the first Seanad election, such appeal shall be deemed to have been disallowed by the appeal committee, and the decision of the Seanad returning officer which was the subject of such appeal shall have effect accordingly.

(4) The Seanad returning officer shall give to the appeal committee such information and assistance as that committee shall reasonably require of him.

(5) The Seanad returning officer shall be entitled, if he so desires, to be heard by the appeal committee in respect of every appeal considered by that committee in pursuance of this section.

(6) The decision of the appeal committee on any appeal to that committee under this Act shall be final and conclusive.

Completion and publication of the register.

16.—(1) If no appeal is duly made to the appeal committee, the Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall, on the 12th day of February, 1938, inform the Seanad returning officer of that fact and the Seanad returning officer shall thereupon sign and publish in the Iris Oifigiúil the register of nominating bodies prepared by him under the foregoing provisions of this Act.

(2) If any appeal is duly made to the appeal committee, that committee shall communicate to the Seanad returning officer their decision (if any) on every such appeal and the Seanad returning officer shall thereupon make such (if any) amendment in the register of nominating bodies prepared by him under the foregoing provisions of this Act as may be necessary to give effect to such decision and, when all such appeals have been decided or deemed to have been disallowed and the decisions (if any) thereon have been communicated to and dealt with by the Seanad returning officer, the Seanad returning officer shall on or before the third day before the expiration of the time for general panel nominations at the first Seanad election, sign the register of nominating bodies as so prepared and amended (if at all) by him as aforesaid and shall publish the same in the Iris Oifigiúil as soon as conveniently may be.

(3) The register of nominating bodies as published in the Iris Oifigiúil in pursuance of this section shall be final and conclusive and shall not be open to review by any court and shall be in force for the first and every subsequent Seanad election, subject only to such annual revision as is provided for by this Act.

Annual revision of register of nominating bodies.

17.—(1) The Seanad returning officer shall, on or after the 1st, but not later than the 15th day of January in the year 1939 and every subsequent year, publish in every morning daily newspaper published in the State and in such other (if any) daily newspapers as the said officer shall, with the sanction of the Minister, think proper a notice in the prescribed form giving public notice that, on the 15th day of February next following or, if that day is a Sunday, the 16th day of February next following, the Seanad returning officer will proceed to revise the register of nominating bodies, and giving such information and instructions in relation to applications for insertion, deletion, or amendment of entries in that register as the Minister shall think proper.

(2) Any body not registered in the register of nominating bodies, which desires to be registered in that register and claims to be eligible for such registration, and any body registered in the said register which desires to be removed therefrom or desires that the entry in respect of it in such register should be amended in any way, may apply to the Seanad returning officer in writing during the period beginning on the 15th day of January and ending on the 15th day of February in the year 1939 or any subsequent year, for such registration, deletion, or amendment, as the case may be.

(3) On the 15th day of February or, if that day is a Sunday, on the 16th day of February in the year 1939 and every subsequent year the Seanad returning officer shall revise (in this Act referred to as an annual revision) the register of nominating bodies by—

(a) allowing and registering in the said register all bodies which have duly applied under this section for such registration at such annual revision and whose applications he does not disallow, and

(b) deleting from the said register the registration of every body which appears to him to have ceased to exist or to have ceased to be eligible for such registration or the deletion of which from the said register appears to him to be necessary and proper in consequence of or to permit the allowance of the application of another body for such registration, and

(c) making all such amendments in the said register as appear to him, by virtue of applications under this section or otherwise, to be requisite or proper.

(4) The Seanad returning officer may make such inquiries as he shall think proper for the purpose of any annual revision of the register of nominating bodies and may, at any annual revision, make all such deletions from and amendments of the register of nominating bodies which appear to him, in consequence of such inquiries, to be requisite or proper, but the Seanad returning officer shall not make any such deletion or amendment without giving notice thereof to the body affected thereby or without giving such body a reasonable opportunity of making representations in regard thereto.

(5) Every allowance or disallowance by the Seanad returning officer of any application under this section for registration in, deletion from, or amendment of the register of nominating bodies, and every deletion from or amendment of the said register made by the Seanad returning officer at an annual revision otherwise than on an application under this section, shall be final and conclusive, subject only to such appeal as is provided for by this Act.

Appeals to the annual revision appeal committee.

18.—(1) Not later than the 1st day of March in the year 1939 and every subsequent year, the Seanad returning officer shall—

(a) inform every body which applied for registration in, deletion from, or amendment of the register of nominating bodies at the annual revision in that year whether he allowed or disallowed such application and, in the case of disallowance, his reasons therefor, and

(b) communicate to every body affected by a deletion from or amendment of the register of nominating bodies made by him at the annual revision in that year otherwise than on an application by such body the particulars of such deletion or amendment and his reasons therefor.

(2) Any of the following persons may appeal to the annual revision appeal committee against such of the decisions of the Seanad returning officer as are hereinafter specified, that is to say:—

(a) in the case of a disallowance of an application, the body by which such application was made,

(b) in the case of an allowance of an application for registration, any nominating body registered in the register of nominating bodies, and any body which applied at such annual revision for registration in the said register, whether such application was allowed or disallowed,

(c) in the case of a deletion from or amendment of the said register made by the Seanad returning officer otherwise than on an application under this Act, the body affected by such deletion or amendment.

(3) Every appeal under this section to an annual revision appeal committee shall be made in writing and shall state the grounds on which the appeal is made and shall be delivered or sent by post to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann on or before the 15th day of March in the year in which the decision appealed against was given.

(4) Every appeal under this section shall be open to inspection at all convenient times by the Seanad returning officer.

Completion of annual revision.

19.—(1) If in any year an appeal to the annual revision appeal committee is received by the Clerk of Dáil Eireann within the time limited in that behalf by this Act, Dáil Eireann shall, as soon as conveniently may be, elect a committee (in this Act referred to as an annual revision appeal committee) consisting of fifteen members of Dáil Eireann.

(2) The provisions of this Act in relation to the election, quorum and procedure of, the hearing of appeals by, and the decisions of the appeal committee shall apply to the election, quorum and procedure of, the hearing of appeals by, and the decisions of every annual revision appeal committee so far as such provisions are not inconsistent with the express provisions of this Act in relation to annual revision appeal committees.

(3) Not later than the 20th day of March in the year 1939 and in every subsequent year the Seanad returning officer shall revise the register of nominating bodies in such manner as may be requisite to give effect to all decisions given by him at the annual revision in that year against which no appeal to the annual revision committee has been made within the time limited in that behalf by this Act, and every revision so made shall come into force on the 21st day of March of the year in which it is made.

(4) The Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall communicate to the Seanad returning officer every decision by an annual revision committee on an appeal under this Act to such committee, and the Seanad returning officer shall forthwith make such (if any) revision of the register of nominating bodies as is necessary to give effect to such decision, and every such revision shall come into force on the day after the day on which it is made.

(5) As soon as any annual revision of the register of nominating bodies has been completed in accordance with this Part of this Act, the Seanad returning officer shall sign and publish in the Iris Oifigiúil the said register as revised at such annual revision and the said register as so published shall be conclusive evidence of the alterations made in the said register at such annual revision.

Payment of fee on appeal.

20.—(1) Every body which appeals to the appeal committee or to an annual revision appeal committee shall pay to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann a fee of twenty pounds, and the payment of such fee before the expiration of the time limited by this Act for sending or delivering such appeal to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall be a condition precedent to the entertainment of such appeal by the appeal committee or the annual revision appeal committee, as the case may be.

(2) Every fee paid to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann in pursuance of this section shall be retained by him until the appeal in respect of which such fee was paid has been decided by the appeal committee or annual revision appeal·committee (as the case may be) and—

(a) if such committee reverses the decision of the Seanad returning officer which is the subject of such appeal or if, in the case of an appeal to the appeal committee, such committee fails to decide the appeal within the time limited in that behalf by this Act, the Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall forthwith repay such fee to the appellant by whom it was paid to him, and

(b) in every other case, the Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall pay such fee into, or dispose of it for the benefit of, the Exchequer in such manner as the Minister for Finance shall direct.

(3) The Public Offices (Fees) Act, 1879, shall not apply in respect of fees payable under this section.

PART III.

Formation of the Panels.

Right of members of Dáil Eireann to nominate to panels.

21.—(1) At every Seanad election, any person may be nominated in accordance with this Act by not less than two members of Dáil Eireann to any of the panels constituted for that election.

(2) No member of Dáil Eireann shall join in the nomination under this section of more than one person at any particular Seanad election.

Right of registered nominating bodies to nominate to panels.

22.—(1) At every Seanad election, every nominating body which is registered in the register of nominating bodies in respect of any particular panel shall be entitled to nominate to such panel such number of persons as is provided in that behalf by this section.

