Frequently Asked Questions CCanna (Ceisteanna Coitianta)

Legislative amendments were previously held in a section of the eISB known as the Legislation Directory. The information from the Legislation Directory has now been integrated into relevant parts of the site. For example, to find the list of amendments made to a particular Act, go to that Act and then click on the “Amendments, Commencements, SIs made under this Act” button.

Users should note that information is displayed differently in relation to Acts enacted before and after 1987.

Each Act enacted before 1 January 1987 appears in a table for the year in which the relevant Act was enacted and Acts appear in order of enactment in that table. Entries include details in relation to how each Act has been amended or otherwise affected. Details in relation to commencement information for Acts enacted prior to 1987 can be found on the Acts home page under Acts-More information, Commencement Orders. There is currently no list available of secondary legislation made under individual Acts enacted before 1 January 1987.

Each Act enacted since 1 January 1987 has its own table containing three sub-tables: commencement information, amendments and other effects, and other associated secondary legislation (SIs made under the Act) and effects. Work is continuing to extend this newer format to Acts enacted before 1987.

Roimhe seo, coimeádadh leasuithe reachtúla i roinn den eISB dar teideal an tEolaire Reachtaíochta. Anois, tá an fhaisnéis ón Eolaire Reachtaíochta comhtháthaithe i gcodanna ábhartha den suíomh. Mar shampla, chun liosta de na leasuithe a rinneadh ar Acht áirithe a aimsiú, téigh chuig an Acht sin agus cliceáil ar an gcnaipe “Leasuithe, Tosaigh Feidhme, IRí arna ndéanamh faoin Acht seo”.

Ba chóir a thabhairt faoi deara go léirítear faisnéis ar bhealach difriúil maidir le hAchtanna a achtaíodh roimh agus tar éis 1987.

Léirítear gach Acht a achtaíodh roimh 1 Eanáir 1987 i dtábla don bhliain ar achtaíodh an tAcht ábhartha agus léirítear Achtanna in ord achtaithe sa tábla sin. Áirítear sonraí maidir leis an leasú nó tionchar eile a bhí ar gach Acht sna hiontrálacha. Is féidir teacht ar shonraí maidir le faisnéis tosaigh feidhme d’Achtanna a achtaíodh roimh 1987 ar leathanach baile na nAchtanna faoi Achtanna-Tuilleadh Faisnéise, Orduithe um Thosach Feidhme. Faoi láthair, níl liosta den reachtaíocht thánaisteach a rinneadh faoi Achtanna aonair a achtaíodh roimh 1 Eanáir 1987 ar fáil.

Tá a thábla féin ag gach Acht a achtaíodh ó 1 Eanáir 1987 ina bhfuil trí fhothábla: faisnéis tosaigh feidhme, leasuithe agus tionchair eile, agus reachtaíocht thánaisteach eile (IRí arna ndéanamh faoin Acht) agus tionchair lena mbaineann. Tá obair ag dul ar aghaidh chun an fhormáid nua seo a shíneadh go hAchtanna a achtaíodh roimh 1987.

See How will I know if a piece of legislation has been amended? Féach ar Conas is eol dom má rinneadh leasú ar phíosa reachtaíochta?

