Merchant Shipping Act, 1894

Part VIII.

Liability of Shipowners.[1]

Limitation of shipowner’s liability in certain cases of loss of, or damage to, goods.

502. The owner of a [2] British sea-going ship, or any share therein, shall not be liable to make good to any extent whatever any loss or damage happening without his actual fault or privity in the following cases; namely,– –

(i) Where any goods, merchandise, or other things whatsoever taken in or put on board his ship are lost or damaged by reason of fire on board the ship; or

(ii) Where any gold, silver, diamonds, watches, jewels, or precious stones taken in or put on board his ship, the true nature and value of which have not at the time of shipment been declared by the owner or shipper thereof to the owner or master of the ship in the bills of lading or otherwise in writing, are lost or damaged by reason of any robbery, embezzlement, making away with, or secreting thereof.

[1 Extended to owners, builders, &c. during period between launching and registration of ship by 61 & 62 Vict. c. 14. s. 1, and to charterers by 6 Edw. 7. c. 48. s. 71.]

[2 As to a British built ship becoming foreign, see 6 Edw. 7. c. 48. s. 70.]