(2) The several nominating bodies entitled to nominate persons to a particular panel shall each be entitled to nominate the same number of persons to such panel and that number shall be ascertained as follows, that is to say:—

(a) if the number of nominating bodies entitled to nominate persons to such panel is not less than the number of members of Seanad Eireann to be elected from persons nominated to such panel by nominating bodies, each such nominating body shall be entitled to nominate two persons to such panel;

(b) if the number of nominating bodies entitled to nominate as aforesaid is not less than one-half but is less than the whole of the number of members of Seanad Eireann to be elected as aforesaid, each such nominating body shall be entitled to nominate three persons to such panel;

(c) if the number of nominating bodies entitled to nominate as aforesaid exceeds one but is less than one-half of the number of members of Seanad Eireann to be elected as aforesaid, each such nominating body shall be entitled to nominate four persons to such panel;

(d) if only one nominating body is entitled to nominate as aforesaid, such nominating body shall be entitled to nominate to such panel a number of persons equal to twice the number of members of Seanad Eireann to be elected as aforesaid.

Method of nomination by nominating bodies.

23.—(1) At the following times, that is to say:—

(a) as soon as practicable after the publication of the register of nominating bodies in the Iris Oifigiúil, and

(b) within ten days after every dissolution of Dáil Eireann,

the Seanad returning officer shall send by post to every nominating body registered in the register of nominating bodies a form of nomination paper and also a notice in the prescribed form informing such body of its right to nominate persons to a specified panel and of the number of persons which such body is entitled so to nominate and giving to such body such information and instructions in relation to the making of the nomination as the Minister shall think proper to prescribe.

(2) All nominations to a panel by a nominating body shall be made in accordance with the following provisions, that is to say:—

(a) such nominations shall be made in writing on a nomination paper in the prescribed form;

(b) every nominating body shall nominate by one and the same nomination paper all the persons which it is entitled to nominate;

(c) every nomination paper shall contain the particulars required by the prescribed form of nomination paper to be stated therein (including a statement of the qualifications of every person thereby nominated for the panel to which he is nominated) and shall be signed by the nominating body making a nomination thereby;

(d) where the nominating body is a body corporate, the nomination paper shall be signed by such body by affixing to such paper the seal of such body in the manner and with the counter-signatures required by the constitution, articles of association, or other regulations of such body;

(e) where the nominating body is not a body corporate, the nomination paper shall be signed in the name of the body by some person having authority to sign in that name.

(3) In the case of the Irish County Councils' General Council and in the case of the Association of Municipal Authorities of Ireland, the persons to be nominated to the administrative panel by such bodies respectively shall be chosen by the members of such body voting on the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

(4) Every nomination paper which purports to be sealed with the seal of a body corporate which is a nominating body and to be countersigned shall until the contrary is proved, be deemed to have been so sealed in the manner and with the counter-signatures required by the constitution, articles of association, or other regulations of such body.

(5) Every nomination paper which purports to be signed in the name of an unincorporated body which is a nominating body shall, until the contrary is proved, be deemed to have been so signed by a person having authority to sign in that name.

(6) Where a nominating body purports to nominate by a nomination paper either more persons or less persons to a panel than such nominating body is entitled so to nominate, such nomination paper shall be wholly void.

(7) The Seanad returning officer shall furnish free of charge on request to every nominating body such number of forms of nomination paper (in addition to the form which he is required by the first sub-section of this section to send to such body) as such body shall reasonably require.

Preparation of provisional panels.

24.—(1) Nomination papers nominating persons to a panel by a nominating body shall be delivered or sent by post to the Seanad returning officer.

(2) Immediately after the expiration of the time for general panel nominations, the Seanad returning officer shall prepare, in respect of each panel, a provisional panel containing the names of all persons in respect of whom he has received, before the expiration of the said time, nominations to such panel by nominating bodies.

(3) Every provisional panel shall be in the like form (including division into two sub-panels) and contain the like particulars as are prescribed by or under this Act in respect of the final panels.

(4) As soon as conveniently may be after the expiration of the time for general panel nominations, the Seanad returning officer shall send to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann a copy of every provisional panel together with such number of forms of nomination papers by members of Dáil Eireann as the Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall reasonably require.

Method of nomination by members of Dáil Eireann.

25.—(1) Every nomination of a person to a panel by members of Dáil Eireann shall be made in accordance with the following provisions, that is to say:—

(a) such nomination shall be made in writing on a nomination paper in the prescribed form;

(b) every such nomination paper shall contain the particulars required by the prescribed form of nomination paper to be stated therein and in particular a statement of the qualifications of the person thereby nominated for the panel to which he is so nominated;

(c) every such nomination paper shall be signed by every of the members of Dáil Eireann making a nomination thereby;

(d) every such nomination paper shall be delivered or sent by post to the Seanad returning officer.

(2) If a member of Dáil Eireann signs as a nominator two or more nomination papers, both or all of such nomination papers shall be wholly void.

(3) Immediately after the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations, the Seanad returning officer shall insert in the appropriate places in each provisional panel the names, addresses, and descriptions of the persons (if any) who have been nominated by members of Dáil Eireann before the expiration of the said time to the panel to which such provisional panel relates.

Ex-officio nominations to the administrative panel.

26.—(1) At every Seanad election—

(a) the Taoiseach shall be entitled to nominate to the administrative panel such number of persons, not exceeding two, as he shall think fit, and

(b) any person (other than the Taoiseach for the time being) who has previously held the office of Taoiseach or the office of President of the Executive Council of Saorstát Eireann or both of those offices shall be entitled to nominate to the administrative panel such number of persons, not exceeding two, as he shall think fit.

(2) Every nomination made under this section shall be made in accordance with the following provisions, that is to say:—

(a) such nomination shall be made in writing on a nomination paper in the prescribed form;

(b) any person who nominates two persons under this section shall nominate both such persons by one and the same nomination paper;

(c) every nomination paper shall contain the particulars required by the prescribed form of nomination paper to be stated therein (including a statement of the qualifications of every person thereby nominated for the panel to which he is so nominated) and shall be signed by the person making a nomination thereby;

(d) the nomination paper shall be delivered or sent by post to the Seanad returning officer.

(3) Where a person purports to nominate by a nomination paper under this section more than two persons, such nomination paper shall be wholly void.

(4) Immediately after the expiration of the time for ex-officio nominations, the Seanad returning officer shall insert in the provisional panel relating to the administrative panel the names, addresses, and descriptions of the persons (if any) who have been nominated under this section to that panel before the expiration of the said time.

(5) At any time after the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations and before the expiration of the time for ex-officio nominations, any person entitled to make a nomination under this section to the administrative panel shall be entitled to inspect all or any of the provisional panels.

(6) Nominations under this section to the administrative panel are in this Act referred to as ex-officio nominations.

Publication of nomination papers by Seanad returning officer.

27.—Whenever the Seanad returning officer receives a nomination paper (other than a nomination paper declared by this Act to be wholly void and a nomination paper so received after the time limited by this Act for such receipt), he shall forthwith post up, in such public place in the county borough of Dublin as he shall consider most suitable, a notice stating the fact of the receipt by him of such nomination paper and the name, address, and description (as stated in such nomination paper) of the person purported to be nominated by such nomination paper and the panel to which such person purports to be so nominated.

The completion of the panels.

28.—(1) At twelve o'clock noon on the day for the completion of the panels the Seanad returning officer shall attend at the appointed place and there hold a sitting (in this Act referred to as the completion of the panels) at which he shall do all such things as he is required by the subsequent provisions of this Act to do at such sitting.

(2) When preparing the provisional panels in pursuance of the foregoing provisions of this Act, the Seanad returning officer shall not insert in any provisional panel the name of any person purported to be nominated by a nomination paper which is declared by this Act to be wholly void or which is received by him after the expiration of the relevant time for receiving nominations, but, with those exceptions, the Seanad returning officer shall prepare the provisional panels without considering or inquiring into the validity of any nomination paper or the nomination purported to be made thereby and without regard to any duplication of entries which may occur by reason of a person being nominated by more than one nomination paper, whether to the same or to different panels.

(3) At the completion of the panels, the Seanad returning officer shall take the several provisional panels successively one by one and shall, in respect of each provisional panel,—

(a) examine each nomination paper in pursuance of which a person was entered in such provisional panel and shall rule upon the validity or invalidity of each such nomination paper and the validity or invalidity of the nomination purported to be made thereby and shall delete from such provisional panel every entry made therein in pursuance of a nomination paper or a nomination which he decides to be invalid, and

(b) shall then examine the qualifications of each person whose name remains on such provisional panel after the said deletions and shall delete from such provisional panel the name of every such person in respect of whom he is not satisfied that such person is qualified under sub-section 1° of section 7 of Article 18 of the Constitution to be on the panel to which such provisional panel relates, and

(c) shall, in respect of every person whom he determines to be qualified to be on such panel, enter in the provisional panel relating to such panel a statement, in such form as he thinks proper, of the qualifications which he determines to be in fact the qualifications of such person to be on such panel, and

(d) shall then delete all duplicate entries remaining on such provisional panel and shall for that purpose give preference to a nomination by a nominating body as against any other nomination and, in the case of the administrative panel, give preference to a nomination by members of Dáil Eireann as against an ex-officio nomination.