  • The first step is to locate the relevant piece of legislation: Act or statutory instrument. At the top of the text of the Act or Statutory Instrument, you will see a box marked (in the case of Acts) “Amendments, Commencements, SIs made under Act” or (in the case of statutory instruments) “Amendments”. Click on this box to access amendment information.
    In the case of statutory instruments, you should be aware that only amendments made between 1 January 1987 up to the most recent date set out at the top of the relevant page are recorded. Amendments made since 1987 to pre-1987 statutory instruments are listed, but not changes to such statutory instruments before 1987. For example, all amendments made since 1 January 1987 to the European Communities (Retirement of Farmers) Regulations 1974 (S.I. No. 116 of 1974) are listed, but changes made between the date on which those regulations were made (30 April 1974) and 31 December 1986 are not at currently listed.
    An chéad chéim ná an píosa ábhartha reachtaíochta a aimsiú: Acht nó ionstraim reachtúil. Ag barr théacs an Achta nó na hIonstraime Reachtúla, feicfidh tú bosca marcáilte (i gcás Achtanna) “Leasuithe, Tosaigh Feidhme, IRí arna ndéanamh faoin Acht” nó (i gcás ionstraimí reachtúla) “Leasuithe”. Cliceáil ar an mbosca seo chun faisnéis faoi leasuithe a aimsiú.
    I gcás na n-ionstraimí reachtúla, ba chóir duit a bheith ar an eolas nach bhfuil taifead déanta ach amháin ar leasuithe a rinneadh ón 1 Eanáir 1987 go dtí an dáta is déanaí, a leagtar amach ag tús an leathanaigh ábhartha. Tá leasuithe a rinneadh ó 1987 i leith ar ionstraimí reachtúla réamh-1987 liostaithe, ach níl leasuithe a rinneadh ar ionstraimí reachtúla dá leithéid roimh 1987 liostaithe. Mar shampla, tá gach leasú a rinneadh ón 1 Eanáir 1987 i leith ar Rialacháin na gComhphobal Eorpach (Scor Feirmeoirí) 1974 (I.R. Uimh. 116 de 1974) liostaithe, ach níl na hathruithe a rinneadh ar na rialacháin sin ón dáta a tháinig siad ar an bhfód (30 Aibreán 1974) go dtí 31 Nollaig 1986 liostaithe faoi láthair

  • For Acts from 1987 or later:
    Simply click on the button at the top of the Act marked “Amendments, Commencements, SIs made under Act”. The table entitled “commencement” sets out the relevant commencement information for that Act. For Acts from before 1987 you should take the following steps:

    • Look at the text of the Act itself:
      • If there is no information regarding commencement, the Act came into force on the date on which it was passed by the Oireachtas. This date can be found under the long title of the Act.
      • Sometimes a provision or provisions of an Act specifies a date on which all or part of it is to come into effect (e.g. "This Act comes into operation one month after the date of its passing." or "This section shall come into effect on 3 February 2015.")
      • Sometimes a provision or provisions of an Act states that a commencement order is required to bring all or part of an Act into effect (e.g. "This Act shall come into operation on such day or days as the Minister may appoint by order...").
    • Finding a commencement order:
      • The eISB includes a list of commencement orders listed by Act.
      • To find commencement orders that have been made since the last update to the commencement order list, you can check the statutory instruments on the eISB made since the last update.

    I gcomhair Achtanna ó 1987 nó níos déanaí:
    Díreach cliceáil ar an gcnaipe ag barr an Achta marcáilte “Leasuithe, Tosaigh Feidhme, IRí arna ndéanamh faoi Acht”. Leagtar amach an fhaisnéis ábhartha um thosach feidhme don Acht sa tábla dar teideal “tosach feidhme”.
    I gcomhair Achtanna roimh 1987 ba chóir duit na céimeanna seo a leanas a leanúint:

    • Féach ar théacs an Achta féin:
      • Mura bhfuil aon fhaisnéis maidir le tosach feidhme, tháinig an tAcht i bhfeidhm ar an dáta ar ritheadh é ag an Oireachtas. Is féidir teacht ar an dáta seo faoi theideal fada an Achta.
      • Uaireanta sonraíonn foráil nó forálacha Achta dáta ar a dtiocfaidh an tAcht iomlán nó cuid de i bhfeidhm (m.sh. \“Tiocfaidh an tAcht seo i ngníomh mí amháin tar éis an dáta ar ritheadh é.\” nó \“Tiocfaidh an t-alt seo i bhfeidhm ón 3 Feabhra 2015.\”)
      • Uaireanta deir foráil nó forálacha Achta go dteastaíonn ordú um thosach feidhme chun Acht iomlán nó cuid de a thabhairt i bhfeidhm (m.sh. \“Tiocfaidh an tAcht seo i ngníomh cibé lá nó laethanta a cheapfaidh an tAire le hordú...\”).
    • Ordú um thosach feidhme a aimsiú:
      • Áirítear ar an eISB liosta d’orduithe um thosach feidhme atá liostaithe de réir Achta.
      • Chun teacht ar orduithe um thosach feidhme arna ndéanamh ón nuashonrú deireanach ar an liosta orduithe um thosach feidhme, is féidir na hionstraimí reachtúla ar an eISB a rinneadh ón nuashonrú deireanach a sheiceáil.
  • Where a Revised Act has been prepared by the Law Reform Commission there is now a direct link from the Act on the eISB, from a tab at the top of the individual Act page, to the Revised Act on the Commission's web site.

