S.I. No. 60/1988 - European Communities (Materials and Articles in Contact With Foodstuffs) Regulations, 1988.


I, ALBERT REYNOLDS, Minister for Industry and Commerce, in exercise of the powers conferred on me by section 3 of the European Communities Act, 1972 (No. 27 of 1972), and for the purpose of giving effect to Council Directive 76/893/EEC of 23 November, 19761, Council Directive 78/142/EEC of 30 January, 19782 Commission Directive 80/590/EEC of 9 June, 19803 Commission Directive 80/766/EEC of 8 July, 19804 Council Directive 83/229/EEC of 25 April, 19835, Council Directive 84/500/EEC of 15 October, 19846 and Commission Directive 86/388/EEC of 23 July, 19867 hereby make the following Regulations:

1O.J. No. L 340/19, 9.12.76.

2O.J. No. L 44/15, 15.2.78.

3O.J. No. L 151/21, 19.6.80.

4O.J. No. L 213/42, 16.8.80.

5O.J. No. L 123/31, 11.5.83.

6O.J. No. L 277/12, 20.10.84.

7O.J. No. L228/32, 14.8.86.

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1. (1) These Regulations may be cited as the European Communities (Materials and Articles in Contact with Foodstuffs) Regulations, 1988.

(2) These Regulations, except insofar as they relate to ceramic articles, shall come into operation on the 1st day of June, 1988.

(3) These Regulations insofar as they relate to ceramic articles shall come into operation on the 1st day of October, 1989.

2 Interpretation.

2. (1) In these Regulations:—

"antique" means any material or article which is a collector's piece of artistic, archaeological or ethnographic interest or any other material or article of age exceeding 100 years;

"approved examiner" means a person or body appointed by the Minister, the Minister for Finance or the Minister for Health under Regulation 11 of these Regulations for the purpose of these Regulations;

"authorised officer" means —

(a) an officer of the Minister, or

(b) a person designated by the Minister for Finance or the Minister for Health, or

(c) a person designated by the approved examiner,

who is appointed in writing by the Minister under Regulation 12 to be an authorised officer for the purposes of these Regulations;

"business" includes the undertaking of any club, canteen, school, hospital or institution whether carried on for profit or not, and any undertaking or activity carried on by a public or local authority;

"Commission Directives" means Commission Directive 80/590/EEC, Commission Directive 80/766/EEC and Commission Directive 86/388/EEC;

"Council Directive" means Council Directive 76/893/EEC;

"import" means import in the course of a business;

"materials and articles" means materials and articles to which the Council Directive or any of the specific Directives or any of the Commission Directives, and these Regulations apply;

"the Minister" means the Minister for Industry and Commerce;

"sell" includes supply, offer for sale or expose for sale, or have in possession for sale, and cognate words shall be construed accordingly;

"sell by retail" means sell to a person buying otherwise than for the purpose of resale, but does not include selling to a caterer for the purpose of his catering business or to a manufacturer for the purpose of his manufacturing business, and "sold by retail" shall be construed accordingly;

"specific Directives" means Council Directive 78/142/EEC, Council Directive 83/299/EEC and Council Directive 84/500/EEC;

"trade mark" means a trade mark which is recognised by law in any Member State of the European Economic Community;

(2) A word or expression that is used in these Regulations and is also used in the Council Directive or in any of the specific directives or in any of the Commission Directives has, unless the contrary intention appears, the same meaning in these Regulations as it has in the respective Directives.

3 Application.

3. (1) These Regulations apply to materials and articles which —

(a) in their finished state are intended to come into contact with foodstuffs or which are in contact with foodstuffs and are intended for that purpose, or,

(b) are in contact with water intended for human consumption.

(2) These Regulations do not apply to —

(a) any substance which being used as a covering or a coating for foodstuffs, such as the substances covering cheese rinds, prepared meat products or fruit, forms part of that foodstuff and may be consumed with it,

(b) any fixed public or private water supply equipment,

(c) antiques,

(d) any material or article which is intended for export outside the European Economic Community.