(4) If, when the provisions of the next preceding sub-section of this section have been complied with in respect of all the provisional panels, any person is found to be entered in two or more provisional panels, the following provisions shall have effect, that is to say:—

(a) the Seanad returning officer shall retain the name of such person on such one of those provisional panels as such person or his agent shall elect;

(b) if such person or his agent (as the case may be) refuses or fails to make such election or neither such person nor his agent is present or reasonably available, the Seanad returning officer shall retain the name of such person on such one of the said provisional panels as the Seanad returning officer shall determine by lot;

(c) the Seanad returning officer shall delete the name of such person from all the said provisional panels except the provisional panel on which he is required, by whichever of the foregoing paragraphs of this sub-section is applicable, to retain the name of such person.

(5) In carrying out the provisions of this Act in relation to the proceedings at the completion of the panels the Seanad returning officer shall have due regard to all decisions of the judicial referee on questions referred to him under this Act by the Seanad returning officer.

(6) All decisions by the Seanad returning officer at the completion of the panels shall be final and conclusive subject only to such reference to the judicial referee as is provided for by this Act.

Nominations by the Taoiseach to complete the sub-panels.

29.—(1) If, when the provisions of the next preceding section have been complied with, the number of persons whose names are entered in any sub-panel of a provisional panel does not exceed by at least two the number of members of Seanad Eireann required by this Act to be elected from such sub-panel, the Seanad returning officer shall adjourn to a convenient day and hour the further proceedings at the completion of the panels and shall report to the Taoiseach the said deficiency in the said sub-panel and furnish to the Taoiseach a copy of the provisional panels as settled immediately before the said adjournment.

(2) Upon receiving such report as is mentioned in the next preceding sub-section of this section, the Taoiseach shall nominate to every sub-panel in respect of which he receives such report such number of persons as will be sufficient to bring the number of persons on such sub-panel up to a number exceeding by two (and no more) the number of members of Seanad Eireann required by this Act to be elected from such sub-panel.

(3) Whenever the Taoiseach is required by the next preceding sub-section of this section to make nominations to a sub-panel, it shall be lawful for him to make additional nominations to such sub-panel in excess of the number of nominations required by the said sub-section, but such additional nominations shall be substitutional only and shall be operative only if and so far as is requisite by reason of the invalidity of one or more of the other nominations made by the Taoiseach under this section to such sub-panel.

(4) Every nomination made by the Taoiseach under this section shall be made in accordance with the following provisions, that is to say:—

(a) such nomination shall be made in writing on a nomination paper in the form (modified as requisite) prescribed for ex-officio nominations;

(b) every such nomination shall be made by a separate nomination paper;

(c) every nomination paper shall state the sub-panel in respect of which the nomination is made and shall also contain the particulars required by the said prescribed form of nomination paper to be stated therein (including a statement of the qualifications of the person thereby nominated for the panel to which he is so nominated) and shall be signed by the Taoiseach;

(d) every nomination paper shall be delivered or sent to the Seanad returning officer and shall be so sent or delivered that it is received by the Seanad returning officer before the time to which the completion of the panels was adjourned under the first sub-section of this section.

(5) On the resumption of the completion of the panels after the adjournment thereof under the first sub-section of this section, the Seanad returning officer shall consider and rule upon the nominations made by the Taoiseach under this section (including examining and ruling upon the qualifications of every person so nominated for the panel to which he is so nominated) and shall enter in the proper place in the proper provisional panel the name, address, and description of every person whom he finds to be validly so nominated together with a statement, in such form as he thinks proper, of the qualifications which he determines to be in fact the qualifications of such person to be on such panel.

The judicial referee.

30.—(1) The President of the High Court or some other judge of the High Court nominated by him shall attend at the completion of the panels and there sit and act as judicial referee for the purposes specified in this Act.

(2) The Seanad returning officer may, on his own motion, and shall, if so requested by any person whose name is on the provisional panel for the time being under consideration or by the agent of any such person, refer to the judicial referee any question arising during the completion of the panels in relation to any nomination paper, the nomination of any person to a panel, the qualifications of any person for a panel, the statement by the Seanad returning officer of such qualifications, or any other matter connected with the provisional panels.

(3) The judicial referee shall there and then decide and announce his decision on every question referred to him under this section by the Seanad returning officer.

(4) The decision of the judicial referee on any question referred to him under this section by the Seanad returning officer shall be final and conclusive and shall not be open to review by any court.

(5) A question may be referred to the judicial referee under this section whether the Seanad returning officer has or has not himself given a decision thereon.

Questions raisable at the completion of the panels.

31.—(1) At the completion of the panels every question relevant to the nomination of a person to a panel, including the validity of nomination papers, the sufficiency or the correctness of any statement in a nomination paper, the validity of any nomination and the qualifications of any person for any panel, may be raised by the Seanad returning officer or by any person whose name is on the provisional panel for the time being under consideration or by the agent of any such person.

(2) Where the identity of the person purported to be nominated by a nomination paper is free from doubt, such nomination paper shall not be rejected or declared invalid merely because of an error in, or the incompleteness of, the statement therein of the name, address, or description of such person.

(3) The Seanad returning officer and the judicial referee may each, for the purpose of deciding any question at issue during the completion of the panels, receive and act upon evidence, whether oral or written, tendered to him by or on behalf of any person affected by such question, and may, if he so thinks proper, require such evidence to be given on oath and may for that purpose administer an oath.

Persons permitted to attend the completion of the panels.

32.—The following and no other persons shall be present at the completion of the panels, that is to say:—

(a) the Seanad returning officer and his assistants;

(b) the judicial referee and one person brought by him to attend on him;

(c) any person whose name is on a provisional panel;

(d) one agent of each person whose name is on a provisional panel;

(e) witnesses giving oral evidence, but only while giving such evidence;

(f) such other persons as the Seanad returning officer shall think proper to admit.

Continuity of proceedings at the completion of the panels.

33.—(1) The proceedings at the completion of the panels shall, so far as practicable, be proceeded with continuously, but may at any time be suspended by the Seanad returning officer, with the consent of the judicial referee, for such period as the Seanad returning officer thinks proper for refreshment, night-time, or other reason appearing to him to be sufficient.

(2) Whenever the proceedings at the completion of the panels are suspended under this section, the Seanad returning officer shall take all proper precautions for the security of the nomination papers, provisional panels, and other relevant documents.

Death or disqualification of a candidate.

34.—(1) Where, before the expiration of the time for general panel nominations, a nominating body satisfies the Seanad returning officer that a person nominated to a panel by such nominating body has died or become disqualified for membership of Seanad Eireann, the Seanad returning officer shall forthwith cancel the nomination of such person, and thereupon such nomination shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act never to have been received by the Seanad returning officer and it shall be lawful for such nominating body to nominate in accordance with this Act a person to such panel in the place of the person who has so died or become disqualified.

(2) Where, before the expiration of the time for Dáil panel nominations, the Seanad returning officer is satisfied that a person nominated to a panel by members of Dáil Eireann has died or become disqualified for membership of Seanad Eireann, the Seanad returning officer shall forthwith cancel such nomination and thereupon such nomination shall be deemed never to have been made.

(3) In the counting of the votes cast at a Seanad election all the preferences recorded for a candidate named in a panel of whose death (whether before or after the completion of such panel) the Seanad returning officer is satisfied before the close of the poll shall be disregarded and regard shall be had in lieu thereof to the next available preferences.

(4) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this section, the fact that a candidate named in a panel has (whether before or after the completion of such panel or before or after the close of the poll) died or become disqualified for membership of Seanad Eireann shall not invalidate or prejudice such panel or the nomination of such candidate thereto or any preferences recorded for him, and, if he is elected, his election shall not be invalidated by reason of his having so died or become disqualified, but he shall be deemed to have vacated his membership of Seanad Eireann immediately after his said election thereto.

Preparation and publication of the panels.

35.—(1) When, at the completion of the panels, the proceedings provided for in the foregoing sections of this Act have been completed, the Seanad returning officer shall prepare the five panels, each of which shall consist of a list (arranged in accordance with the subsequent provisions of this section) of the persons who have been found to be validly nominated thereto.

(2) Each of the panels shall be divided into two parts (in this Act referred to as sub-panels), one of which (in this Act referred to as the nominating bodies sub-panel) shall consist of a list of the persons nominated thereto by nominating bodies, and the other of which (in this Act referred to as the Dáil sub-panel) shall consist of a list of the persons nominated thereto by members of Dáil Eireann or, in the case of the administrative panel, either by such members or by ex-officio nominations.