    When viewing an Act by section there is also a direct link to the corresponding section of the Revised Act.
    I gcás go bhfuil Acht Athbhreithnithe ullmhaithe ag an gCoimisiún um Athchóiriú an Dlí, tá nasc díreach nua anois ón Acht ar an eISB ón táb ag barr an leathanaigh aonair Achta leis an Acht Athbhreithnithe ar shuíomh gréasáin an Choimisiúin.

    Agus tú ag féachaint ar Acht de réir ailt, tá nasc díreach leis an alt comhfhreagrach den Acht Athbhreithnithe anois freisin.

  • In general, tables of amendments, commencements and SIs made under Acts are updated every 4-8 weeks, subject to the availability of new legislation. You can find the current date up to which the tables are updated on each relevant page. Go ginearálta, nuashonraítear táblaí leasuithe, tosach feidhme agus IRí gach 4-8 seachtaine, faoi réir infhaighteacht na reachtaíochta nua. Is féidir teacht ar an dáta a ndearnadh nuashonrú ar na táblaí ar gach leathanach ábhartha.

  • They are produced by the Law Reform Commission. Cuirtear i láthair iad ag an gCoimisiún um Athchóiriú an Dlí.

  • You can visit the glossary. Is féidir cuairt a thabhairt ar an ngluais.

  • Only hyperlinked versions (HTML versions) of legislation are searchable from the quick search and advanced search page of the eISB. While PDF versions of SIs and Acts are published on the eISB as soon as possible, corresponding HTML versions may not yet be available.

    Always check the lists of Acts and SIs on the Acts and SIs home pages.
    If the hyperlinked version of an Act or an SI is not live (not a link), then it is not searchable on the eISB.
    Níl ach leaganacha hipearnaisc (leaganacha HTML) den reachtaíocht inchuardaithe ó leathanach cuardaigh thapa agus cuardaigh chasta an eISB. Cé go bhfoilsítear leaganacha PDF de IRí agus Achtanna ar an eISB chomh tapa agus is féidir, seans nach mbeidh fáil ar leaganacha HTML go fóill.

    Seiceáil liostaí na nAchtanna agus IRí ar leathanaigh baile na nAchtanna agus IRí i gcónaí.
    Mura bhfuil leagan hipearnaisc Achta nó IR beo (le nasc), níl sé inchuardaithe ar an eISB mar sin.

  • Exact word search is the default search on the eISB.

    For example, a search for the term child retrieves documents which contain that exact term only - documents which contain for example, the term children will not be retrieved. AND is the default search operator. If you do not use AND, OR or NOT to connect your search terms, the eISB search engine defaults to an AND search.
    For example, a search for pension spouse = pension AND spouse.

    Is é cuardach focail bheacht an cuardach réamhshocruithe ar an eISB.

    Mar shampla, aisghabhann cuardach don téarma leanbh doiciméid leis an téarma beacht sin amháin - ní aisghabhfar doiciméid leis an téarma leanaí, mar shampla. Is é AGUS an t-oibreoir cuardaigh réamhshocruithe. Mura n-úsáideann tú AGUS, NÓ ná NÍ chun do théarmaí cuardaigh a nascadh, déanann inneall cuardaigh an eISB cuardach AGUS de réir réamhshocruithe.

    Mar shampla, cuardach i gcomhair pinsean céile = pinsean AGUS céile.

  • You must use capital letters for AND, OR and NOT.

    AND : To find documents that contain all the terms you enter, separate the terms with AND.
    For example
    tax AND refund
    road AND rail AND air

    OR : To find documents that contain any of the terms you enter, separate the terms with OR.
    For example
    mussel OR cockle

    NOT : To find documents that exclude a specific term, precede the excluded term with NOT
    For example
    Tax NOT income

    Use Brackets if you are combining AND, OR or NOT in a search query. This orders the search query logically. Terms in brackets are processed first.
    For example, the following search will find documents which contain either oil or gas, and they must also contain the term convention.
    (oil OR gas) AND convention
    Caithfear ceannlitreacha a úsáid i gcomhair AGUS, NÓ agus NÍ.