4 General.

4. No person shall—

(a) manufacture,

(b) sell,

(c) import, or

(d) use in the course of any business in connection with the storage, preparation, packaging, selling or serving of foodstuffs,

any materials and articles to which these Regulations apply unless such materials and articles are manufactured in compliance with good manufacturing practice, so that, under their normal or foreseeable conditions of use, they do not transfer their constituents to foodstuffs in quantities which could—

(i) endanger human health, or

(ii) bring about an unacceptable change in the composition of the foodstuffs or a deterioration in the organoleptic characteristics thereof.

5 Labelling of Materials and Articles

5. (1) A person shall not sell or import materials and articles not already in contact with foodstuffs unless they are accompanied by the following particulars —

(a) a notice giving the description "for food use" or a notice giving the description "for food use" and "le haghaidh bia", or

(b) a specific indication as to their use, such as a coffee-machine, wine bottle, soup spoon, or

(c) a notice showing the symbol which is reproduced in the Annex to Commission Directive 80/590/EEC (being the symbol referred to in the last indent of Article 7(1)(a) of Council Directive 76/893/EEC), and

(d) where appropriate, an indication of any special conditions to be observed when the materials or articles are being used, and

(e) either:—

(i) the name or trade name and address or registered office, or

(ii) the registered trade mark,

of the manufacturer or processor of the material or article, or a seller thereof established within the European Economic Community.

(2) Any particulars displayed pursuant to this Regulation shall be deemed not to comply with this Regulation, unless such particulars are easily visible, clearly legible and indelibly shown—

(a) at the retail stage —

(i) on the materials and articles or on their packaging, or

(ii) on labels affixed to the materials and articles or to their packaging, or

(iii) on a sign in the immediate vicinity of the materials and articles and clearly visible to purchasers, but this option shall apply in the case of a notice displayed pursuant to subparagraph (e) of paragraph (1) of this Regulation only if the relevant particulars or a label bearing them cannot for technical reasons be affixed to the materials and articles or to its packaging at either the manufacturing or marketing stage, and

(b) at the marketing stages other than the retail stage or at the importation stage —

(i) on the materials and articles themselves or on their packaging, or

(ii) on labels affixed to the materials and articles or to their packaging, or

(iii) on the accompaning documents.

(3) A person shall not sell by retail materials and articles in the State if the particulars required under subparagraphs (a) or (b) and where appropriate (d) of paragraph (1) of this Regulation are not shown on a label, packaging or sign on the materials and articles, or a sign in the vicinity of the materials and articles, in English or English and Irish.

(4) Paragraph (1)(a) to (c) of this Regulation shall not apply to materials and articles sold by retail in the State where such materials and articles are by their nature clearly intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.

(5) A person shall not sell or import any materials and articles accompanied by the information required by paragraph 1 (a) to (d) of this Regulation unless, where any of the specific Directives apply to such materials or articles, they comply with the specific Directives, and in any other case comply with the provisions of Regulation 4 of these Regulations.

6 Vinyl Chloride Monomer

6. No person shall—

(a) manufacture,

(b) sell,

(c) import, or

(d) use in the course of any business in connection with the storage, preparation, packaging, selling or serving of foodstuffs,

any materials and articles prepared with vinyl chloride polymers or copolymers and which contain vinyl chloride monomer in a quantity exceeding 1 milligram per kilogram of the material or article, being the quantity laid down by Council Directive 78/142/EEC.

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7. The analysis necessary for the control of the vinyl chloride monomer level in materials and articles shall be performed according to the method of analysis described in the Annex to Commission Directive 80/766/EEC so as to ensure conformity with the criteria specified in Annex II to Council Directive 78/142/EEC.

8 Regenerated Cellulose Film

8. (1) This Regulation applies to regenerated cellulose film within the meaning of the description given to it in Annex I to Council Directive 83/229/EEC which either—

(a) constitutes a finished product in itself, or

(b) is part of a finished product containing other materials and is intended to or, in accordance with its purpose, comes into contact with foodstuffs.