(3) The persons named in a panel shall be described therein by their names, addresses and descriptions as stated in their respective nomination papers, and there shall be added to the description of every such person a statement of his qualifications for such panel as entered in the relevant provisional panel in pursuance of the foregoing provisions of this Act.

(4) The persons named in a part of a panel shall be arranged in such part in the alphabetical order of their surnames and, in the case of identity of surnames, of their other names.

(5) When the Seanad returning officer has prepared the five panels he shall publish them in the Iris Oifigiúil.

(6) The several panels as prepared and published by the Seanad returning officer in pursuance of this section shall be final and conclusive and not open to review by any Court.

PART IV.

The Poll.

The electorate.

36.—At every Seanad election the electorate shall consist of—

(a) in the case of the first Seanad election, the members of Dáil Eireann mentioned in Article 54 of the Constitution or, in the case of every subsequent Seanad election, the members of Dáil Eireann elected at the Dáil election consequent on the dissolution of Dáil Eireann which occasioned such Seanad election, and

(b) the persons elected for the purpose by the councils of counties or county boroughs or the former members of such councils in pursuance of the provisions in that behalf of this Act.

Election of electors by councils.

37.—(1) Not later than, in the case of the first Seanad election, the 31st day of January, 1938, or, in the case of every subsequent Seanad election, one month after the dissolution of Dáil Eireann which occasions such Seanad election, every council of a county or a county borough shall elect in accordance with this section and regulations made thereunder seven persons (in this section referred to as electors) to the electorate for such Seanad election and shall, if such election is contested, hold a meeting of such council at which such election shall be held.

(2) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to the election of electors in pursuance of this section, that is to say:—

(a) every candidate for election as an elector shall be nominated in writing by two members of the council (in this section referred to as the electing council) by which the election is being made;

(b) no person shall be elegible for election as an elector unless he is a member of the electing council;

(c) if such election is not contested, the secretary of the electing council shall, immediately after the close of the nominations, send to the Seanad returning officer the names, addresses, and descriptions of the electors who were duly so nominated;

(d) if such election is contested, the electors shall be elected by the members of such council present at the said meeting (or such of them as think proper to vote) voting by secret ballot on the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote;

(e) as soon as practicable after the said voting is closed, the secretary of such council shall send to the Seanad returning officer all the ballot papers by which votes were given at such election and the Seanad returning officer shall count such votes in his office or other convenient place and ascertain therefrom the result of the election

(f) as soon as the Seanad returning officer has so ascertained the results of all the elections held in pursuance of this section, he shall prepare, sign, and publish in the Iris Oifigiúil a list of the persons elected at such elections, showing separately the persons elected by each electing council, and such statement as so published shall be a conclusive and final declaration of the result of every such election;

(g) the expenses of every election held in pursuance of this section (other than the expenses of things required by this sub-section to be done by the Seanad returning officer) shall be borne by the electing council and shall be raised, in the case of the council of a county, by means of the poor rate as a county-at-large charge and, in the case of the county boroughs of Dublin and Limerick, by means of the municipal rate and, in the case of the county boroughs of Cork and Waterford, by means of the poor rate or such other rate as the Minister shall direct.

(3) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to every council of a county or a county borough which is for the time being dissolved under section 72 of the Local Government Act, 1925 (No. 5 of 1925), that is to say:—

(a) the electors who, if such council were not so dissolved, would be required, by the foregoing provisions of this section to be elected by such council shall be elected from amongst themselves by the surviving persons (in this Part of this Act referred to as the former members of such council) who were members of such council immediately before it was so dissolved and have not, since such dissolution, suffered an adjudication in bankruptcy or a conviction of a crime or offence which would have terminated their membership of such council if it had not been so dissolved or such of such persons as think fit to take part in such election;

(b) every candidate for election at such election shall be nominated in writing by two of the former members of such council;

(c) if such election is contested, a meeting of the former members of such council shall be summoned and the election shall be made at such meeting by the former members of such council present at such meeting (or such of them as think proper to vote) voting by secret ballot on the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote;

(d) the provisions of the next preceding sub-section, so far as they are not inconsistent with the foregoing provisions of this section, shall apply with such modifications as shall be necessary or shall be prescribed by regulations made under this section.

(4) Neither the failure of a council or the former members of a dissolved council to hold an election in pursuance of this section nor the election by a council or the former members of a dissolved council of less than seven electors shall prejudice or affect the validity of the elections held in pursuance of this section by other councils or the former members of other councils or the validity and conclusiveness of the electoral roll or, where less than seven electors are so elected, the validity of the election of so many electors as are so elected.

(5) The Minister shall make such regulations and may give such instructions as he shall think proper for carrying this section into execution (including prescribing a limited time for the doing of any act or thing), and it shall be the duty of every council of a county or a county borough and the officers of every such council (including the officers of the person performing the duties of a dissolved council) to comply with all such regulations and instructions.

The electoral roll.

38.—(1) The Clerk of Dáil Eireann shall, not later than, in the case of the first Seanad election, the 31st day of January, 1938, or, in the case of every subsequent Seanad election, three days after he has received all the returns to the writs for the relevant Dáil election, send to the Seanad returning officer a statement of the names, addresses, and descriptions of the members of Dáil Eireann who are entitled under this Act to be members of the electorate at such Seanad election.

(2) So soon as the Seanad returning officer has received from the Clerk of Dáil Eireann the statement in relation to a Seanad election mentioned in the next preceding sub-section of this section and has ascertained the result of all the elections of electors duly held in pursuance of this Act by councils of counties or county boroughs (including any elections by former members of any such council which is for the time being dissolved) in relation to such Seanad election, the Seanad returning officer shall prepare for such Seanad election an electoral roll containing the names, addresses, and descriptions of all the persons who appear from such statement and results to constitute the electorate for such Seanad election.

(3) Where a person is a member of the electorate for a Seanad election by virtue of more than one qualification, his name shall nevertheless be entered once only in the electoral roll for such Seanad election.

(4) It shall be lawful for the Seanad returning officer to make such inquiries and take such steps as he shall think proper for ascertaining the correct name, address, and description of every person whose name is required to be entered in an electoral roll, but no inaccuracy in the name, address, or description of any person in an electoral roll shall invalidate such electoral roll.

(5) The persons whose names are entered in an electoral roll shall be arranged in such roll in the alphabetical order of their surnames and, in cases of identity of surname, of their other names, and shall be numbered consecutively in that order.

(6) Every electoral roll prepared under this section shall be final and conclusive and not open to review by any court, and the persons whose names are set out in any such electoral roll, and no other person, shall be entitled to vote at the Seanad election to which such electoral roll relates.

(7) The death of a person whose name is entered in an electoral roll shall not prejudice or affect the validity or operation of such electoral roll, whether such death occurred before or occurs after the preparation of such electoral roll.

Issue of copy of panels to electors.

39.—As soon as practicable after the completion of the electoral roll or the publication of the panels in the Iris Oifigiúil (whichever shall later happen) and in any event before the day appointed for the issue of ballot papers, the Seanad returning officer shall send by post to each person whose name is on the electoral roll, at his address stated on the electoral roll, a copy of the five panels as published in the Iris Oifigiúil, but with the modification that there shall, in such copy, be inserted in respect of every person on any panel a statement of the body or person or persons on whose nomination he was put on such panel.

The ballot papers.

40.—(1) The following provisions shall apply and have effect in relation to the ballot papers at a Seanad election, that is to say:—

(a) every ballot paper shall contain the names, addresses, and descriptions of all the candidates named in the several panels arranged in the alphabetical order of their surnames and, in cases of identity of surname, of their other names, and either in one continuous column or in two or more columns as the Seanad returning officer shall, with the consent of the Minister, consider to be most convenient;

(b) every ballot paper shall also state, in respect of every candidate named therein, the panel and sub-panel in which he is named as a candidate;

(c) the surnames of the several candidates shall be printed on the ballot papers in large characters and their other names and their addresses and descriptions shall be printed in small characters, save that, whenever the surnames of two or more candidates are the same, there shall be printed in large characters (in addition to their surnames) the other names of such candidates and so much of the address or the description or of both the address and the description of each such candidate as will, in the opinion of the Seanad returning officer, effectively distinguish such candidate.

(2) Subject to the provisions of the next preceding sub-section of this section, the ballot papers shall be in the prescribed form and each ballot paper shall have a number printed on the back thereof and shall have attached thereto a counterfoil with the same number printed on the face of such counterfoil, and every ballot paper shall, at the time of issue thereof, be marked on both sides thereof with an official mark either stamped or perforated.

Method of marking votes on the ballot paper.

41.—(1) An elector in giving his vote must place on the ballot paper the figure 1 opposite the name of the candidate for whom he votes, and he may in addition place on the ballot paper the figures 2 and 3, or 2, 3 and 4, and so on opposite the names of other candidates in the order of his preference.