    AGUS : Chun doiciméid a aimsiú ina bhfuil gach téarma a chuireann tú isteach, roinn na téarmaí le AND.
    Mar shampla
    cáin AGUS aisíoc
    bóthar AGUS iarnród AGUS aer

    NÓ : Chun doiciméid a aimsiú ina bhfuil aon téarma a chuireann tú isteach, roinn na téarmaí le NÓ.
    Mar shampla
    diúilicínruacan

    NÍ : Chun doiciméid a aimsiú a eisiann téarma ar leith, gabh roimh an téarma eisiata le NÍ Mar shampla
    Cáinioncam

    Bain úsáid as Lúibíní má tá tú ag cur AGUS, NÓ nó NÍ le chéile i gcuardach. Cuireann seo ord loighciúil ar chuardach. Próiseáiltear téarmaí i lúibíní ar dtús.
    Mar shampla, aimseoidh an cuardach seo a leanas doiciméid le ola gás, ach caithfidh siad an téarma coinbhinsiún a áireamh freisin.
    (olagás) AGUS coinbhinsiún

  • Use double quotation marks to find an exact phrase.
    For example
    "criminal assets bureau"
    "income tax" OR "corporation tax"

    Please note that neither the * symbol nor the ? symbol (truncation and wildcard) are effective within double quotation marks.
    Bain úsáid as comharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail i gcomhair frása beacht.
    Mar shampla
    "an biúró um shócmhainní coiriúla"
    "cáin ioncaim" NÓ "cáin chorparáide"

    Tabhair faoi deara le do thoil nach bhfuil éifeacht ag an tsiombail * ná an tsiombail ? (teascadh agus saoróg) laistigh de chomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail.

  • The * symbol can function as a truncation or wildcard symbol depending on the way it is used:

    Use the * symbol at the root of a word to find word variants.
    For example
    Rail*
    Finds rail, railway, railways, railroad, railroads etc.

    Use the * symbol at the end of a word to find regular plurals.
    For example
    mussel* OR cockle*
    Finds mussel, mussels, cockle, cockles

    Use the * symbol to represent a number of characters within a word.
    For example
    Behavi*r
    Finds behaviour or behavior

    Col*r
    Finds colour or color

    Please note that the * symbol will only find letters within a word or at the end of a word. For example, a search for solicitor* will find solicitors but will not find solicitor's (because an apostrophe is not a letter).

    The wildcard ? symbol represents a single character within a word.

    This is useful for words which may have an accented character, for example a fada or variant spelling.
    For example
    G?is
    Finds Gais and Gáis
    Organi?ation
    Finds organisation and organization

    Please note that neither the truncation * symbol nor the wildcard ? symbol are effective within double quotation marks or at the start of a word.
    Is féidir leis an tsiombail * feidhmiú mar siombail teasctha ná saoróige ag brath ar an gcaoi a n-úsáidtear é:

    Bain úsáid as an tsiombail * ag fréamh focail le teacht ar mhalairtí focail.
    Mar shampla
    Iarnród*
    Aimsíonn seo iarnród, iarnróid, bóthar iarainn, bóithre iarainn srl.

    Bain úsáid as an tsiombail * ag deireadh focail le teacht ar iolraí rialta.
    Mar shampla
    diúilicín*ruacan*
    Aimsíonn seo diúilicín, diúilicíní, ruacan, ruacain

    Bain úsáid as an tsiombail * chun roinnt litreacha laistigh d’fhocal a léiriú.
    Mar shampla
    Iomp*r
    Aimsíonn seo iompariompair

    Foc*l
    Aimsíonn seo focalfocail

    Déanann siombail na saoróige ? ionadaíocht do litir aonair laistigh d’fhocal.

    Tá sé seo úsáideach d’fhocail a bhfuil litir aiceanta acu, mar shampla síneadh fada nó litriú eile.
    Mar shampla
    G?is
    Aimsíonn seo Gais agus Gáis
    Cu?sach
    Aimsíonn seo cuíosach agus cuibheasach

    Tabhair faoi deara le do thoil nach bhfuil éifeacht ag an tsiombail teasctha * ná an tsiombail saoróige ? laistigh de chomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail ná ag tús focail. Níl an tsiombail saoróige ? éifeachtach ag deireadh focail.