(2) This Regulation does not apply to —

( a ) regenerated cellulose film which, on the side intended to or, which in accordance with its purpose comes into contact with foodstuffs, has a coating exceeding 50 milligrams per square decimetre;

( b ) synthetic casings of regenerated cellulose.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4) of this Regulation, no person shall—

( a ) manufacture,

( b ) sell,

( c ) import, or

( d ) use in the course of any business in connection with the storage, preparation, packaging, selling or serving of foodstuffs,

regenerated cellulose film unless:—

(i) only those substances or groups of substances listed in Annex II to Council Directive 83/229/EEC are used in the manufacture of the regenerated cellulose film, and

(ii) the regenerated cellulose film is manufactured under the conditions in the said Annex.

(4) A person may use substances other than those listed in the said Annex II when these substances are employed as colouring matter (dyes and pigments) or as adhesives provided there is no trace of migration of the substances into or onto the foodstuffs.

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9. A person shall not permit printed surfaces of regenerated cellulose film to come into contact with foodstuffs.

10 Ceramic Articles.

10. (1) In this Regulation "ceramic articles" has the meaning assigned to it by Article 1.3 of Council Directive 84/500/EEC.

(2) No person shall—

( a ) manufacture,

( b ) sell,

( c ) import, or

( d ) use in the course of any business in connection with the storage, preparation, packaging, selling or serving of foodstuffs,

ceramic articles which in their finished state are intended to come into contact with foodstuffs or which are in contact with foodstuffs and are intended for that purpose, and which transfer to foodstuffs a quantity of lead or cadmium in excess of the limits laid down by Article 2.4 of Council Directive 84/500/EEC.

(3) The quantities of lead and cadmium transferred from ceramic articles shall be determined by means of a test, the conditions of which are specified in Annex I to Council Directive 84/500/EEC, using the method of analysis described in Annex II to the said Council Directive.

(4) Where a ceramic article consists of a vessel fitted with a ceramic lid, the lead or the cadmium limit which may not be exceeded shall be that which applies to the vessel alone and for the purpose of calculating the lead or cadmium release from the vessel, the vessel alone and the inner surface of the lid shall be tested separately and under the same conditions and the sum of the two lead or cadmium extraction levels thus obtained shall be related as appropriate to the surface area or the volume of the vessel alone.

11 Enforcement.

11. The Minister, the Minister for Finance, or the Minister for Health may appoint a person or body to be an approved examiner for the purposes of these Regulations.

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12. (1) The Minister may appoint persons to be authorised officers for the purposes of these Regulations and may revoke such appointment.

(2) An authorised officer shall be furnished with a warrant of his appointment and when exercising any power to which the provisions of these Regulations apply shall, if so required, produce the warrant to any person affected.

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13. (1) An authorised officer may, on production, of the authorisation of the officer if so required,

( a ) enter, inspect, examine and search at all reasonable times—

(i) any premises which he has reasonable cause to believe is being used for or in connection with the manufacture, storage, packing or sale of any materials and articles;

(ii) any ship or other vessel, aircraft or railway wagon or other vehicle in or on which he has reasonable cause to believe any materials and articles are present;

( b ) in case he enters any premises, ship or other vessel, aircraft or railway wagon or other vehicle pursuant to this Regulation—

(i) require the person who appears to be in charge of the premises, ship or other vessel, aircraft or railway wagon or other vehicle to produce any materials and articles which are in his possession or under his control;

(ii) require such person, or any such person employed in or on such premises, ship or other vessel, aircraft or railway wagon or other vehicle, to produce any books, records or other documents which relate to transactions concerning any materials and articles which are in his possession or under his control;

(iii) inspect any materials and articles and any book, record or other document produced in pursuance of a requirement under this Regulation and, if he thinks fit, copy any such entry in such book, record or document;

(iv) take such samples of any materials and articles and of any foodstuff which has come into contact with such materials and articles as he may consider appropriate;

( c ) make such examination or inquiry as may be necessary to ascertain whether these Regulations are being complied with.

(2) An authorised officer may take with him a member of the Garda Siochana if he has reasonable cause to apprehend any serious obstruction in the exercise of his duty.