(2) Any ballot paper—

(a) which does not bear the official mark, or

(b) on which the figure 1 standing alone is not placed at all or is not so placed as to indicate a first preference for some candidate, or

(c) on which the figure 1 standing alone indicating a first preference is set opposite the name of more than one candidate, or

(d) on which the figure 1 standing alone indicating a first preference and some other number is set opposite the name of the same candidate, or

(e) on which anything except the number on the back is written or marked by which the voter can be identified,

shall be invalid and shall not be counted.

Sending of ballot papers to electors.

42.—(1) On the day appointed for the issue of ballot papers at a Seanad election the Seanad returning officer shall send by registered post to each person whose name is on the electoral roll for that election at the address stated on such electoral roll a ballot paper together with a form of declaration of identity.

(2) Whenever a person to whom a ballot paper for a Seanad election should be sent under the foregoing sub-section of this section states in writing to the Seanad returning officer that more than twenty-four hours have elapsed since such ballot paper should have been delivered to him in the ordinary course of post and that he has not received such ballot paper and that he desires a duplicate ballot paper and declaration of identity to be issued to him, the Seanad returning officer, if such statement is received by him not less than forty-eight hours before the close of the poll at such election, shall forthwith or, if such statement is received by him less than forty-eight hours before the close of the poll at such election, may send by registered post to such person at the address mentioned in the foregoing sub-section a ballot paper and a declaration of identity all of which, by being printed on paper of a special colour or otherwise, are clearly distinguished as duplicates of the ballot paper and form of declaration of identity originally sent to such person under this section.

(3) Every declaration of identity shall be in the prescribed form.

(4) The Seanad returning officer shall, when sending out ballot papers in pursuance of this section, observe the rules contained in the First Schedule to this Act.

Method of voting.

43.—(1) Every person entitled to vote at a Seanad election shall be entitled to vote at that election in the following and no other manner, that is to say, by marking and returning by registered or ordinary post to the Seanad returning officer the ballot paper sent to him under this section together with the form of declaration of identity similarly sent to him therewith duly made and completed by him.

(2) Whenever a person entitled to vote at a Seanad election states in writing to the Seanad returning officer that he duly returned by registered post to the Seanad returning officer the ballot paper and form of declaration of identity sent to him under this section and that the same does not appear to have been delivered to the Seanad returning officer and that he desires a duplicate ballot paper and declaration of identity to be issued to him, the Seanad returning officer, if such statement is received by him not less than forty-eight hours before the close of the poll at such election, shall forthwith or, if such statement is received by him less than forty-eight hours before the close of the poll at such election, may send by registered post to such person at his address as stated on the electoral roll a ballot paper together with a form of declaration of identity all of which, by being printed on paper of a special colour or otherwise, are clearly distinguished as duplicates of the ballot paper and form of declaration of identity originally sent to such person under this section.

(3) The Seanad returning officer in receiving and otherwise dealing with the ballot papers at a Seanad election shall observe the rules contained in the First Schedule to this Act.

Allocation of members amongst the panels.

44.—The numbers of members of Seanad Eireann to be elected from each of the panels shall be as follows, that is to say:—

(a) five members shall be elected from the cultural and educational panel, of whom one shall be elected from the Dáil sub-panel of that panel and four shall be elected from the nominating bodies sub-panel of the said panel;

(b) eleven members shall be elected from the agricultural panel, of whom six shall be elected from the Dáil sub-panel of that panel and five shall be elected from the nominating bodies sub-panel of the said panel;

(c) eleven members shall be elected from the labour panel, of whom six shall be elected from the Dáil sub-panel of that panel, and five shall be elected from the nominating bodies sub-panel of the said panel;

(d) nine members shall be elected from the industrial and commercial panel, of whom five shall be elected from the Dáil sub-panel of that panel and four shall be elected from the nominating bodies sub-panel of the said panel;

(e) seven members shall be elected from the administrative panel, of whom four shall be elected from the Dáil sub-panel of that panel and three shall be elected from the nominating bodies sub-panel of the said panel.

Ascertainment of the result of the election.

45.—(1) As soon as conveniently may be after the closing of the poll, the Seanad returning officer shall, in the presence of such candidates as may be in attendance, ascertain separately, in accordance with this Act and in particular the rules contained in the First and Second Schedules to this Act, the result of the election in respect of each panel and shall declare to be elected from such panel the candidates who are so ascertained to be elected.

(2) The decision of the Seanad returning officer as to any question arising on the ballot papers, the declarations of identity, or the envelopes containing the same or any other matter arising on the issue or the receipt of the ballot papers or on the counting of the votes shall be final, subject to review by a court trying an election petition in relation to the election.

Preservation of the secrecy of the voting.

46.—(1) The Seanad returning officer and every officer and clerk concerned in the issue or the receipt of the ballot papers or the counting of the votes at a Seanad election and every candidate present at such issue, receipt, or counting shall maintain and aid in maintaining the secrecy of the voting at such election and shall not, before the completion of the election, communicate, except for some purpose authorised by law, any information as to whether any elector has or has not voted at such election or as to the official mark, and shall not at any time communicate to any person any information obtained at or in connection with such issue, receipt, or counting as to the candidate for whom any elector has voted or as to whether any elector has or has not voted or as to the number on the back of the ballot paper sent to any elector.

(2) No person shall interfere with or attempt to interfere with the receipt, marking, or return of his ballot paper by any elector at a Seanad election.

(3) No person shall directly or indirectly induce any elector at a Seanad election to display his ballot paper after he shall have marked the same so as to make known to such person or to any other person the name of any candidate for whom he has marked his vote on such ballot paper.

(4) Every person who acts in contravention of this section shall be guilty of an offence under this section and shall be liable on summary conviction thereof to imprisonment for any term not exceeding six months.

Election petitions in relation to Seanad elections.

47.—(1) The enactments relating to the presentation and trial of election petitions in relation to elections of members of Dáil Eireann shall apply to Seanad elections with the following modifications, that is to say:—

(a) the court trying an election petition in relation to a Seanad election shall not have power to declare the whole election to be void but may declare the election of any one or more of the candidates returned as elected at the election to be void or to be valid as justice may require;

(b) where the said court so declares the election of a candidate to be void, the court shall declare that such one as justice may require of the candidates not returned as elected was elected;

(c) the said court shall have power to make such amendments as may be necessary to give effect to its decisions in the certificate of the Seanad returning officer of the result of the election;

(d) it shall not be obligatory on the said court to cause a recount to be made of the votes given for, or to investigate the voting or the counting of the votes in respect of, the candidates on a panel in relation to which the said court is satisfied that the voting in respect of the candidates on such panel is not in issue on such petition;

(e) references (including references by adaptation) to Dáil Eireann shall be construed as references to Seanad Eireann, and references (including references by adaptation) to the Chairman or the Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Eireann shall be construed as references to the Cathaoirleach of Seanad Eireann.

(2) No person who has voted at a Seanad election shall in any legal proceedings to question the election or return of any candidate at such election be required to state for whom he has voted.

Non-compliance with rules.

48.—No election of a candidate at a Seanad election shall be declared void by reason only of a non-compliance with the rules contained in any Schedule to this Act, or any mistake in the use of the forms prescribed under this Act, if it appears to the tribunal having cognisance of the question that the election was conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the body of this Act, and that such non-compliance or mistake did not affect the result of the election.

Postal services.

49.—All postal services (including all registration services) wholly within Ireland in relation to the issue and return of ballot papers at a Seanad election shall be performed by the Minister for Posts and Telegraphs without prepayment of the charges therefor, and all such charges shall be deemed to be part of the Seanad returning officer's expenses and shall be defrayed accordingly.

PART V.

Miscellaneous.

Resignation of membership of Seanad Eireann.

50.—(1) A member of Seanad Eireann elected under this Act may voluntarily resign his membership of Seanad Eireann by notice in writing to the Chairman of Seanad Eireann who shall announce such resignation to Seanad Eireann at the next meeting thereof.

(2) The resignation under this section of a member of Seanad Eireann shall take effect immediately upon the announcement thereof by the Chairman of Seanad Eireann in pursuance of this section.

Election as university member and as panel member.

51.—Whenever at a general election of members of Seanad Eireann a person is elected as a member of Seanad Eireann by a university (in this section referred to as a university member) and is also elected as a member of Seanad Eireann under this Act (in this section referred to as a panel member), the following provisions shall have effect, that is to say:—

(a) such person shall, by writing under his hand delivered to the Clerk of Seanad Eireann before taking his seat in either capacity, declare whether he will sit in Seanad Eireann as a university member or as a panel member;

(b) if such person does not deliver within one month after the first meeting of Seanad Eireann after such general election, such declaration as is mentioned in the next preceding paragraph of this section to the Clerk of Seanad Eireann in accordance with that paragraph, such person shall be deemed to have declared at the expiration of such month that he will sit in Seanad Eireann as a university member;

(c) as soon as such person has declared or is deemed to have declared in which of the said capacities he will sit in Seanad Eireann, he shall be deemed to have resigned his seat in Seanad Eireann as a member thereof in the other of those capacities.