  • Please note that neither the truncation * symbol nor the wildcard ? symbol are effective within double quotation marks or at the start of a word.

    The search engine views accented and non-accented letters as distinct letters. For example a search for the term Uchtála is not the same as a search for the term Uchtala. To find both spellings of the word you could do either of the searches below:
    Uchtála OR Uchtala
    Ucht?la

    Please note that the wildcard ? symbol is not effective within double quotation marks or at the start or end of a word.
    Tabhair faoi deara le do thoil nach bhfuil éifeacht ag an tsiombail teasctha * ná an tsiombail saoróige ? laistigh de chomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail ná ag tús focail.

    Féachann an t-inneall cuardaigh ar litreacha atá aiceanta agus nach bhfuil aiceanta mar litreacha éagsúla. Mar shampla, ní hionann cuardach don téarma uchtála agus cuardach don téarma Uchtala. Chun an dá litriú den fhocal a aimsiú, d’fhéadfá ceachtar den dá chuardach thíos a dhéanamh:
    UchtálaUchtala
    Ucht?la

    Tabhair faoi deara le do thoil nach bhfuil éifeacht ag an tsiombail saoróige ? laistigh de chomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail ná ag tús ná críoch focail.

  • You can carry out a search for 2 or 3 words only, in proximity to each other. Enter the terms in double quotation marks, followed by the @ symbol, followed by the desired number of words.
    For example
    "insurance cover"@5
    Finds documents which contain both the terms insurance and cover, but only if they are within 5 words of each other.
    "insurance cover contract"@8
    Finds documents which contain all three terms insurance, cover and contract, but only if they are within 8 words of each other.
    D’fhéadfá cuardach a dhéanamh i gcomhair 2 nó 3 fhocal atá gar dá chéile. Cuir na téarmaí i gcomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail, leis an tsiombail @ ina ndiaidh, agus an líon inmhianaithe focal ina ndiaidh.
    Mar shampla
    "cumhdach árachas"@5
    Aimsíonn seo doiciméid ina bhfuil na téarmaí árachas agus cumhdach, ach caithfidh siad a bheith laistigh de 5 fhocal óna chéile.
    "conradh cumhdach árachais"@8
    Aimsíonn seo doiciméid ina bhfuil na téarmaí árachas, cumhdach agus conradh, ach caithfidh siad a bheith laistigh de 8 bhfocal óna chéile.

  • Yes. On the search results page you will see the box below. Enter your search terms in the 'Search within Results' box and click on the magnifying glass.

    If your original search was a title only search, then your search within results will also be a title only search; if your original search was a title and text search, your search within results will also be a title and text search.
    Is féidir. Feicfidh tú an bosca thíos ar an leathanach torthaí cuardaigh. Cuir isteach do théarmaí cuardaigh sa bhosca “Cuardach laistigh de na Torthaí” agus cliceáil ar an ngloine formhéadúcháin.

    Screenshot of a research example
  • Example 1: limit search by year or years Sampla 1: Teorannaigh cuardach de réir bliana nó blianta.

    Screenshot of a research example

    This will limit your search to the years 1999, 2000 or 2010 only. Teorannófar seo do chuardach do na blianta 1999, 2000 nó 2010 amháin.

    Example 2: limit search by date range Sampla 2: Teorannaigh an cuardach de réir raon dáta.

    Screenshot of a research example

    This will limit your search to the years 1998, 1999, and within the range 2000 to 2015 only. Teorannófar seo do chuardach do na blianta 1998, 1999, agus laistigh den raon 2000 go 2015 amháin.

  • In the quick search which is available on each page, use the drop down arrow to choose Acts or SIs.
    The default search is All Legislation.
    Sa chuardach tapa teidil atá ar fáil ar gach leathanach, bain úsáid as an saighead anuas chun Achtanna nó IRí a roghnú. Is é an cuardach réamhshocruithe ná Reachtaíocht Uile. Athraigh é seo go Acht nó IR chun do chuardach a theorannú.

    Screenshot of a research example

    Change this to Act or SI to limit your search.