(3) A person in charge of any premises, ship or other vessel, aircraft, railway wagon or other vehicle shall—

( a ) afford to the authorised officer such facilities and assistance as are reasonably necessary to enable the officer to perform his functions under this Regulation;

( b ) produce to an authorised officer any books, documents or other records which he may reasonably require;

( c ) give to an authorised officer any information which he may reasonably require regarding—

(i) any materials and articles or any foodstuffs which have come into contact with such materials and articles on the premises, ship or other vessel, aircraft, railway wagon or other vehicle,

(ii) any books, documents or other records produced to him pursuant to this Regulation.

(4) A person shall not obstruct or impede an authorised officer in the exercise of a power conferred on him by this Regulation and shall comply with a requirement made by an authorised officer under this Regulation.

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14. (1) In this Regulation—

"an article" means a ceramic article selected from a group of ceramic articles of a particular shape, dimension, decoration and glaze and "articles" shall be construed accordingly;

"the Directive" means Council Directive 84/500/EEC;

"limits" means the limits set by Article 2.4 of the Directive;

"the owner" includes a person appearing to be authorised by the owner;

"test" means a test carried out under the conditions laid down in Annexes I and II to the Directive.

(2) Where, upon a test being made to any article (being an article taken by an authorised officer under Regulation 13(1)(b)(iv) of these Regulations), the quantity of lead or cadmium extracted from such article does not exceed the limits by more than 50 per cent, paragraph (3) of this Regulation shall apply.

(3) The authorised officer referred to in paragraph (2) of this Regulation shall request the owner of an article to select three other articles from the same group as the first article taken by the said authorised officer and if, on a test being made on the said three articles, the average quantity of lead or cadmium extracted from the said three articles does not exceed the limits with none of the articles exceeding those limits by more than 50 per cent, then, all the articles in the group from which the four articles were taken for sampling shall be deemed to satisfy the provisions of the Directive.

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15. (1) Where a sample is taken pursuant to these Regulations by an authorised officer he may submit such a sample to an approved examiner.

(2) The approved examiner shall submit a report to the authorised officer specifying the results of the examination, analysis or test made by the approved examiner.

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16. (1) Any person who contravenes Regulations 4, 5(1), 5(3), 5(5), 6,8 (3), 9, 10(2), 13(3) or 13(4) of these Regulations shall be guilty of an offence under these Regulations.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under these Regulations shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £1,000, or at the discretion of the Court to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both such fine and such imprisonment.

(3) Where an offence under these Regulations is committed by a body corporate and the offence is proved to have been committed with the consent of, or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of any person (or any person acting on his behalf) being a director, manager, secretary, member of the committee of management or other controlling authority of any such body or being any other similar officer of any such body, that person or the person so acting as the case may be shall also be guilty of an offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(4) Notwithstanding section 10(4) of the Petty Sessions (Ireland) Act, 1851, proceedings for an offence under these Regulations may be instituted—

( a ) in respect of manufacturing a material or article in contravention of a provision of these Regulations at any time subsequent to its manufacture, and

( b ) in respect of all other cases, within 18 months from the date of the offence.

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17. A prosecution under these Regulations may be brought by the Minister.

GIVEN under my Official Seal, this 30th day of March, 1988.

ALBERT REYNOLDS,

Minister for Industry and Commerce.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The purpose of these Regulations is to give legal effect to EEC Directives on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.

The Regulations apply to materials and articles which are in their finished state and are intended to come into contact with foodstuffs, or which are in contact with foodstuffs and are intended for that purpose. The Regulations forbid the manufacture, sale, importation or use of materials and articles which fail to comply with the Regulations. Such materials and articles must be manufactured in compliance with good manufacturing practice, so that, under their normal or foreseeable conditions of use, they do not transfer their constituents to foodstuffs in quantities which could endanger human health or bring about an unacceptable change in the quality of the food. (Regulations 3 and 4).

Requirements are specified for the labelling of materials and articles (which are not already in contact with foodstuffs) when they are being offered for sale or being imported. (Regulation 5).

The maximum level of vinyl chloride monomer in materials and articles is set down. The substances from which materials and articles of regenerated cellulose film may be manufactured are prescribed together with conditions and restrictions on their use. The maximum levels of lead and cadmium which may be transferred to foodstuffs by ceramic articles are laid down. (Regulations 6 to 10).

Provision is also made for administration and enforcement of the Regulations. (Regulations 11 to 17).