FIRST SCHEDULE.

Conduct of Election.

Issue of ballot papers.

1. On the day of issue of ballot papers at a Seanad election the Seanad returning officer shall issue, in the manner directed in the following Rules, a ballot paper to every elector named on the electoral roll for that election.

Attendance of candidates.

2. Every candidate at a Seanad election shall be entitled to attend at the issue of ballot papers for that election, and the Seanad returning officer shall, on the request of any such candidate, inform such candidate of the time and place at which such issue of ballot papers will be made.

Persons present at issue of ballot papers.

3. The Seanad returning officer and his assistants, any candidate and any agent appointed by a candidate, and no other person, except with the permission of the Seanad returning officer, may be present at the issue of ballot papers.

Method of issuing ballot papers.

4. The Seanad returning officer shall issue a ballot paper to each elector by doing or causing to be done in respect of such elector the following things in the following order, that is to say:—

(a) the number, name, address, and description of the elector as stated in the electoral roll shall be called out;

(b) the elector's said number shall be marked on the counterfoil of the ballot paper to be sent to him;

(c) a mark shall be placed on the electoral roll opposite the elector's name thereon to indicate that a ballot paper has been issued to such elector, but without disclosing the identity of such ballot paper;

(d) the ballot paper shall be marked on both sides with the official mark;

(e) the number on the back of the ballot paper shall be marked upon a form of declaration of identity and upon an envelope (hereinafter referred to as the ballot paper envelope) in the prescribed form;

(f) there shall be placed in an envelope (hereinafter referred to as the outer envelope) in the prescribed form addressed to the elector at his address stated in the electoral roll the following documents, that is to say:—

(i) a ballot paper, and

(ii) the said form of declaration of identity, and

(iii) an envelope (hereinafter referred to as the covering envelope) in the prescribed form addressed to the Seanad returning officer, and

(iv) the said ballot paper envelope;

(g) the outer envelope shall be effectually closed;

(h) when the foregoing provisions of this Rule have been complied with in respect of all the electors whose names are on the electoral roll, all the said closed outer envelopes shall be collected, counted, and posted.

Issue of duplicate ballot papers.

5. Every request for the issue of a duplicate ballot paper shall, when received by the Seanad returning officer, be endorsed by him with the day and hour of the receipt thereof by him and with a consecutive number, and every duplicate ballot paper issued in pursuance of any such request shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of the foregoing Rule so far as the same are applicable save that, in lieu of the number on the electoral roll, there shall be marked on the counterfoil of such ballot paper the consecutive number endorsed on the request in pursuance of which such ballot paper is issued and that when such ballot paper has been issued the said request shall be disposed of in like manner as the marked copy of the electoral roll is required by these Rules to be disposed of.

Posting of ballot papers.

6. The Seanad returning officer shall post the said closed outer envelopes by delivering such envelopes to the nearest head post office, or such other office as may be arranged with the head postmaster, and the postmaster at such office shall stamp with the post office date stamp a form of receipt to be presented by the Seanad returning officer stating the number of envelopes so delivered, and shall immediately forward such envelopes by registered post for delivery to the persons to whom they are addressed.

Preservation of electoral roll and counterfoils.

7. The Seanad returning officer, as soon as practicable after the completion of the issue of the ballot papers and in the presence of such candidates and agents as are in attendance, shall make up in separate packets, sealed with his own seal and sealed by such of the said candidates or agents as desire to affix their seals, the marked copy of the electoral roll and the counterfoils of the ballot papers.

Seanad ballot box.

8. The Seanad returning officer shall provide a ballot box marked “Seanad ballot box” for the reception of the covering envelopes when returned by the voters, and on the completion of the issue of the ballot papers the Seanad returning officer shall show such ballot box open and empty to the candidates and agents (if any) present, and shall seal such ballot box with his seal and shall make provision for the safe custody of such ballot box.

Disposal of covering envelopes on receipt.

9. The Seanad returning officer shall forthwith place unopened in the Seanad ballot box every covering envelope received by him before the close of the poll and shall seal up unopened in a separate package all covering envelopes received by him after the close of the poll and shall also seal up unopened in a separate package all outer envelopes returned to him as undelivered.

Notice of counting of votes.

10. Not less than three days before the close of the poll the Seanad returning officer shall send by post to every candidate at his address as stated in the panels of candidates notice in writing of the time and place at which he will open the Seanad ballot box and count the votes.

Opening of Seanad ballot box.

11. As soon as conveniently may be after the close of the poll the Seanad returning officer shall open the Seanad ballot box and count the votes.

Persons present at counting of votes.

12. The Seanad returning officer and his assistants, any candidate and any agent appointed by a candidate, and no other person, except with the permission of the Seanad returning officer, may be present at the opening of the Seanad ballot box or the counting of the votes.

Procedure on opening of Seanad ballot box.

13. When the Seanad ballot box has been opened the Seanad returning officer shall do the following things, that is to say:—

(a) take all the covering envelopes out of the Seanad ballot box and count and note the number thereof;

(b) open each such covering envelope and segregate any of those envelopes containing a declaration of identity issued as a duplicate form of declaration of identity;

(c) take up separately each of the said covering envelopes not so segregated, examine the declaration of identity therein and compare the number on such declaration with the number on the ballot paper envelope in such covering envelope;

(d) if the said numbers agree and the declaration of identity is found to be duly completed and made, he shall place the declaration of identity and the ballot paper envelope in separate receptacles;

(e) if he is not satisfied that the declaration of identity has been duly completed and made he shall endorse the declaration of identity “vote rejected,” and shall attach thereto the ballot paper envelope, without opening such envelope, or if there is no such envelope, the ballot paper;

(f) if he finds that the numbers on the declaration of identity and on the ballot paper envelope do not agree, or if the envelope has no number on it, he shall open the envelope, and if the number on the ballot paper agrees with the number on the declaration of identity he shall place the ballot paper in the special receptacle provided by him for ballot papers;

(g) where the number on the ballot paper does not agree with the number on the declaration of identity, he shall replace the ballot paper in its envelope, if any, attach such envelope or ballot paper (as the case may be) to the declaration of identity, and endorse the declaration of identity “vote rejected”;

(h) where a declaration of identity does not appear to accompany the ballot paper envelope, he shall open the ballot paper envelope, and if it is found to contain the declaration of identity he shall deal with such declaration and ballot paper envelope in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this Rule;

(i) he shall mark with the word “rejected” every declaration of identity which is not accompanied by a ballot paper, and every ballot paper which is not accompanied by a declaration of identity;

(j) when all the said covering envelopes not so segregated have been dealt with under the foregoing provisions of this Rule, he shall take up separately each of the said covering envelopes segregated as containing a declaration of identity issued as a duplicate form of declaration of identity, examine the declaration of identity therein (hereinafter referred to as the duplicate declaration) and ascertain whether a declaration of identity in respect of the same person has or has not been previously examined under this Rule;

(k) if a declaration of identity in respect of the same person has been previously examined under this Rule he shall mark the duplicate declaration “vote rejected” and shall attach thereto the ballot paper envelope, without opening such envelope, or, if there is no such envelope, the ballot paper;

(l) if a declaration of identity in respect of the same person has not been previously examined under this Rule he shall deal with the duplicate declaration and the ballot paper envelope and ballot paper accompanying the same in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this Rule other than the two last preceding paragraphs thereof.

Ballot paper and declaration not in proper envelopes.

14. Where a ballot paper and a declaration of identity are received together and the numbers on such ballot paper and on such declaration agree, such ballot paper shall not be rejected solely on the ground that such ballot paper and such declaration were not placed in the proper envelopes or that any of such envelopes was not fastened.

Rejection of declarations of identity.

15. The Seanad returning officer shall show any declaration of identity which he proposes to reject on the ground that it has not been properly completed and made to the candidates and agents (if any) present, and if an objection is made by any such candidate or agent to his decision shall add to the endorsement the words “rejection objected to”.

Separation of rejected declarations.

16. The Seanad returning officer shall keep all rejected declarations, with the attached envelopes or ballot papers as the case may be, separate from other documents.

Opening of ballot paper envelopes.

17. When all the covering envelopes in the Seanad ballot box have been opened and their contents dealt with under the preceding Rules, the Seanad returning officer shall open each unopened ballot paper envelope and compare the number on the envelope with the number on the ballot paper and if the number on the envelope and the number on the ballot paper agree, he shall place the ballot paper in the special receptacle provided by him for ballot papers, but if the number on the envelope and the number on the ballot paper do not agree, the Seanad returning officer shall fasten such ballot paper and such envelope together and mark them “rejected”.