    Screenshot of a research example

    The advanced search screen also defaults to searching ALL legislation. Use the radio buttons to select either Acts or SIs. Déanann an scáileán cuardach casta cuardach réamhshocruithe do Reachtaíocht Uile freisin. Bain úsáid as na cnaipí raidió chun Achtanna nó IRí a roghnú.

    Screenshot of a research exampleScreenshot of a research example
  • Yes. For example,
    the search below retrieves the word exemption in Act number 5 of 2010 only.
    Is féidir. Mar shampla,
    aimsíonn an cuardach thíos an focal díolúine in Acht uimhir a 5 de 2010 amháin.

    Screenshot of a research exampleScreenshot of a research example
  • There is no subject term search in the eISB. However, the eISB contains a link to the Law Reform Commission's Classified List of Legislation. Níl aon chuardach téarma ábhair san eISB. Tá nasc ag an eISB leis an Liosta Rangaithe Reachtaíochta de chuid an Choimisiúin um Athchóiriú an Dlí, áfach.

  • The user performs a search on the eISB and the search software produces a set of results. When a result (eISB web page) is displayed, the words from the search are passed to the browser's own page search and it is the browser that displays the highlighting.

    Thus while the eISB search itself can be quite complex there are limitations on what the browser's own highlighting will display. Users therefore should not rely on the highlighting of search terms, as highlighting is not always effective, in particular in complex searches.

    Phrase search
    An exact phrase search is carried out on the eISB by enclosing the phrase in double quotation marks.
    The highlighter in the browser generally works for an eISB exact phrase search. However there can be differences between what the browser and the eISB deem an exact phrase, for example in the case below the difference is due to punctuation.
    For example, a search on the eISB for the phrase "guardian means" will retrieve the following from the Gender Recognition Act 2015:
    (7) In this section "guardian" means a person who—
    Although this will be retrieved in an eISB search, the phrase will not be highlighted in the browser. This is because of the additional double quotation marks around the word "guardian" in the text.
    So for the browser the phrase guardian means is not the same as "guardian" means. The above also applies to dashes, brackets, commas, semi-colons and other punctuation.

    Proximity search
    The eISB search engine can work out how close words are to each other and produce a proximity search. However the browser's in-page highlighting has no proximity capability. None of the proximity search terms will be highlighted in the browser. Therefore highlighting does not support proximity searching.

    Entering more than one search term into the eISB with no quotes or Boolean operators etc.
    If you enter more than one search term into the search box without entering AND, OR, NOT (e.g. protected disclosures), or enclosing the terms in double quotation marks, the eISB automatically puts an AND between your terms.
    However in this case the browser takes this type of search to be a phrase search – if the terms appear as a phrase on the page then the browser highlights the phrase. Individual occurrences of the words are not highlighted.

    Truncation and wildcard
    The eISB search engine can find base words and by using the * symbol can also find word variants and some plurals. For example a search for rail* will find rails, railway, railings etc.
    The browser's highlighter does have the ability to highlight the entire words so it will highlight rail, rails, railway, but it will also highlight words it should not such as trail. This is a feature of the browser and not from the eISB search.
    When within a word, eg. c*t, the eISB search engine will find all words beginning and ending with the letters specified. In this example cat, cut, commencement etc.
    The browser highlighting does not support this type of search using the * symbol. The browser does not recognise the * in the middle of a word. In the example above the browser will highlight occurrences of 'ct' (appearing beside each other) anywhere in a word.

    Single wildcard
    When using the ? symbol for a single character wildcard, for example organi?ation, the eISB search will find organisation and organization. The browser highlighter does not work for this search and neither word will be highlighted. Therefore highlighting does not support proximity searching.
    Déanann an t-úsáideoir cuardach ar eISB agus gintear liosta torthaí ag na bogearraí cuardaigh. Nuair a léirítear toradh (leathanach eISB), cuirtear na focail ar aghaidh chuig cuardach leathanaigh an bhrabhsálaí féin agus is é an brabhsálaí a léiríonn an t-aibhsiú.

    Mar sin, cé go bhfuil cuardach an eISB réasúnta casta, tá teorainneacha ar an méid is atá aibhsiú an bhrabhsálaí féin in ann a léiriú. Níor chóir d’úsáideoirí brath ar aibhsiú na dtéarmaí cuardaigh, mar sin, toisc nach mbíonn an t-aibhsiú éifeachtach i gcónaí, go háirithe le cuardaigh chasta.

