Consumer Insurance Contracts Act 2019

Post-contractual duties of consumer and insurer

15. (1) The duties in this section replace, at all stages subsequent to the entering into of the contract of insurance, the principle of utmost good faith (uberrima fides) that applied prior to the coming into force of this section (whether that principle arose at common law or under an enactment).

(2) A consumer shall be under a duty to pay the premium within a reasonable time, or in accordance with the terms of the contract, provided those terms comply with the requirements of section 20 .

(3) An insurer may refuse a claim made by a consumer under a contract of insurance where there is a change in the subject matter of the contract of insurance, including as described in an “alteration of risk” clause, and circumstances have so changed that it can properly be said by the insurer that the new risk is something which, on the true construction of the policy, it did not agree to cover.

(4) (a) An “alteration of risk” clause in a contract of insurance shall apply only in circumstances where the subject matter of the contract of insurance has altered.

(b) An “alteration of risk” clause shall be void where it purports to apply where there is a modification only of the risk insured.

(5) Any clause in a contract of insurance that refers to a “material change” shall be interpreted as referring to changes that take the risk outside that which was within the reasonable contemplation of the contracting parties when the contract of insurance was concluded.

(6) An insurer who intends to exclude certain matters from coverage under the contract of insurance shall do so explicitly in writing prior to the commencement of the contract.