Preservation of declarations, ballot papers, etc.

18. As soon as the Seanad returning officer has completed the placing of the ballot papers in the said special receptacle he shall seal up in separate packets (1) the declarations of identity which accompanied any ballot papers duly accepted; (2) any rejected declarations of identity; and (3) any rejected ballot papers; in the two latter cases with the envelopes (if any) attached thereto.

Counting the votes.

19. When the Seanad returning officer has complied with the foregoing Rules of this Schedule, he shall mix together thoroughly the ballot papers contained in the special receptacle provided by him for ballot papers and shall count, in accordance with the Rules contained in the Second Schedule to this Act, the votes recorded on such ballot papers.

Rejection of invalid ballot papers.

20. The Seanad returning officer shall endorse “rejected” on any ballot paper which he rejects as invalid and if an objection be made by any candidate or agent to his decision rejecting the ballot paper, he shall add to the said endorsement “rejection objected to”.

Continuity of proceedings under this Schedule.

21. The Seanad returning officer shall so far as practicable proceed continuously with the proceedings under this Schedule subsequent to the opening of the Seanad ballot box and with the counting of the votes but may at any time suspend such proceedings or counting for refreshment, night-time, or other reason appearing to him to be sufficient for such period as he thinks proper, and whenever he does so suspend such proceedings or such counting he shall take all proper precautions for the security of the ballot papers, envelopes, votes, and other documents relating to the election.

Declaration of secrecy.

22. The Seanad returning officer and every of his assistants taking part in any of the proceedings under this Schedule or the counting of the votes and every candidate and agent attending any of the said proceedings or the said counting shall, before so taking part or so attending, sign an undertaking in the prescribed form to preserve the secrecy of the voting.

Certificate of result of the poll.

23. As soon as the counting of the votes is completed the Seanad returning officer shall prepare in duplicate in respect of each panel a certificate in the prescribed form setting out the names of the candidates elected from such panel, the total number of votes given for each candidate (whether elected or not), every transfer of values made under this Act, and the total value credited to each candidate at the end of the count at which each such transfer took place, and such other matters as shall be prescribed, and the Seanad returning officer shall then sign the said duplicate certificate and shall send one such duplicate to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann and (except in the case of the first Seanad election) the other such duplicate to the Clerk of Seanad Eireann.

In the case of every certificate prepared under this Rule in relation to the first Seanad election, the Seanad returning officer shall, after he has sent one duplicate of such certificate to the Clerk of Dáil Eireann, retain the other duplicate thereof and shall send or deliver such other duplicate to the Clerk of Seanad Eireann as soon as may be after such Clerk has been appointed.

Publication of result of election.

24. The Seanad returning officer shall also prepare and publish in the Iris Oifigiúil a statement in the prescribed form of the names of the candidates elected from each panel.

Preservation of ballot papers.

25. Upon the completion of the counting of the votes the Seanad returning officer shall seal up in separate packets the counted ballot papers and the ballot papers rejected as invalid.·

Retention of documents by Seanad returning officer.

26. The Seanad returning officer shall retain for six months from the close of the poll the several sealed packets of the marked copy of the electoral roll, the counterfoils of the ballot papers, the covering envelopes received after the close of the poll, the outer envelopes returned as undelivered, the accepted declarations of identity, the rejected declarations of identity, the rejected ballot papers, the counted ballot papers, and the invalid ballot papers, and shall at the end of the said period of six months destroy all the said sealed packets unless an election tribunal shall have otherwise ordered.

Inspection of sealed packets.

27. No person shall be allowed to inspect any of the said sealed packets retained by the Seanad returning officer nor any of the contents thereof save under and in accordance with an order of an election tribunal.

Authority for inspection of sealed packets.

28. An election tribunal may authorise the inspection by any person of the contents of any of the said sealed packets as justice may require but on any such inspection care shall be taken that the mode in which any particular elector has voted shall not be discovered until he has been proved to the satisfaction of an election tribunal to have voted and such tribunal has declared his vote to be invalid.

Compliance with orders of election tribunal.

29. The Seanad returning officer shall comply with every order made by an election tribunal in relation to the inspection, production, and disposal of the said sealed packets.

Conclusiveness of production by Seanad returning officer.

30. Where an order is made by an election tribunal for the production by the Seanad returning officer of any document or packet of documents in his possession relating to a specified election, the production by the Seanad returning officer of such document or packet of documents in pursuance of such order shall be conclusive evidence that such document or packet of documents relates to the said specified election and the endorsement made by the Seanad returning officer in pursuance of this Schedule on any such document or packet of documents shall be conclusive evidence that such document or packet is what it is stated in such endorsement to be.

Evidence of voting.

31. The production by the Seanad returning officer of a ballot paper purporting to have been used at any election and of a counterfoil marked with the same printed number and having a number marked thereon in writing shall be prima facie evidence that the person who voted by such ballot paper was the person whose number on the electoral roll relating to such election was the same as the number so marked on such counterfoil.

Endorsement of packets by Seanad returning officer.

32. Whenever the Seanad returning officer is required by this Schedule to seal up any documents in a separate packet he shall endorse on such packet a statement of the number and character of such documents and the election to which they relate.

Election tribunal.

33. In this Schedule the expression “election tribunal” means a court lawfully having cognisance of petitions complaining of undue return or undue election at a Seanad election.

SECOND SCHEDULE.

The Counting of the Votes.

Rejection of invalid ballot papers.

1. The Seanad returning officer shall reject any ballot papers that are invalid.

The order of preferences.

2. The Seanad returning officer shall then ascertain the number of first preferences recorded on the ballot papers for each candidate, and shall then arrange the candidates on a list (hereinafter called “the order of preferences”) in the order of the number of first preferences recorded for each candidate, beginning with the candidate for whom the greatest number of first preferences is recorded. If the number of first preferences recorded for any two or more candidates (hereinafter called “equal candidates”) is equal, the Seanad returning officer shall ascertain the number of second preferences recorded on all the ballot papers for each of the equal candidates, and shall arrange the equal candidates as amongst themselves on the order of preferences in the order of the second preferences recorded for each such candidate, beginning with the candidate for whom the greatest number of second preferences is recorded. If the number of first and second preferences recorded for any two or more equal candidates is equal, the Seanad returning officer shall, in like manner, ascertain the number of third preferences recorded on all the ballot papers for each of such last-mentioned equal candidates, and arrange such candidates on the order of preferences accordingly, and so on until all the candidates are arranged in order on the order of preferences. If the number of first, second, third, and all other preferences recorded for any two or more equal candidates is equal the Seanad returning officer shall determine by lot the order in which such candidates are to be arranged on the order of preferences.

Arrangement of ballot papers in parcels.

3. The Seanad returning officer shall then arrange the valid ballot papers in parcels, according to the first preferences recorded for each candidate.

Value of each ballot paper.

4. For the purpose of facilitating the processes prescribed by these Rules, each valid ballot paper shall be deemed to be of the value of one thousand.

Crediting values of first preferences.

5. The Seanad returning officer shall then count the number of ballot papers in each parcel, and in accordance with the preceding Rule credit each candidate with the value of the valid ballot papers on which a first preference has been recorded for such candidate.

Ascertainment of quota.

6. The Seanad returning officer shall then add together the values in all the parcels and divide the full total value by a number exceeding by one the number of vacancies to be filled. The result increased by one, any fractional remainder being disregarded, shall be the value sufficient to secure the return of a candidate. This value is in this Schedule called the “quota”.

Candidates with quota deemed elected.

7. If, at the end of any count or at the end of the transfer of any parcel or sub-parcel of an excluded candidate or a candidate deemed not to be a continuing candidate, the value credited to a candidate is equal to or greater than the quota, that candidate shall, subject to the provisions of the subsequent Rules, be deemed to be elected.

Candidates on same sub-panel with quota.

8. (1) If at the end of a count the value credited to one or more candidates is equal to or greater than the quota and such candidates (if more than one) are on the same sub-panel and the number of vacancies then remaining to be filled from that sub-panel is equal to the number of candidates so credited, all such, candidates shall be deemed to be elected, and the papers of the remaining candidates (if any) on the said sub-panel shall, before any other candidate is excluded or the surplus of any other candidate is transferred, be transferred in accordance with the provisions of these Rules relating to the exclusion of candidates, save that the papers of the candidate credited with the greatest value shall be transferred first and so on, and thereupon such remaining candidates shall for the purpose of these Rules be deemed not to be continuing candidates.