    Cuardach frása
    Déantar cuardach frása beacht ar an eISB tríd an bhfrása a chur i gcomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail.
    Go ginearálta, oibríonn an t-aibhsiú sa bhrabhsálaí i gcomhair cuardach frása beacht eISB. Is féidir difríochtaí a bheith ann idir cad a mheasann an brabhsálaí agus an eISB gur frása beacht ann, áfach. Mar shampla, sa chás thíos baineann an difríocht le poncaíocht.
    Mar shampla, aisghabhfaidh cuardach i gcomhair an frása "ciallaíonn caomhnóir" ar an eISB an méid seo a leanas ón Acht um Inscne a Aithint 2015:
    (7) San alt seo ciallaíonn “caomhnóir” duine a—
    Cé go n-aisghabhfar é seo le cuardach eISB, ní aibhseofar an frása sa bhrabhsálaí. An chúis leis seo ná na comharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail atá ar an bhfocal “caomhnóir” sa téacs.
    Don bhrabhsálaí, mar sin, ní hionann an frása ciallaíonn caomhnóir agus ciallaíonn "caomhnóir".
    The above also applies to dashes, brackets, commas, semi-colons and other punctuation.

    Cuardach gaireachta
    Is féidir le hinneall cuardaigh an eISB gaireacht na bhfocal dá chéile a dhéanamh amach chun cuardach gaireachta a fháil. Níl acmhainn ghaireachta ag aibhsiú leathanaigh istigh an bhrabhsálaí, áfach. Ní aibhseofar aon cheann de na téarmaí cuardaigh ghaireachta sa bhrabhsálaí. Ní thacaíonn aibhsiú le cuardach gaireachta mar sin.

    Níos mó ná téarma cuardaigh amháin a chur isteach san eISB gan comharthaí athfhriotail ná oibreoirí Boole srl.
    Má chuireann tú níos mó ná téarma cuardaigh amháin isteach sa bhosca cuardaigh gan AGUS, NÓ, NÍ (m.sh. nochtuithe cosanta) a iontráil, nó na téarmaí a chur i gcomharthaí dúbailte athfhriotail, cuireann an eISB AGUS idir na téarmaí go huathoibríoch.
    Sa chás seo, áfach, glacann an brabhsálaí leis gur cuardach frása é – má léirítear na téarmaí mar fhrása ar an leathanach, aibhsíonn an brabhsálaí an téarma mar sin. Ní aibhsítear tarluithe aonair de na focail.

    Teascadh agus saoróg
    Is féidir le hinneall cuardaigh an eISB bunfhocail a aimsiú agus, tríd an tsiombail * a úsáid, is féidir leis malairtí focail agus roinnt iolraí a aimsiú freisin. Mar shampla, aimseoidh cuardach i gcomhair ráth, rátha, agus ráthanna freisin.
    Tá sé d’acmhainn ag aibhsiú an bhrabhsálaí na focail iomlána a aibhsiú agus, mar sin, aibhseoidh sé ráth, rátha, ráthanna, ach aibhseoidh sé focail nár chóir dó freisin ar nós tráth. Is gné é seo den bhrabhsálaí agus ní den chuardach eISB.
    Nuair a chuirtear laistigh d’fhocal é, m.sh. c*t, aimseoidh inneall cuardaigh an eISB gach focal a thosaíonn agus a chríochnaíonn leis na litreacha a shonraítear. Sa sampla seo, cat, ceart, cóipcheart srl.
    Ní thacaíonn aibhsiú an bhrabhsálaí leis an gcineál seo cuardaigh leis an tsiombail *. Ní aithníonn an brabhsálaí an * i lár focail. Sa sampla thuas, aibhseoidh an brabhsálaí tarluithe an ‘ct’ (in aice dá chéile) aon áit i bhfocal.

    Saoróg aonair
    Agus an tsiombail ? á úsáid agat i gcomhair saoróg carachtair aonair, mar shampla g?s, aimseoidh cuardach an eISB gás agus gas. Ní oibríonn aibhsiú an bhrabhsálaí i gcomhair an chuardaigh seo agus ní aibhseofar ceachtar focal. Ní thacaíonn aibhsiú le cuardach gaireachta mar sin.