(2) If at the end of a count the number of candidates on a sub-panel credited with a value greater than or equal to the quota is greater than the number of vacancies then remaining to be filled from such sub-panel, only such number of those candidates as is equal to the said number of vacancies shall be deemed to be elected. The candidates who are so to be deemed to be elected shall be the candidates who have the largest surpluses. If two or more of such candidates have each an equal surplus the candidate credited with the greatest value at the earliest count at which the values credited to those candidates were unequal, or (where the values so credited were equal at all counts) the candidate who is highest in the order of preferences, shall be deemed to be elected. The remaining candidates on the said sub-panel shall be deemed not to be continuing candidates and their papers shall, before any other candidate is excluded or the surplus of any other candidate is transferred, be transferred (whether the values credited to them respectively are greater, equal to, or less than the quota) in the same manner as the papers of an excluded candidate are required to be transferred under these Rules save that the papers of the candidate credited with the greatest value shall be transferred first and so on.

(3) A candidate credited with a value equal to the quota shall be deemed, for the purpose of this Rule, to have a surplus.

(4) If at the conclusion of any count two or more candidates are by these Rules required to be deemed not to be continuing candidates, and such candidates are not all on the same sub-panel, the papers of the candidate then credited with the greatest value shall be transferred first. If two or more of such candidates are credited with the same value the papers of the candidate credited with the greatest value at the earliest count at which the values credited to them were unequal, or (where the values so credited were equal at all counts) the candidate who is highest in the order of preferences shall be first transferred.

Transfer of surplus.

9. If at the end of any count the value credited to a candidate (in this Rule referred to as the elected candidate) is greater than the quota, the surplus shall be transferred to the continuing candidate or candidates indicated on the voting papers in the parcel or sub-parcel of the elected candidate according to the next available preferences recorded thereon, and the following provisions shall apply to the making of such transfer, that is to say:—

(a) if the value credited to the elected candidate arises out of original votes only, the Seanad returning officer shall examine all the ballot papers in the parcel of the elected candidate and shall arrange the transferable papers therein in sub-parcels according to the next available preferences recorded thereon and shall make a separate sub-parcel of the non-transferable papers;

(b) if the value credited to the elected candidate arises partly out of original and partly out of transferred votes or out of transferred votes only, the Seanad returning officer shall examine the ballot papers contained in the sub-parcel last received by the elected candidate and shall arrange the transferable papers therein in further sub-parcels according to the next available preferences recorded thereon and shall make a separate sub-parcel of the non-transferable papers;

(c) in either of the cases referred to in the foregoing paragraphs (a) and (b) the Seanad returning officer shall ascertain the number of ballot papers and their total value in each sub-parcel of transferable papers and in the sub-parcel of non-transferable papers;

(d) if the total value of the papers in all the sub-parcels of transferable papers is equal to or less than the said surplus, the Seanad returning officer shall transfer each sub-parcel of transferable papers to the continuing candidate indicated thereon as the voter's next available preference, each paper being transferred at the value at which it was received by the elected candidate, and (where the said total value is less than the said surplus) the non-transferable papers shall be set aside as not effective, at a value which is equal to the difference between the said surplus and the said total value;

(e) if the total value of the papers in all the sub-parcels of transferable papers is greater than the said surplus the Seanad returning officer shall transfer each paper in such sub-parcel of transferable papers to the continuing candidate indicated thereon as the voter's next available preference, and the value at which each paper shall be transferred shall be ascertained by dividing the surplus by the total number of transferable papers, fractional remainders being disregarded except that the consequential loss of value shall be noted on the result sheet;

(f) a surplus which arises on the completion of any count shall be dealt with before a surplus which arises at a subsequent count;

(g) when two or more surpluses arise out of the same count the largest shall be first dealt with and the others shall be dealt with in the order of their magnitude;

(h) if two or more candidates have an equal surplus arising out of the same count, the surplus of the candidate credited with the greatest value at the earliest count at which the values credited to those candidates were unequal shall be first dealt with, and where the values credited to such candidates were equal at all counts, the Seanad returning officer shall deal first with the surplus of the candidate who is highest in the order of preferences.

Exclusion of candidates.

10. If at the end of any count no candidate has a surplus and one or more vacancies remain unfilled, the Seanad returning officer shall exclude the candidate (in this Rule referred to as the excluded candidate) then credited with the lowest value and shall transfer his papers to the continuing candidates respectively indicated on the ballot papers in the parcel or sub-parcels of the excluded candidate as the voter's next available preference, and shall credit such continuing candidates with the value of the papers so transferred, and the following rules shall apply to the making of such transfer, that is to say:—

(a) the parcel containing original votes shall first be transferred, the transfer value of each paper being one thousand;

(b) the sub-parcels containing transferred votes shall then be transferred in the order in which and at the value of which the excluded candidate obtained them;

(c) for the purpose of determining whether a candidate is a continuing candidate the transfer of each parcel or sub-parcel shall be regarded as a separate count;

(d) in the transfer of each parcel or sub-parcel a separate sub-parcel shall be made of the non-transferable papers which shall be set aside at the value at which the excluded candidate obtained them;

(e) if when a candidate has to be excluded under this Rule, two or more candidates are each then credited with the same value and are lowest regard shall be had to the total value of original votes credited to each of those candidates and the candidate with the smallest such total value shall be excluded, and where such total values are equal regard shall be had to the total value of votes credited to each of those candidates at the earliest count at which they had unequal values, and the candidate with the smallest such total value at that count shall be excluded, and if those candidates were each credited with the same total value of votes at all counts that one of those candidates who is lowest in the order of preferences shall be excluded;

(f) if the number of continuing candidates on a sub-panel is equal to the number of vacancies remaining to be filled from such sub-panel, this Rule shall cease to apply in respect of such continuing candidates.

Disposal of papers on transfer.

11. On every transfer made under these Rules, each sub-parcel of papers transferred shall be placed on top of the parcel or sub-parcel (if any) of papers of the candidate to whom the transfer is made and that candidate shall be credited with the value ascertained in accordance with these Rules of the papers so transferred to him.

Equality of vacancies and candidates.

12. If, when there is no surplus to be transferred and, by reason of the number of candidates already excluded, the number of vacancies remaining to be filled from each sub-panel is equal to the number of continuing candidates on such sub-panels respectively, all such continuing candidates shall thereupon be deemed to be elected.

Result sheet.

13. At the end of every count the Seanad returning officer shall record on a result sheet in the prescribed form the total of the values credited to each candidate at the end of that count and also the value of the non-transferable papers not effective on that count and the loss of value on that count owing to disregard of fractions.

Precautions for preservation of secrecy.

14. While the votes are being counted the ballot papers shall so far as it is practicable be kept face upwards and all proper precautions shall be taken by the Seanad returning officer for preventing the numbers on the backs of the ballot papers being seen.

Definitions.

15. In these Rules—

(1) the expression “continuing candidate” means any candidate not deemed to be elected and not excluded;

(2) the expression “first preference” means the figure “1” standing alone, the expression “second preference” means the figure “2” standing alone in succession to the figure “1”and the expression “third preference” means the figure “3” standing alone in succession to the figures “1” and “2” set opposite the name of any candidate, and so on;

(3) the expression “next available preference” means a second or subsequent preference recorded in consecutive numerical order for a continuing candidate, the preference next in order on the ballot paper for candidates already deemed to be elected or excluded being ignored;

(4) the expression “transferable paper” means a ballot paper on which following a first preference a second or subsequent preference is recorded in numerical order for a continuing candidate;

(5) the expression “non-transferable paper” means a ballot paper—

(a) on which no second or subsequent preference is recorded for a continuing candidate; or

(b) on which the names of two or more candidates (whether continuing or not) are marked with the same number, and are next in order of preference, or

(c) on which the name of the candidate next in order of preference (whether continuing or not) is marked by a number not following consecutively after some other number on the voting paper or by two or more numbers, or

(d) which is void for uncertainty;

(6) the expression “original vote” in regard to any candidate means a vote derived from a ballot paper on which a first preference is recorded for that candidate;

(7) the expression “transferred vote” in regard to any candidate means a vote derived from a ballot paper on which a second or subsequent preference is recorded for that candidate;

(8) the expression “surplus” means the number by which the total value of the votes, original and transferred, credited to any candidate exceeds the quota;

(9) the expression “count” means (as the context may require) either—

(a) all the operations involved in the counting of the first preferences recorded for candidates; or

(b) all the operations involved in the transfer of the surplus of a selected candidate; or

(c) all the operations involved in the transfer of the votes of an excluded candidate; or

(d) the transfer in pursuance of these Rules of the papers of a candidate deemed not to be a continuing candidate.

(10) the expression “deemed to be elected” means deemed to be elected for the purpose of counting, but without prejudice to the declaration of the result of the election;

(11) the expression “determine by lot” means determine in accordance with the following directions, that is to say:—

the names of the candidates concerned having been written on similar slips of paper, and the slips having been folded so as to prevent identification and mixed and drawn at random, the candidates concerned shall as amongst themselves be arranged on the order of preferences in the order in which the slips containing their names are drawn, beginning with the candidate whose name is on the slip drawn first.